Fox Sparrow

(Passerella iliaca)

               
Conservation Status

IUCN Red List

LC - Least Concern

 

No Image Available

NatureServe

N5B, N5N - Secure Breeding and Nonbreeding

SNRN - Unranked Nonbreeding

Minnesota

not listed

Occurrence

Common migrant

Habitat

Breeding: Not in Minnesota

Migration: Thickets near streams and rivers, brushy woodland openings and edges

Size

6½ to 7in length

10½ wingspan


Identification

This sometimes heard but rarely seen bird has heavy, reddish-brown streaks on the breast in addition to a central breast spot. The wings, rump, and tail are reddish-brown. The crown and the nape of the neck are gray.

 
Voice

 

 
Similar
Species

 


Food

Insects and other invertebrates, seeds, fruits, and plant buds

 
Nesting

 

 
Migration

Mid-March to late May and early September to mid-October


Comments

Taxonomy
There are 18 subspecies of Fox Sparrow currently recognized. The American Ornithologists’ Union (AOU) organizes these into a single species. Under this classification scheme, the species is organized into four subspecies groups. The International Ornithological Congress (IOC) elevates these groups to species level. Beginning with the 6th edition in 1984 the AOU Checklist lists no subspecies of any birds.


Taxonomy

Order:

Passeriformes

 

Superfamily:

Passeroidea

 

Family:

Fringillidae (finches and Hawaiian honeycreepers)

 

Supertribe:

Emberizinae

 

Tribe:

Emberizini

 
Subordinate Taxa

Red Fox Sparrow Group

Eastern Fox Sparrow (Passerella iliaca iliaca)

Yukon Fox Sparrow (Passerella iliaca zaboria) (?)

 

Slate-colored Fox Sparrow Group

Alberta Fox Sparrow (Passerella iliaca altivagans)

Inyo Fox Sparrow (Passerella iliaca canescens)

Slate-colored Fox Sparrow (Passerella iliaca schistacea)

Utah Fox Sparrow (Passerella iliaca swarthi)

Washington Fox Sparrow (Passerella iliaca olivacea)

 

Sooty Fox Sparrow Group

Kodiac Fox Sparrow (Passerella iliaca insularis)

Sooty Fox Sparrow (Passerella iliaca chilcatensis)

Sooty Fox Sparrow (Passerella iliaca fuliginosa)

Sooty Fox Sparrow (Passerella iliaca unalaschcensis)

Townsend’s Fox Sparrow (Passerella iliaca townsendi)

Valdez Fox Sparrow (Passerella iliaca sinuosa)

Yakutat Fox Sparrow (Passerella iliaca annectens)

 

Thick-billed Fox Sparrow Group

Mono Fox Sparrow (Passerella iliaca monoensis)

Stephens’s Fox Sparrow (Passerella iliaca stephensi)

Thick-billed Fox Sparrow (Passerella iliaca megarhyncha)

Trinity Fox Sparrow (Passerella iliaca brevicauda)

Warner Mountains Fox Sparrow (Passerella iliaca fulva)

Yosemite Fox Sparrow (Passerella iliaca mariposae)

 
Synonyms

 


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

       

Visitor Photos

   
Share your photo of this bird.

       
       
       
       

MinnesotaSeasons.com Photos

   
       
       
       

 

Camera

 

     

Slideshows

   
  Fox Sparrow
Allen Chartier
 
  Fox Sparrow  
     
  Fox Sparrow
Andy Reago & Chrissy McClarren
 
  Fox Sparrow  
     
  Red Fox Sparrow
JMC Nature Photos
 
  Red Fox Sparrow  

 

slideshow

     

Visitor Videos

   
Share your video of this bird.

     
     

Other Videos

 
  Fox Sparrow (Red Morph) in Maine
WIld Bird Video Productions
 
   
 
About

Published on Jun 15, 2012

While a fairly common bird feeder visitor during the fall and early winter, fox sparrows can be extremely difficult to film on their boreal breeding grounds. They tend to stay buried in thick balsam fir or spruce trees but will come out to the open to sing. They have a very hearty and loud song. © 2012 Garth McElroy

License at http://www.paya.com/videos/141100

 
     
  Fox Sparrow
Birdchick
 
   
 
About

Uploaded on Oct 23, 2008

Fox sparrow digging through empty sunflower seed shells under a bird feeding station looking for food. Though this kicking action is a normal way for this bird to find food, it is a good reminder to keep your bird feeding station clean.

 
     
  Fox Sparrow singing
Alvan Buckley
 
   
 
About

Published on Apr 9, 2013

This Fox Sparrow was a recent migrant in Waterloo, Ontario. I recorded this video with a Swarovski ATM 80HD + Canon s95.

American Crow, Dark-eyed Junco, Brown-headed Cowbird, American Goldfinch, American Robin, Red-winged Blackbird, Northern Cardinal, Song Sparrow, and Black-capped Chickadees are all singing in the background!

 
     
  Eastern Fox Sparrow (Passerella iliaca iliaca), Transylvania County, NC
colong7034
 
   
 
About

Published on Feb 24, 2013

Eastern Fox Sparrow (Passerella iliaca iliaca), Transylvania County, NC
Shot 2/22/2013

 
     
  Fox Sparrow
eBirdr Channel
 
   
 
About

Published on Sep 18, 2013

This sparrow is fairly common throughout North America in dense brush in coniferous or mixed woodlands, chaparral. It is a large sparrow and highly variable. Some western mountain birds have gray heads and back. Some birds have big thick bills. Most birds have a bright rufous rump and tail that is conspicuous when it flies. It is heavy streaked on sides and breast. This streaking converges into a central breast spot. Like a Towhee it scratches noisily on the ground. The song is a brilliant assortment of clear notes and whistles.

This footage was captured south of St. John's Newfoundland in June 2013.

 
     

 

Camcorder

         

Visitor Sightings

   
Share your sighting of this bird.

     
     
 

MinnesotaSeasons.com Sightings

   

Minnesota Valley State Recreation Area
Lawrence Unit


 

 

Binoculars

Last Updated:

About Us | Privacy Policy | Contact Us | © 2017 MinnesotaSeasons.com. All rights reserved.