hedge bindweed

(Calystegia sepium ssp. angulata)

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List

not yet assessed

hedge bindweed (ssp. angulata)


N5 - Secure

SNR - Unranked


not listed


Great Plains

FAC - Facultative


FAC - Facultative

Northcentral & Northeast

FAC - Facultative






Wet. meadows, prairies, thickets, forest edges, stream banks, river banks, ditches. Disturbed sites. Full to partial sun.


June to September

Flower Color



Trailing, 1½ to 10 long



This is a perennial vine that rises on multiple stems from a deep, creeping rhizome and a deep, fibrous root system. The rhizome is branched and can be over 10 long.

The stems are light green or red, hairless, freely branched, and either angled or round. They are usually awkwardly climbing over adjacent vegetation or structures (scrambling), occasionally prostrate on the ground but not rooting at the tip (trailing). The stem grows in a spiral, at least toward the tip, curving around nearby plants (twining) in a counter-clockwise direction, allowing the stem to climb. They are usually 1½ to 10 long but can reach up to 13 or more.

The leaves are alternate, 2 to 4 long, and 2¾ to 3 wide. They are on leaf stalks that are always more than, usually much more than, half as long as the midvein of the attached leaf. The leaf blade is triangular in outline, arrow-shaped, pointed at the tip, and indented at the base. The basal lobes are trapezoidal and relatively spreading (directed outward). The sinus between the lobes is frequently broadly U-shaped. The upper and lower surfaces are hairless. The margins are untoothed.

The inflorescence is a solitary flower rising from the leaf axils above the midpoint of the stem.

The flowers are large and conspicuous. They are on 2 to 6 long flower stalks. There are two conspicuous, leaf-like appendages (bracts) at the base of the flower. The bracts are ½ to 1 long and to 1116 wide. They overlap only near the base. There are 5 petals, 5 sepals, and 5 stamens. The sepals are green, elliptic to narrowly egg-shaped, and 7 16 to long. They are more or less hidden by the bracts that subtend the flower. The petals (corolla) are fused at their base and for most of their length into a funnel-shaped tube and separated at the tip into five very shallow lobes. The corolla is usually white, rarely pink or pinkish tinged, and usually 1¾ to 2½ long and wide. The stamens are to 13 16long and do not protrude from the corolla. The anthers are yellow. There is 1 style with 2 stigmas. The flowers open in the morning and close at night, but often remain open on moonlit nights. They are not fragrant. Insects may be attracted to the warmth inside the funnel, which may be 5° above the air temperature.

The fruit is an egg-shaped, to long capsule with 2 to 4 seeds.


Appalachia false bindweed (Calystegia sepium ssp. appalachiana) bracts are 9 16 to 1 wide. They usually overlap for most of their length, not just near the base. The corolla is usually pink.

Low bindweed (Calystegia spithamaea) stem is erect, does not twine, and does not get over 20 long.

Field bindweed (Convolvulus arvensis) is a smaller plant. The leaves are smaller, 1 to 2 in length. The basal lobes of the leaf blade are pointed, not trapeziodal. The bracts are much smaller and are positioned on the stem well below the inflorescence. The flowers are smaller, 1 or less long and wide.

Black bindweed (Fallopia convolvulus) is a shorter vine, no more than 40 in length. The stems and leaves do not have a milky latex. The leaf stalk has an ocrea at the base. The flower is small, to 3 16 long, and not showy. The fruit is an achene.

Ivy-leaved morning-glory (Ipomoea hederacea) has 3-lobed leaves. The flower is blue to purple.

Common morning-glory (Ipomoea purpurea) has rounded, heart-shaped, not triangular, arrow-shaped, leaves. The basal lobes of the leaf blade are broadly rounded, not squared off or pointed. The flower is blue to purple.

Distribution Distribution Map  

Sources: 7.

This subspecies occurs throughout the range of the parent species and is the most common subspecies in the western and Great Plains regions.





Convolvulaceae (morning-glory)





hedge bindweed (Calystegia sepium)


Calystegia sepium var. angulata

Calystegia sepium var. repens

Convolvulus repens

Convolvulus sepium var. repens


hedge bindweed

hedge false bindweed














Modified leaf at the base of a flower stalk or flower cluster.



A collective name for all of the petals of a flower.



A horizontal, usually underground stem. It serves as a reproductive structure, producing roots below and shoots above at the nodes.



Climbing awkwardly over adjacent vegetation or structures.



An outer floral leaf, usually green but sometimes colored, at the base of a flower.



Prostrate on the ground and creeping, but not rooting at the tip.



Growing in a spiral usually around a stem of another plant that serves as support.


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  hedge bindweed (ssp. angulata)   hedge bindweed (ssp. angulata)

White Flower

  hedge bindweed (ssp. angulata)   hedge bindweed (ssp. angulata)

Pinkish-tinged Flower

  hedge bindweed (ssp. angulata)   hedge bindweed (ssp. angulata)


  hedge bindweed (ssp. angulata)   hedge bindweed (ssp. angulata)


  hedge bindweed (ssp. angulata)   hedge bindweed (ssp. angulata)






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MinnesotaSeasons.com Sightings


Afton State Park

Anna Gronseth Prairie

Baker Park Reserve

Blackhoof River WMA

Big Stone Lake State Park

Buffalo River State Park

Butternut Valley Prairie SNA

Camden State Park

Carpenter St. Croix Valley Nature Center

Cedar Mountain SNA

Cedar Rock SNA

Chippewa Prairie

Clinton Prairie SNA

Compass Prairie SNA

Cottonwood River Prairie SNA

Crow Wing State Park

Crow-Hassan Park Reserve

Des Moines River SNA

Englund Ecotone SNA

Forestville/Mystery Cave State Park

Fort Ridgely State Park

Franconia Bluffs SNA

Frenchman’s Bluff SNA

Frontenac State Park

Glendalough State Park

Glynn Prairie SNA

Greenleaf Lake SRA

Hole-in-the-Mountain Prairie

Holthe Prairie SNA

Iron Horse Prairie SNA

Kasota Prairie

Kasota Prairie SNA

Lake Louise State Park

Lake Rebecca Park Reserve

Lost Valley Prairie SNA

Maplewood State Park

McKnight Prairie

Miller Prairie
West Unit

Minneopa State Park

Minnesota Valley State Recreation Area
Lawrence Unit

Murphy-Hanrehan Park Reserve

Myre-Big Island State Park

Ney Nature Center

Old Mill State Park

Ordway Prairie

Oronoco Prairie SNA

Osmundson Prairie SNA

Ottertail Prairie SNA

Oxbow Park & Zollman Zoo

Pine Bend Bluffs SNA

Plover Prairie
East Unit

Racine Prairie SNA

Regal Meadow

Rice Lake State Park

Richard M. & Mathilde Rice Elliott SNA

Ripley Esker SNA

Robert Ney Memorial Park Reserve

Rock Ridge Prairie SNA

Rushford Sand Barrens SNA

St. Croix Savanna SNA

St. Croix State Park

Savanna Portage State Park

Schaefer Prairie

Seminary Fen SNA

Seven Sisters Prairie

Sibley State Park

Split Rock Creek State Park

Verlyn Marth Memorial Prairie SNA

Wahpeton Prairie WMA

Western Prairie SNA

Wild Indigo Prairie SNA

Wild River State Park

William O’Brien State Park

Yellow Bank Hills SNA




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