jumping spider

(Family Salticidae)

Overview
jumping spider (Family Salticidae)
Photo by Alfredo Colon
 

Salticidae is a family of active spiders called jumping spiders. It is the largest largest family of spiders. By last count (11/5/2021, World Spider Catalog) there are 6,370 species in 659 genera worldwide, more than 315 species in 64 genera in North America north of Mexico, and at least 52 species in 25 genera in Minnesota.

Most jumping spiders can jump several times their body length. It is this ability that gives the family its common name.

 
           
 
Description
 
 

Jumping spiders are small to medium-sized spiders. The front part of the body (cephalothorax) is longer than wide and is not flat. The face is vertical. The jaws (chelicerae) are small. The anterior median eyes (AMEs) are huge and can be moved, giving the spider excellent vision. The posterior lateral eyes are far back on the head. The legs are short and hairy, and are not armed with prominent spines.

 
     
 
Distribution
 
 

Distribution Map

 

Sources

7, 24, 29, 30, 82.

Conservation Biology of Special Concern Jumping Spiders (Araneae: Salticidae) of Minnesota; Ehmann, William J. Ehmann; 12/2/2002.

 
  12/4/2021      
         
 
Taxonomy
 
  Class Arachnida (arachnids)  
 

Order

Araneae (spiders)  
 

Suborder

Araneomorphae (typical spiders)  
  Infraorder Entelegynae (entelegyne spiders)  
 

Superfamily

Salticoidea  
       
 

Subordinate Taxa

 
 

Genus Admestina (jumping spiders)

Genus Anasaitis (jumping spiders)

Genus Attidops (jumping spiders)

Genus Attinella (jumping spiders)

Genus Attulus (jumping spiders)

Genus Bagheera (jumping spiders)

Genus Beata (jumping spiders)

Genus Bellota (jumping spiders)

Genus Chalcoscirtus (jumping spiders)

Genus Chapoda (jumping spiders)

Genus Cheliferoides (jumping spiders)

Genus Chinattus (jumping spiders)

Genus Colonus (jumping spiders)

Genus Dendryphantes (jumping spiders)

Genus Eris (jumping spiders)

Genus Euophrys (jumping spiders)

Genus Evarcha (jumping spiders)

Genus Ghelna (jumping spiders)

Genus Habronattus (paradise spiders)

Genus Hakka (jumping spiders)

Genus Hasarius (house jumping spiders)

Genus Heliophanus (sun jumping spiders)

Genus Hentzia (long-jawed jumping spiders)

Genus Hyetussa (jumping spiders)

Genus Icius (jumping spiders)

Genus Leptofreya (jumping spiders)

Genus Lyssomanes (translucent green jumpers)

Genus Maevia (jumping spiders)

Genus Marchena (jumping spiders)

Genus Marpissa (jumping spiders)

Genus Menemerus (wall jumping spiders)

Genus Messua (jumping spiders)

Genus Metacyrba (jumping spiders)

Genus Metaphidippus (jumping spiders)

Genus Mexigonus (jumping spiders)

Genus Myrmarachne (ant-mimic spiders)

Genus Naphrys (jumping spiders)

Genus Neon (neon spiders)

Genus Paradamoetas (jumping spiders)

Genus Paramaevia (jumping spiders)

Genus Paramarpissa (jumping spiders)

Genus Paraphidippus (jumping spiders)

Genus Peckhamia (jumping spiders)

Genus Pelegrina (white-cheeked jumping spiders)

Genus Pellenes (jumping spiders)

Genus Phanias (jumping spiders)

Genus Phidippus (jumping spiders)

Genus Phlegra (jumping spiders)

Genus Platycryptus (jumping spiders)

Genus Plexippus (housefly catchers)

Genus Poultonella (jumping spiders)

Genus Pseudeuophrys (jumping spiders)

Genus Rhetenor (jumping spiders)

Genus Salticus (zebra spiders)

Genus Sarinda (jumping spiders)

Genus Sassacus (leaf-beetle jumping spiders)

Genus Sibianor (jumping spiders)

Genus Synageles (jumping spiders)

Genus Synemosyna (jumping spiders)

Genus Talavera (jumping spiders)

Genus Terralonus (jumping spiders)

Genus Tutelina (jumping spiders)

Genus Zuniga (jumping spiders)

Genus Zygoballus (jumping spiders)

 
       
 

Synonyms

 
 

 

 
       
 

Common Names

 
 

jumpers

jumping spiders

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Glossary

Cephalothorax

The front part of the body of various arthropods, composed of the head region and the thoracic area fused together. Eyes, legs, and antennae are attached to this part.

 

Chelicerae

The pair of stout mouthparts, corresponding to jaws, in arachnids and other arthropods in the subphylum Chelicerata.

 

 
 
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Alfredo Colon

 
    jumping spider (Family Salticidae)   jumping spider (Family Salticidae)  
           
    jumping spider (Family Salticidae)   jumping spider (Family Salticidae)  
           
    jumping spider (Family Salticidae)   jumping spider (Family Salticidae)  
           
    jumping spider (Family Salticidae)   jumping spider (Family Salticidae)  
           
    jumping spider (Family Salticidae)   jumping spider (Family Salticidae)  
           
    jumping spider (Family Salticidae)   jumping spider (Family Salticidae)  
           
 
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Other Videos
 
  How to Collect Jumping Spiders (Salticidae)
wmaddisn
 
   
 
About

Published on Apr 22, 2014

In this video, Wayne Maddison shows equipment and methods to collect jumping spiders in various habitats. Turn on the captions to read a corrected version of the commentary, and you can also see the full the transcript of his explanations at https://waynemaddison.wordpress.com/2014/04/22/video-on-how-to-collect-jumping-spiders/

   
  Jumping Spiders-(Salticidae)
Torn80cj
 
   
 
About

Published on Jun 24, 2014

A few jumping spiders that were recorded around the area I live. One even showed up in the house.

   

 

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  Alfredo Colon
8/27 to 8/29/2019

Location: Woodbury, Minnesota

jumping spider (Family Salticidae)  
  Alfredo Colon
8/6/2019

Woodbury, MN

jumping spider (Family Salticidae)  
  Alfredo Colon
8/1 to 9/7/2019

Location: Woodbury, Minnesota

jumping spider (Family Salticidae)  
           
 
MinnesotaSeasons.com Sightings
 
 

 

 

 

 

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Created: 9/4/2019

Last Updated:

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