buffalo treehoppers

(Stictocephala spp.)

               
Overview

Stictocephala is a genus of small, jumping, true bugs known as buffalo treehoppers. There are 17 Stictocephala species in North America north of Mexico. At least 10 have been recorded in Minnesota. Most species occur only in North America and Mexico. One species, Stictocephala bisonia, also occurs across Europe. Adults feed on trees and shrubs. Nymphs may also feed on forbs and grasses. The female lays eggs in a twig and the twig usually dies beyond that point.

buffalo treehopper (Stictocephala sp.)

  Photo by Alfredo Colon
Identification

Adults are small, ½ (12 mm) or less in length. The exoskeletal plate covering the thorax (pronotum) is very long, extending back over the abdomen. When viewed from the side the pronotum is broadly rounded and high. The wings are held roof-like over the body when at rest. The first radial vein (R1) is short and is close to the start of the second radial vein (R2+3+4+5).

 
Distribution Distribution Map  

Sources: 24, 27, 29, 30, 82.

 
Comments

 

 
Taxonomy

Order:

Hemiptera (true bugs, cicadas, hoppers, aphids and allies)

 

No Rank:

Euhemiptera

 

No Rank:

Clypeorrhyncha

 

Suborder:

Auchenorrhyncha (free-living hemipterans)

 

Infraorder:

Cicadomorpha

 

Superfamily:

Membracoidea

 

Family:

Membracidae (treehoppers)

 

Subfamily:

Smiliinae

 

Tribe:

Ceresini

 

Genus:

Stictocephala

 
Subordinate Taxa

buffalo treehopper (Stictocephala albescens)

buffalo treehopper (Stictocephala alta)

buffalo treehopper (Stictocephala basalis)

buffalo treehopper (Stictocephala bisonia)

buffalo treehopper (Stictocephala bubalis)

buffalo treehopper (Stictocephala constans)

buffalo treehopper (Stictocephala lutea)

buffalo treehopper (Stictocephala palmeri)

buffalo treehopper (Stictocephala stimulea) ?

buffalo treehopper (Stictocephala taurina)

two-horned treehopper (Stictocephala diceros)

 
Synonyms

 

 
Common
Names

buffalo treehoppers

 

 

 

 

Glossary

Pronotum

The saddle-shaped, exoskeletal plate on the upper side of the first segment of the thorax of an insect.

 

 

 

 

 

       
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Alfredo Colon
       
  buffalo treehopper (Stictocephala sp.)   buffalo treehopper (Stictocephala sp.)
       
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Alfredo Colon
8/5/2019

Location: Woodbury, Minnesota

buffalo treehopper (Stictocephala sp.)


     
     
 
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Created: 6/29/2020

Last Updated:

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