Potter’s funnelweb spider

(Agelenopsis potteri)

Conservation Status
Potter’s funnelweb spider
Photo by Alfredo Colon
  IUCN Red List

not listed

     
  NatureServe

NNR - Unranked

     
  Minnesota

not listed

     
           
           
           
 
Description
 
 

Potter’s funnelweb spider is a medium-sized, sedentary spider. It is native to and occurs across North America from Nova Scotia to Virginia west to southern British Columbia and Colorado. It has also been introduced to the Ukraine and Kyrgyzstan. It is found in areas with grass, shrubs, rocks, or buildings. It builds its web on lawns, in taller grasses, on low shrubs, on stone fences, in corners of buildings, and in basements.

The female is to 916 (9 to 14 mm) in length not including the legs. The male is a little smaller, 516 to ½ (8 to 13 mm) in length.

The hardened plate (carapace) covering the front part of the body (cephalothorax) is longer than wide. The rear portion (thoracic region) is large, about as long as wide, and broadly rounded. The front portion (head region) is small, straight-sided, and narrow, about half as wide as the thoracic region. The carapace is yellowish to light brown. A pair of broad dark bands extends from the eye region to the rear margin. There is also a thin dark line on the lateral margins.

The face is vertical. The finger-like sensory mouthparts (palps) on the male are relatively very large. The jaw-like mouthparts (chelicerae) are reddish-brown, stout, and vertical. There is a fang at the end of each chelicera. The fang rests in a groove. The fang groove has three teeth on the front margin and three teeth on the hind margin. On the male, the leaf-like extension (embolus) at the tip of the genital bulb is hooked. There are eight eyes arranged in two rows of four eyes each. Both rows are strongly curved and close together, so that the anterior median eyes (AMEs) and the posterior lateral eyes (PLEs) form almost a straight line. The eyes are slightly unequal in size. The AMEs are the largest and the posterior median eyes (PMEs) are the smallest.

The abdomen is yellowish-gray to reddish-brown above, with a broad pale median stripe and a broad pale stripe on each side. The central plate on the underside (sternum) is yellow to brown and has a distinct, very dark, V-shaped mark. Like other funnel-web spiders, the spinnerets extend well beyond the end of the abdomen and are visible from above. The abdomen is usually large, broad, and thickest in the middle on the female, smaller, narrow, and thickest closer to the base on the male. It is pointed at the rear on both sexes.

The legs are long, thin, and spiny. Like other grass spiders, they have dark and light bands, but on this species the bands are less distinct. The second segment (trochanter) is not notched. The last segment (tarsus) has three claws at the tip, but these may not be visible without magnification. There is no tuft of hairs (scopula pads) at the end of the tarsus.

 
     
 

Size

 
 

Female Body Length: to 916 (9 to 14 mm)

Male Body Length: 516 to ½ (8 to 13 mm)

 
     
 

Web

 
 

The web is a flat sheet with a funnel on one side and a barrier above. The threads are not sticky. The sheet is horizontal or nearly horizontal and slightly concave. The funnel is small and serves as a retreat. It is open at the lower end allowing the spider to escape if disturbed. The barrier is three-dimensional. When a flying insect hits the barrier it drops to the sheet and its feet become entangled in the threads. The spider, which had been waiting in the retreat, rushes out, bites the insect to subdue it, and drags it back to the retreat to consume it.

Webs are built on lawns, in taller grasses, on low shrubs, on stone fences, in corners of buildings, and in basements. The web starts small and thin but is expanded as the season progresses. Each time the spider passes over the web it leaves a drag line, making the sheet thicker. Webs built in grass are most noticeable in the morning when they collect dew. Webs built in protected areas of buildings may last for years.

 
     
 

Similar Species

 
 

 

 
     
 
Habitat
 
 

Grassy areas, lawns, low shrubs, stone fences, and buildings.

 
     
 
Biology
 
 

Season

 
 

 

 
     
 

Behavior

 
 

When the spider feels a vibration on the web it rushes out to the source and, if it is prey, bites it. It is very fast, sometimes described as “lightning-quick”.

 
     
 

Life Cycle

 
 

In the late summer or fall the female lays eggs, encloses in a silken sac, and conceals it near the web. The sac overwinters and the eggs hatch in the spring. Adults do not survive the winter.

 
     
 

Food

 
 

 

 
     
 
Distribution
 
 

Distribution Map

 

Sources

24, 29, 30, 82.

 
  12/5/2021      
         
 

Occurrence

 
 

 

 
         
 
Taxonomy
 
  Class Arachnida (arachnids)  
 

Order

Araneae (spiders)  
 

Suborder

Araneomorphae (typical spiders)  
  Infraorder Entelegynae (entelegyne spiders)  
 

Superfamily

Agelenoidea (funnel weavers and amphinectids)  
 

Family

Agelenidae (funnel weavers)  
 

Subfamily

Ageleninae  
 

Genus

Agelenopsis (grass spiders)  
       
 

Synonyms

 
 

Agelena potteri

Agelenopsis albipilis

 
       
 

Common Names

 
 

common grass funnelweaver

Potter’s funnelweb spider

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Glossary

Carapace

The hard, upper (dorsal), shell-like covering (exoskeleton) of the body or at least the thorax of many arthropods and of turtles and tortoises. On crustaceans, it covers the cephalothorax. On spiders, the top of the cephalothorax made from a series of fused sclerites.

 

Cephalothorax

The front part of the body of various arthropods, composed of the head region and the thoracic area fused together. Eyes, legs, and antennae are attached to this part.

 

Chelicerae

The pair of stout mouthparts, corresponding to jaws, in arachnids and other arthropods in the subphylum Chelicerata.

 

Palp

Short for pedipalp. A segmented, finger-like process of an arthropod; one is attached to each maxilla and two are attached to the labium. They function as sense organs in spiders and insects, and as weapons in scorpions. Plural: palpi or palps.

 

Tarsus

On insects, the last two to five subdivisions of the leg, attached to the tibia; the foot. On spiders, the last segment of the leg. Plural: tarsi.

 

 

 
 
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Alfredo Colon

 
    Potter’s funnelweb spider   Potter’s funnelweb spider  
           
    Potter’s funnelweb spider   Potter’s funnelweb spider  
           
    Potter’s funnelweb spider   Potter’s funnelweb spider  
           
    Potter’s funnelweb spider      
           
 
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Other Videos
 
  Photographing a male grass spider
Adrian Thysse
 
   
 
About

Apr 6, 2014

Photographing a very active male grass spider Agelenopsis potteri (Blackwall, 1846), perhaps a first record for Alberta.

Visit my blog at https://naturemacrophoto.wordpress.com/

 
  Agelenopsis potteri
олег пожаров
 
   
 
About

Premiered Nov 12, 2021

Agelenopsis potteri (Blackwall, 1846) принадлежит к роду американских травяных пауков, распространённых на территории Северной Америки. A. potteri - интродуцент, случайно завезённый на евразийский континент. В Европе этот вид пауков стал синантропом, обитает в различных хоз. постройках человека (сараи, гаражи, склады и т. п.). Нередок и в жилых помещениях. Строит воронкообразные сети в затенённых углах. Автор видео выражает искреннюю благодарность арахнологу Анатолию Озерному (Казахстан, г. Талгар) за помощь в определении экземпляра снятого на видео.

Google Translate: Agelenopsis potteri (Blackwall, 1846) belongs to the genus of American grass spiders that are common in North America. A. potteri is an introduced species, accidentally introduced to the Eurasian continent. In Europe, this species of spider has become a synanthropus, lives in various hosts. human buildings (sheds, garages, warehouses, etc.). It is not uncommon in residential premises. Builds funnel networks in shaded corners. The author of the video expresses his sincere gratitude to the arachnologist Anatoly Ozerny (Kazakhstan, Talgar) for his help in identifying the copy taken on the video.

 
  TX Rabid Wolf Spider Attacks Man!! A video for halloween and beyond.
Healthy Family Variety Channel
 
   
 
About

Oct 12, 2016

The Texas Rabid Wolf Spider (Rabidosa rabida) is the one under the plastic cup!

The Funnel Weaver Spider is probably one of these: Agelenopsis actuosa, Agelenopsis pennsylvanica, Agelenopsis potteri or Agelenopsis utahana

And the spider on the yucca bloom-stalk is probably a grass spider (or possibly another species of wolf spider): an Agelenopsis like the weaver above, or a species of wolf spider different than the first on shown.

You can go here for common Texas spiders, or go to the home page for all of the United States:
https://spiderid.com/locations/united-states/texas/

Also checkout this playlist for other spider and creepy crawlies videos:
https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLL3SH2GMtqnlZg2V2zsyxie7Oa7e27gSn

 

 

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  Alfredo Colon
8/30/2019

Location: Woodbury, Minnesota

Potter’s funnelweb spider  
  Alfredo Colon
8/4/2019

Location: Woodbury, Minnesota

Potter’s funnelweb spider  
  Alfredo Colon
8/2/2019

Location: Woodbury, Minnesota

Potter’s funnelweb spider  
  Alfredo Colon
Summer 2019

Location: Woodbury, Minnesota

Potter’s funnelweb spider  
           
 
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Created: 12/5/2021

Last Updated:

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