hawthorn

(Crataegus spp.)

Overview
hawthorn
Photo by Randy
 

There are about 175 species of hawthorn. Of these, 12 are historically native to Minnesota, 10 are currently found in the state.

 

 

 

 

 

 

     
           
 
Description
 
 

 

 
     
 
Distribution
 
 

Distribution Map

 

Sources

2, 3, 7, 8, 24, 28.

 
         
         
 
Taxonomy
 
  Kingdom Plantae (green algae and land plants)  
  Subkingdom Viridiplantae (green plants)  
  Infrakingdom Streptophyta (land plants and green algae)  
  Superdivision Embryophyta (land plants)  
  Division Tracheophyta (vascular plants)  
  Subdivision Spermatophytina (seed plants)  
  Class Magnoliopsida (dicots)  
  Subclass Rosidae  
  Superorder Rosanae  
 

Order

Rosales (roses, elms, figs, and allies)  
 

Family

Rosaceae (rose)  
  Subfamily Amygdaloideae  
  Tribe Maleae  
  Subtribe Malinae  
 

 

   
 

Subordinate Taxa

 
 
     

Section Coccineae

 

Series Coccineae

   

scarlet hawthorn (Crataegus coccinea) (possibly extirpated)

     
 

Series Crus-galli

   

cockspur hawthorn (Crataegus crus-galli var. crus-galli)

     
 

Series Macracanthae

   

fleshy hawthorn (Crataegus succulenta)

large-thorned hawthorn (Crataegus macracantha)

late hawthorn (Crataegus calpodendron)

     
 

Series Molles

   

downy hawthorn (Crataegus mollis var. mollis)

Quebec hawthorn (Crataegus submollis)

     
 

Series Punctatae

   

dotted hawthorn (Crataegus punctata)

     
 

Series Rotundifoliae

    fireberry hawthorn (Crataegus chrysocarpa var. chrysocarpa)
     
 

Series Tenuifoliae

   

bigfruit hawthorn (Crataegus macrosperma)

Fort Sheridan hawthorn (Crataegus fluviatilis)

     

Section Douglasia

 

Series Douglasianae

   

Douglas hawthorn (Crataegus douglasii)

     

Great Plains hawthorn (Crataegus sheridana)

rough-leaved hawthorn (Crataegus scabrida) (possibly extirpated)

 
       
 

Synonyms

 
 

 

 
       
 

Common Names

 
 

hawthorn

 
       

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

       
Visitor Photos
   

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Randy
       

thorns on a hawthorn tree near MN/IA border

  hawthorn    
       
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Created: 5/24/2017

Last Updated:

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