purple coneflowers

(Echinacea spp.)

               
Overview

Echinacea is the genus of flowering plants that contains purple coneflowers and a single yellow coneflower. Some sources use the common name “coneflowers” for the genus. The preferred name “purple coneflower” distinguishes this genus from prairie coneflower (Ratibita) and coneflower (Rudbeckia). There are 10 species of Echinacea, all of them in North America east of the Rocky mountains. Only one species, Echinacea angustifolia, is native to Minnesota.

purple coneflower (Echinacea sp.)

  Photo by Alfredo Colon
 

Some species are cultivated as ornamentals. One species, Echinacea purpurea, is often imported in seed mixes purchased from other states by city, county, regional, and state parks.

Identification

Purple coneflowers have erect stems up to 4 tall, alternate leaves, and large, showy, composite flower heads. Most have unbranched stems; hairy, rough-textured, untoothed leaves; and large, showy flower heads with purple to pink or white corollas and spreading or drooping ray florets.

See Subordinate Taxa below for identification information.

 
Distribution Distribution Map  

Sources: 2, 3, 4, 5, 7, 24, 28, 29, 30.

The map includes sightings of non-native species in prairie restorations, and in plantings in city, county, regional, and state parks.

 
Comments

 

 
Taxonomy

Family:

Asteraceae (aster)

 

Subfamily:

Asteroideae

 

Supertribe:

Helianthodae

 

Tribe:

Heliantheae (sunflower)

 

Genus:

Echinacea (purple coneflower)

 
Subordinate Taxa

eastern purple coneflower (Echinacea purpurea)

narrow-leaved purple coneflower (Echinacea angustifolia)

pale purple coneflower (Echinacea pallida)

sanguine purple coneflower (Echinacea sanguinea)

smooth purple coneflower (Echinacea laevigata)

Tennessee purple coneflower (Echinacea tennesseensis)

Topeka purple coneflower (Echinacea atrorubens)

wavyleaf purple coneflower (Echinacea simulata)

yellow coneflower (Echinacea paradoxa)

 
Synonyms

 

 
Common
Names

coneflower

purple coneflower

   

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

       
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Alfredo Colon
       
  purple coneflower (Echinacea sp.)    
       
MinnesotaSeasons.com Photos
   

eastern purple coneflower (Echinacea purpurea)

  eastern purple coneflower   eastern purple coneflower
       

narrow-leaved purple coneflower (Echinacea angustifolia)

  narrow-leaved purple coneflower   narrow-leaved purple coneflower
       

 

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Alfredo Colon
8/2/2019

Location: Woodbury, Minnesota

purple coneflower (Echinacea sp.)


     
     
 
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Created: 11/13/2019

Last Updated:

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