Canada wildrye

(Elymus canadensis)

Conservation Status
Canada wildrye
  IUCN Red List

not listed


N5 - Secure

SNR - Unranked


not listed

Wetland Indicator Status
  Great Plains

FACU - Facultative upland


FACU - Facultative upland

  Northcentral & Northeast

FACU - Facultative upland








Flower Color




Similar Species








Pests and Diseases






Distribution Map



2, 3, 4, 5, 7, 28, 29, 30.









  Kingdom Plantae (green algae and land plants)  
  Subkingdom Viridiplantae (green plants)  
  Infrakingdom Streptophyta (land plants and green algae)  
  Superdivision Embryophyta (land plants)  
  Division Tracheophyta (vascular plants)  
  Subdivision Spermatophytina (seed plants)  
  Class Liliopsida (monocots)  


Poales (grasses, sedges, cattails, and allies)  


Poaceae (grasses)  
  No Rank BOP clade  
  Subfamily Pooideae  
  Supertribe Triticodae  
  Tribe Triticeae  
  Subtribe Hordeinae  


Elymus (wild ryes and wheat grasses)  

Subordinate Taxa


A few sources, including Flora of North America, NatureServe, and iNaturalist, recognize two or three varieties of Elymus canadensis. Most sources, including ITIS, GBIF, USDA PLANTS, GRIN, World Flora Online, and Plants of the World Online, treat those as synonyms of Elymus canadensis, and recognize no varieties.




Elymus brachystachys

Elymus canadensis var. brachystachys

Elymus canadensis var.canadensis

Elymus canadensis var. hirsutus

Elymus canadensis var. robustus

Elymus crescendus

Elymus philadelphicus

Elymus philadelphicus var. hirsutus

Elymus robustus


Common Names


blue wildrye

Canada rye

Canada wild rye

Canada wildrye

Canadian rye

mountain wildrye

nodding wild rye

nodding wildrye

western wildrye











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    Canada wildrye   Canada wildrye  


    Canada wildrye   Canada wildrye  


    Canada wildrye      


    Canada wildrye      






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Afton State Park

Agassiz Dunes SNA (MN DNR)

Avon Hills Forest SNA, North Unit

Beaver Creek Valley State Park

Bertram Chain of Lakes Regional Park

Blaine Preserve SNA

Blaine Wetland Sanctuary

Bonanza Prairie SNA

Buffalo River State Park

Bunker Hills Regional Park

Butterwort Cliffs SNA

Camden State Park

Carley State Park

Carver Highlands WMA, South Unit

Chippewa Prairie

Clifton E. French Regional Park

Compass Prairie SNA

Cottonwood River Prairie SNA

Crosby Farm Regional Park

Crow Wing State Park

Crow-Hassan Park Reserve

Des Moines River SNA

Flandrau State Park

Fort Ridgely State Park

Foxhome Prairie

Frontenac State Park

Glacial Lakes State Park

Glendalough State Park

Glynn Prairie SNA

Grey Cloud Dunes SNA

Hastings Sand Coulee SNA

Hole-in-the-Mountain Prairie

Iron Horse Prairie SNA

John Murtaugh Memorial WMA

John Peter Hoffman Spring Brook Valley WMA

Joseph A. Tauer Prairie SNA

Kasota Prairie SNA

Keller Regional Park

Kellogg Weaver Dunes SNA, Kellogg Weaver Unit

Kilen Woods State Park

Lake Bronson State Park

Lake Byllesby Regional Park

Lake Rebecca Park Reserve

Langhei Prairie SNA

Lawrence Creek SNA

Lebanon Hills Regional Park

Lester Lake SNA

Lost Valley Prairie SNA

Malmberg Prairie SNA

Minnesota Valley NWR, Long Meadow Lake Unit

Minnesota Valley NWR, Louisville Swamp Unit

Minnesota Valley NWR, Rapids Lake Unit

Minnesota Valley NWR, Wilkie Unit

Monson Lake State Park

Myre-Big Island State Park

Old Mill State Park

Oronoco Prairie SNA

Osmundson Prairie SNA

Otter Tail Prairie SNA

Oxbow Park & Zollman Zoo

Prairie Bush Clover SNA

Prairie Creek WMA, Koester Prairie Unit

Prairie Smoke Dunes SNA

Quarry Park SNA

Regal Meadow

River Terrace Prairie SNA

Rockville County Park

Roscoe Prairie SNA

Sand Prairie Wildlife Management and Environmental Education Area

Savage Fen SNA

Schaefer Prairie

Seminary Fen SNA

Seven Springs WMA

Sibley State Park

Staffanson Prairie

Strandness Prairie

Swedes Forest SNA

Tamarack Nature Center

Tribute WMA

Twin Lakes SNA

Twin Valley WMA: North Unit

Uncas Dunes SNA

Vermillion River WMA

Wahpeton Prairie WMA

Whitetail Woods Regional Park

Whitewater State Park

Wild Indigo SNA

Wild River State Park

William O’Brien State Park

Woodbury WMA







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