Parlin’s pussytoes

(Antennaria parlinii ssp. parlinii)

Conservation Status

 

No image available

  IUCN Red List

not listed

     
  NatureServe

N5? - Secure

SNR - Unranked

     
  Minnesota

not listed

     
           
           
 
Description
 
 

Parlin’s pussytoes (ssp. parlinii) is an erect, perennial forb that rises on a basal rosette of leaves and a flowering stem from a rhizome and stolons. It can be from 4 to 17¾ in height, though it is usually no more than 16 tall. It often forms colonies.

The stolons are 1 to 4 long, densely woolly, and leafy. They recline on the ground with the tips ascending. They root at the nodes, forming new plants.

Basal leaves are spoon-shaped, 1 to 3¾ long, and ¾ to 1¾ wide. They are rounded or broadly pointed at the tip, and sometimes have a small, abrupt, sharp point at the tip. They taper gradually to the leaf stalk at the base. There are 3 or 5 prominent veins extending from the base to the tip. The upper surface is sparsely hairy to hairless, the hairs when present white, long, matted or tangled, soft, and cobwebby, not woolly. It usually becomes hairless or nearly hairless at maturity. The lower surface is densely covered with white, short, matted or tangled, soft, woolly hairs. The hairiness of the lower surface persists at maturity. The margins are untoothed. Basal leaves are often evergreen.

Stem leaves are alternate, linear to narrowly lance-shaped, and 3 16 to 1¾ long. They taper to a sharp point at the tip and attach to the stem at the base without a leaf stalk. The lowermost leaves are often narrowly inversely egg-shaped. The upper leaves often have a short, hairlike extension of the midvein at the tip. The upper and lower surfaces are densely covered with white, short, matted or tangled, soft, woolly hairs.

The flowering stem can be 3½ to 17¾ tall, though it usually reaches no more than 11 in height. It is erect, sparsely leafy, and sparsely to moderately hairy. It sometimes becomes hairless in patches with age. There are purple glandular hairs near the top of the stem.

The inflorescence is a tight, round-topped cluster of 4 to 12 flower heads at the end of the stem. Male and female flowers are borne on separate plants. A population of plants may have both male and female plants, or female plants only.

The whorl of bracts (involucre) subtending a flower head on male (staminate) plants is ¼ to long. The involucre on female (pistillate) plants is 5 16 to ½ long.

The flower heads have 20 to 100 white or pinkish, tubular disk florets and no ray florets. Male florets are to 3 16 long. Female florets are to ¼ long.

The fruit is a small achene with hairs at the tip.

There is no floral scent.

 
     
 

Height

 
 

4 to 17¾

 
     
 

Flower Color

 
 

White to pinkish

 
     
 

Similar Species

 
 

Antennaria parlinii is the only pussytoes species in Minnesota with flowering stems that can be more than 13¾ in height.

Parlin’s pussytoes (Antennaria parlinii ssp. fallax) stems do not have purple glandular hairs near the top of the stem. Basal leaves are moderately or densely hairy on the upper surface. The hairs on the basal leaves woolly, not cobwebby. They become less hairy at maturity, not hairless or nearly hairless.

Field pussytoes (Antennaria neglecta) has a shorter flowering stalk, usually no more than 8 tall. The basal leaves are shorter, no more than 2½ long, and narrower, less than ¾ wide. They have only a single prominent vein, occasionally also a faint pair of parallel lateral veins.

Plantain-leaved pussytoes (Antennaria plantaginifolia) stolons tend to be shorter, 1 to 3 long. Young stolons are ascending. Basal leaves are moderately or densely hairy on the upper surface. The hairs on the basal leaves woolly, not cobwebby. They become less hairy at maturity, not hairless or nearly hairless. The stems do not have purple glandular hairs near the top of the stem. In pistillate plants the involucre is shorter, 3 16 to ¼ long.

 
     
 
Habitat
 
 

Dry to moderate moisture. Open woods, upland prairies, savannas, bluffs.

 
     
 
Biology
 
 

Flowering

 
 

April to June

 
     
 
Use
 
 

 

 
     
 
Distribution
 
 

Distribution Map

 

Sources

4.

 
  1/2/2014      
         
 

Nativity

 
 

Native

 
         
 

Occurrence

 
 

 

 
         
 
Taxonomy
 
  Kingdom Plantae (green algae and land plants)  
  Subkingdom Viridiplantae (green plants)  
  Infrakingdom Streptophyta (land plants and green algae)  
  Superdivision Embryophyta (land plants)  
  Division Tracheophyta (vascular plants)  
  Subdivision Spermatophytina (seed plants)  
  Class Magnoliopsida (flowering plants)  
  Superorder Asteranae  
 

Order

Asterales (sunflowers, bellflowers, fanflowers, and allies)  
 

Family

Asteraceae (sunflowers, daisies, asters, and allies)  
  Subfamily Asteroideae  
  Supertribe Asterodae  
  Tribe Gnaphalieae (paper daisies)  
  Genus Antennaria (pussytoes)  
  Species Antennaria parlinii (Parlin’s pussytoes)  
       
 

Synonyms

 
 

Antennaria arnoglossa

Antennaria parlinii var. arnoglossa

Antennaria plantaginifolia var. arnoglossa

Antennaria propinqua

 
       
 

Common Names

 
 

Parlin’s pussytoes

plantain pussy-toes

plantain-leaved pussytoes

woman’s tobacco

 
       

 

 

 

 

 

Glossary

Glandular hairs

Hairs spread over aerial vegetation that secrete essential oils. The oils act to protect against herbivores and pathogens or, when on a flower part, attract pollinators. The hairs have a sticky or oily feel.

 

Involucre

A whorl of bracts beneath or surrounding a flower or flower cluster.

 

Linear

Long, straight, and narrow, with more or less parallel sides, like a blade of grass.

 

Node

The small swelling of the stem from which one or more leaves, branches, or buds originate.

 

Pistillate

Referring to a flower that has a female reproductive organ (pistil) but does not have male reproductive organs (stamens).

 

Rhizome

A horizontal, usually underground stem. It serves as a reproductive structure, producing roots below and shoots above at the nodes.

 

Staminate

Referring to a flower that has a male reproductive organs (stamens) but does not have a female reproductive organ (pistil).

 

Stolon

An above-ground, creeping stem that grows along the ground and produces roots and sometimes new plants at its nodes. A runner.

 
 
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