giant swallowtail

(Papilio cresphontes)

               
Conservation Status

IUCN Red List

not yet assessed

giant swallowtail

NatureServe

N5 - Secure

S5 - Secure

Minnesota

not listed

Occurrence

Rare stray

Flight/Season

Two broods: early May, and late June through August.

Habitat

Open woodlands, fields, hillsides near streams.

Size

Wingspan: 4 to 6¼

 

Identification

This is a large swallowtail butterfly. It has a wingspan of 4 to 6¼.

The upper side of the wings are dark brown, almost black. There are two bands of bright yellow spots, a subapical band and a basal band. The two bands cross near the tips of the forewings, forming an irregular “X” shape. The is an orange spot and blue scale on the inner margin. The hind wings have “tails” with a large, yellow spot.

The underside of the forewing is dark brown with two bands of pale yellow spots large enough to make the wing appear mostly pale yellow. The underside of the hind wing is mostly pale yellow with a median band of orange spots and blue scales.

The body is pale yellow.

The caterpillar is shiny dark brown with three white spots, mimicking a fresh bird dropping.

 
Similar
Species

 


Larval Food

In Minnesota, common hoptree (Ptelea trifoliata ssp. trifoliata) and northern prickly ash (Zanthoxylum americanum).

 
Adult Food

Flower nectar.

 
Life Cycle

Females lay single eggs on the leaves of host plants.

It overwinters as a chrysalis.

 
Behavior

 


Distribution Distribution Map   Sources: 7, 20, 21, 24, 29, 71.

Comments

This is the largest butterfly in North America north of Mexico.


Taxonomy

Order:

Lepidoptera (butterflies and moths)

 

Suborder:

Glossata

 

Infraorder:

Neolepidoptera

 

Parvorder:

Heteroneura

 

No Rank:

Ditrysia

 

No Rank:

Obtectomera

 

Superfamily:

Papilionoidea (butterflies)

 

Family:

Papilionidae (swallowtails)

 

Subfamily:

Papilioninae (swallowtails)

 

Tribe:

Papilionini (fluted swallowtails)

 
Synonyms

 

 
Common
Names

giant swallowtail

orange dog (caterpillar)


 

 

 

 

 

 

Glossary

Chrysalis

The pupa (third) stage of a butterfly or moth during which the caterpillar metamorphoses into an adult. In moths, the pupa is enclosed in a silk cocoon. In butterflies, the pupa is naked but protected by a hardened outer shell.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

       

Visitor Photos

   
Share your photo of this insect.

Jason


Amazing color. HUGE compared to the other moths and butterflies in the garden.

  giant swallowtail    

Elizabeth Welty


  giant swallowtail    

Phil Wala


  giant swallowtail    

Tom Baker


  giant swallowtail   giant swallowtail

       
       

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Camera

     

Slideshows

   
  Giant Swallowtail
DianesDigitals
 
  Giant Swallowtail  
 
About

Copyright DianesDigitals

Giant Swallowtail - Papilio cresphontes

 
     
  Papilio cresphontes (Giant Swallowtail)
Allen Chartier
 
  Papilio cresphontes (Giant Swallowtail)  
     
  Giant Swallowtail (Papilio cresphontes)
Andy Reago & Chrissy McClarren
 
  Giant Swallowtail (Papilio cresphontes)  
     
  Giant Swallowtail
jt893x
 
  Giant Swallowtail  
     
  Giant Swallowtail (Papilio cresphontes)
tomb0171
 
   
 
About

Uploaded on Feb 18, 2011

Giant Swallowtail (Papilio cresphontes)

* Family: Papilionidae,
* Genus: Papilio,
* Species: P. cresphontes,
* Phylum: Arthropoda,
* Class: Insecta,
* Order: Lepidoptera,
* Type: Bugs,
* Diet: Omnivore,
* Average life span in the wild: Several weeks to several years,
* Size: adults wingspan is about 100--160 mm (3.9--6.3 in),
* Weight: no data

** Papilio cresphontes is a swallowtail butterfly common in various parts of North America, particularly the south and east.

More info: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Giant_sw...

 
     

 

slideshow

     

Visitor Videos

   
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Other Videos

 
  Schmetterling Papilio cresphontes
Chrigu wälti
 
   
 
About

Published on Nov 11, 2012

Schmetterling Papilio cresphontes

http://www.Tierportraet.ch

 
     
  The Osmeterium of the Swallowtail Butterfly Larva(Papilio cresphontes)
texrednface
 
   
 
About

Uploaded on Sep 8, 2009

"The Osmeterium" of the Swallowtail Butterfly (Papilio cresphontes) is a defense organ. The red "y-shaped" osmeterium extends when the larva is irritated. It emits a strong odor to repel some predators. Dr. J. W. Holloway demonstrates by stimulating the larva with a pair of blunt scissors. This larva was not harmed during the making of this video. ©2009 Dr. J. W. Holloway

 
     
  Almost tame Giant Swallowtail Butterfly (Papilio cresphontes)
Manfred Keller
 
   
 
About

Published on Aug 12, 2012

The Giant Swallowtail (Papilio cresphontes) is a swallowtail butterfly common in various parts of North America and marginally into South America (Colombia and Venezuela only). In the United States and Canada it is mainly found in the south and east. With a wingspan of about 10--16 cm (3.9--6.3 in) it is the largest butterfly in Canada and the United States.This Giant gorgeous creature is even 7.8 inches wide. It slept in our backyard in Texas and was still there the next morning to say Hi

 
     
  Papilio cresphontes
felipe JDM
 
   
 
About

Published on Mar 9, 2013

No description available.

 
     
  GIANT Swallowtail Butterfly mineral siphoning and butterfly pee slow motion HD 1080p
GREENPOWERSCIENCE
 
   
 
About

Uploaded on Aug 25, 2011

http://greenpowerscience.com/

This Papilio Cresphontes is collecting minerals from the mud in our backyard. The Swallowtail Butterfly pees at 2:07

Casio EXILIM Pro EX-F1 at 300 fps

 
     

 

Camcorder

         

Visitor Sightings

   
Share your sighting of this insect.

Jason
6/10/2018

Location: Lake Elmo

Amazing color. HUGE compared to the other moths and butterflies in the garden.

giant swallowtail


Marlene
8/14 to 8/27//2017

Location: Brooklyn Park, Mn

What a sight to see! My first encounter...loved those moments...Wow!


Kathryn Rudd
On my birthday! August 28

Location: Eagan, Mn

Stayed a long time feeding from my lantana


Janis
8/22/2017

Location: Saint Charles, MN

Beautiful! Large dusty brown/black with soft yellow markings seen in my flower beds on geranium and petunia blooms


Carol
8/6/2016

Location: Albertville. MN, south side of Cedar Creek Golf Course

Fantastic! Amazing sunny day. It was eating nectar from my hanging baskets of petunias.


Elizabeth Welty
7/22/2016

Location: Stillwater, MN

giant swallowtail


Robert
8/10/2014

Location: South Minneapolis near 40th and 40th

11:30 AM


Phil Wala
8/4/2014

Location: Savage, MN

Seen in our wooded backyard in Savage around noon on 8/4/14.

giant swallowtail


Tom Baker
8/3/2011

 

giant swallowtail


     
     
 

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