Vermillion River WMA

       
   

Area and County

    Dakota County
    Metro Area
     
 

Driving Directions

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Size

1,492.79 acres

 
 
Maps

Detail map (MN DNR)

     

 Printable Maps with GPS coordinates

 

East Unit

  West Unit
Printable map   Printable map
     

Complete

   
Printable map    
 
Parking

East Unit

Annette Ave.
There is a parking lot at 190th St. E. and Annette Ave. at the northwest corner of the unit. The East Unit is to the southeast of the intersection, the West Unit to the northwest, Vermillion Highlands Research Recreation and WMA to the northeast, and private property to the southwest.
N44 40.407, W93 4.509

Blaine Ave.
There is a parking lot on the west side of Blaine Ave. near the middle of the unit.
N44 40.124, W93 3.328

Clayton Ave.
There is a parking lot on the west side of Clayton Ave. at the northeast corner of the unit. Vermillion River WMA is to the south of the parking lot, Vermillion Highlands Research Recreation and WMA is to the north.
N44 40.423, W93 2.108

A gated, unnamed gravel road at the southeast corner of the unit on Clayton Ave. leads west 0.4 mile to a parking lot south of the gravel pit. According to the Minnesota DNR’s map of the Vermillion River Complex, this lot can be used by visitors to the WMA.
N44 39.850, W93 2.483

 

West Unit

Annette Ave.
There is a parking lot on the west side of Annette Ave. at the east boundary of the WMA. The West Unit is to the west of Annette Ave, Vermillion Highlands Research Recreation and WMA is to the east.
N44 40.682, W93 4.552

County Highway 66
There is a large parking lot with a gravel surface on the north side of County Highway 66 at the south boundary of the WMA. Parking here gives access to the approximately 170 acres of the West Unit of the WMA that lies south of the Vermillion River. Parking here gives access to the southern one-eighth of the West Unit that lies south of the Vermillion River.
N44 39.607, W93 4.950

190th St. W.
There is a parking lot on the south side of 190th St. W. Parking here gives access to the approximately 770 acres of the West Unit of the WMA that lies north of the Vermillion River.
N44 40.424, W93 5.748

 
Hiking Trails

 

 
Hunting

Deer, Forest Upland Birds, Pheasants, Waterfowl, Turkey, Doves. See Hunting and Trapping Regulations (MN DNR) for details.

 
Ecological Classification Province  

Eastern Broadleaf Forest Province

Ecological Classification
Section  

Minnesota & NE Iowa Morainal

Subsection(s)  

Oak Savanna

Land Type Association(s)

Coates Sand Plain

 
Native Plant Communities1 Lowland Aspen Forest
 
Ownership Minnesota DNR logo        
 
Links

Minnesota DNR

 
Comments

 

 
Visits

3/22/2020

  5/2/2020        

 

 

 

 

       
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West Unit
       

Entrance

  Vermillion River WMA, West Unit    
       

WMA sign

  Vermillion River WMA, West Unit   Vermillion River WMA, West Unit
       

Parking lot

  Vermillion River WMA, West Unit   Vermillion River WMA, West Unit
       

Medium-tall grassland planted with native grasses and forbs

  Vermillion River WMA, West Unit   Vermillion River WMA, West Unit
       

Vermillion River

  Vermillion River WMA, West Unit   Vermillion River WMA, West Unit
       
  Vermillion River WMA, West Unit    
       

Emergent wetland

  Vermillion River WMA, West Unit   Vermillion River WMA, West Unit
       

A concrete walking bridge crosses a long inlet

  Vermillion River WMA, West Unit   Vermillion River WMA, West Unit
       

The road that provides access to the northern seven-eighths of the West Unit is closed in the spring.

  Vermillion River WMA, West Unit   Vermillion River WMA, West Unit
       

 

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Visitor Observations
   
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MinnesotaSeasons.com Observations
   
Birds

American Goldfinch (Carduelis tristis)

American Robin (Turdus migratorius)

Blue Jay (Cyanocitta cristata)

Brown-headed Cowbird (Molothrus ater)

Clay-colored Sparrow (Spizella pallida)

Eastern Meadowlark (Sturnella magna)

Killdeer (Charadrius vociferus)

Northern Cardinal (Cardinalis cardinalis)

Red-winged Blackbird (Agelaius phoeniceus)

Ring-necked Pheasant (Phasianus colchicus)

Song Sparrow (Melospiza melodia)

Tree Swallow (Tachycineta bicolor)

Wild Turkey (Meleagris gallopavo)

American Goldfinch

Blue Jay

Northern Cardinal

Wild Turkey

 
Fishes

Minnesota Biodiversity Atlas Fishes List

 
Fungi and Lichens

Black Knot (Apiosporina morbosa)

Thin-Walled Maze Polypore (Daedaleopsis confragosa)

Black Knot

 
Insects and Arachnids

cabbage white (Pieris rapae)

common green darner (Anax junius)

eastern tiger swallowtail (Papilio glaucus)

goldenrod bunch gall midge (Rhopalomyia solidaginis)

goldenrod gall fly (Eurosta solidaginis)

willow pinecone gall midge (Rabdophaga strobiloides)

common green darner

willow pinecone gall midge

 
Mammals

Minnesota Biodiversity Atlas Mammals List

 
 

American beaver (Castor canadensis)

American red squirrel (Tamiasciurus hudsonicus)

plains pocket gopher (Geomys bursarius)

striped skunk (Mephitis mephitis)

whitetail deer (Odocoileus virginianus)

American red squirrel

 
Plants

Four plant species with conservation status in Minnesota are found here:

 

Threatened

edible valerian (Valeriana edulis var. ciliata)

 

Special concern

arrowhead rattlebox (Crotalaria sagittalis)

small white lady’s slipper (Cypripedium candidum)

wild sweet William (Phlox maculata ssp. maculata)

 
 

Minnesota Biodiversity Atlas Plant List

 
 

Plants frequently found in:

Lowland Aspen Forest WFs55a

 
 

 

alfalfa (Medicago sativa ssp. sativa)

American black currant (Ribes americanum)

American plum (Prunus americana)

Bell’s honeysuckle (Lonicera × bella)

big bluestem (Andropogon gerardii)

black raspberry (Rubus occidentalis)

black-eyed Susan (Rudbeckia hirta var. pulcherrima)

boxelder (Acer negundo var. negundo)

Canada anemone (Anemone canadensis)

Canada wildrye (Elymus canadensis)

chokecherry (Prunus virginiana var. virginiana)

cleavers (Galium aparine)

common blue violet (Viola sororia)

common buckthorn (Rhamnus cathartica)

common burdock (Arctium minus)

common dandelion (Taraxacum officinale ssp. officinale)

common duckweed (Lemna minor)

common evening primrose (Oenothera biennis)

common milkweed (Asclepias syriaca)

common mullein (Verbascum thapsus ssp. thapsus)

common plantain (Plantago major)

curly dock (Rumex crispus)

early meadow rue (Thalictrum dioicum)

eastern redcedar (Juniperus virginiana var. virginiana)

eastern white pine (Pinus strobus)

ground ivy (Glechoma hederacea)

heart-leaved golden alexanders (Zizia aptera)

Indiangrass (Sorghastrum nutans)

kidney-leaved buttercup (Ranunculus abortivus)

late goldenrod (Solidago altissima)

little bluestem (Schizachyrium scoparium var. scoparium)

northern pin oak (Quercus ellipsoidalis)

plains cottonwood (Populus deltoides ssp. molinifera)

prairie fleabane (Erigeron strigosus)

prairie smoke (Geum triflorum var. triflorum)

purple prairie clover (Dalea purpurea var. purpurea)

red clover (Trifolium pratense)

red osier dogwood (Cornus sericea ssp. sericea)

red pine (Pinus resinosa)

reed canary grass (Phalaris arundinacea)

round-headed bush clover (Lespedeza capitata)

sandbar willow (Salix interior)

scouring rush horsetail (Equisetum hyemale var. affine)

Siberian elm (Ulmus pumila)

sideoats grama (Bouteloua curtipendula var. curtipendula)

silver maple (Acer saccharinum)

slender willow (Salix petiolaris)

smooth brome (Bromus inermis)

stiff goldenrod (Solidago rigida ssp. rigida)

switch grass (Panicum virgatum var. virgatum)

tall cinquefoil (Drymocallis arguta)

tussock sedge (Carex stricta)

Virginia stickseed (Hackelia virginiana)

white spruce (Picea glauca)

wild bergamot (Monarda fistulosa)

wild cucumber (Echinocystis lobata)

wild grape (Vitis riparia)

 

Acer negundo var. negundo (boxelder)

Acer saccharinum (silver maple)

Andropogon gerardii (big bluestem)

Anemone canadensis (Canada anemone)

Arctium minus (common burdock)

Asclepias syriaca (common milkweed)

Bouteloua curtipendula var. curtipendula (sideoats grama)

Bromus inermis (smooth brome)

Carex stricta (tussock sedge)

Cornus sericea ssp. sericea (red osier dogwood)

Dalea purpurea var. purpurea (purple prairie clover)

Drymocallis arguta (tall cinquefoil)

Echinocystis lobata (wild cucumber)

Elymus canadensis (Canada wildrye)

Equisetum hyemale var. affine (scouring rush horsetail)

Erigeron strigosus (prairie fleabane)

Galium aparine (cleavers)

Geum triflorum var. triflorum (prairie smoke)

Glechoma hederacea (ground ivy)

Hackelia virginiana (Virginia stickseed)

Juniperus virginiana var. virginiana (eastern redcedar)

Lemna minor (common duckweed)

Lespedeza capitata (round-headed bush clover)

Lonicera × bella (Bell’s honeysuckle)

Medicago sativa ssp. sativa (alfalfa)

Monarda fistulosa (wild bergamot)

Oenothera biennis (common evening primrose)

Panicum virgatum var. virgatum (switch grass)

Phalaris arundinacea (reed canary grass)

Picea glauca (white spruce)

Pinus resinosa (red pine)

Pinus strobus (eastern white pine)

Plantago major (common plantain)

Populus deltoides ssp. molinifera (plains cottonwood)

Prunus americana (American plum)

Prunus virginiana var. virginiana (chokecherry)

Quercus ellipsoidalis (northern pin oak)

Ranunculus abortivus (kidney-leaved buttercup)

Rhamnus cathartica (common buckthorn)

Ribes americanum (American black currant)

Rubus occidentalis (black raspberry)

Rudbeckia hirta var. pulcherrima (black-eyed Susan)

Rumex crispus (curly dock)

Salix interior (sandbar willow)

Salix petiolaris (slender willow)

Schizachyrium scoparium var. scoparium (little bluestem)

Solidago altissima (late goldenrod)

Solidago rigida ssp. rigida (stiff goldenrod)

Sorghastrum nutans (Indiangrass)

Taraxacum officinale ssp. officinale (common dandelion)

Thalictrum dioicum (early meadow rue)

Trifolium pratense (red clover)

Ulmus pumila (Siberian elm)

Verbascum thapsus ssp. thapsus (common mullein)

Viola sororia (common blue violet)

Vitis riparia (wild grape)

Zizia aptera (heart-leaved golden alexanders)

American black currant

Bell’s honeysuckle

black raspberry

Canada anemone

common blue violet

common evening primrose

common mullein

ground ivy

heart-leaved golden alexanders

prairie fleabane (var. strigosus)

prairie smoke

purple prairie clover

round-headed bush clover

tall cinquefoil

wild bergamot

wild cucumber

 
Reptiles

Minnesota Biodiversity Atlas Amphibians and Reptiles List

     

 

 

Binoculars


Created: 3/25/2020

Last Updated:

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