green foxtail

(Setaria viridis var. viridis)

Conservation Status
green foxtail (var. viridis)
  IUCN Red List

not listed

     
  NatureServe

NNA - Not applicable

SNA - Not applicable

     
  Minnesota

not listed

     
           
           
 
Description
 
 

The culms are 8 to 40 tall and usually have 4 to 10 nodes. The nodes and sheaths are hairless. The blades are 1½ to 10 long and to ½ wide.

The panicle is cylindrical and 1¼ to 3 long. It is erect or nodds only near the tip.

There are 1 to 3 bristles at the base of each spikelet. The bristles are usually green, rarely purple.

 
     
 

Height

 
 

8 to 40

 
     
 

Similar Species

 
  Yellow foxtail (Setaria pumila ssp. pumila) spikelets have 5 to 20 bristles at the base. The bristles are yellow, brownish-gold, or sometimes purple.  
     
 
Habitat
 
 

Hill slopes, roadsides.

 
     
 
Biology
 
 

Flowering

 
 

Mid- to late-summer

 
     
 
Use
 
 

8 to 40

 
     
 
Distribution
 
 

Distribution Map

 

Sources

3, 4, 7, 22.

 
  10/14/2015      
         
 

Nativity

 
 

Native to Northern Africa, Asia, Europe, and the Indian subcontinent. Introduced and naturalized in the United States.

 
         
 

Occurrence

 
 

Common

 
         
 
Taxonomy
 
  Kingdom Plantae (green algae and land plants)  
  Subkingdom Viridiplantae (green plants)  
  Infrakingdom Streptophyta (land plants and green algae)  
  Superdivision Embryophyta (land plants)  
  Division Tracheophyta (vascular plants)  
  Subdivision Spermatophytina (seed plants)  
  Class Liliopsida (monocots)  
 

Order

Poales (grasses, sedges, cattails, and allies)  
 

Family

Poaceae (grasses)  
  No Rank PACMAD clade  
  Subfamily Panicoideae  
  Tribe Paniceae  
  Subtribe Cenchrinae  
 

Genus

Setaria (foxtails and bristlegrasses)  
  Species Setaria viridis (green foxtail)  
       
 

Synonyms

 
 

Chaetochloa viridis

Panicum viride

Setaria viridis var. breviseta

Setaria viridis var. weinmannii

 
       
 

Common Names

 
 

green bristle grass

green bristlegrass

green foxtail

green foxtail millet

pigeongrass

wild foxtail millet

wild millet

 
       

 

 

 

 

 

Glossary

Culm

The hollow or pithy stem of a grass, sedge, or rush.

 

Node

The small swelling of the stem from which one or more leaves, branches, or buds originate.

 

Panicle

A pyramidal inflorescence with a main stem and branches. Flowers on the lower, longer branches mature earlier than those on the shorter, upper ones.

       
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MinnesotaSeasons.com Photos
   

Plant

  green foxtail (var. viridis)   green foxtail (var. viridis)
       
  green foxtail (var. viridis)    
       

Sheath

  green foxtail (var. viridis)    
       

Inflorescence

  green foxtail (var. viridis)   green foxtail (var. viridis)
       
  green foxtail (var. viridis)   green foxtail (var. viridis)
       
       

 

Camera

     
 
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slideshow

       
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Other Videos
 
  Setaria viridis
Novenyismeret
 
   
 
About

Uploaded on Oct 8, 2008

Setaria viridis
(Corvinus beszámoló)

   
       
  Weed of the Week #741-Green Foxtail (Air Date 6/17/12)
AgPhD's channel
 
   
 
About

Published on Jun 23, 2012

It's our Weed of the Week, Green Foxtail.

   
       

 

Camcorder


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