Seven Springs WMA

       
   

Area and County

    Fillmore County
    Southeast Minnesota
     
 

Driving Directions

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Size

339.84 acres

 
 
Maps

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Printable map    
 
Parking

N43 37.958, W92 17.294

 
Hiking Trails

There are no maintained hiking trails. There is a well-worn trail that begins a few yards north of the parking area and leads up the bluff to the ridgetop. The trail crosses an intermittent stream, but the stream is probably a dry gulch most of the time. The slope is very steep at one point but should not be a problem for anyone wearing boots with knobby soles. The trail was marked with orange tape in 2019. There are also old forest roads and old farm roads througout the site.

 
Hunting

Deer, Small Game, Forest Upland Birds, Pheasants, Turkey. See Hunting and Trapping Regulations (MN DNR) for details.

 
Ecological Classification Province  

Eastern Broadleaf Forest Province

Ecological Classification
Section  

Paleozoic Plateau

Subsection(s)  

Rochester Plateau

The Blufflands

Land Type Association(s)

Elba Slopes

Stewartville Plain

 
Native Plant Communities1

Algific Talus: Limestone Subtype

Dry Bedrock Bluff Prairie (Southern)

Red Oak - White Oak - (Sugar Maple) Forest

White Pine - Sugar Maple - Basswood Forest (Cold Slope)

 
Ownership Minnesota DNR logo        
 
Links

Minnesota DNR

The Nature Conservancy

 
Comments

 

 

 
Visits

6/8/2019

           

 

 

 

 

       
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Parking

  Seven Springs WMA   Seven Springs WMA
       

Intermittent Stream

  Seven Springs WMA    
  The intermittent stream on the map near the parking area was a dry gulch on this day
       

Trail

  Seven Springs WMA    
  This well-worn footpath follows an old forest road.
       

Ridgetops

  Seven Springs WMA   Seven Springs WMA
  The ridgetops are terraced and are planted with native grasses and forbs.
       

South Branch Root River

  Seven Springs WMA   Seven Springs WMA
       
       

 

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MinnesotaSeasons.com Observations
   
Amphibians

American toad (Anaxyrus americanus)

American toad

 
Bacteria

apical chlorosis of Canada thistle (Pst) (Pseudomonas syringae pv. tagetis)

Pst

 
Birds

American Crow (Corvus brachyrhynchos)

American Robin (Turdus migratorius)

Bank Swallow (Riparia riparia)

Brown-headed Cowbird (Molothrus ater)

Clay-colored Sparrow (Spizella pallida)

Common Grackle (Quiscalus quiscula)

Common Yellowthroat (Geothlypis trichas)

Eastern Wood-peewee (Contopus virens)

Field Sparrow (Spizella pusilla)

Gray Catbird (Dumetella carolinensis)

Northern Cardinal (Cardinalis cardinalis)

Northern Flicker (Colaptes auratus)

Ovenbird (Seiurus aurocapillus)

Red-bellied Woodpecker (Melanerpes carolinus)

Ring-necked Pheasant (Phasianus colchicus)

Sedge Wren (Cistothorus platensis)

Song Sparrow (Melospiza melodia)

Turkey Vulture (Cathartes aura)

American Robin

Brown-headed Cowbird

Northern Cardinal

Red-bellied Woodpecker

Song Sparrow

 
Fish

Minnesota Biodiversity Atlas Fish List

 

 
Fungi and Lichens

Minnesota Biodiversity Atlas Lichen List

 
 

Dryad’s Saddle (Polyporus squamosus)

Milk-white Toothed Polypore (Irpex lacteus)

Oat Crown Rust (Puccinia coronata f. sp. avenae)

Dryad’s Saddle

 
Insects and Arachnids

American lady (Vanessa virginiensis)

black fly (Family Simuliidae)

chokecherry finger gall mite (Eriophyes emarginatae)

common whitetail (Plathemis lydia)

eastern tiger swallowtail (Papilio glaucus)

elm finger gall mite (Eriophyes parulmi)

goldenrod gall fly (Eurosta solidaginis)

harvestman (order Opiliones)

monarch (Danaus plexippus)

northern crescent (Phyciodes cocyta)

painted lady (Vanessa cardui)

red admiral (Vanessa atalanta)

twelve-spotted skimmer (Libellula pulchella)

American lady

common whitetail

painted lady

 

 
Mammals

American red squirrel (Tamiasciurus hudsonicus)

eastern chipmunk (Tamias striatus)

plains pocket gopher (Geomys bursarius)

whitetail deer (Odocoileus virginianus)

eastern chipmunk

 
Plants

One plant species with conservation status in Minnesota is found here:

 

Special concern

rattlesnake master (Eryngium yuccifolium var. yuccifolium)

 
 

Plants frequently found in:

Algific Talus: Limestone Subtype CTs46a1

Dry Bedrock Bluff Prairie (Southern) UPs13c

Red Oak - White Oak - (Sugar Maple) Forest MHs37b

White Pine - Sugar Maple - Basswood Forest (Cold Slope) MHc38a

 
 

 

agrimony (Agrimonia sp.)

alsike clover (Trifolium hybridum)

American basswood (Tilia americana var. americana)

American cow parsnip (Heracleum sphondylium ssp. montanum)

American elm (Ulmus americana)

American hog peanut (Amphicarpaea bracteata var. bracteata)

American red raspberry (Rubus idaeus ssp. strigosus)

annual fleabane (Erigeron annuus)

Aunt Lucy (Ellisia nyctelea)

baneberry (Actaea sp.)

bastard toadflax (Comandra umbellata ssp. umbellata)

Bell’s honeysuckle (Lonicera × bella)

big bluestem (Andropogon gerardii)

bitternut hickory (Carya cordiformis)

black cherry (Prunus serotina var. serotina)

black medick (Medicago lupulina)

black raspberry (Rubus occidentalis)

black walnut (Juglans nigra)

black-seeded plantain (Plantago rugelii var. rugelii)

bland sweet cicely (Osmorhiza claytonii)

bloodroot (Sanguinaria canadensis)

blue cohosh (Caulophyllum thalictroides)

blue spruce (Picea pungens)

bottle gentian (Gentiana andrewsii)

boxelder (Acer negundo var. negundo)

bracted spiderwort (Tradescantia bracteata)

bull thistle (Cirsium vulgare)

bur oak (Quercus macrocarpa var. macrocarpa)

Canada anemone (Anemone canadensis)

Canada moonseed (Menispermum canadense)

Canada thistle (Cirsium arvense)

Canada wildrye (Elymus canadensis)

Canadian honewort (Cryptotaenia canadensis)

Canadian woodnettle (Laportea canadensis)

chokecherry (Prunus virginiana var. virginiana)

cleavers (Galium aparine)

clustered black snakeroot (Sanicula odorata)

common buckthorn (Rhamnus cathartica)

common burdock (Arctium minus)

common cinquefoil (Potentilla simplex)

common dandelion (Taraxacum officinale ssp. officinale)

common evening primrose (Oenothera biennis)

common false Solomon’s seal (Maianthemum racemosum var. racemosum)

common motherwort (Leonurus cardiaca ssp. cardiaca)

common mullein (Verbascum thapsus ssp. thapsus)

common ragweed (Ambrosia artemisiifolia)

common yarrow (Achillea millefolium)

compass plant (Silphium laciniatum)

cup plant (Silphium perfoliatum var. perfoliatum)

curly dock (Rumex crispus)

cut-leaved coneflower (Rudbeckia laciniata var. laciniata)

dame’s rocket (Hesperis matronalis)

downy phlox (Phlox pilosa ssp. fulgida)

downy yellow violet (Viola pubescens var. pubescens)

early figwort (Scrophularia lanceolata)

early horse-gentian (Triosteum aurantiacum var. aurantiacum)

early meadow rue (Thalictrum dioicum)

eastern redcedar (Juniperus virginiana var. virginiana)

eastern star sedge (Carex radiata)

field thistle (Cirsium discolor)

garlic mustard (Alliaria petiolata)

giant chickweed (Myosoton aquaticum)

giant goldenrod (Solidago gigantea)

giant ragweed (Ambrosia trifida var. trifida)

golden alexanders (Zizia aurea)

gray-headed coneflower (Ratibida pinnata)

great waterleaf (Hydrophyllum appendiculatum)

green ash (Fraxinus pennsylvanica)

ground ivy (Glechoma hederacea)

hoary puccoon (Lithospermum canescens)

ironwood (Ostrya virginiana var. virginiana)

jack-in-the-pulpit (Arisaema triphyllum)

Kentucky bluegrass (Poa pratensis ssp. pratensis)

large-flowered beardtongue (Penstemon grandiflorus)

late goldenrod (Solidago altissima)

late horse-gentian (Triosteum perfoliatum)

leadplant (Amorpha canescens)

limber honeysuckle (Lonicera dioica)

Morrow’s honeysuckle (Lonicera morrowii)

mouse-ear chickweed (Cerastium fontanum ssp. vulgare)

northern hackberry (Celtis occidentalis)

northern lady fern (Athyrium filix-femina ssp. angustum)

northern pin oak (Quercus ellipsoidalis)

northern prickly ash (Zanthoxylum americanum)

northern red oak (Quercus rubra)

orchard grass (Dactylis glomerata ssp. glomerata)

oxeye daisy (Leucanthemum vulgare)

Philadelphia fleabane (Erigeron philadelphicus var. philadelphicus)

plains cottonwood (Populus deltoides ssp. molinifera)

pointed-leaved tick-trefoil (Desmodium glutinosum)

poke milkweed (Asclepias exaltata)

prairie fleabane (Erigeron strigosus)

prairie rose (Rosa arkansana)

prickly quill sedge (Carex echinodes)

purple-stem angelica (Angelica atropurpurea)

quaking aspen (Populus tremuloides)

rattlesnake fern (Botrypus virginianus)

rattlesnake master (Eryngium yuccifolium var. yuccifolium)

red clover (Trifolium pratense)

red elderberry (Sambucus racemosa var. racemosa)

reed canary grass (Phalaris arundinacea)

rough bedstraw (Galium asprellum)

rough-fruited cinquefoil (Potentilla recta)

sensitive fern (Onoclea sensibilis)

shepherd’s purse (Capsella bursa-pastoris)

Siberian elm (Ulmus pumila)

smooth brome (Bromus inermis)

smooth sumac (Rhus glabra)

spinulose wood fern (Dryopteris carthusiana)

spotted lady’s thumb (Persicaria maculosa)

spreading dogbane (Apocynum androsaemifolium)

Sprengel’s sedge (Carex sprengelii)

starry false Solomon’s seal (Maianthemum stellatum)

stiff goldenrod (Solidago rigida ssp. rigida)

stinging nettle (Urtica dioica ssp. gracilis)

sugar maple (Acer saccharum ssp. saccharum)

tall meadow rue (Thalictrum dasycarpum)

touch-me-not (Impatiens sp.)

upright carrionflower (Smilax ecirrhata)

veiny pea (Lathyrus venosus)

Virginia stickseed (Hackelia virginiana)

Virginia waterleaf (Hydrophyllum virginianum var. virginianum)

western poison ivy (Toxicodendron rydbergii)

white campion (Silene latifolia ssp. alba)

white rattlesnake root (Nabalus albus)

wild bergamot (Monarda fistulosa)

wild blue phlox (Phlox divaricata ssp. laphamii)

wild columbine (Aquilegia canadensis)

wild cucumber (Echinocystis lobata)

wild geranium (Geranium maculatum)

wild ginger (Asarum canadense)

wild grape (Vitis riparia)

wild parsnip (Pastinaca sativa)

winter cress (Barbarea vulgaris)

woodbine (Parthenocissus vitacea)

yellow avens (Geum aleppicum)

yellow wood sorrel (Oxalis stricta)

 

Acer negundo var. negundo (boxelder)

Acer saccharum ssp. saccharum (sugar maple)

Achillea millefolium (common yarrow)

Actaea sp. (baneberry)

Agrimonia sp. (agrimony)

Alliaria petiolata (garlic mustard)

Ambrosia artemisiifolia (common ragweed)

Ambrosia trifida var. trifida (giant ragweed)

Amorpha canescens (leadplant)

Amphicarpaea bracteata var. bracteata (American hog peanut)

Andropogon gerardii (big bluestem)

Anemone canadensis (Canada anemone)

Angelica atropurpurea (purple-stem angelica)

Apocynum androsaemifolium (spreading dogbane)

Aquilegia canadensis (wild columbine)

Arctium minus (common burdock)

Arisaema triphyllum (Jack-in-the-pulpit)

Asarum canadense (wild ginger)

Asclepias exaltata (poke milkweed)

Athyrium filix-femina ssp. angustum (northern lady fern)

Barbarea vulgaris (winter cress)

Botrypus virginianus (rattlesnake fern)

Bromus inermis (smooth brome)

Capsella bursa-pastoris (shepherd’s purse)

Carex echinodes (prickly quill sedge)

Carex radiata (eastern star sedge)

Carex sprengelii (Sprengel’s sedge)

Carya cordiformis (bitternut hickory)

Caulophyllum thalictroides (blue cohosh)

Celtis occidentalis (northern hackberry)

Cerastium fontanum ssp. vulgare (mouse-ear chickweed)

Cirsium arvense (Canada thistle)

Cirsium discolor (field thistle)

Cirsium vulgare (bull thistle)

Comandra umbellata ssp. umbellata (bastard toadflax)

Cryptotaenia canadensis (Canadian honewort)

Dactylis glomerata ssp. glomerata (orchard grass)

Desmodium glutinosum (pointed-leaved tick-trefoil)

Dryopteris carthusiana (spinulose wood fern)

Echinocystis lobata (wild cucumber)

Ellisia nyctelea (Aunt Lucy)

Elymus canadensis (Canada wildrye)

Erigeron annuus (annual fleabane)

Erigeron philadelphicus var. philadelphicus (Philadelphia fleabane)

Erigeron strigosus (prairie fleabane)

Eryngium yuccifolium var. yuccifolium (rattlesnake master)

Fraxinus pennsylvanica (green ash)

Galium aparine (cleavers)

Galium asprellum (rough bedstraw)

Gentiana andrewsii (bottle gentian)

Geranium maculatum (wild geranium)

Geum aleppicum (yellow avens)

Glechoma hederacea (ground ivy)

Hackelia virginiana (Virginia stickseed)

Heracleum sphondylium ssp. montanum (American cow parsnip)

Hesperis matronalis (dame’s rocket)

Hydrophyllum appendiculatum (great waterleaf)

Hydrophyllum virginianum var. virginianum (Virginia waterleaf)

Impatiens sp. (touch-me-not)

Juglans nigra (black walnut)

Juniperus virginiana var. virginiana (eastern redcedar)

Laportea canadensis (Canadian woodnettle)

Lathyrus venosus (veiny pea)

Leonurus cardiaca ssp. cardiaca (common motherwort)

Leucanthemum vulgare (oxeye daisy)

Lithospermum canescens (hoary puccoon)

Lonicera × bella (Bell’s honeysuckle)

Lonicera dioica (limber honeysuckle)

Lonicera morrowii (Morrow’s honeysuckle)

Maianthemum racemosum var. racemosum (common false Solomon’s seal)

Maianthemum stellatum (starry false Solomon’s seal)

Medicago lupulina (black medick)

Menispermum canadense (Canada moonseed)

Monarda fistulosa (wild bergamot)

Myosoton aquaticum (giant chickweed)

Nabalus albus (white rattlesnake root)

Oenothera biennis (common evening primrose)

Onoclea sensibilis (sensitive fern)

Osmorhiza claytonii (bland sweet cicely)

Ostrya virginiana var. virginiana (ironwood)

Oxalis stricta (yellow wood sorrel)

Parthenocissus vitacea (woodbine)

Pastinaca sativa (wild parsnip)

Penstemon grandiflorus (large-flowered beardtongue)

Persicaria maculosa (spotted lady’s thumb)

Phalaris arundinacea (reed canary grass)

Phlox divaricata ssp. laphamii (wild blue phlox)

Phlox pilosa ssp. fulgida (downy phlox)

Picea pungens (blue spruce)

Plantago rugelii var. rugelii (black-seeded plantain)

Poa pratensis ssp. pratensis (Kentucky bluegrass)

Populus deltoides ssp. molinifera (plains cottonwood)

Populus tremuloides (quaking aspen)

Potentilla recta (rough-fruited cinquefoil)

Potentilla simplex (common cinquefoil)

Prunus serotina var. serotina (black cherry)

Prunus virginiana var. virginiana (chokecherry)

Quercus ellipsoidalis (northern pin oak)

Quercus macrocarpa var. macrocarpa (bur oak)

Quercus rubra (northern red oak)

Ratibida pinnata (gray-headed coneflower)

Rhamnus cathartica (common buckthorn)

Rhus glabra (smooth sumac)

Rosa arkansana (prairie rose)

Rubus idaeus ssp. strigosus (American red raspberry)

Rubus occidentalis (black raspberry)

Rudbeckia laciniata var. laciniata (cut-leaved coneflower)

Rumex crispus (curly dock)

Sambucus racemosa var. racemosa (red elderberry)

Sanguinaria canadensis (bloodroot)

Sanicula odorata (clustered black snakeroot)

Scrophularia lanceolata (early figwort)

Silene latifolia ssp. alba (white campion)

Silphium laciniatum (compass plant)

Silphium perfoliatum var. perfoliatum (cup plant)

Smilax ecirrhata (upright carrionflower)

Solidago altissima (late goldenrod)

Solidago gigantea (giant goldenrod)

Solidago rigida ssp. rigida (stiff goldenrod)

Taraxacum officinale ssp. officinale (common dandelion)

Thalictrum dasycarpum (tall meadow rue)

Thalictrum dioicum (early meadow rue)

Tilia americana var. americana (American basswood)

Toxicodendron rydbergii (western poison ivy)

Tradescantia bracteata (bracted spiderwort)

Trifolium hybridum (alsike clover)

Trifolium pratense (red clover)

Triosteum aurantiacum var. aurantiacum (early horse-gentian)

Triosteum perfoliatum (late horse-gentian)

Ulmus americana (American elm)

Ulmus pumila (Siberian elm)

Urtica dioica ssp. gracilis (stinging nettle)

Verbascum thapsus ssp. thapsus (common mullein)

Viola pubescens var. pubescens (downy yellow violet)

Vitis riparia (wild grape)

Zanthoxylum americanum (northern prickly ash)

Zizia aurea (golden alexanders)

alsike clover

American cow parsnip

annual fleabane

Bell’s honeysuckle

black cherry

black cherry

bloodroot

bottle gentian

bracted spiderwort

Canada anemone

chokecherry

common evening primrose

common yarrow

cup plant

dame’s rocket

downy phlox

field thistle

golden alexanders

gray-headed coneflower

great waterleaf

hoary puccoon

large-flowered beardtongue

leadplant

Morrow’s honeysuckle

oxeye daisy

poke milkweed

prairie rose

rattlesnake master

red elderberry

rough-fruited cinquefoil

spotted touch-me-not

stiff goldenrod

Virginia waterleaf

white rattlesnake root

wild columbine

wild geranium

wild parsnip

yellow avens

 

 

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