Scarlet Waxcap

(Hygrocybe coccinea)

Conservation Status
Scarlet Waxcap
Photo by Luciearl
  IUCN Red List

not listed

     
  NatureServe

not listed

     
  Minnesota

not listed

     
           
           
           
           
 
Description
 
 

Scarlet Waxcap is a colorful, medium-sized gill mushroom. It is widespread and common in western Europe, Scandinavia, and eastern North America. It is often confused with similar, and similarly named, Scarlet Waxy Cap. In summer and fall it is found on the ground in woodlands alone, scattered, or in groups.

The cap can be to 2 in diameter, though it is usually no more than 1¼ in diameter. It is convex and deep red, blood red, or bright red at first. As it matures it fades somewhat or develops orangish-red streaks or splotches, and becomes bell-shaped then almost flat, sometimes with a slightly raised bump in the middle (umbonate).

The stalk is slender, hollow, 1¼ to 2¾ long, and to 5 16 thick. It is mostly red, the same color as the cap, fading to reddish orange to yellow at the base. It sometimes appears white at the base due to a covering of thread-like cells (mycelium). It is not covered with hair-like fibers (fibrilose).

The gills are thick, soft, and waxy. They are broadly attached to the stem. They may be reddish, orange, or red with yellow edges.

The flesh is thin, reddish to orange, and waxy. It is edible but should be avoided due to its similarity to the poisonous Scarlet Waxy Cap.

The sport print is white.

 
     
 

Similar Species

 
 

Scarlet Waxy Cap (Hygrocybe punicea) is much more common. The cap is larger, 1 to 4¾ or more in diameter. It becomes shiny and slippery or slimy when wet. The stalk is thicker, 3 16 to ¾ in diameter, usually yellow, sometimes red fading to yellow or orange, and often fibrilose. It is usually whitish at the base.

Witch’s Hat (Hygrocybe conica) cap is more pointed. As it ages it retains the pointed umbo. It fades to black as it ages or when handled. The stalk is often yellow.

 
     
 
Habitat and Hosts
 
 

Woodlands

 
     
 
Ecology
 
 

Season

 
 

Summer and fall

 
     
 
Distribution
 
 

Distribution Map

 

Sources

24, 26, 29, 30, 77.

 
  8/30/2018      
         
 

Occurrence

 
 

Widespread and common in western Europe, Scandinavia, and eastern North America

 
         
 
Taxonomy
 
  Kingdom Fungi (fungi)  
  Subkingdom Dikarya  
  Division Basidiomycota (club fungi)  
  Subdivision Agaricomycotina (jelly fungi, yeasts, and mushrooms)  
  Class Agaricomycetes (mushroom-forming fungi)  
  Subclass Agaricomycetidae  
  Order Agaricales (common gilled mushrooms and allies)  
  Suborder Hygrophorineae  
  Family Hygrophoraceae  
  Subfamily Hygrocyboideae  
  Tribe Hygrocybeae  
  Genus Hygrocybe (waxcaps)  
  Subgenus Pseudohygrocybe  
  Section Coccineae  
  Subsection Coccineae  
       
 

Synonyms

 
  Hygrophorus coccineus  
       
 

Common Names

 
 

Righteous Red Waxy Cap

Scarlet Hood

Scarlet Waxcap

Scarlet Waxy Cap

 
       

 

 

 

 

 

 

Glossary

Fibrilose

On mushrooms, covered with fine hair-like fibers.

 

Mycelium

The vegetative part of a fungus; consisting of a mass of branching, thread-like hyphae, through which a fungus absorbs nutrients from its environment; and excluding the fruiting, reproductive structure.

 

Umbonate

On mushrooms, having a distinct, raised, knob-like projection in the center of the cap.

       
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Luciearl
       
  Scarlet Waxcap   Scarlet Waxcap
       
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Other Videos
 
  Wilgotnica szkarłatna Hygrocybe coccinea
eljot0355
 
   
 
About

Published on Sep 22, 2012

http://eljot0355.blogspot.com/2012/09/wilgotnica-szkaratna-hygrocybe-coccinea.html

Status na Czerwonej Liście: R - rzadki

   
       

 

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Visitor Sightings
   

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Luciearl
8/26/2018

Location: Fairview Township

Scarlet Waxcap


     
     
 
MinnesotaSeasons.com Sightings
         

 

 

 

Binoculars


8/29/2018

Last Updated:

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