American red squirrel

(Tamiasciurus hudsonicus)

               
Conservation Status

IUCN Red List

LC - Least Concern

American red squirrel

NatureServe

N5 - Secure

SNR - Unranked

Minnesota

not listed

Occurrence

Common

Habitat

Coniferous, deciduous, and mixed forests

Lifespan

Usually less than 5 years

Size

Head and body: 7 to 8

Tail: 4 to 6

Photo by Wayne Rasmussen

Identification

This is a small, noisy tree squirrel, the smallest of the tree squirrels of its range.

At maturity it is 11 to 13¾ long including the tail.

The head and body are 7 to 8 long. In summer the back and sides are dull grayish- to greenish red. In winter they are orangish-red. The head is slightly darker and grayer with and there is a prominent white ring around each eye. The underside is white. There is a narrow black band, separating the brown upperside from the white underside, that is visible only in the summer. The legs and feet are yellowish brown.

The tail is 4 to 6 long. The upperside is reddish-brown bordered with black and cinnamon. The underside is gray tinged with cinnamon. In winter the fur colors are brighter.

The ears are moderate in size and somewhat pointed. In wither there are tufts of fur on the tips.

 
Sign  
 
Similar
Species

This pine squirrel is easily recognized by its small size, its red upperside, and its drawn-out, rachet-like chatter.


Food

 

 
Life Cycle

Nests are usually made by lining a tree hollow. Sometimes a hollow log is used, sometimes a leaf nest is built. The female has one litter of usually 2 to 5 in mid-January to mid-February. The young leave the nest after 40 days. Up to 75% die from predation in the first year. Those that survive may live up to 9 years, though few live more than 5 years.

 
Behavior

 


Distribution Distribution Map  

Sources: 7, 13, 15, 24, 29.

Northern red squirrel (Tamiasciurus hudsonicus hudsonicus) range is restricted to the northeastern and northcentral counties.

Minnesota red squirrel (Tamiasciurus hudsonicus minnesota) range includes all but the northeastern and northcentral counties.


Comments

 


Taxonomy

Order:

Rodentia (rodents)

 

Suborder:

Sciuromorpha (squirrels)

 

Family:

Sciuridae (chipmunks, marmots, squirrels)

 

Subfamily:

Sciurinae (tree squirrels, flying squirrels, and relatives)

 

Tribe:

Tamiasciurini (pine squirrels)

 
Subordinate Taxa

American red squirrel (Tamiasciurus hudsonicus abieticola)

Bailey’s red squirrel (Tamiasciurus hudsonicus baileyi)

British Columbia red squirrel (Tamiasciurus hudsonicus columbianus)

Black Hills red squirrel (Tamiasciurus hudsonicus dakotensis)

Dixie red squirrel (Tamiasciurus hudsonicus dixiensis)

Fremont red squirrel (Tamiasciurus hudsonicus fremonti)

Mount Graham red squirrel (Tamiasciurus hudsonicus grahamensis)

Bangs red squirrel (Tamiasciurus hudsonicus gymnicus)

northern red squirrel (Tamiasciurus hudsonicus hudsonicus)

Kenai red squirrel (Tamiasciurus hudsonicus kenaiensis)

American red squirrel (Tamiasciurus hudsonicus lanuginosus)

Laurentian red squirrel (Tamiasciurus hudsonicus laurentianus)

talkative red squirrel (Tamiasciurus hudsonicus loquax)

Ruidoso red squirrel (Tamiasciurus hudsonicus lychnuchus)

Minnesota red squirrel (Tamiasciurus hudsonicus minnesota)

Mogollon Mountains red squirrel (Tamiasciurus hudsonicus mogollonensis)

North Dakota red squirrel (Tamiasciurus hudsonicus pallescens)

Alaska red squirrel (Tamiasciurus hudsonicus petulans)

Kupreanof red squirrel (Tamiasciurus hudsonicus picatus)

American red squirrel (Tamiasciurus hudsonicus preblei)

Isle Royale red squirrel (Tamiasciurus hudsonicus regalis)

Richardson red squirrel (Tamiasciurus hudsonicus richardsoni)

Streator red squirrel (Tamiasciurus hudsonicus streatori)

Ungava red squirrel (Tamiasciurus hudsonicus ungavensis)

Wind River Mountains red squirrel (Tamiasciurus hudsonicus ventorum)

 
Synonyms

 

 
Common
Names

American red squirrel

boomer

chickaree

pine squirrel

red squirrel

spruce squirrel


 

 

 

 

 

 

       

Visitor Photos

   
Share your photo of this mammal.

Wayne Rasmussen


Cascade SP residents include a variety of squirrels. These were captured with a Sony CD1000 digital camera in June of 2001.

  American red squirrel    
       

Red Squirrel in Maplewood Hts Park. They are feisty critters and can be destructive to property, but they will deter the larger gray squirrels.

  American red squirrel    
  Tamiasciurus hudsonicus
Less than half as large as the gray, this noisy little squirrel is Minnesota's smallest tree squirrel. It is found in every county of the state, but is most common in evergreen (conifer) forests.
— MN DNR

       
       
       

MinnesotaSeasons.com Photos

   
  American red squirrel   American red squirrel
       
       

 

Camera

     

Slideshows

   
  Red Squirrels
Andree Reno Sanborn
 
  Red Squirrels  
 
About

They come out of the woods in the winter and enjoy the bird feeders. They are comical as they dig tunnels in the snow and chase each other about.

Tamiasciurus hudsonicus

 
     
  Tamiasciurus hudsonicus (Red Squirrel)
Allen Chartier
 
  Tamiasciurus hudsonicus (Red Squirrel)  
     
  American Red Squirrel
Doug Scobel
 
  American Red Squirrel  

 

slideshow

     

Visitor Videos

   
Share your video of this mammal.

     
     

Other Videos

 
  Red Squirrel (Sciuridae: Tamiasciurus hudsonicus) Vocalization
Carl Barrentine
 
   
 
About

Uploaded on Aug 11, 2010

Of interest to me here is the peculiar bass undertones embedded in this scolding chatter. I'm not sure if it's audible to all who listen to this clip. Photographed at the Rydell NWR, Minnesota (10 August 2010).

 
     
  Red Squirrel (Sciuridae: Tamiasciurus hudsonicus) Hip-hop
Carl Barrentine
 
   
 
About

Uploaded on Jul 11, 2009

Photographed at the Rydell NWR, Minnesota (11 July 2009).

 
     
  Tamiasciurus hudsonicus
Jean-François Noulin
 
   
 
About

Uploaded on Nov 25, 2011

Tamiasciurus hudsonicus

 
     
  Angry Red Squirrel - Brainerd Dispatch, MN
BrainerdDispatch
 
   
 
About

Published on Mar 14, 2012

I ran into this red squirrel while at the Northland Arboretum hunting for photos. It didn't like me. - Kelly Humphrey

 
     
  Upset North American Red Squirrel
Jessica Lyon
 
   
 
About

Published on Jul 4, 2012

I think he lost his mate.

 
     

 

Camcorder

         

Visitor Sightings

   
Share your sighting of this mammal.

Wayne Rasmussen
6/3/2016

Location: Maplewood Heights Park

They are feisty critters and can be destructive to property, but they will deter the larger gray squirrels.

American red squirrel


Wayne Rasmussen
6/8/2001

Location: Cascade River State Park

Cascade SP residents include a variety of squirrels. These were captured with a Sony CD1000 digital camera in June of 2001.

American red squirrel


     
     
 

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