hairy false goldenaster

(Heterotheca villosa var. foliosa)

               
Conservation Status

IUCN Red List

not listed

 

No image available

NatureServe

NNR - Unranked

SNR - Unranked

Minnesota

not listed

Nativity

Native

Occurrence

 

Habitat

Dry. Open places. Full sun.

Flowering

July to October

     
Flower Color

Yellow ray florets, yellow disk florets

     
Height

8 to 16

     
 
Identification

This is an erect, perennial forb that rises on 1 to 50 or more stems from a long, deeply penetrating taproot. It can be 8 to 23 tall, though it is usually no more than 16 in height.

The stems are ascending to erect, rough to the touch, sometimes reddish-brown, and sometimes whitish near the top. They have up to 3 types of hairs. They are moderately to densely covered with straight, stiff, sharp, appressed hairs. They often have abundant long, coarse, stiff, spreading hairs. They are sometimes sparsely covered with gland-tipped hairs.

There are no basal leaves. Stem leaves are alternate and are not crowded. Lower stem leaves are inversely lance-shaped, to 1½ long, and to 5 16 wide. They are attached to the stem on short leaf stalks. The leaf blades are rounded at the base and broadly or moderately angled at the tip. There is sometimes a short, sharp, abrupt point at the tip. The upper and lower surfaces are rough to the touch due to a moderate to dense covering of straight, stiff, sharp, appressed hairs. The hairs may be dense enough to completely obscure the leaf surface. The surfaces may also be sparsely to densely covered with gland-tipped hairs. The margins are untoothed and flat, not wavy. There are straight, stiff, sharp, appressed hairs along the entire margin and sparse to abundant long, coarse, stiff, spreading hairs near the base. Lower stem leaves are usually absent at flowering time.

Upper stem leaves are similar, oblong, 7 16 to 1 long, and to 5 16 wide, sometimes becoming a little smaller as they ascend the stem.

The inflorescence is a cluster of usually 4 to 24, sometimes as many as 35, flower heads at the end of each stem. The flower heads are 1¾ to 1½ wide. They are on to 1½ long stalks that are moderately to densely hairy but have no glandular hairs. The flower heads are subtended by 1 to 7 or more inversely lance-shaped, leaf-like bracts. The bracts are often long enough to extend beyond the head.

The whorl of bracts at the base of the flower head (involucre) is narrowly bell-shaped and ¼ to 5 16 wide. There may be 7 to 22 yellow ray florets, though there are usually at least 13. The strap-like portion of the ray floret is usually 5 16 to 7 16 long. There are 10 to 85, usually 20 to 50, yellow disk florets.

The fruit is a 1 16 to long achene with 30 to 45 off-white bristles attached to the end. The achene is inversely cone-shaped, with the attachment at the narrow end, and has 4 to 10 ribs.

 
Similar
Species

hairy false goldenaster (Heterotheca villosa var. ballardii) stems and leaves do not have gland-tipped hairs. The hairs on the leaf surfaces are not dense enough to obscure the leaf surface. The bracts are often long enough to extend beyond the involucre, but not the head.

hairy false goldenaster (Heterotheca villosa var. minor) upper leaves are narrowly to broadly inversely lance-shaped or oblong. The upper and lower leaf surfaces are sparsely to moderately covered with gland-tipped hairs. The flower heads are subtended by 1 to 7 or more bracts that are greatly reduced in size, usually linear-oblong, and are not leaf-like.

hairy false goldenaster (Heterotheca villosa var. villosa) upper leaves are inversely lance-shaped. The flower heads are rarely subtended by bracts. When they are, those bracts are linear inversely lance-shaped, are greatly reduced in size, and are leaf-like.

Stiffleaf false golden aster (Heterotheca stenophylla var. angustifolia) leaves are densely crowded and are pale green to grayish-green. The flower heads are subtended by 1 to 3 leaf-like bracts. The flower head stalks are no more than long.

 
Distribution Distribution Map   Sources: 4.
 
Comments

 

 
Taxonomy

Family:

Asteraceae (aster)

 

Subfamily:

Asteroideae

 

Supertribe:

Asterodae

 

Tribe:

Astereae (aster)

 

No Rank:

North American clade

 
Parent

hairy false goldenaster (Heterotheca villosa)

 
Synonyms

Chrysopsis butler

Chrysopsis foliosa

Chrysopsis imbricata

Chrysopsis villosa var. foliosa

Heterotheca foliosa

 
Common
Names

hairy false goldenaster

hairy false golden-aster

hairy false goldenaster

hairy golden aster

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Glossary

Achene

A dry, one-chambered, single-seeded fruit, formed from a single carpel, with the seed attached to the membranous outer layer (wall) only by the seed stalk; the wall, formed entirely from the wall of the superior ovary, does not split open at maturity, but relies on decay or predation to release the contents.

 

Glandular hairs

Hairs spread over aerial vegetation that secrete essential oils. The oils act to protect against herbivores and pathogens or, when on a flower part, attract pollinators. The hairs have a sticky or oily feel.

 

Involucre

A whorl of bracts beneath or surrounding a flower or flower cluster.

       
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