spider wasp

(Family Pompilidae)

               
 

 

spider wasp (Pompilidae)
 

 

 

 

          Photo by Emily

Identification

There are about 5,000 species in 6 subfamilies of spider wasp.

Most spider wasps are slender and black or dark blue, sometimes metallic.

Wasps have a three-segmented thorax. On spider wasps the third segment is solidly fused to its exoskeletal plate (pronotum) and to the middle segment, making them strong fliers; and the first segment is well developed, making them strong diggers.

Abdominal segments 1 and 2 are narrow.

The legs are long and spiny. The third segment (femur) of the hind leg often reaches past the end of the abdomen. The fourth segment (tibia) of the hind leg usually have a conspicuous spine at the end.

Most spider wasps have long wings.

 
Similar
Species

 


Larval Food

A spider

 
Adult Food

 

 
Life Cycle

The female paralyzes one spider, drags it to her burrow, and lays just one egg. If the spider is large, a female will be produced. If it is small, the offspring will be a male.

 
Behavior

Spider wasps are solitary.


Distribution Distribution Map  

Sources: 24, 29.


Comments

 


Taxonomy

Order:

Hymenoptera (ants, bees, wasps, and sawflies)

 

Suborder:

Apocrita (wasps, ants and bees)

 

No Rank:

Aculeata (Ants, Bees and Stinging Wasps)

 

Superfamily:

Pompiloidea (Spider Wasps, Velvet Ants and allies)

 

Family:

Pompilidae (Spider Wasps)

 
Common
Names

pompilid wasp

spider wasp


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Glossary

Femur

On insects and arachnids, the third, largest, most robust segment of the leg, coming immediately before the tibia. On humans, the thigh bone.

 

Pronotum

The saddle-shaped, exoskeletal plate on the upper side of the first segment of the thorax of an insect.

 

Tibia

The fourth segment of an insect leg, after the femur and before the tarsus (foot).

 

 

 

 

 

       

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Emily


Looking for ID

wasp paralyzes jumping spider equal to size and tries to carry it away.

  spider wasp (Pompilidae)   spider wasp (Pompilidae)
       
  spider wasp (Pompilidae)    

       
       
       

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Other Videos

 
  Pompilidae (Spider Wasp)
Paul Verhulst
 
   
 
About

Uploaded on Aug 2, 2011

This video is made in my backyard. While we were eating, an spiderwasp (Pompilidae) attacked a spider. In a few seconds he was paralyzed by the venomous sting. (This tragedy happened the first of August (2011).

After that i decided to follow the wasp and his prey to his hole.

The footage was shot using a iPhone 4.
Compiled with After Effects.

 
     
  avispa versus araña ( Pompilidae)
iati88
 
   
 
About

Published on Jan 11, 2015

Filmado en Parque Finky el 10-01-2015. La avispa hembra captura, pica y paraliza a la araña, entonces arrastra a su presa de vuelta a su madriguera o a un nido especialmente preparado, donde un solo huevo se deposita en el abdomen de la araña, posteriormente bloquea la entrada dejandola atrapada. Cuando la larva de la avispa eclosiona, crea un pequeño agujero en el abdomen de la araña, para entrar en él, alimentándose vorazmente, evitando órganos vitales tanto tiempo como le sea posible para mantenerla viva. Después de varias semanas, la larva se convierte en pupa. Finalmente, se convierte en un adulto y emerge del abdomen de la araña.

 
     
  Pompilidae
hernando
 
   
 
About

Published on Jul 18, 2015

avispa Pompilidae haciendo una cueva de cría

Google Translate: Pompilidae wasp making a breeding cave

 
     
  Pompilidae and his spider
Mark Mile
 
   
 
About

Published on Feb 1, 2013

i very lucky that i have seen.......!!!

 
     
  Pompilidae y Theraphosidae
Anibal Guillén Morales
 
   
 
About

Uploaded on Oct 13, 2011

No estoy muy seguro de las especies exactas, pero espero que con eso se den una idea.
El video fue tomado en el Jardín Botánico de la Universidad Tecnológica de Pereira, en Colombia.
Fantástico haberlo visto con todo detalle.

Google Translate: I'm not sure of the exact species, but I hope that it will give an idea.
The video was taken at the Botanical Garden of the Technological University of Pereira in Colombia.
I have seen great detail.

 
     

 

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Visitor Sightings

   
Share your sighting of this insect.

Emily
8/29/2015

Location: Mound, Mn

wasp paralyzes jumping spider equal to size and tries to carry it away.

spider wasp (Pompilidae)

 
Emily
8/29/2015

I looked at the UofM and the wasp is a type of Sphecid.

http://www.extension.umn.edu/garden/insects/find/sphecid-wasps/

 
Emily
8/30/2015

It is possible that it is a spider wasp. Which is a different classification than Sphecid.
Spider wasps comprise the family Pompilidae in the order Hymenoptera.
I am unsure about which one my wasp is, but am leaning towards Pompilidae,  as I cannot find a picture or description in the family Sphecid that fully describes the one I saw. There are 8000 known species, it turns out. But the photo of the spider wasp that I found is more like my photo in that it has very long hind legs, and is solid black with a hint of color to the wings.

Maybe somebody can help clear it up? I wish I had a better photo than my smart phone could provide. It was moving and hopping around rapidly as it was attempting to carry the spider off.

Spider wasp (everythingabout.net)

Thanks,

Emily


     
     
 

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