River Terrace Prairie SNA

               
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Area and County

Goodhue County

 

 

 


Size

83 acres

Printable map
 
Maps

Printable Map with GPS coordinates

 
Parking

N44 32.503, W92 48.002

 
Hiking Trails

No maintained trails

 
Hunting

No hunting


Ecological Classification

Province

Eastern Broadleaf Forest Province

Ecological Classification

Section

Paleozoic Plateau

Subsection(s)

The Blufflands

Land Type Association(s)

Cannon River Valley

 
Native Plant Communities1

Dry Sand - Gravel Prairie (Southern)


Ownership Minnesota DNR logo        
 
Links

Minnesota DNR


Comments

 


Visits

5/16/2005

7/29/2010

  5/14/2017

 

 

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Parking

  River Terrace Prairie SNA   River Terrace Prairie SNA
       

Wood Routed Sign, Parking Area
Note the woody species encroaching on the hill in the background after five years and twelve years.

  River Terrace Prairie SNA   River Terrace Prairie SNA
  2005   2010
       
  River Terrace Prairie SNA    
  2017    
       

Wood Routed Sign, Cannon Valley Trail

  River Terrace Prairie SNA    
       

Dry Sand - Gravel Prairie (Southern)

  River Terrace Prairie SNA   River Terrace Prairie SNA
       
  River Terrace Prairie SNA    
       
       

 

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About

This gravel prairie community was formed of glacial outwash atop an isolated terrace of the Cannon River, now 30 feet above the surrounding lower terraces. Even from a mile away, this prairie is a striking feature on the landscape.

 
     

 

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MinnesotaSeasons.com Observations

   

Amphibians

treefrog (Hyla sp.)

treefrog (Hyla sp.)


Birds

One tracked bird species has been seen here:

 

Tracked

Bald Eagle (Haliaeetus leucocephalus)

 
 

American Crow (Corvus brachyrhynchos)

American Goldfinch (Carduelis tristis)

American Kestrel (Falco sparverius)

American Robin (Turdus migratorius)

American Woodcock (Scolopax minor)

Baltimore Oriole (Icterus galbula)

Blue Jay (Cyanocitta cristata)

Brown Thrasher (Toxostoma rufum)

Brown-headed Cowbird (Molothrus ater)

Canada Goose (Branta canadensis)

Clay-colored Sparrow (Spizella pallida)

Common Grackle (Quiscalus quiscula)

Eastern Bluebird (Sialia sialis)

Eastern Kingbird (Tyrannus tyrannus)

Eastern Towhee (Pipilo erythrophthalmus)

European Starling (Sturnus vulgaris)

Field Sparrow (Spizella pusilla)

Grasshopper Sparrow (Ammodramus savannarum)

Gray Catbird (Dumetella carolinensis)

Great Blue Heron (Ardea herodias)

Hermit Thrush (Catharus guttatus)

Mourning Dove (Zenaida macroura)

Northern Flicker (Colaptes auratus)

Orchard Oriole (Icterus spurius)

Red-bellied Woodpecker (Melanerpes carolinus)

Ring-necked Pheasant (Phasianus colchicus)

Ruffed Grouse (Bonasa umbellus)

Savannah Sparrow (Passerculus sandwichensis)

Spotted Towhee (Pipilo maculatus arcticus)

Tree Swallow (Tachycineta bicolor)

Turkey Vulture (Cathartes aura)

Wild Turkey (Meleagris gallopavo)

Wood Duck (Aix sponsa)

Yellow Warbler (Setophaga petechia aestiva)

Yellow-bellied Sapsucker (Sphyrapicus varius)

American Goldfinch

Brown Thrasher

Brown-headed Cowbird

Canada Goose

European Starling

Gray Catbird

Mourning Dove

Wild Turkey

Wood Duck


Fungi and Lichens

Artist’s Conk (Ganoderma applanatum)

Black Knot (Apiosporina morbosa)

False Tinder Fungus (Phellinus igniarius)

Milk-white Toothed Polypore (Irpex lacteus)

Smooth Patch (Aleurodiscus oaksii)

Black Knot

Insects and Arachnids

American dog tick (Dermacentor variabilis)

black swallowtail (Papilio polyxenes)

Carolina grasshopper (Dissosteira carolina)

common green darner (Anax junius)

common wood nymph (Cercyonis pegala)

coral-winged grasshopper (Pardalophora apiculata)

dog day cicada (Neotibicen canicularis)

eastern tent caterpillar moth (Malacosoma americanum)

eastern tiger swallowtail (Papilio glaucus)

goldenrod bunch gall midge (Rhopalomyia solidaginis)

goldenrod gall fly (Eurosta solidaginis)

goldenrod soldier beetle (Chauliognathus pennsylvanicus)

great black wasp (Sphex pensylvanicus)

great spangled fritillary (Speyeria cybele)

large milkweed bug (Oncopeltus fasciatus)

monarch (Danaus plexippus)

multicolored Asian lady beetle (Harmonia axyridis f. succinea)

orange sulphur (Colias eurytheme)

painted lady (Vanessa cardui)

red admiral (Vanessa atalanta)

red-femured milkweed borer (Tetraopes femoratus)

western honey bee (Apis mellifera)

Carolina grasshopper

common green darner

great spangled fritillary

monarch

orange sulphur

painted lady


Mammals

eastern cottontail (Sylvilagus floridanus)

plains pocket gopher (Geomys bursarius)

whitetail deer (Odocoileus virginianus)

eastern cottontail


Plants

One plant species with conservation status in Minnesota is found here:

 

Threatened

kitten-tails (Veronica bullii)

 
 

Minnesota Biodiversity Atlas (Bell Museum of Natural History) Plant List

 
 

Plants frequently found in:

Dry Sand - Gravel Prairie (Southern) UPs13b

 
 

 

American elm (Ulmus americana)

American germander (Teucrium canadense)

American pasqueflower (Anemone patens var. multifida)

annual fleabane (Erigeron annuus)

Aunt Lucy (Ellisia nyctelea)

big bluestem (Andropogon gerardii)

birdfoot violet (Viola pedata)

black cherry (Prunus serotina var. serotina)

black medick (Medicago lupulina)

black raspberry (Rubus occidentalis)

black-seeded plantain (Plantago rugelii var. rugelii)

bland sweet cicely (Osmorhiza claytonii)

blue giant hyssop (Agastache foeniculum)

boxelder (Acer negundo var. negundo)

bull thistle (Cirsium vulgare)

bur oak (Quercus macrocarpa var. macrocarpa)

butter and eggs (Linaria vulgaris)

Canada moonseed (Menispermum canadense)

Canada wildrye (Elymus canadensis)

Canadian horseweed (Conyza canadensis)

candle anemone (Anemone cylindrica)

catnip (Nepeta cataria)

chokecherry (Prunus virginiana var. virginiana)

clammy groundcherry (Physalis heterophylla var. heterophylla)

cleavers (Galium aparine)

common blue violet (Viola sororia)

common boneset (Eupatorium perfoliatum var. perfoliatum)

common buckthorn (Rhamnus cathartica)

common burdock (Arctium minus)

common dandelion (Taraxacum officinale ssp. officinale)

common evening primrose (Oenothera biennis)

common false Solomon’s seal (Maianthemum racemosum var. racemosum)

common lilac (Syringa vulgaris)

common milkweed (Asclepias syriaca)

common motherwort (Leonurus cardiaca ssp. cardiaca)

common mullein (Verbascum thapsus ssp. thapsus)

common plantain (Plantago major)

common ragweed (Ambrosia artemisiifolia)

common St. Johnswort (Hypericum perforatum)

common strawberry (Fragaria virginiana)

common yarrow (Achillea millefolium)

crown vetch (Securigera varia)

curly dock (Rumex crispus)

cut-leaved coneflower (Rudbeckia laciniata var. laciniata)

early figwort (Scrophularia lanceolata)

eastern redcedar (Juniperus virginiana var. virginiana)

false boneset (Brickellia eupatorioides var. corymbulosa)

false sunflower (Heliopsis helianthoides var. occidentalis)

field bindweed (Convolvulus arvensis)

field pennycress (Thlaspi arvense)

field pussytoes (Antennaria neglecta)

field thistle (Cirsium discolor)

flowering spurge (Euphorbia corollata)

fringed puccoon (Lithospermum incisum)

giant goldenrod (Solidago gigantea)

giant ragweed (Ambrosia trifida var. trifida)

glossy buckthorn (Frangula alnus)

gray goldenrod (Solidago nemoralis)

gray-headed coneflower (Ratibida pinnata)

Greek valerian (Polemonium reptans var. reptans)

green ash (Fraxinus pennsylvanica)

green carpetweed (Mollugo verticillata)

ground ivy (Glechoma hederacea)

ground plum (Astragalus crassicarpus var. crassicarpus)

hairy false goldenaster (Heterotheca villosa)

harebell (Campanula rotundifolia)

hawthorn (Crataegus sp.)

hoary alyssum (Berteroa incana)

hoary vervain (Verbena stricta)

Indian hemp (Apocynum cannabinum)

Indiangrass (Sorghastrum nutans)

kidney-leaved buttercup (Ranunculus abortivus)

kitten-tails (Veronica bullii)

large-flowered beardtongue (Penstemon grandiflorus)

late goldenrod (Solidago altissima)

late horse-gentian (Triosteum perfoliatum)

leadplant (Amorpha canescens)

little bluestem (Schizachyrium scoparium var. scoparium)

long-leaved bluet (Houstonia longifolia)

long-spine sandbur (Cenchrus longispinus)

marijuana (Cannabis sativa)

Missouri goldenrod (Solidago missouriensis)

Morrow’s honeysuckle (Lonicera morrowii)

nodding spurge (Euphorbia nutans)

northern hackberry (Celtis occidentalis)

northern pin oak (Quercus ellipsoidalis)

northern prickly ash (Zanthoxylum americanum)

orange daylily (Hemerocallis fulva)

pale touch-me-not (Impatiens pallida)

paper birch (Betula papyrifera var. papyrifera)

Parlin’s pussytoes (Antennaria parlinii)

plains cottonwood (Populus deltoides ssp. molinifera)

prairie alumroot (Heuchera richardsonii)

prairie blue-eyed grass (Sisyrinchium campestre)

prairie buttercup (Ranunculus rhomboideus)

prairie crabapple (Malus ioensis)

prairie dropseed (Sporobolus heterolepis)

prairie groundsel (Packera plattensis)

prairie larkspur (Delphinium carolinianum ssp. virescens)

prairie peppergrass (Lepidium densiflorum var. densiflorum)

prairie smoke (Geum triflorum var. triflorum)

prairie violet (Viola pedatifida var. pedatifida)

purple giant hyssop (Agastache scrophulariifolia)

purple lovegrass (Eragrostis spectabilis)

purple prairie clover (Dalea purpurea var. purpurea)

quaking aspen (Populus tremuloides)

rattlesnake fern (Botrypus virginianus)

red clover (Trifolium pratense)

rough-fruited cinquefoil (Potentilla recta)

round-headed bush clover (Lespedeza capitata)

Scotch pine (Pinus sylvestris)

scouring rush horsetail (Equisetum hyemale var. affine)

Siberian elm (Ulmus pumila)

slippery elm (Ulmus rubra)

smooth scouring rush (Equisetum laevigatum)

smooth sumac (Rhus glabra)

Sprengel’s sedge (Carex sprengelii)

stiff goldenrod (Solidago rigida ssp. rigida)

stiff sunflower (Helianthus pauciflorus ssp. subrhomboideus)

stinging nettle (Urtica dioica ssp. gracilis)

tall bellflower (Campanulastrum americanum)

tall thimbleweed (Anemone virginiana)

Tartarian honeysuckle (Lonicera tatarica)

thinleaf cottonsedge (Eriophorum viridicarinatum)

timothy (Phleum pratense)

tower mustard (Turritis glabra)

violet wood sorrel (Oxalis violacea)

Virginia groundcherry (Physalis virginiana var. virginiana)

Virginia stickseed (Hackelia virginiana)

Virginia waterleaf (Hydrophyllum virginianum var. virginianum)

Virginia wildrye (Elymus virginicus)

western marbleseed (Lithospermum occidentale)

western poison ivy (Toxicodendron rydbergii)

western ragweed (Ambrosia psilostachya)

white campion (Silene latifolia ssp. alba)

white clover (Trifolium repens)

white sage (Artemisia ludoviciana ssp. ludoviciana)

white snakeroot (Ageratina altissima var. altissima)

white sweet clover (Melilotus albus)

white-flowered leaf-cup (Polymnia canadensis)

whorled milkweed (Asclepias verticillata)

wild bergamot (Monarda fistulosa)

wild blue phlox (Phlox divaricata ssp. laphamii)

wild grape (Vitis riparia)

wild parsnip (Pastinaca sativa)

winter cress (Barbarea vulgaris)

wolfberry (Symphoricarpos occidentalis)

woodbine (Parthenocissus vitacea)

woodland strawberry (Fragaria vesca ssp. americana)

woolly plantain (Plantago patagonica)

yellow goat’s beard (Tragopogon dubius)

yellow sweet clover (Melilotus officinalis)

yellow wood sorrel (Oxalis stricta)

 

Acer negundo var. negundo (boxelder)

Achillea millefolium (common yarrow)

Agastache foeniculum (blue giant hyssop)

Agastache scrophulariifolia (purple giant hyssop)

Ageratina altissima var. altissima (white snakeroot)

Ambrosia artemisiifolia (common ragweed)

Ambrosia psilostachya (western ragweed)

Ambrosia trifida var. trifida (giant ragweed)

Amorpha canescens (leadplant)

Andropogon gerardii (big bluestem)

Anemone cylindrica (candle anemone)

Anemone patens var. multifida (American pasqueflower)

Anemone virginiana (tall thimbleweed)

Antennaria neglecta (field pussytoes)

Antennaria parlinii (Parlin’s pussytoes)

Apocynum cannabinum (Indian hemp)

Arctium minus (common burdock)

Artemisia ludoviciana ssp. ludoviciana (white sage)

Asclepias syriaca (common milkweed)

Asclepias verticillata (whorled milkweed)

Astragalus crassicarpus var. crassicarpus (ground plum)

Barbarea vulgaris (winter cress)

Berteroa incana (hoary alyssum)

Betula papyrifera var. papyrifera (paper birch)

Botrypus virginianus (rattlesnake fern)

Brickellia eupatorioides var. corymbulosa (false boneset)

Campanula rotundifolia (harebell)

Campanulastrum americanum (tall bellflower)

Cannabis sativa (marijuana)

Carex sprengelii (Sprengel’s sedge)

Celtis occidentalis (northern hackberry)

Cenchrus longispinus (long-spine sandbur)

Cirsium discolor (field thistle)

Cirsium vulgare (bull thistle)

Convolvulus arvensis (field bindweed)

Conyza canadensis (Canadian horseweed)

Crataegus sp. (hawthorn)

Dalea purpurea var. purpurea (purple prairie clover)

Delphinium carolinianum ssp. virescens (prairie larkspur)

Ellisia nyctelea (Aunt Lucy)

Elymus canadensis (Canada wildrye)

Elymus virginicus (Virginia wildrye)

Equisetum hyemale var. affine (scouring rush horsetail)

Equisetum laevigatum (smooth scouring rush)

Eragrostis spectabilis (purple lovegrass)

Erigeron annuus (annual fleabane)

Eriophorum viridicarinatum (thinleaf cottonsedge)

Eupatorium perfoliatum var. perfoliatum (common boneset)

Euphorbia corollata (flowering spurge)

Euphorbia nutans (nodding spurge)

Fragaria vesca ssp. americana (woodland strawberry)

Fragaria virginiana (common strawberry)

Frangula alnus (glossy buckthorn)

Fraxinus pennsylvanica (green ash)

Galium aparine (cleavers)

Geum triflorum var. triflorum (prairie smoke)

Glechoma hederacea (ground ivy)

Hackelia virginiana (Virginia stickseed)

Helianthus pauciflorus ssp. subrhomboideus (stiff sunflower)

Heliopsis helianthoides var. occidentalis (false sunflower)

Hemerocallis fulva (orange daylily)

Heterotheca villosa (hairy false goldenaster)

Heuchera richardsonii (prairie alumroot)

Houstonia longifolia (long-leaved bluet)

Hydrophyllum virginianum var. virginianum (Virginia waterleaf)

Hypericum perforatum (common St. Johnswort)

Impatiens pallida (pale touch-me-not)

Juniperus virginiana var. virginiana (eastern redcedar)

Leonurus cardiaca ssp. cardiaca (common motherwort)

Lepidium densiflorum var. densiflorum (prairie peppergrass)

Lespedeza capitata (round-headed bush clover)

Linaria vulgaris (butter and eggs)

Lithospermum incisum (fringed puccoon)

Lithospermum occidentale (western marbleseed)

Lonicera morrowii (Morrow’s honeysuckle)

Lonicera tatarica (Tartarian honeysuckle)

Maianthemum racemosum var. racemosum (common false Solomon’s seal)

Malus ioensis (prairie crabapple)

Medicago lupulina (black medick)

Melilotus albus (white sweet clover)

Melilotus officinalis (yellow sweet clover)

Menispermum canadense (Canada moonseed)

Mollugo verticillata (green carpetweed)

Monarda fistulosa (wild bergamot)

Nepeta cataria (catnip)

Oenothera biennis (common evening primrose)

Osmorhiza claytonii (bland sweet cicely)

Oxalis stricta (yellow wood sorrel)

Oxalis violacea (violet wood sorrel)

Packera plattensis (prairie groundsel)

Parthenocissus vitacea (woodbine)

Pastinaca sativa (wild parsnip)

Penstemon grandiflorus (large-flowered beardtongue)

Phleum pratense (timothy)

Phlox divaricata ssp. laphamii (wild blue phlox)

Physalis heterophylla var. heterophylla (clammy groundcherry)

Physalis virginiana var. virginiana (Virginia groundcherry)

Pinus sylvestris (Scotch pine)

Plantago major (common plantain)

Plantago patagonica (woolly plantain)

Plantago rugelii var. rugelii (black-seeded plantain)

Polemonium reptans var. reptans (Greek valerian)

Polymnia canadensis (white-flowered leaf-cup)

Populus deltoides ssp. molinifera (plains cottonwood)

Populus tremuloides (quaking aspen)

Potentilla recta (rough-fruited cinquefoil)

Prunus serotina var. serotina (black cherry)

Prunus virginiana var. virginiana (chokecherry)

Quercus ellipsoidalis (northern pin oak)

Quercus macrocarpa var. macrocarpa (bur oak)

Ranunculus abortivus (kidney-leaved buttercup)

Ranunculus rhomboideus (prairie buttercup)

Ratibida pinnata (gray-headed coneflower)

Rhamnus cathartica (common buckthorn)

Rhus glabra (smooth sumac)

Rubus occidentalis (black raspberry)

Rudbeckia laciniata var. laciniata (cut-leaved coneflower)

Rumex crispus (curly dock)

Schizachyrium scoparium var. scoparium (little bluestem)

Scrophularia lanceolata (early figwort)

Securigera varia (crown vetch)

Silene latifolia ssp. alba (white campion)

Sisyrinchium campestre (prairie blue-eyed grass)

Solidago altissima (late goldenrod)

Solidago gigantea (giant goldenrod)

Solidago missouriensis (Missouri goldenrod)

Solidago nemoralis (gray goldenrod)

Solidago rigida ssp. rigida (stiff goldenrod)

Sorghastrum nutans (Indiangrass)

Sporobolus heterolepis (prairie dropseed)

Symphoricarpos occidentalis (wolfberry)

Syringa vulgaris (common lilac)

Taraxacum officinale ssp. officinale (common dandelion)

Teucrium canadense (American germander)

Thlaspi arvense (field pennycress)

Toxicodendron rydbergii (western poison ivy)

Tragopogon dubius (yellow goat’s beard)

Trifolium pratense (red clover)

Trifolium repens (white clover)

Triosteum perfoliatum (late horse-gentian)

Turritis glabra (tower mustard)

Ulmus americana (American elm)

Ulmus pumila (Siberian elm)

Ulmus rubra (slippery elm)

Urtica dioica ssp. gracilis (stinging nettle)

Verbascum thapsus ssp. thapsus (common mullein)

Verbena stricta (hoary vervain)

Veronica bullii (kitten-tails)

Viola pedata (birdfoot violet)

Viola pedatifida var. pedatifida (prairie violet)

Viola sororia (common blue violet)

Vitis riparia (wild grape)

Zanthoxylum americanum (northern prickly ash)

American germander

black raspberry

bur oak

butter and eggs

catnip

chokecherry

common evening primrose

common mullein

common St. Johnswort

crown vetch

false sunflower

gray-headed coneflower

Greek valerian

hoary alyssum

hoary alyssum

leadplant

long-spine sandbur

orange daylily

purple giant hyssop

purple prairie clover

rough-fruited cinquefoil

round-headed bush clover

stiff goldenrod

tall bellflower

Tartarian honeysuckle

western poison ivy

white snakeroot

whorled milkweed

wild parsnip

woolly plantain

yellow wood sorrel


 

 

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