Minnesota Birds

     
 
Class Aves
 
 

Aves (birds) is the class of animals that is characterized by being warm-blooded, laying hard-shelled eggs, and having a backbone, feathers, wings, a beak with no teeth, and two legs for forelimbs. They are the only clade of dinosaurs (Dinosauria) to have survived the Cretaceous-Paleogene extinction event 65.5 million years ago.

According to the American Ornithologists’ Union, there are 2,008 species of birds naturally occurring without the intervention of man in “North and Middle America including the adjacent islands under the jurisdiction of the included nations; the Hawaiian Islands; Clipperton Island; Bermuda; the West Indies, including the Bahama Islands, the Greater Antilles, Leeward and Windward islands of the Lesser Antilles.”

According to the Minnesota DNR, there are 428 bird species found in Minnesota, 44 of which are year-round residents.

 

European Starling

 

         
 
Recent Additions
 
 

Cape May Warbler

 
 

Cape May Warbler (Setophaga tigrina) is a small perching bird but a medium-sized New World Warbler. Its breeds in Canada from Nova Scotia to the Northwest Territories, and in the United States in northern New England and the Upper Midwest. It builds its nest in a mature forest near the top of a tall spruce or balsam fir tree usually near the trunk. In Minnesota it breeds in Arrowhead region. It winters in the West Indies. It is an uncommon migrant in most of the state in May and from early August through October. It is rare in the west. It feeds on insects, especially spruce budworm, and on flower nectar and fruit juices.

Cape May Warbler adult is about 5 in length and has a wingspan of about 8. On the breeding male, the upper parts are dark olive green, the chin, sides of the neck (“collar”), and rump are yellow. There is a large chestnut-brown ear patch and a dark eye line. The bill is thin, dark, and slightly curved downward. The breast and flanks are yellow with dark stripes that converge on the throat. The undertail coverts are white. On each wing there is a distinct white patch. The tail is short. The female is paler overall and has two thin white wing patches. The crown is olive-gray and there is a grayish cheek patch.

  Cape May Warbler  
    Photo by Ramona Abrego  
       
       
       
       
       
       
       
       
       
 

Lesser Yellowlegs

 
 

Lesser Yellowlegs (Tringa flavipes) is a medium-sized sandpiper. It nests in meadows and open woodlands from Alaska to Quebec, and winters mostly in South America. It is a common to locally abundant migrant throughout Minnesota from late March to early June and from July to October. In Minnesota it is found in marshes, wet meadows, mudflats, and flooded agricultural fields, and on the shores of lakes and ponds. It eats mostly flies, beetles, and other insects, but also spiders, small fish, snails, crustaceans, worms, and seeds.

The population of Lesser Yellowlegs is declining due to habitat loss in part the result of climate change. However, the species range is extremely large and the species is not considered vulnerable.

A Lesser Yellowlegs looks similar to a Greater Yellowlegs but is smaller. The adult is 10 to 11 in length and has a wingspan of 24. It is a slender shorebird with a small head, a thin bill, and long, bright yellow legs. The nonbreeding plumage is uniformly gray on the upper side with fine, dark streaking. The underparts are white with small gray spots. There is a dark line from the bill to the eye. The bill is straight, thin, entirely black, and about the same length as the head.

  Lesser Yellowlegs  
    Photo by Lynn Rubey  
       
       
       
       
       
       
       
       
       
       
 

Olive-sided Flycatcher

 
 

Olive-sided Flycatcher (Contopus cooperi) is a medium-sized tyrant flycatcher (family Tyrannidae) but a large “flycatcher” as that common name is applied. Only Great-crested Flycatcher is larger. It has the longest migration of any North American flycatcher. Breeding grounds are the Rocky and Cascade Mountains from Texas to Alaska, across Canada and the northern border states to Newfoundland and Vermont. In Minnesota the breeding range includes the northeast third of the state. Wintering grounds are mostly in Panama and the northern Andes Mountains from northern Venezuela to western Bolivia.

Olive-sided Flycatcher is the only North American flycatcher to feed exclusively on insects caught in flight. When feeding it perches at the top of a tree or on a dead branch, launching occasionally to catch a flying insect in the air, and returning often to the same perch. Small insects are consumed in the air. Larger insects returned to and beaten against the perch to subdue.

Flycatchers are notoriously difficult to identify by plumage alone. Olive-sided Flycatcher is one exception to this rule. It is easily identified by its white breast and contrasting dark “vest”. It is further distinguished by its large size; indistinct pale wing bars; whitish undertail coverts with well-defined, dark, V-shaped markings; and inconspicuous eye ring.

  Olive-sided Flycatcher  
       
       
       
       
       
       
       
       
       
       
 

Ruby-throated Hummingbird

 
 

Ruby-throated Hummingbird (Archilochus colubris) is the smallest breeding bird in the eastern United States and southeastern Canada. It is seldom seen but easily recognized because it is the only hummingbird that breeds in or migrates through Minnesota. It is a migratory bird, arriving in Minnesota in late April and early May. It is a solitary breeder—after mating the male has nothing more to do with the female or its offspring. In the fall, adults migrate across the Gulf of Mexico or along the western coast of Mexico to Central or South America.

  Ruby-throated Hummingbird  
    Photo by Bill Reynolds  
 

Red-eyed Vireo

 
 

Red-eyed Vireo (Vireo olivaceus) is the most common and widespread vireo in Minnesota. It is found in deciduous and mixed woodlands with a dense cover and a shrubby understory. It is small for a songbird but relatively large for a vireo. The most distinguishing morphological feature, the dark red irises, an apparent only at close range. It is most often identified by its song, which sounds similar to a robin but is not as loud and is more variable.

  Red-eyed Vireo  
    Photo by Bill Reynolds  
         
 
Other Recent Additions
 
 

Black Tern (Chlidonias niger)

Black-crowned Night Heron (Nycticorax nycticorax)

Gray-cheeked Thrush (Catharus minimus)

Willet (Tringa semipalmata)

Northern Waterthrush (Parkesia noveboracensis)

Northern Rough-winged Swallow (Stelgidopteryx serripennis)

Black-billed Cuckoo (Coccyzus erythropthalmus)

  Black-billed Cuckoo  
    Photo by Dan W. Andree  
       
       

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

               

This list includes only birds that have been recorded in Minnesota, but not all of the birds found in Minnesota.

               
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American Avocet

American Bittern

American Coot

American Crow

American Goldfinch

American Redstart

American Robin

American White Pelican

American Woodcock

Bald Eagle

Baltimore Oriole Nest

Barn Swallow

Barred Owl

Belted Kingfisher

Black-billed Magpie

Black-capped Chickadee

Black Tern

Blue Jay

Blue-gray Gnatcatcher (Polioptila caerulea)

Blue-winged Teal

Blue-winged Warbler

Brown Thrasher

Brown-headed Cowbird

Canada Goose

Canada Jay

Caspian Tern

Cedar Waxwing

Chestnut-sided Warbler

Chipping Sparrow

Common Grackle

Common Loon

Yellow-headed Blackbird

Dark-eyed Junco

Downy Woodpecker

Eastern Bluebird

Eastern Kingbird

Eastern Phoebe

Eastern Screech Owl

Eurasian Collared-Dove

European Starling

Golden Eagle

Golden-winged Warbler

Gray Catbird

Great Blue Heron

Great Crested Flycatcher

Great Egret

Green Heron

Green-winged Teal

Hairy Woodpecker

Harris’s Sparrow

Hooded Merganser

Horned Grebe

House Finch

House Sparrow

House Wren

Indigo Bunting

Killdeer

Lesser Yellowlegs

Magnolia Warbler

Mallard

Mourning Dove

Northern Cardinal

Northern Flicker

Northern Harrier

Northern Shoveler

Olive-sided Flycatcher

Osprey

Pied-billed Grebe

Pileated Woodpecker

Purple Finch

Red-bellied Woodpecker

Red-breasted Nuthatch

Red-eyed Vireo

Red-headed Woodpecker

Red-tailed Hawk

Red-winged Blackbird

Ring-billed Gull

Rose-breasted Grosbeak

Rough-legged Hawk

Ruby-crowned Kinglet

whitetail deer

Ruby-throated Hummingbird

Ruffed Grouse

Rusty Blackbird

Scarlet Tanager

Song Sparrow

Swainson’s thrush

Tennessee Warbler

Tree Swallow

Trumpeter Swan

Tundra Swan

Turkey Vulture

Virginia Rail

White-breasted Nuthatch

White-crowned Sparrow

White-throated Sparrow

Wild Turkey

Wilson’s Snipe

Wood Duck

Yellow-bellied Flycatcher

Yellow-bellied Sapsucker

Yellow-rumped Warbler

Yellow Warbler

  Photo Video Audio  

Acadian Flycatcher (Empidonax virescens)

 
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Alder Flycatcher (Empidonax alnorum)

 
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American Avocet (Recurvirostra americana)

 
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American Bittern (Botaurus lentiginosus)

 
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American Black Duck (Anas rubripes)

 
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American Coot (Fulica americana)

 
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American Crow (Corvus brachyrhynchos)

 
         

American Golden Plover (Pluvialis dominica)

 
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American Goldfinch (Spinus tristis)

 
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American Kestrel (Falco sparverius)

 
         

American Pipit (Anthus rubescens)

 
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American Redstart (Setophaga ruticilla)

 
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American Robin (Turdus migratorius)

 
         

American three-toed woodpecker (Picoides dorsalis)

 
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American Tree Sparrow (Spizelloides arborea)

 
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American White Pelican (Pelecanus erythrorhynchos)

 
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American Widgeon (Mareca americana)

 
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American Woodcock (Scolopax minor)

 
         

Baird's Sandpiper (Calidris bairdii)

 
         

Baird’s Sparrow (Ammodramus bairdii)

 
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Bald Eagle (Haliaeetus leucocephalus)

 
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Baltimore Oriole (Icterus galbula)

 
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Bank Swallow (Riparia riparia)

 
         

Ban Owl (Tyto alba)

 
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Barn Swallow (Hirundo rustica)

 
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Barred Owl (Strix varia)

 
         

Barrow’s Goldeneye (Bucephala islandica)

 
         

Bay-breasted Warbler (Setophaga castanea)

 
         

Bell’s Vireo (Vireo bellii)

 
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Belted Kingfisher (Megaceryle alcyon)

 
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Black-and-white Warbler (Mniotilta varia)

 
         

Black-backed Woodpecker (Picoides arcticus)

 
         

Black-bellied Plover (Pluvialis squatarola)

 
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Black-bellied Whistling-Duck (Dendrocygna autumnalis)

 
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Black-billed Cuckoo (Coccyzus erythropthalmus)

 
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Black-billed Magpie (Pica hudsonia)

 
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Blackburnian Warbler (Setophaga fusca)

 
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Black-capped Chickadee (Poecile atricapillus)

 
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Black-crowned Night Heron (Nycticorax nycticorax)

 
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Black-necked Stilt (Himantopus mexicanus)

 
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Blackpoll Warbler (Setophaga striata)

 
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Black Scoter (Melanitta nigra)

 
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Black Tern (Chlidonias niger)

 
         

Black-throated Blue Warbler (Setophaga caerulescens)

 
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Black-throated Green Warbler (Setophaga virens)

 
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Black Vulture (Coragyps atratus)

 
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Blue-gray Gnatcatcher (Polioptila caerulea)

 
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Blue Grosbeak (Passerina caerulea)

 
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Blue-headed Vireo (Vireo solitarius)

 
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Blue Jay (Cyanocitta cristata)

 
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Blue-winged Teal (Spatula discors)

 
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Blue-winged Warbler (Vermivora cyanoptera)

 
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Bobolink (Dolichonyx oryzivorus)

 
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Bohemian Waxwing (Bombycilla garrulus)

 
         

Bonaparte’s Gull (Chroicocephalus philadelphia)

 
         

Boreal Chickadee (Poecile hudsonicus)

 
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Boreal Owl (Aegolius funereus)

 
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Brewer’s Blackbird (Euphagus cyanocephalus)

 
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Broad-winged Hawk (Buteo platypterus)

 
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Brown Creeper (Certhia americana)

 
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Brown Thrasher (Toxostoma rufum)

 
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Brown-headed Cowbird (Molothrus ater)

 
         

Buff-breasted Sandpiper (Tryngites subruficollis)

 
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Bufflehead (Bucephala albeola)

 
         

Burrowing Owl (Athene cunicularia)

 
         

Cackling Goose (Branta hutchinsii)

 
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Canada Goose (Branta canadensis)

 
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Canada Jay (Perisoreus canadensis)

 
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Canada Warbler (Cardellina canadensis)

 
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Canvasback (Aythya valisineria)

 
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Cape May Warbler (Setophaga tigrina)

 
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Caspian Tern (Hydroprogne caspia)

 
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Cattle Egret (Bubulcus ibis)

 
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Cedar Waxwing (Bombycilla cedrorum)

 
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Cerulean Warbler (Setophaga cerulea)

 
         

Chestnut-collared Longspur (Calcarius ornatus)

 
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Chestnut-sided Warbler (Setophaga pensylvanica)

 
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Chimney Swift (Chaetura pelagica)

 
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Chipping Sparrow (Spizella passerina)

 
         

Cinnamon Teal (Anas cyanoptera)

 
         

Clark’s Grebe (Aechmophorus clarkii)

 
         

Clark’s Nutcracker (Nucifraga columbiana)

 
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Clay-colored Sparrow (Spizella pallida)

 
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Cliff Swallow (Petrochelidon pyrrhonota)

 
         

Common Gallinule (Gallinula galeata)

 
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Common Goldeneye (Bucephala clangula)

 
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Common Grackle (Quiscalus quiscula)

 
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Common Loon (Gavia immer)

 
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Common Merganser (Mergus merganser)

 
         

Common Moorhen (Gallinula chloropus)

 
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Common Nighthawk (Chordeiles minor)

 
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Common Raven (Corvus corax)

 
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Common Redpoll (Acanthis flammea)

 
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Common Tern (Sterna hirundo)

 
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Common Yellowthroat (Geothlypis trichas)

 
         

Connecticut Warbler (Oporonis agilis)

 
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Cooper’s Hawk (Accipiter cooperii)

 
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Dark-eyed Junco (Junco hyemalis)

 
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Dickcissel (Spiza americana)

 
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Double-crested Cormorant (Phalacrocorax auritus)

 
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Downy Woodpecker (Dryobates pubescens)

 
         

Dunlin (Calidris alpina)

 
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Eared Grebe (Podiceps nigricollis)

 
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Eastern Bluebird (Sialia sialis)

 
  Photo Video    

Eastern Kingbird (Tyrannus tyrannus)

 
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Eastern Meadowlark (Sturnella magna)

 
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Eastern Phoebe (Sayornis phoebe)

 
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Eastern Screech Owl (Megascops asio)

 
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Eastern Towhee (Pipilo erythrophthalmus)

 
         

Eastern Whip-poor-will (Caprimulgus vociferus)

 
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Eastern Wood-peewee (Contopus virens)

 
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Eurasian Collared-Dove (Streptopelia decaocto)

 
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European Starling (Sturnus vulgaris)

 
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Evening Grosbeak (Coccothraustes vespertinus)

 
         

Ferruginous Hawk (Buteo regalis)

 
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Field Sparrow (Spizella pusilla)

 
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Forster’s Tern (Sterna forsteri)

 
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Fox Sparrow (Passerella iliaca)

 
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Franklin’s Gull (Leucophaeus pipixcan)

 
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Gadwall (Mareca strepera)

 
         

Glaucous Gull (Larus hyperboreus)

 
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Golden-crowned Kinglet (Regulus satrapa)

 
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Golden Eagle (Aquila chrysaetos)

 
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Golden-winged Warbler (Vermivora chrysoptera)

 
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Grasshopper Sparrow (Ammodramus savannarum)

 
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Gray Catbird (Dumetella carolinensis)

 
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Gray Partridge (Perdix perdix)

 
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Gray-cheeked Thrush (Catharus minimus)

 
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Great Blue Heron (Ardea herodias)

 
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Great Crested Flycatcher (Myiarchus crinitus)

 
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Great Egret (Ardea alba)

 
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Great Gray Owl (Strix nebulosa)

 
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Great Horned Owl (Bubo virginianus)

 
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Greater Prairie-chicken (Tympanuchus cupido)

 
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Greater Scaup (Aythya marila)

 
         

Greater White-fronted Goose (Anser albifrons)

 
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Greater Yellowlegs (Tringa melanoleuca)

 
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Green Heron (Butorides virescens)

 
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Green-winged Teal (Anas crecca)

 
         

Gyrfalcon (Falco rusticolus)

 
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Hairy Woodpecker (Leuconotopicus villosus)

 
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Harris’s Sparrow (Zonotrichia querula)

 
         

Helmeted Guineafowl (Numida meleagris)

 
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Henslow’s Sparrow (Centronyx henslowii)

 
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Hermit Thrush (Catharus guttatus)

 
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Herring Gull (Larus argentatus)

 
         

Hoary Redpoll (Acanthis hornemanni)

 
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Hooded Merganser (Lophodytes cucullatus)

 
         

Hooded Warbler (Setophaga citrina)

 
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Horned Grebe (Podiceps auritus)

 
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Horned Lark (Eremophila alpestris)

 
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House Finch (Haemorhous mexicanus)

 
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House Sparrow (Passer domesticus)

 
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House Wren (Troglodytes aedon)

 
         

Hudsonian Godwit (Limosa haemastica)

 
         

Iceland Gull (Larus glaucoides)

 
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Indigo Bunting (Passerina cyanea)

 
         

Kentucky Warbler (Geothlypis formosa)

 
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Killdeer (Charadrius vociferus)

 
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King Rail (Rallus elegans)

 
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Lapland Longspur (Calcarius lapponicus)

 
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Lark Sparrow (Chondestes grammacus)

 
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Laughing Gull (Leucophaeus atricilla)

 
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Lazuli Bunting (Passerina amoena)

 
         

Le Conte’s Sparrow (Ammodramus leconteii)

 
         

Least Bittern (Ixobrychus exilis)

 
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Least Flycatcher (Empidonax minimus)

 
         

Least Sandpiper (Calidris minutilla)

 
         

Lesser Black-backed Gull (Larus fuscus)

 
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Lesser Scaup (Aythya affinis)

 
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Lesser Yellowlegs (Tringa flavipes)

 
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Lewis’s Woodpecker (Melanerpes lewis)

 
         

Lincoln’s Sparrow (Melospiza lincolnii)

 
         

Little Blue Heron (Egrettacaerulea)

 
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Loggerhead Shrike (Lanius ludovicianus)

 
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Long-billed Curlew (Numenius americanus)

 
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Long-billed Dowitcher (Limnodromus scolopaceus)

 
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Long-eared Owl (Asio otus)

 
         

Long-tailed Duck (Clangula hyemalis)

 
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Louisiana Waterthrush (Parkesia motacilla)

 
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Magnolia Warbler (Setophaga magnolia)

 
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Mallard (Anas platyrhynchos)

 
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Marbled Godwit (Limosa fedoa)

 
         

Marsh Wren (Othorus palustris)

 
         

Merlin (Falco columbarius)

 
         

Mountain Bluebird (Sialia currucoides)

 
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Mourning Dove (Zenaida macroura)

 
         

Mourning Warbler (Geothlypis tolmiei)

 
         

Mute Swan (Cygnus olor)

 
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Nashville Warbler (Leiothlypis ruficapilla)

 
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Nelson’s Sparrow (Ammospiza nelsoni)

 
         

Northern Bobwhite (Colinus virginianus)

 
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Northern Cardinal (Cardinalis cardinalis)

 
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Northern Flicker (Colaptes auratus)

 
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Northern Goshawk (Accipiter gentilis)

 
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Northern Harrier (Circus hudsonius)

 
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Northern Hawk Owl (Surnia ulula)

 
         

Northern Mockingbird (Mimus polyglottos)

 
         

Northern Parula (Setophaga americana)

 
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Northern Pintail (Anas acuta)

 
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Northern Rough-winged Swallow (Stelgidopteryx serripennis)

 
         

Northern Saw-whet Owl (Aegolius acadicus)

 
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Northern Shoveler (Anas clypeata)

 
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Northern Shrike (Lanius borealis)

 
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Northern Waterthrush (Parkesia noveboracensis)

 
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Olive-sided Flycatcher (Contopus cooperi)

 
         

Orange-crowned Warbler (Vermivora celata)

 
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Orchard Oriole (Icterus spurius)

 
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Osprey (Pandion haliaetus)

 
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Ovenbird (Seiurus aurocapilla)

 
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Palm Warbler (Setophaga palmarum)

 
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Pectoral Sandpiper (Calidris melanotos)

 
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Peregrine Falcon (Falco peregrinus)

 
         

Philadelphia Vireo (Vireo philadelphicus)

 
  Photo Video Audio  

Pied-billed Grebe (Podilymbus podiceps)

 
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Pileated Woodpecker (Dryocopus pileatus)

 
  Photo Video    

Pine Grosbeak (Pinicola enucleator)

 
         

Pine Siskin (Carduelis pinus)

 
         

Pine Warbler (Setophaga pinus)

 
         

Piping Plover (Charadrius melodus)

 
         

Prairie Falcon (Falco mexicanus)

 
         

Prairie Warbler (Setophaga discolor)

 
         

Prothonotary Warbler (Protonotaria citrea)

 
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Purple Finch (Haemorhous purpureus)

 
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Purple Martin (Progne subis)

 
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Red-bellied Woodpecker (Melanerpes carolinus)

 
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Red-breasted Merganser (Mergus serrator)

 
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Red-breasted Nuthatch (Sitta canadensis)

 
         

Red Crossbill (Loxia curvirostra)

 
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Red-eyed Vireo (Vireo olivaceus)

 
    Video    

Redhead (Aythya americana)

 
  Photo Video    

Red-headed Woodpecker (Melanerpes erythrocephalus)

 
         

Red Knot (Calidris canutus)

 
  Photo Video    

Red-necked Grebe (Podiceps grisegena)

 
         

Red-necked Phalarope (Phalaropus lobatus)

 
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Red-shouldered Hawk (Buteo lineatus)

 
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Red-tailed Hawk (Buteo jamaicensis)

 
         

Red-throated Loon (Gavia stellata)

 
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Red-winged Blackbird (Agelaius phoeniceus)

 
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Ring-billed Gull (Larus delawarensis)

 
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Ring-necked Duck (Aythya collaris)

 
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Ring-necked Pheasant (Phasianus colchicus)

 
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Rock Pigeon (Columba livia)

 
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Rose-breasted Grosbeak (Pheucticus ludovicianus)

 
         

Ross’s Goose (Chen rossii)

 
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Rough-legged Hawk (Buteo lagopus)

 
  Photo Video Audio  

Ruby-crowned Kinglet (Regulus calendula)

 
Profile Photo Video    

Ruby-throated Hummingbird (Archilochus colubris)

 
    Video    

Ruddy Duck (Oxyura jamaicensis)

 
  Photo Video    

Ruddy Turnstone (Arenaria interpres)

 
  Photo Video Audio  

Ruffed Grouse (Bonasa umbellus)

 
  Photo Video    

Rusty Blackbird (Euphagus carolinus)

 
         

Sanderling (Calidris alba)

 
  Photo Video Audio  

Sandhill Crane (Antigone canadensis)

 
    Video Audio  

Savannah Sparrow (Passerculus sandwichensis)

 
         

Say’s Phoebe (Sayornis saya)

 
  Photo Video Audio  

Scarlet Tanager (Piranga olivacea)

 
  Photo Video Audio  

Sedge Wren (Cistothorus platensis)

 
         

Semipalmated Plover (Charadrius semipalmatus)

 
         

Semipalmated Sandpiper (Calidris pusilla)

 
  Photo Video    

Sharp-shinned Hawk (Accipiter striatus)

 
  Photo Video    

Sharp-tailed Grouse (Tympanuchus phasianellus)

 
  Photo Video    

Short-billed Dowitcher (Limnodromus griseus)

 
    Video    

Short-eared Owl (Asio flammeus)

 
    Video    

Snow Bunting (Plectrophenax nivalis)

 
    Video    

Snow Goose (Chen caerulescens)

 
    Video    

Snowy Egret (Egretta thula)

 
    Video    

Snowy Owl (Bubo scandiacus)

 
  Photo      

Solitary Sandpiper (Tringa solitaria)

 
  Photo Video Audio  

Song Sparrow (Melospiza melodia)

 
  Photo Video Audio  

Sora (Porzana carolina)

 
  Photo Video    

Spotted Sandpiper (Actitis macularius)

 
  Photo Video Audio  

Spotted Towhee (Pipilo maculatus)

 
         

Sprague’s Pipit (Anthus spragueii)

 
         

Spruce Grouse (Falcipennis canadensis)

 
         

Stilt Sandpiper (Calidris himantopus)

 
         

Summer Tanager (Piranga rubra)

 
         

Surf Scoter (Melanitta perspicillata)

 
         

Swainson’s Hawk (Buteo swainsoni)

 
  Photo Video Audio  

Swainson’s Thrush (Catharus ustulatus)

 
    Video Audio  

Swamp Sparrow (Melospiza georgiana)

 
         

swan (Cygnus spp.)

 
  Photo Video Audio  

Tennessee Warbler (Leiothlypis peregrina)

 
         

Townsend’s Solitaire (Myadestes townsendi)

 
  Photo Video    

Tree Swallow (Tachycineta bicolor)

 
         

Tricolored Heron (Egretta tricolor)

 
  Photo Video Audio  

Trumpeter Swan (Cygnus buccinator)

 
    Video Audio  

Tufted Titmouse (Baeolophus bicolor)

 
  Photo Video    

Tundra Swan (Cygnus columbianus)

 
  Photo Video    

Turkey Vulture (Cathartes aura)

 
    Video    

Upland Sandpiper (Bartramia longicauda)

 
         

Varied Thrush (Ixoreus naevius)

 
    Video Audio  

Veery (Catharus fuscescens)

 
  Photo Video Audio  

Vesper Sparrow (Pooecetes gramineus)

 
  Photo Video Audio  

Virginia Rail (Rallus limicola)

 
         

Warbling Vireo (Vireo gilvus)

 
    Video    

Western Grebe (Aechmophorus occidentalis)

 
         

Western Kingbird (Tyrannus verticalis)

 
    Video Audio  

Western Meadowlark (Sturnella neglecta)

 
  Photo Video Audio  

White-breasted Nuthatch (Sitta carolinensis)

 
  Photo Video Audio  

White-crowned Sparrow (Zonotrichia leucophrys)

 
         

White-faced Ibis (Plegadis chihi)

 
         

White-rumped Sandpiper (Calidris fuscicollis)

 
  Photo Video Audio  

White-throated Sparrow (Zonotrichia albicollis)

 
         

White-winged Crossbill (Loxia leucoptera)

 
         

White-winged Dove (Zenaida asiatica)

 
         

White-winged Scoter (Loxia fusca)

 
         

Whooping Crane (Grus americana)

 
  Photo Video Audio  

Wild Turkey (Meleagris gallopavo)

 
Profile Photo Video    

Willet (Tringa semipalmata)

 
         

Willow Flycatcher (Empidonax traillii)

 
    Video    

Wilson’s Phalarope (Phalaropus tricolor)

 
  Photo Video Audio  

Wilson’s Snipe (Gallinago delicata)

 
    Video    

Wilson’s Warbler (Cardellina pusilla)

 
         

Winter Wren (Troglodytes troglodytes)

 
  Photo Video    

Wood Duck (Aix sponsa)

 
    Video Audio  

Wood Thrush (Hylocichla mustelina)

 
  Photo Video    

Yellow-bellied Flycatcher (Empidonax flaviventris)

 
Profile Photo Video    

Yellow-bellied Sapsucker (Sphyrapicus varius)

 
         

Yellow-billed Cuckoo (Coccyzus americanus)

 
         

Yellow-crowned Night-heron (Nyctanassa violacea)

 
  Photo Video    

Yellow-headed Blackbird (Xanthocephalus xanthocephalus)

 
    Video    

Yellow Rail (Coturnicops noveboracensis)

 
    Video Audio  

Yellow-rumped Warbler (Setophaga coronata)

 
         

Yellow-throated Vireo (Vireo flavifrons)

 
  Photo Video Audio  

Yellow Warbler (Setophaga petechia)

 
         

 

 

 

 

No Species Page Yet?

If you do not see a linked page for a bird in the list at left you can still upload a photo or video as an email attachment or report a sighting for that bird. Click on one of the buttons below and type in the common name and/or scientific name of the bird in your photo, video, or sighting. A new page will be created for that bird featuring your contribution.

These buttons not working for you?
Simply email us at info@MinnesotaSeasons.com.

 

Capitalization of Common Names

Bird common names are governed by the International Ornithologists’ Union (IOU). In 1991 the IOU began a project to standardize English language names of birds. The goal was to officially sanction a single, unique name for each species. In 2006 the project was completed and the resulting list was published in book form as Birds of the World: Recommended English Names, by Frank Gill & Minturn Wright. According to the IOU, English language bird names have “graduated from the realm of ‘common/vernacular’ names,” and must be regarded as proper nouns. For this reason, bird common names are capitalized.

 


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