Indiangrass

(Sorghastrum nutans)

               
Conservation Status

IUCN Red List

not yet assessed

Indiangrass

NatureServe

N5 - Secure

SNR - Unranked

Minnesota

not listed

Wetland
Indicator
Status

Great Plains

FACU - Facultative upland

Midwest

FACU - Facultative upland

Northcentral & Northeast

FACU - Facultative upland

Nativity

Native

Photo by Bill Reynolds
Occurrence

Common

 
Habitat

Dry to moderate moisture. Prairies. Full sun.

 
Flowering

August to September

 
Height

5 to 7

 

Identification

There is a split ligule at the base of the leaf where it clasps the stem. The shape has been compared to a rifle sight, hammer claw, or rabbit ears. The leaf narrows where it connects to the stem.

If you lightly hold the base of the flowering head of Indiangrass and run your hand upwards, the head will feel smooth and silky. With most other grasses, the head will feel rougher to the touch.

 
Similar
Species

 


Distribution Distribution Map   Sources: 2, 3, 4, 5, 7, 28.

Comments

This is one of the most dominant grasses of the tallgrass prairie.


Taxonomy

Family:

Poaceae (grass)

 

No Rank:

PACMAD clade

 

Subfamily:

Panicoideae

 

Tribe:

Andropogoneae

 
Synonyms

Andropogon albescens

Andropogon arenaceus

Andropogon avenaceum

Andropogon avenaceus

Andropogon ciliatus

Andropogon confertus

Andropogon linnaeanus

Andropogon nutans

Andropogon nutans var. avenaceus

Andropogon nutans var. linnaeanus

Chalcoelytrum nutans

Chrysopogon avenaceus

Chrysopogon nutans

Chrysopogon nutans var. avenaceus

Chrysopogon nutans var. linnaeanus

Digitaria nutans

Holcus nutans

 

Holcus nutans var. avenaceus

Poranthera cilata

Poranthera ciliata

Poranthera nutans

Rhaphis nutans

Sorghastrum albescens

Sorghastrum avenaceum

Sorghastrum linnaeanum

Sorghastrum nutans ssp. nutans

Sorghum avenaceum

Sorghum nutans

Sorghum nutans ssp. avenaceum

Sorghum nutans subvar. avenaceum

Sorghum nutans var. genuinum

Sorghum nutans ssp. linnaeanum

Stipa villosa

Trichachne nutans

 
Common
Names

Indian grass

Indiangrass

prairie plume grass

wood grass

yellow Indian grass


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Glossary

ligule

In grasses, a membranous appendage at the junction of the leaf and the leaf sheath.

       

Visitor Photos

   
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Bill Reynolds


  Indiangrass   western honey bee
       
  western honey bee    

       
       
       

MinnesotaSeasons.com Photos

   

Habitat

  Indiangrass    
       

Inflorescence

  Indiangrass   Indiangrass
       
  Indiangrass    
       

Infructescence

  Indiangrass    
       

 

Camera

     

Slideshows

   
     
     
     

 

slideshow

     

Visitor Videos

   
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Other Videos

 
  Indiangrass
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
 
   
 
About

Published on Dec 29, 2014

Indiangrass
Sorghastrum nutans

Description:
Perennial tallgrass, 2 to 6 feet
Bunchy with short rhizomes
Dense, golden-yellowish
Leaves are stiff and straight
Lighter green leaves than of big bluestem

Distribution:
Southeast Canada, central and eastern United States, Mexico
Absent west of Great Plains

Benefits:
Makes excellent hay
Seeds used by game birds, finches, juncos, tree sparrows
Also used by Meadow and Pocket mice

Read more about it here: http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?s...

 
     
  Indian Grass on the Prairie Orchard, August 16, 2014
The Prairie Orchard
 
   
 
About

Published on Aug 22, 2014

One of the other common, conspicuous, warm season grasses of the Tallgrass Prairie. A feathered gold flower atop a blue green stem.

 
     
  Sorghastrum nutans (indian grass) hygroscopic awn, time lapse
Josh Drizin
 
   
 
About

Published on May 31, 2012

This is a Sorghastrum nutans diaspore (seed and seed coat). The part that spins is the awn. The awn was "primed" in a humid environment and allowed to spin in a less humid environment. This is a 10x speed up.

 
     
  Indiangrass - Sorghastrum nutans
Ionxchange
 
   
 
About

Published on Aug 24, 2012

Earthyman views Indiangrass (Sorghastrum nutans) at Ion Exchange, native seed and plant nursery in NE Iowa. Indiangrass is a perennial native prairie grass. http://ionxchange.com/products/SORGHASTRUM-NUTANS-%7C-Indiangrass.html

 
     
  Indian Grass (9/25/04)
OKGardeningClassics
 
   
 
About

Published on Jun 7, 2013

Host Steve Owens talks about native Indian Grass, an excellent ornamental grass for the landscape.

 
     

 

Camcorder

         

Visitor Sightings

   
Share your sighting of this plant.

Bill Reynolds
6/28/2015

These images are of Yellow Indiangrass being worked by a Honey Bee for it's pollen. From my google research, I've not found this interaction between these two species.

Indiangrass


     
     
 

MinnesotaSeasons.com Sightings

   

Afton State Park

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Baker Park Reserve

Big Stone Lake State Park

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Blanket Flower Prairie SNA

Blue Mounds State Park

Bonanza Prairie SNA

Buffalo River State Park

Butterwort Cliffs SNA

Camden State Park

Charles A. Lindbergh State Park

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Clinton Prairie SNA

Cottonwood River Prairie SNA

Crosby Farm Regional Park

Crow Wing State Park

Crow-Hassan Park Reserve

Des Moines River SNA

Dodge Nature Center

Elm Creek Park Reserve

Felton Prairie SNA
Bicentennial Unit
Shrike Unit

Glacial Lakes

Glacial Lakes State Park

Glendalough State Park

Glynn Prairie SNA

Greenleaf Lake SRA

Grey Cloud Dunes SNA

Holthe Prairie SNA

Hythecker Prairie SNA

Joseph A. Tauer Prairie SNA

Kasota Prairie SNA

Kellogg-Weaver Dunes SNA

Kilen Woods State Park

Lake Carlos State Park

Leif Mountain

Lost Valley Prairie SNA

McKnight Prairie

Minnesota Valley NWR
Louisville Swamp Unit

Monson Lake State Park

Mound Prairie SNA

Mound Spring Prairie SNA

Myre-Big Island State Park

Old Mill State Park

Ordway Prairie

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Osmundson Prairie SNA

Ottawa Bluffs Preserve

Ottertail Prairie SNA

Pankratz Memorial Prairie
North Unit

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Pilot Knob

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Prairie Coteau SNA

Red Rock Prairie

Regal Meadow

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Richard M. & Mathilde Rice Elliott SNA

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River Warren Outcrops SNA

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Savage Fen SNA

Schaefer Prairie

Seven Sisters Prairie

Sheepberry Fen

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Sibley State Park

Split Rock Creek State Park

Spring Prairie Preserve

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Tympanuchus Prairie

Verlyn Marth Memorial Prairie SNA

Wahpeton Prairie WMA

Whitetail Woods Regional Park

Whitewater State Park

Wild Indigo Prairie SNA

Wild River State Park

Woodland Trails Park

Yellow Bank Hills SNA

Zimmerman Prairie


 

 

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