Bank Swallow

(Riparia riparia)

Conservation Status
Bank Swallow
  IUCN Red List

LC - Least Concern

     
  NatureServe

N5B - Secure Breeding

SNRB - Unranked Breeding

     
  Minnesota

not listed

     
           
           
 
Description
 
 

 

 
     
 

Size

 
 

4¾ to 5½ in length

13 wingspan

 
     
 

Voice

 
   
     
 

Similar Species

 
     
     
 
Habitat
 
 

Steep banks, lakeshore bluffs, open areas

 
     
 
Biology
 
 

Migration

 
 

Mid-April to September

 
     
 

Nesting

 
 

 

 
     
 

Food

 
 

 

 
     
 
Distribution
 
 

Occurrence

 
 

Common migrant, local breeder

 
         
 

Maps

 
 

The Minnesota Ornithologists’ Union All Seasons Species Occurrence Map

 
         
 
Taxonomy
 
  Class Aves (birds)  
 

Order

Passeriformes (perching birds)  
 

Family

Hirundinidae (swallows and martins)  
 

Genus

Riparia (bank swallows)  
       
 

Common Names

 
 

The bird known as Bank Swallow in North America is known as Sand Martin or Common Sand-Martin in Europe and the rest of the world. A proposal to the American Ornithologists’ Union (AOU) was made in 2004 to change the New World name to conform to that used in the Old World. The proposal was rejected.

 
 

 

 
 

Subordinate Taxa

 
 

Bank Swallow (Riparia riparia riparia)

Kamchatka Sand Martin (Riparia riparia ijimae)

Nile Sand Martin (Riparia riparia shelleyi)

Sand Martin (Riparia riparia eilata)

Sand Martin (Riparia riparia innominata)

Sand Martin(Riparia riparia taczanowskii)

 
       
 

Synonyms

 
 

 

 
       

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
Visitor Photos
 
           
 

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MinnesotaSeasons.com Photos
 
    Bank Swallow      
           

 

Camera

 

     
 
Slideshows
 

Bank Swallow
Allen Chartier

  Bank Swallow  

Bank Swallow
JMC Nature Photos

  Bank Swallow  
     

 

slideshow

       
 
Visitor Videos
 
       
 

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Other Videos
 
  Bank Swallow (Hirundinidae: Riparia riparia) Preening
Carl Barrentine
 
   
 
About

Uploaded on May 13, 2010

Photographed at Kellys Slough NWR, North Dakota (13 May 2010).

 
  Bank Swallows Close Up
Larry Jordan
 
   
 
About

Published on Jun 8, 2013

This video begins with Bank Swallows (Riparia riparia) digging burrows in a sandy bank, even though there are already many burrows available. Burrows are dug with the bill, feet, and wings as birds cling to a slight projection on the bank face, and dig using their bill in a rapid, slashing motion and feet in a scratching motion. Dislodged material from inside the burrow is ejected with vigorous kicks and wriggling body and wing shuffling movements.

 
  Bank Swallow colony in Boise, Idaho May 2013
Stoddard Davenport
 
   
 
About

Published on Jun 24, 2013

No description available.

 
       

 

Camcorder


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