hoverflies

(Subfamily Syrphinae)

Overview
American hover fly
Photo by Alfredo Colon
 
  Syrphinae is a subfamily of hoverflies. There are about 6,000 species of hoverflies worldwide, about 300 species in North America north of Mexico, and at least 55 species (CCESR) in Minnesota. They are found in a wide variety of habitats, usually on flowers. Another common name for the family Syrphidae is flower flies. They are often seen hovering. Adults feed on flower nectar and pollen. Larvae prey on aphids.      
           
 
Description
 
 

Most Syrphinae are slender and black or brownish-black with yellow markings. Some species look very similar to wasps, but they do not bite or sting. On males only, the fifth abdominal segment (tergite) is visible. On each side of the exoskeletal plate covering the middle section of the thorax (scutum), in the shoulder (humeral) area just behind the head, there is small plate (postpronotum). The postpronotum is bare, with no hairs or bristles. Unfortunately, this is not visible without first removing the fly’s head.

 
     
 
Distribution
 
 

Distribution Map

 

Sources

7, 24, 27, 29, 30, 82.

 
  10/23/2020      
         
 
Taxonomy
 
 

Order

Diptera (gnats, mosquitoes, true flies)  
 

Suborder

Brachycera (circular-seamed flies, mouches muscoïdes, muscoid flies, short-horned flies)  
 

Infraorder

Muscomorpha  
  Section Aschiza  
 

Superfamily

Syrphoidea  
 

Family

Syrphidae (hover flies)  
       
 

Subordinate Taxa

 
 

Tribe Bacchini

Tribe Paragini

Tribe Pipizini

Tribe Syrphini

Tribe Toxomerini

 
       
 

Synonyms

 
 

 

 
       
 

Common Names

 
 

This subfamily has no common name. The common name for the family Syrphidae is hover flies, and is used here for convenience.

 
       

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

       
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Other Videos
 
  HOVERFLY vs. Aphid! - (Syrphinae sp.)
Richard’s Inverts - 2nd Channel
 
   
 
About

Jun 30, 2014

Hoverfly larva sucking the juices out of an aphid.

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Created: 10/23/2020

Last Updated:

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