Hastings Sand Coulee SNA

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Area and County

Dakota County





North Unit: 178 Acres

Center Unit: 6.75 acres

South Unit: 79 acres

Printable map

Detail map (MN DNR)

Printable Maps with GPS coordinates


North Unit

South Unit


North Unit (Stormwater Utility)
N44 42.428, W92 49.619

South Unit Parking Lot (MN Hwy 316)
N44 41.608, W92 49.073

Hiking Trails

No maintained hiking trails. A snowmobile trail passes through the south unit.


No hunting

Ecological Classification


Eastern Broadleaf Forest Province

Ecological Classification


Minnesota & NE Iowa Morainal


Oak Savanna

Land Type Association(s)

Coates Sand Plain

Native Plant Communities1

Dry Sand - Gravel Prairie (Southern)

Ownership Minnesota DNR logo        

Minnesota DNR


Hastings Sand Coulee Scientific and Natural Area (SNA) was first designated in 2007 and greatly expanded in 2011. The Minnesota Biological Survey identified this site as “one of the most biologically important sites in Dakota County.” An unnamed intermittent stream, a tributary of the Vermillion River, runs through all three of the disconnected units of this SNA. The South Unit is a 79-acre dry prairie with scattered eastern redcedar. The North Unit is 178 acres and includes a more diverse mix of dry prairie, oak woodland, and former cropland being restored to prairie. The tiny, 6¾-acre Center Unit is an abandoned gravel pit. It is not accessible without crossing private property.

Seven state listed species have been seen on at least one of the units, including Lark Sparrow, regal fritillary, and kittentails. Ottoe Skipper, a threatened species, has also been reported here but has not been added to the county distribution map for the state.

On June 27, 2007, this site was designated Sand Coulee Scientific and Natural Area. In 2011 the Minnesota DNR acquired 185 acres of property in Hastings. The newly acquired land became the North and Central Units of Hasting Sand Coulee SNA.

The Friends of the Mississippi River has done considerable work restoring this site. On the North Unit, this is especially apparent on the eastern slope. Following decades of fire suppression, what had once been a hill prairie had become bur oak woodland with a dense shrub understory. Most of the shrub layer in this section was removed in December, 2013. The following spring the area was reseeded with seeds harvested in the area. The large area of former cropland on the eastern half of the unit has been reseeded with prairie grasses and forbs. On the South Unit, buckthorn has been cut in the area bordering MN 361.

Hiking Trails
There are no maintained hiking trails. A maintained snowmobile trail, Dakota County Trails Snowmobile Trail 123, passes through the south unit.









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South Unit


  Hastings Sand Coulee SNA   Hastings Sand Coulee SNA

Wood Routed Sign

  Hastings Sand Coulee SNA    

Other Prairie

  Hastings Sand Coulee SNA    

North Unit


  Hastings Sand Coulee SNA    

Interpretive Sign

  Hastings Sand Coulee SNA    

Boot Brush

  Hastings Sand Coulee SNA    

North Entrance

  Hastings Sand Coulee SNA    

Dry Barrens Prairie (Southern)

  Hastings Sand Coulee SNA   Hastings Sand Coulee SNA

Dry Sand - Gravel Prairie (Southern)

  Hastings Sand Coulee SNA   Hastings Sand Coulee SNA

Other Prairie

  Hastings Sand Coulee SNA   Hastings Sand Coulee SNA

Intermittent Stream

  Hastings Sand Coulee SNA   Hastings Sand Coulee SNA





  Sand Coulee SNA
Restoration Evaluation
  Sand Coulee SNA  
  Flora of Hastings Sand Coulee SNA
Mikes Orchids
  Flora of Hastings Sand Coulee SNA  

A photo gallery of various plants growing in the Hastings Sand Coulee Scientific and Natural Area just south of Hastings, Minnesota.





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  Hastings Sand Coulee
Michael Myers

Published on Feb 18, 2017






Visitor Observations

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MinnesotaSeasons.com Observations



Two bird species with conservation status in Minnesota have been seen here:



Loggerhead Shrike (Lanius ludovicianus)


Special concern

Lark Sparrow (Chondestes grammacus)


Minnesota DNR Bird checklist


American Crow (Corvus brachyrhynchos)

American Goldfinch (Carduelis tristis)

American Robin (Turdus migratorius)

American Woodcock (Scolopax minor)

Bank Swallow (Riparia riparia)

Black-capped Chickadee (Poecile atricapillus)

Blue Jay (Cyanocitta cristata)

Blue-gray Gnatcatcher (Polioptila caerulea)

Broad-winged Hawk (Buteo platypterus)

Brown Thrasher (Toxostoma rufum)

Brown-headed Cowbird (Molothrus ater)

Cedar Waxwing (Bombycilla cedrorum)

Chipping Sparrow (Spizella passerina)

Clay-colored Sparrow (Spizella pallida)

Eastern Bluebird (Sialia sialis)

Eastern Kingbird (Tyrannus tyrannus)

Eastern Wood-peewee (Contopus virens)

Field Sparrow (Spizella pusilla)

Grasshopper Sparrow (Ammodramus savannarum)

Gray Catbird (Dumetella carolinensis)

Great Blue Heron (Ardea herodias)

Hairy Woodpecker (Picoides villosus)

Killdeer (Charadrius vociferus)

Lark Sparrow (Chondestes grammacus)

Mourning Dove (Zenaida macroura)

Northern Cardinal (Cardinalis cardinalis)

Northern Flicker (Colaptes auratus)

Orchard Oriole (Icterus spurius)

Pileated Woodpecker (Dryocopus pileatus)

Red-bellied Woodpecker (Melanerpes carolinus)

Red-tailed Hawk (Buteo jamaicensis)

Red-winged Blackbird (Agelaius phoeniceus)

Rose-breasted Grosbeak (Pheucticus ludovicianus)

Song Sparrow (Melospiza melodia)

Tree Swallow (Tachycineta bicolor)

Turkey Vulture (Cathartes aura)

Western Meadowlark (Sturnella neglecta)

Wild Turkey (Meleagris gallopavo)

Wood Thrush (Hylocichla mustelina)

=================== 5/6/2017 ===================

Eastern Towhee (Pipilo erythrophthalmus)

Sandhill Crane (Grus canadensis tabida)

White-breasted Nuthatch (Sitta carolinensis)

Yellow-rumped Warbler (Setophaga coronata)

American Goldfinch

Black-capped Chickadee

Blue Jay

Brown Thrasher

Brown-headed Cowbird

Mourning Dove

Northern Cardinal

Orchard Oriole

Red-winged Blackbird

Rose-breasted Grosbeak

Wild Turkey

Fungi and Lichens

Turkey Tail (Trametes versicolor)

=================== 5/6/2017 ===================

Calvatia bovista

Crown Rust (Puccinia coronata)

Smooth Patch (Aleurodiscus oaksii)

Turkey Tail

Insects and Arachnids

One insect species with conservation status in Minnesota has been seen here:



Ottoe skipper (Hesperia ottoe)


Special concern

regal fritillary (Speyeria idalia)


American dog tick (Dermacentor variabilis)

American lady (Vanessa virginiensis)

clouded sulphur (Colias philodice)

common green darner (Anax junius)

coral-winged grasshopper (Pardalophora apiculata)

eastern boxelder bug (Boisea trivittata)

eastern tent caterpillar moth (Malacosoma americanum)

eastern tiger swallowtail (Papilio glaucus)

goldenrod bunch gall midge (Rhopalomyia solidaginis)

goldenrod gall fly (Eurosta solidaginis)

lime nail gall mite (Eriophyes tiliae)

monarch (Danaus plexippus)

multicolored Asian lady beetle (Harmonia axyridis f. succinea)

=================== 5/6/2017 ===================

painted lady (Vanessa cardui)

American lady

common green darner

eastern tent caterpillar


eastern cottontail (Sylvilagus floridanus)

plains pocket gopher (Geomys bursarius)

whitetail deer (Odocoileus virginianus)

whitetail deer


Two plant species with conservation status in Minnesota and one species on the watch list are found here:



James’ polanisia (Polanisia jamesii)



kitten-tails (Veronica bullii)


Watch list

long-bearded hawkweed (Hieracium longipilum)


Minnesota Biodiversity Atlas Plant List


Plants frequently found in:

Dry Sand - Gravel Prairie (Southern) UPs13b



alsike clover (Trifolium hybridum)

American basswood (Tilia americana var. americana)

American hazel (Corylus americana)

American plum (Prunus americana)

American red raspberry (Rubus idaeus ssp. strigosus)

Aunt Lucy (Ellisia nyctelea)

balsam groundsel (Packera paupercula)

bastard toadflax (Comandra umbellata)

Bell’s honeysuckle (Lonicera × bella)

birdfoot violet (Viola pedata)

bird’s-foot trefoil (Lotus corniculatus var. corniculatus)

black cherry (Prunus serotina var. serotina)

black raspberry (Rubus occidentalis)

black-seeded plantain (Plantago rugelii var. rugelii)

bland sweet cicely (Osmorhiza claytonii)

boxelder (Acer negundo var. negundo)

brook lobelia (Lobelia kalmii)

bur oak (Quercus macrocarpa var. macrocarpa)

Canada wildrye (Elymus canadensis)

Canadian horseweed (Conyza canadensis)

candle anemone (Anemone cylindrica)

Carolina anemone (Anemone caroliniana)

catnip (Nepeta cataria)

chokecherry (Prunus virginiana var. virginiana)

cleavers (Galium aparine)

Cleland’s evening primrose (Oenothera clelandii)

common blue violet (Viola sororia)

common buckthorn (Rhamnus cathartica)

common burdock (Arctium minus)

common dandelion (Taraxacum officinale ssp. officinale)

common evening primrose (Oenothera biennis)

common false Solomon’s seal (Maianthemum racemosum var. racemosum)

common motherwort (Leonurus cardiaca ssp. cardiaca)

common mullein (Verbascum thapsus ssp. thapsus)

common ragweed (Ambrosia artemisiifolia)

cypress spurge (Euphorbia cyparissias)

common strawberry (Fragaria virginiana)

common yarrow (Achillea millefolium)

corn speedwell (Veronica arvensis)

downy phlox (Phlox pilosa ssp. fulgida)

Dutchman’s breeches (Dicentra cucullaria)

eastern redcedar (Juniperus virginiana var. virginiana)

field clover (Trifolium campestre)

field pennycress (Thlaspi arvense)

field sagewort (Artemisia campestris ssp. caudata)

fragrant bedstraw (Galium triflorum)

fringed puccoon (Lithospermum incisum)

giant foxtail (Setaria faberi)

gray-headed coneflower (Ratibida pinnata)

green ash (Fraxinus pennsylvanica)

ground plum (Astragalus crassicarpus var. crassicarpus)

hairy grama (Bouteloua hirsuta var. hirsuta)

hairy puccoon (Lithospermum caroliniense var. croceum)

hairy purslane speedwell (Veronica peregrina ssp. xalapensis)

hoary alyssum (Berteroa incana)

hoary puccoon (Lithospermum canescens)

hoary vervain (Verbena stricta)

Howell’s pussy-toes (Antennaria howellii)

Indian hemp (Apocynum cannabinum)

June grass (Koeleria macrantha)

kidney-leaved buttercup (Ranunculus abortivus)

kitten-tails (Veronica bullii)

large-flowered beardtongue (Penstemon grandiflorus)

leadplant (Amorpha canescens)

leafy spurge (Euphorbia esula)

little bluestem (Schizachyrium scoparium var. scoparium)

long-leaved bluet (Houstonia longifolia)

lyre-leaved rock cress (Arabidopsis lyrata ssp. lyrata)

Missouri gooseberry (Ribes missouriense)

Morrow’s honeysuckle (Lonicera morrowii)

narrow-leaved hawk’s-beard (Crepis tectorum)

narrow-leaved hawkweed (Hieracium umbellatum)

northern hackberry (Celtis occidentalis)

northern pin oak (Quercus ellipsoidalis)

northern prickly ash (Zanthoxylum americanum)

northern red oak (Quercus rubra)

oval-headed sedge (Carex cephalophora)

Parlin’s pussytoes (Antennaria parlinii ssp. fallax)

peachleaf willow (Salix amygdaloides)

Pennsylvania sedge (Carex pensylvanica)

plains cottonwood (Populus deltoides ssp. molinifera)

prairie alumroot (Heuchera richardsonii)

prairie blue-eyed grass (Sisyrinchium campestre)

prairie buttercup (Ranunculus rhomboideus)

prairie fleabane (Erigeron strigosus)

prairie rose (Rosa arkansana)

prairie sagewort (Artemisia frigida)

prairie smoke (Geum triflorum var. triflorum)

prairie spiderwort (Tradescantia occidentalis var. occidentalis)

prairie violet (Viola pedatifida var. pedatifida)

quaking aspen (Populus tremuloides)

red clover (Trifolium pratense)

red sorrel (Rumex acetosella)

red-seeded dandelion (Taraxacum erythrospermum)

rough false pennyroyal (Hedeoma hispida)

rough-fruited cinquefoil (Potentilla recta)

round-headed bush clover (Lespedeza capitata)

Scotch pine (Pinus sylvestris)

shepherd’s purse (Capsella bursa-pastoris)

Siberian elm (Ulmus pumila)

silvery cinquefoil (Potentilla argentea)

small-leaved pussytoes (Antennaria parvifolia)

smooth hedge nettle (Stachys tenuifolia)

smooth scouring rush (Equisetum laevigatum)

smooth Solomon’s seal (Polygonatum biflorum var. commutatum)

smooth sumac (Rhus glabra)

smooth yellow violet (Viola pubescens var. scabriuscula)

spreading dogbane (Apocynum androsaemifolium)

starry false Solomon’s seal (Maianthemum stellatum)

stiff goldenrod (Solidago rigida ssp. rigida)

stinging nettle (Urtica dioica ssp. gracilis)

tall cinquefoil (Drymocallis arguta)

violet wood sorrel (Oxalis violacea)

Virginia groundcherry (Physalis virginiana var. virginiana)

Virginia stickseed (Hackelia virginiana)

western rock jasmine (Androsace occidentalis)

western marbleseed (Lithospermum occidentale)

western poison ivy (Toxicodendron rydbergii)

western ragweed (Ambrosia psilostachya)

western sand cherry (Prunus pumila var. besseyi)

white campion (Silene latifolia ssp. alba)

white clover (Trifolium repens)

white sage (Artemisia ludoviciana ssp. ludoviciana)

white snakeroot (Ageratina altissima var. altissima)

wild geranium (Geranium maculatum)

wild grape (Vitis riparia)

winter vetch (Vicia villosa ssp. villosa)

woodbine (Parthenocissus vitacea)

woolly plantain (Plantago patagonica)

woundwort (Stachys pilosa var. arenicola)

yellow goat’s beard (Tragopogon dubius)

yellow sweet clover (Melilotus officinalis)

yellow wood sorrel (Oxalis stricta)

=================== 5/6/2017 ===================

American elm (Ulmus americana)

American germander (Teucrium canadense)

asparagus (Asparagus officinalis)

big bluestem (Andropogon gerardii)

bitternut hickory (Carya cordiformis)

broadleaf enchanter’s nightshade (Circaea lutetiana ssp. canadensis)

bull thistle (Cirsium vulgare)

Canada mayflower (Maianthemum canadense)

Canada thistle (Cirsium arvense)

Carolina whitlowgrass (Draba reptans)

common milkweed (Asclepias syriaca)

Dewey’s sedge (Carex deweyana)

dry-spike sedge (Carex siccata)

early figwort (Scrophularia lanceolata)

eastern wahoo (Euonymus atropurpureus var. atropurpureus)

field thistle (Cirsium discolor)

glossy buckthorn (Frangula alnus)

ironwood (Ostrya virginiana var. virginiana)

Jack-in-the-pulpit (Arisaema triphyllum)

Kentucky bluegrass (Poa pratensis ssp. pratensis)

large-flowered bellwort (Uvularia grandiflora)

Leonard’s skullcap (Scutellaria parvula var. missouriensis)

New Jersey tea (Ceanothus americanus)

palespike lobelia (Lobelia spicata)

porcupine grass (Hesperostipa spartea)

prairie dropseed (Sporobolus heterolepis)

prairie groundsel (Packera plattensis)

prairie larkspur (Delphinium carolinianum ssp. virescens)

rabbit-tobacco (Pseudognaphalium obtusifolium)

rock spikemoss (Selaginella rupestris)

rough blazing star (Liatris aspera)

sand cherry (Prunus pumila)

sand dropseed (Sporobolus cryptandrus)

scouring rush horsetail (Equisetum hyemale var. affine)

slender beardtongue (Penstemon gracilis var. gracilis)

slender corydalis (Corydalis micrantha ssp. micrantha)

smooth brome (Bromus inermis)

spotted knapweed (Centaurea stoebe ssp. micranthos)

spreadingpod rockcress (Boechera grahamii)

sugar maple (Acer saccharum ssp. saccharum)

switch grass (Panicum virgatum var. virgatum)

tall bellflower (Campanulastrum americanum)

tarragon (Artemisia dracunculus)

Virginia wildrye (Elymus virginicus)

white avens (Geum canadense)

wild bergamot (Monarda fistulosa)

winter cress (Barbarea vulgaris)

wolfberry (Symphoricarpos occidentalis)

woodland strawberry (Fragaria vesca ssp. americana)

zigzag goldenrod (Solidago flexicaulis)


Acer negundo var. negundo (boxelder)

Achillea millefolium (common yarrow)

Ageratina altissima var. altissima (white snakeroot)

Ambrosia artemisiifolia (common ragweed)

Ambrosia psilostachya (western ragweed)

Amorpha canescens (leadplant)

Androsace occidentalis (western rock jasmine)

Anemone caroliniana (Carolina anemone)

Anemone cylindrica (candle anemone)

Antennaria howellii (Howell’s pussy-toes)

Antennaria parlinii ssp. fallax (Parlin’s pussytoes)

Antennaria parvifolia (small-leaved pussytoes)

Apocynum androsaemifolium (spreading dogbane)

Apocynum cannabinum (Indian hemp)

Arabidopsis lyrata ssp. lyrata (lyre-leaved rock cress)

Arctium minus (common burdock)

Artemisia campestris ssp. caudata (field sagewort)

Artemisia frigida (prairie sagewort)

Artemisia ludoviciana ssp. ludoviciana (white sage)

Astragalus crassicarpus var. crassicarpus (ground plum)

Berteroa incana (hoary alyssum)

Bouteloua hirsuta var. hirsuta (hairy grama)

Capsella bursa-pastoris (shepherd’s purse)

Carex cephalophora (oval-headed sedge)

Carex pensylvanica (Pennsylvania sedge)

Celtis occidentalis (northern hackberry)

Comandra umbellata (bastard toadflax)

Conyza canadensis (Canadian horseweed)

Corylus americana (American hazel)

Crepis tectorum (narrow-leaved hawk’s-beard)

Dicentra cucullaria (Dutchman’s breeches)

Drymocallis arguta (tall cinquefoil)

Ellisia nyctelea (Aunt Lucy)

Elymus canadensis (Canada wildrye)

Equisetum laevigatum (smooth scouring rush)

Erigeron strigosus (prairie fleabane)

Euphorbia cyparissias (cypress spurge)

Euphorbia esula (leafy spurge)

Fragaria virginiana (common strawberry)

Fraxinus pennsylvanica (green ash)

Galium aparine (cleavers)

Galium triflorum (fragrant bedstraw)

Geranium maculatum (wild geranium)

Geum triflorum var. triflorum (prairie smoke)

Hackelia virginiana (Virginia stickseed)

Hedeoma hispida (rough false pennyroyal)

Heuchera richardsonii (prairie alumroot)

Hieracium umbellatum (narrow-leaved hawkweed)

Houstonia longifolia (long-leaved bluet)

Juniperus virginiana var. virginiana (eastern redcedar)

Koeleria macrantha (June grass)

Leonurus cardiaca ssp. cardiaca (common motherwort)

Lespedeza capitata (round-headed bush clover)

Lithospermum canescens (hoary puccoon)

Lithospermum caroliniense var. croceum (hairy puccoon)

Lithospermum incisum (fringed puccoon)

Lithospermum occidentale (western marbleseed)

Lobelia kalmii (brook lobelia)

Lonicera × bella (Bell’s honeysuckle)

Lonicera morrowii (Morrow’s honeysuckle)

Lotus corniculatus var. corniculatus (bird’s-foot trefoil)

Maianthemum racemosum var. racemosum (common false Solomon’s seal)

Maianthemum stellatum (starry false Solomon’s seal)

Melilotus officinalis (yellow sweet clover)

Nepeta cataria (catnip)

Oenothera biennis (common evening primrose)

Oenothera clelandii (Cleland’s evening primrose)

Osmorhiza claytonii (bland sweet cicely)

Oxalis stricta (yellow wood sorrel)

Oxalis violacea (violet wood sorrel)

Packera paupercula (balsam groundsel)

Parthenocissus vitacea (woodbine)

Penstemon grandiflorus (large-flowered beardtongue)

Phlox pilosa ssp. fulgida (downy phlox)

Physalis virginiana var. virginiana (Virginia groundcherry)

Pinus sylvestris (Scotch pine)

Plantago patagonica (woolly plantain)

Plantago rugelii var. rugelii (black-seeded plantain)

Polygonatum biflorum var. commutatum (smooth Solomon’s seal)

Populus deltoides ssp. molinifera (plains cottonwood)

Populus tremuloides (quaking aspen)

Potentilla argentea (silvery cinquefoil)

Potentilla recta (rough-fruited cinquefoil)

Prunus americana (American plum)

Prunus pumila var. besseyi (western sand cherry)

Prunus serotina var. serotina (black cherry)

Prunus virginiana var. virginiana (chokecherry)

Quercus ellipsoidalis (northern pin oak)

Quercus macrocarpa var. macrocarpa (bur oak)

Quercus rubra (northern red oak)

Ranunculus abortivus (kidney-leaved buttercup)

Ranunculus rhomboideus (prairie buttercup)

Ratibida pinnata (gray-headed coneflower)

Rhamnus cathartica (common buckthorn)

Rhus glabra (smooth sumac)

Ribes missouriense (Missouri gooseberry)

Rosa arkansana (prairie rose)

Rubus idaeus ssp. strigosus (American red raspberry)

Rubus occidentalis (black raspberry)

Rumex acetosella (red sorrel)

Salix amygdaloides (peachleaf willow)

Schizachyrium scoparium var. scoparium (little bluestem)

Setaria faberi (giant foxtail)

Silene latifolia ssp. alba (white campion)

Sisyrinchium campestre (prairie blue-eyed grass)

Solidago rigida ssp. rigida (stiff goldenrod)

Stachys pilosa var. arenicola (woundwort)

Stachys tenuifolia (smooth hedge nettle)

Taraxacum erythrospermum (red-seeded dandelion)

Taraxacum officinale ssp. officinale (common dandelion)

Thlaspi arvense (field pennycress)

Tilia americana var. americana (American basswood)

Toxicodendron rydbergii (western poison ivy)

Tradescantia occidentalis var. occidentalis (prairie spiderwort)

Tragopogon dubius (yellow goat’s beard)

Trifolium campestre (field clover)

Trifolium hybridum (alsike clover)

Trifolium pratense (red clover)

Trifolium repens (white clover)

Ulmus pumila (Siberian elm)

Urtica dioica ssp. gracilis (stinging nettle)

Verbascum thapsus ssp. thapsus (common mullein)

Verbena stricta (hoary vervain)

Veronica arvensis (corn speedwell)

Veronica bullii (kitten-tails)

Veronica peregrina ssp. xalapensis (hairy purslane speedwell)

Vicia villosa ssp. villosa (winter vetch)

Viola pedata (birdfoot violet)

Viola pedatifida var. pedatifida (prairie violet)

Viola pubescens var. scabriuscula (smooth yellow violet)

Viola sororia (common blue violet)

Vitis riparia (wild grape)

Zanthoxylum americanum (northern prickly ash)

alsike clover

American plum

birdfoot violet

bird’s-foot trefoil

black raspberry

bur oak (var. macrocarpa)


Cleland’s evening primrose

common evening primrose

common mullein

common yarrow

downy phlox

Dutchman’s breeches

field sagewort

ground plum

hairy puccoon

hoary puccoon

large-flowered beardtongue

hoary vervain


Missouri gooseberry

Morrow’s honeysuckle

northern prickly ash

prairie fleabane (var. strigosus)

prairie rose

prairie spiderwort

prairie violet

red clover

rough-fruited cinquefoil

silvery cinquefoil

tall cinquefoil

violet wood sorrel

western poison ivy

white clover

wild geranium

yellow sweet clover


One reptile species with conservation status in Minnesota has been seen here:


Special concern

gopher snake (Pituophis catenifer)




Last Updated:

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