Hastings Sand Coulee SNA




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Minnesota DNR




Hastings Sand Coulee Scientific and Natural Area (SNA) was first designated in 2007 and greatly expanded in 2011. The Minnesota Biological Survey identified this site as “one of the most biologically important sites in Dakota County.” An unnamed intermittent stream, a tributary of the Vermillion River, runs through all three of the disconnected units of this SNA. The South Unit is a 79-acre dry prairie with scattered eastern redcedar. The North Unit is 178 acres and includes a more diverse mix of dry prairie, oak woodland, and former cropland being restored to prairie. The tiny, 6¾-acre Center Unit is an abandoned gravel pit. It is not accessible without crossing private property.




On June 27, 2007, this site was designated Sand Coulee Scientific and Natural Area. In 2011 the Minnesota DNR acquired 185 acres of property in Hastings. The newly acquired land became the North and Central Units of Hasting Sand Coulee SNA.




The Friends of the Mississippi River has done considerable work restoring this site. On the North Unit, this is especially apparent on the eastern slope. Following decades of fire suppression, what had once been a hill prairie had become bur oak woodland with a dense shrub understory. Most of the shrub layer in this section was removed in December, 2013. The following spring the area was reseeded with seeds harvested in the area. The large area of former cropland on the eastern half of the unit has been reseeded with prairie grasses and forbs. On the South Unit, buckthorn has been cut in the area bordering MN 361.








Detail map (MN DNR)


Printable Map(s) with GPS coordinates



  Printable map      

North Unit


South Unit

  Printable map   Printable map  



North Unit: 178 Acres

Center Unit: 6.75 acres

South Unit: 79 acres




North Unit (Stormwater Utility)
N44 42.428, W92 49.619

South Unit Parking Lot (MN Hwy 316)
N44 41.608, W92 49.073

Driving Directions

  Area and County  

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          Dakota County  
          Metro Area  

Hiking Trails


There are no maintained hiking trails. A maintained snowmobile trail, Dakota County Trails Snowmobile Trail 123, passes through the south unit.




No hunting


Ecological Classification

  Ecological Classification  
  Ecological Province    

Eastern Broadleaf Forest Province

  Ecological Section    

Minnesota & NE Iowa Morainal

  Ecological Subsection    

Oak Savanna

  Land Type Association    

Coates Sand Plain


Native Plant Communities*


Dry Sand - Gravel Prairie (Southern)

  * Source: The Minnesota Biological Survey, Minnesota Department of Natural Resources, Division of Ecological Resources      

Natural Features









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South Unit



    Hastings Sand Coulee SNA   Hastings Sand Coulee SNA  

Wood Routed Sign

    Hastings Sand Coulee SNA      

Other Prairie

    Hastings Sand Coulee SNA      

North Unit



    Hastings Sand Coulee SNA      

Interpretive Sign

    Hastings Sand Coulee SNA      

Boot Brush

    Hastings Sand Coulee SNA      

North Entrance

    Hastings Sand Coulee SNA      

Dry Barrens Prairie (Southern)

    Hastings Sand Coulee SNA   Hastings Sand Coulee SNA  

Dry Sand - Gravel Prairie (Southern)

    Hastings Sand Coulee SNA   Hastings Sand Coulee SNA  

Other Prairie

    Hastings Sand Coulee SNA   Hastings Sand Coulee SNA  

Intermittent Stream

    Hastings Sand Coulee SNA   Hastings Sand Coulee SNA  



  Sand Coulee SNA
Restoration Evaluation
  Sand Coulee SNA  
  Flora of Hastings Sand Coulee SNA
Mikes Orchids
  Flora of Hastings Sand Coulee SNA  

A photo gallery of various plants growing in the Hastings Sand Coulee Scientific and Natural Area just south of Hastings, Minnesota.




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Other Videos
  Hastings Sand Coulee
Michael Myers

Published on Feb 18, 2017





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Two bird species with conservation status in Minnesota have been seen here:


Loggerhead Shrike (Lanius ludovicianus)

Special Concern

Lark Sparrow (Chondestes grammacus)


Minnesota DNR Bird checklist

eBird Field Checklist (North Unit)

eBird Field Checklist (South Unit)


American Crow (Corvus brachyrhynchos)

American Goldfinch (Spinus tristis)

American Robin (Turdus migratorius)

American Woodcock (Scolopax minor)

Bank Swallow (Riparia riparia)

Black-capped Chickadee (Poecile atricapillus)

Blue Jay (Cyanocitta cristata)

Blue-gray Gnatcatcher (Polioptila caerulea)

Broad-winged Hawk (Buteo platypterus)

Brown Thrasher (Toxostoma rufum)

Brown-headed Cowbird (Molothrus ater)

Cedar Waxwing (Bombycilla cedrorum)

Chipping Sparrow (Spizella passerina)

Clay-colored Sparrow (Spizella pallida)

Eastern Bluebird (Sialia sialis)

Eastern Kingbird (Tyrannus tyrannus)

Eastern Towhee (Pipilo erythrophthalmus)

Eastern Wood-peewee (Contopus virens)

Field Sparrow (Spizella pusilla)

Grasshopper Sparrow (Ammodramus savannarum)

Gray Catbird (Dumetella carolinensis)

Great Blue Heron (Ardea herodias)

Hairy Woodpecker (Leuconotopicus villosus)

Killdeer (Charadrius vociferus)

Lark Sparrow (Chondestes grammacus)

Mourning Dove (Zenaida macroura)

Northern Cardinal (Cardinalis cardinalis)

Northern Flicker (Colaptes auratus)

Orchard Oriole (Icterus spurius)

Pileated Woodpecker (Dryocopus pileatus)

Red-bellied Woodpecker (Melanerpes carolinus)

Red-tailed Hawk (Buteo jamaicensis)

Red-winged Blackbird (Agelaius phoeniceus)

Rose-breasted Grosbeak (Pheucticus ludovicianus)

Sandhill Crane (Antigone canadensis tabida)

Song Sparrow (Melospiza melodia)

Tree Swallow (Tachycineta bicolor)

Turkey Vulture (Cathartes aura)

Western Meadowlark (Sturnella neglecta)

White-breasted Nuthatch (Sitta carolinensis)

Wild Turkey (Meleagris gallopavo)

Wood Thrush (Hylocichla mustelina)

Yellow-rumped Warbler (Setophaga coronata)


American Goldfinch

Black-capped Chickadee

Blue Jay

Brown Thrasher

Brown-headed Cowbird

Mourning Dove

Northern Cardinal

Orchard Oriole

Red-winged Blackbird

Rose-breasted Grosbeak

Wild Turkey


Fungi and Lichens


Crown Rust (Puccinia coronata)

Lead-grey Puffball (Bovista plumbea)

Smooth Patch (Aleurodiscus oakesii)

Turkey Tail (Trametes versicolor)

  Turkey Tail  

Insects and Arachnids


Two insect and arachnid species with conservation status in Minnesota have been seen here:


Ottoe skipper (Hesperia ottoe)

Special Concern

regal fritillary (Argynnis idalia)


Minnesota Bee Atlas


American dog tick (Dermacentor variabilis)

American lady (Vanessa virginiensis)

clouded sulphur (Colias philodice)

common green darner (Anax junius)

coral-winged grasshopper (Pardalophora apiculata)

eastern boxelder bug (Boisea trivittata)

eastern tent caterpillar moth (Malacosoma americanum)

eastern tiger swallowtail (Papilio glaucus)

goldenrod bunch gall midge (Rhopalomyia solidaginis)

goldenrod gall fly (Eurosta solidaginis)

lime nail gall mite (Eriophyes tiliae)

monarch (Danaus plexippus)

multicolored Asian lady beetle (Harmonia axyridis)

painted lady (Vanessa cardui)


American lady

common green darner

eastern tent caterpillar




Minnesota Biodiversity Atlas Mammals List


eastern cottontail (Sylvilagus floridanus)

plains pocket gopher (Geomys bursarius)

whitetail deer (Odocoileus virginianus)

  whitetail deer  



Five plant species with conservation status in Minnesota are found here:


James’ polanisia (Polanisia jamesii)

narrow-leaved pinweed (Lechea tenuifolia)


clasping milkweed (Asclepias amplexicaulis)

kittentails (Veronica bullii)

Special Concern

rhombic evening primrose (Oenothera rhombipetala)


Minnesota Biodiversity Atlas and Minnesota Biological Survey Vegetation Releves Plant List


Plants frequently found in:

Dry Sand - Gravel Prairie (Southern) UPs13b



alsike clover (Trifolium hybridum)

American basswood (Tilia americana var. americana)

American elm (Ulmus americana)

American germander (Teucrium canadense)

American hazelnut (Corylus americana)

American hophornbeam (Ostrya virginiana var. virginiana)

American plum (Prunus americana)

American red raspberry (Rubus idaeus ssp. strigosus)

American stinging nettle (Urtica gracilis ssp. gracilis)

asparagus (Asparagus officinalis)

Aunt Lucy (Ellisia nyctelea)

balsam groundsel (Packera paupercula)

bastard toadflax (Comandra umbellata)

Bell’s honeysuckle (Lonicera × bella)

big bluestem (Andropogon gerardi)

birdfoot violet (Viola pedata)

bird’s-foot trefoil (Lotus corniculatus var. corniculatus)

bitternut hickory (Carya cordiformis)

black cherry (Prunus serotina var. serotina)

black raspberry (Rubus occidentalis)

black-seeded plantain (Plantago rugelii var. rugelii)

bland sweet cicely (Osmorhiza claytonii)

boxelder (Acer negundo var. negundo)

broadleaf enchanter’s nightshade (Circaea canadensis)

bull thistle (Cirsium vulgare)

bur oak (Quercus macrocarpa var. macrocarpa)

Canada mayflower (Maianthemum canadense)

Canada thistle (Cirsium arvense)

Canada wildrye (Elymus canadensis)

Canadian horseweed (Erigeron canadensis)

candle anemone (Anemone cylindrica)

Carolina anemone (Anemone caroliniana)

Carolina whitlowgrass (Draba reptans)

catnip (Nepeta cataria)

chokecherry (Prunus virginiana var. virginiana)

cleavers (Galium aparine)

Cleland’s evening primrose (Oenothera clelandii)

common blue violet (Viola sororia)

common buckthorn (Rhamnus cathartica)

common burdock (Arctium minus)

common dandelion (Taraxacum officinale ssp. officinale)

common evening primrose (Oenothera biennis)

common false Solomon’s seal (Maianthemum racemosum var. racemosum)

common milkweed (Asclepias syriaca)

common motherwort (Leonurus cardiaca ssp. cardiaca)

common mullein (Verbascum thapsus ssp. thapsus)

common ragweed (Ambrosia artemisiifolia)

common sheep sorrel (Rumex acetosella)

cypress spurge (Euphorbia cyparissias)

common yarrow (Achillea millefolium)

Dewey’s sedge (Carex deweyana)

downy Parlin’s pussytoes (Antennaria parlinii ssp. fallax)

downy phlox (Phlox pilosa ssp. fulgida)

dry-spike sedge (Carex siccata)

Dutchman’s breeches (Dicentra cucullaria)

early figwort (Scrophularia lanceolata)

eastern redcedar (Juniperus virginiana var. virginiana)

eastern wahoo (Euonymus atropurpureus var. atropurpureus)

field clover (Trifolium campestre ssp. campestre)

field pennycress (Thlaspi arvense)

field sagewort (Artemisia campestris ssp. caudata)

field thistle (Cirsium discolor)

fragrant bedstraw (Galium triflorum)

fringed puccoon (Lithospermum incisum)

garden yellowrocket (Barbarea vulgaris)

giant foxtail (Setaria faberi)

glossy buckthorn (Frangula alnus)

gray-headed coneflower (Ratibida pinnata)

green ash (Fraxinus pennsylvanica)

ground plum (Astragalus crassicarpus var. crassicarpus)

hairy grama (Bouteloua hirsuta var. hirsuta)

hairy puccoon (Lithospermum caroliniense var. croceum)

hairy purslane speedwell (Veronica peregrina ssp. xalapensis)

hairy vetch (Vicia villosa ssp. villosa)

hoary alyssum (Berteroa incana)

hoary puccoon (Lithospermum canescens)

hoary vervain (Verbena stricta)

Howell’s pussytoes (Antennaria howellii)

Indian hemp (Apocynum cannabinum)

jack-in-the-pulpit (Arisaema triphyllum)

June grass (Koeleria macrantha)

Kalm’s lobelia (Lobelia kalmii)

Kentucky bluegrass (Poa pratensis ssp. pratensis)

kidney-leaved buttercup (Ranunculus abortivus)

kittentails (Veronica bullii)

large-flowered beardtongue (Penstemon grandiflorus)

large-flowered bellwort (Uvularia grandiflora)

leadplant (Amorpha canescens)

leafy spurge (Euphorbia virgata)

Leonard’s skullcap (Scutellaria parvula var. missouriensis)

little bluestem (Schizachyrium scoparium)

long-leaved bluet (Houstonia longifolia)

lyre-leaved rock cress (Arabidopsis lyrata ssp. lyrata)

Missouri gooseberry (Ribes missouriense)

Morrow’s honeysuckle (Lonicera morrowii)

narrow-leaved hawk’s-beard (Crepis tectorum)

narrow-leaved hawkweed (Hieracium umbellatum)

New Jersey tea (Ceanothus americanus)

northern hackberry (Celtis occidentalis)

northern pin oak (Quercus ellipsoidalis)

northern prickly ash (Zanthoxylum americanum)

northern red oak (Quercus rubra)

oval-headed sedge (Carex cephalophora)

palespike lobelia (Lobelia spicata)

peachleaf willow (Salix amygdaloides)

Pennsylvania sedge (Carex pensylvanica)

plains cottonwood (Populus deltoides ssp. molinifera)

porcupine grass (Hesperostipa spartea)

prairie alumroot (Heuchera richardsonii)

prairie blue-eyed grass (Sisyrinchium campestre)

prairie buttercup (Ranunculus rhomboideus)

prairie dropseed (Sporobolus heterolepis)

prairie fleabane (Erigeron strigosus)

prairie groundsel (Packera plattensis)

prairie larkspur (Delphinium carolinianum ssp. virescens)

prairie rose (Rosa arkansana)

prairie sagewort (Artemisia frigida)

prairie smoke (Geum triflorum var. triflorum)

prairie spiderwort (Tradescantia occidentalis var. occidentalis)

prairie violet (Viola pedatifida)

quaking aspen (Populus tremuloides)

rabbit-tobacco (Pseudognaphalium obtusifolium)

red clover (Trifolium pratense)

red-seeded dandelion (Taraxacum erythrospermum)

rock spikemoss (Selaginella rupestris)

rough blazing star (Liatris aspera)

rough false pennyroyal (Hedeoma hispida)

round-headed bush clover (Lespedeza capitata)

sand cherry (Prunus pumila)

sand dropseed (Sporobolus cryptandrus)

Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris)

scouring rush horsetail (Equisetum hyemale ssp. affine)

shepherd’s purse (Capsella bursa-pastoris)

Siberian elm (Ulmus pumila)

silvery cinquefoil (Potentilla argentea)

slender beardtongue (Penstemon gracilis var. gracilis)

slender corydalis (Corydalis micrantha ssp. micrantha)

small-leaved pussytoes (Antennaria parvifolia)

smooth brome (Bromus inermis)

smooth hedge nettle (Stachys tenuifolia)

smooth scouring rush (Equisetum laevigatum)

smooth Solomon’s seal (Polygonatum biflorum var. commutatum)

smooth sumac (Rhus glabra)

smooth yellow violet (Viola eriocarpa)

spotted knapweed (Centaurea stoebe ssp. micranthos)

spreading dogbane (Apocynum androsaemifolium)

spreadingpod rockcress (Boechera grahamii)

spring speedwell (Veronica verna)

starry false Solomon’s seal (Maianthemum stellatum)

stiff goldenrod (Solidago rigida ssp. rigida)

sugar maple (Acer saccharum ssp. saccharum)

sulphur cinquefoil (Potentilla recta)

switch grass (Panicum virgatum var. virgatum)

tall bellflower (Campanulastrum americanum)

tall cinquefoil (Drymocallis arguta)

tarragon (Artemisia dracunculus)

violet wood sorrel (Oxalis violacea)

Virginia groundcherry (Physalis virginiana var. virginiana)

Virginia stickseed (Hackelia virginiana)

Virginia wildrye (Elymus virginicus)

western rock jasmine (Androsace occidentalis)

western marbleseed (Lithospermum occidentale)

western poison ivy (Toxicodendron rydbergii)

western ragweed (Ambrosia psilostachya)

western sand cherry (Prunus pumila var. besseyi)

white avens (Geum canadense)

white campion (Silene latifolia ssp. alba)

white clover (Trifolium repens ssp. repens)

white sage (Artemisia ludoviciana ssp. ludoviciana)

white snakeroot (Ageratina altissima var. altissima)

wild bergamot (Monarda fistulosa)

wild geranium (Geranium maculatum)

wild grape (Vitis riparia)

wild strawberry (Fragaria virginiana)

wolfberry (Symphoricarpos occidentalis)

woodbine (Parthenocissus vitacea)

woodland strawberry (Fragaria vesca ssp. americana)

woolly plantain (Plantago patagonica)

woundwort (Stachys pilosa var. arenicola)

yellow goat’s beard (Tragopogon dubius)

yellow sweet clover (Melilotus officinalis)

yellow wood sorrel (Oxalis stricta)

zigzag goldenrod (Solidago flexicaulis)


Acer negundo var. negundo (boxelder)

Acer saccharum ssp. saccharum (sugar maple)

Achillea millefolium (common yarrow)

Ageratina altissima var. altissima (white snakeroot)

Ambrosia artemisiifolia (common ragweed)

Ambrosia psilostachya (western ragweed)

Amorpha canescens (leadplant)

Andropogon gerardi (big bluestem)

Androsace occidentalis (western rock jasmine)

Anemone caroliniana (Carolina anemone)

Anemone cylindrica (candle anemone)

Antennaria howellii (Howell’s pussytoes)

Antennaria parlinii ssp. fallax (downy Parlin’s pussytoes)

Antennaria parvifolia (small-leaved pussytoes)

Apocynum androsaemifolium (spreading dogbane)

Apocynum cannabinum (Indian hemp)

Arabidopsis lyrata ssp. lyrata (lyre-leaved rock cress)

Arctium minus (common burdock)

Arisaema triphyllum (jack-in-the-pulpit)

Artemisia campestris ssp. caudata (field sagewort)

Artemisia dracunculus (tarragon)

Artemisia frigida (prairie sagewort)

Artemisia ludoviciana ssp. ludoviciana (white sage)

Asclepias syriaca (common milkweed)

Asparagus officinalis (asparagus)

Astragalus crassicarpus var. crassicarpus (ground plum)

Barbarea vulgaris (garden yellowrocket)

Berteroa incana (hoary alyssum)

Boechera grahamii (spreadingpod rockcress)

Bouteloua hirsuta var. hirsuta (hairy grama)

Bromus inermis (smooth brome)

Campanulastrum americanum (tall bellflower)

Capsella bursa-pastoris (shepherd’s purse)

Carex cephalophora (oval-headed sedge)

Carex deweyana (Dewey’s sedge)

Carex pensylvanica (Pennsylvania sedge)

Carex siccata (dry-spike sedge)

Carya cordiformis (bitternut hickory)

Ceanothus americanus (New Jersey tea)

Celtis occidentalis (northern hackberry)

Centaurea stoebe ssp. micranthos (spotted knapweed)

Circaea canadensis (broadleaf enchanter’s nightshade)

Cirsium arvense (Canada thistle)

Cirsium discolor (field thistle)

Cirsium vulgare (bull thistle)

Comandra umbellata (bastard toadflax)

Corydalis micrantha ssp. micrantha (slender corydalis)

Corylus americana (American hazelnut)

Crepis tectorum (narrow-leaved hawk’s-beard)

Delphinium carolinianum ssp. virescens (prairie larkspur)

Dicentra cucullaria (Dutchman’s breeches)

Draba reptans (Carolina whitlowgrass)

Drymocallis arguta (tall cinquefoil)

Ellisia nyctelea (Aunt Lucy)

Elymus canadensis (Canada wildrye)

Elymus virginicus (Virginia wildrye)

Equisetum hyemale ssp. affine (scouring rush horsetail)

Equisetum laevigatum (smooth scouring rush)

Erigeron canadensis (Canadian horseweed)

Erigeron strigosus (prairie fleabane)

Euonymus atropurpureus var. atropurpureus (eastern wahoo)

Euphorbia cyparissias (cypress spurge)

Euphorbia virgata (leafy spurge)

Fragaria vesca ssp. americana (woodland strawberry)

Fragaria virginiana (wild strawberry)

Frangula alnus (glossy buckthorn)

Fraxinus pennsylvanica (green ash)

Galium aparine (cleavers)

Galium triflorum (fragrant bedstraw)

Geranium maculatum (wild geranium)

Geum canadense (white avens)

Geum triflorum var. triflorum (prairie smoke)

Hackelia virginiana (Virginia stickseed)

Hedeoma hispida (rough false pennyroyal)

Hesperostipa spartea (porcupine grass)

Heuchera richardsonii (prairie alumroot)

Hieracium umbellatum (narrow-leaved hawkweed)

Houstonia longifolia (long-leaved bluet)

Juniperus virginiana var. virginiana (eastern redcedar)

Koeleria macrantha (June grass)

Leonurus cardiaca ssp. cardiaca (common motherwort)

Lespedeza capitata (round-headed bush clover)

Liatris aspera (rough blazing star)

Lithospermum canescens (hoary puccoon)

Lithospermum caroliniense var. croceum (hairy puccoon)

Lithospermum incisum (fringed puccoon)

Lithospermum occidentale (western marbleseed)

Lobelia kalmii (Kalm’s lobelia)

Lobelia spicata (palespike lobelia)

Lonicera × bella (Bell’s honeysuckle)

Lonicera morrowii (Morrow’s honeysuckle)

Lotus corniculatus var. corniculatus (bird’s-foot trefoil)

Maianthemum canadense (Canada mayflower)

Maianthemum racemosum var. racemosum (common false Solomon’s seal)

Maianthemum stellatum (starry false Solomon’s seal)

Melilotus officinalis (yellow sweet clover)

Monarda fistulosa (wild bergamot)

Nepeta cataria (catnip)

Oenothera biennis (common evening primrose)

Oenothera clelandii (Cleland’s evening primrose)

Osmorhiza claytonii (bland sweet cicely)

Ostrya virginiana var. virginiana (American hophornbeam)

Oxalis stricta (yellow wood sorrel)

Oxalis violacea (violet wood sorrel)

Packera paupercula (balsam groundsel)

Packera plattensis (prairie groundsel)

Panicum virgatum var. virgatum (switch grass)

Parthenocissus vitacea (woodbine)

Penstemon gracilis var. gracilis (slender beardtongue)

Penstemon grandiflorus (large-flowered beardtongue)

Phlox pilosa ssp. fulgida (downy phlox)

Physalis virginiana var. virginiana (Virginia groundcherry)

Pinus sylvestris (Scots pine)

Plantago patagonica (woolly plantain)

Plantago rugelii var. rugelii (black-seeded plantain)

Poa pratensis ssp. pratensis (Kentucky bluegrass)

Polygonatum biflorum var. commutatum (smooth Solomon’s seal)

Populus deltoides ssp. molinifera (plains cottonwood)

Populus tremuloides (quaking aspen)

Potentilla argentea (silvery cinquefoil)

Potentilla recta (sulphur cinquefoil)

Prunus americana (American plum)

Prunus pumila (sand cherry)

Prunus pumila var. besseyi (western sand cherry)

Prunus serotina var. serotina (black cherry)

Prunus virginiana var. virginiana (chokecherry)

Pseudognaphalium obtusifolium (rabbit-tobacco)

Quercus ellipsoidalis (northern pin oak)

Quercus macrocarpa var. macrocarpa (bur oak)

Quercus rubra (northern red oak)

Ranunculus abortivus (kidney-leaved buttercup)

Ranunculus rhomboideus (prairie buttercup)

Ratibida pinnata (gray-headed coneflower)

Rhamnus cathartica (common buckthorn)

Rhus glabra (smooth sumac)

Ribes missouriense (Missouri gooseberry)

Rosa arkansana (prairie rose)

Rubus idaeus ssp. strigosus (American red raspberry)

Rubus occidentalis (black raspberry)

Rumex acetosella (common sheep sorrel)

Salix amygdaloides (peachleaf willow)

Schizachyrium scoparium (little bluestem)

Scrophularia lanceolata (early figwort)

Scutellaria parvula var. missouriensis (Leonard’s skullcap)

Selaginella rupestris (rock spikemoss)

Setaria faberi (giant foxtail)

Silene latifolia ssp. alba (white campion)

Sisyrinchium campestre (prairie blue-eyed grass)

Solidago flexicaulis (zigzag goldenrod)

Solidago rigida ssp. rigida (stiff goldenrod)

Sporobolus cryptandrus (sand dropseed)

Sporobolus heterolepis (prairie dropseed)

Stachys pilosa var. arenicola (woundwort)

Stachys tenuifolia (smooth hedge nettle)

Symphoricarpos occidentalis (wolfberry)

Taraxacum erythrospermum (red-seeded dandelion)

Taraxacum officinale ssp. officinale (common dandelion)

Teucrium canadense (American germander)

Thlaspi arvense (field pennycress)

Tilia americana var. americana (American basswood)

Toxicodendron rydbergii (western poison ivy)

Tradescantia occidentalis var. occidentalis (prairie spiderwort)

Tragopogon dubius (yellow goat’s beard)

Trifolium campestre ssp. campestre (field clover)

Trifolium hybridum (alsike clover)

Trifolium pratense (red clover)

Trifolium repens ssp. repens (white clover)

Ulmus americana (American elm)

Ulmus pumila (Siberian elm)

Urtica gracilis ssp. gracilis (American stinging nettle)

Uvularia grandiflora (large-flowered bellwort)

Verbascum thapsus ssp. thapsus (common mullein)

Verbena stricta (hoary vervain)

Veronica verna (spring speedwell)

Veronica bullii (kittentails)

Veronica peregrina ssp. xalapensis (hairy purslane speedwell)

Vicia villosa ssp. villosa (hairy vetch)

Viola eriocarpa (smooth yellow violet)

Viola pedata (birdfoot violet)

Viola pedatifida (prairie violet)

Viola sororia (common blue violet)

Vitis riparia (wild grape)

Zanthoxylum americanum (northern prickly ash)


alsike clover

American plum

American red raspberry

Bell’s honeysuckle

birdfoot violet

bird’s-foot trefoil

black raspberry

bur oak (var. macrocarpa)


Cleland’s evening primrose

common blue violet

common evening primrose

common mullein

common yarrow

cypress spurge

downy phlox

Dutchman’s breeches

field sagewort

ground plum

hairy puccoon

hoary puccoon

large-flowered beardtongue

large-flowered bellwort

hoary vervain


Missouri gooseberry

Morrow’s honeysuckle

northern prickly ash

palespike lobelia (var. spicata)

prairie fleabane (var. strigosus)

prairie larkspur

prairie rose

prairie spiderwort

prairie violet

red clover

sulphur cinquefoil

silvery cinquefoil

slender beardtongue

smooth sumac

spreading dogbane

tall cinquefoil

tall bellflower

violet wood sorrel

western poison ivy

white clover

wild bergamot

wild geranium

woodland strawberry

yellow sweet clover




One reptile species with conservation status in Minnesota has been seen here:

Special Concern

bull snake (Pituophis catenifer sayi)


Minnesota Biodiversity Atlas Amphibians and Reptiles List







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