Virginia waterleaf

(Hydrophyllum virginianum var. virginianum)

               
Conservation Status

IUCN Red List

not yet assessed

 

Virginia waterleaf

NatureServe

N5? - Secure

SNR - Unranked

Minnesota

not listed

Wetland
Indicator
Status

Great Plains

FAC - Facultative

Midwest

FAC - Facultative

Northcentral & Northeast

FAC - Facultative

Nativity

Native

Occurrence

Common

Habitat

Moist to wet. Woods.

Flowering

May to June

     
Flower Color

Lavender to white

     
Height

6 to 30

     

Identification

This is a 6 to 30 tall, erect, perennial forb that rises on multiple stems from fleshy, fibrous roots and a long, scaly rhizome.

The stems are erect, hairless near the bottom, hairy above the middle with short, appressed hairs.

Basal leaves are on stalks up to 5½ long. Stem leaves are alternate and on shorter stalks, the stalks becoming gradually shorter as they ascend the stem. The leaves are broadly triangular in outline, 4 to 8 long, usually wider than long. They ate dark green and often have pale green or whitish markings on the upper surface that resemble water spots. They are deeplydivided into usually 5, sometimes 7 or 9, lobes cut almost to the midrib (pinnatifid). The two basal lobes and the terminal lobe are divided again into 2 or 3 lobes. All lobes come to a sharp point at the tip. The margins have sharp, forward-pointing teeth.

The inflorescence is dense, compact, rounded clusters rising on forked stalks from the upper leaf axils and at the end of the stems.

The flowers are bell-shaped, ¼ to long on short stalks. The flower stalks have short, appressed, ascending hairs. They have 5 lavender to white petals, fused over half their length into a broad tube, then separating into 5 erect, flat-tipped lobes. There are 5 stamens with hairy filaments. The stamens and style extend well beyond the petals.

The fruit is a 1-chambered capsule with 1 to 3 seeds.

 
Similar
Species

Great waterleaf (Hydrophyllum appendiculatum) is a somewhat taller plant with less deeply divided leaves and both short and long hairs on the stems. It reaches up to 48 at maturity. Stem leaves are shallowly palmately divided into usually 5 lobes, giving them a maple-like appearance. The petals are lavender to pink, rarely white. The upper stems are densely hairy with both short and long hairs. The inflorescence stalk and the individual flower stalks are densely hairy. The stamens and style extend only slightly beyond the petals. It is found only in the southeast.


Distribution Distribution Map   Sources: 2, 3, 4, 5, 7, 28.

Comments

 


Taxonomy

Family:

Boraginaceae (borage)

 

Subfamily:

Hydrophylloideae

 

Tribe:

Hydrophylleae

 
Synonyms

Hydrophyllum virginianum var. atranthum

Hydrophyllum virginianum var. virginianum

 
Common
Names

Appalachian waterleaf

eastern waterleaf

John’s cabbage

northern waterleaf

Shawnee Salad

Shawnee-salad

Virginia waterleaf

Virginia water-leaf


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Glossary

palmately divided

Similar to a hand. Having more than three lobes that radiate from a single point at the base of the leaf.

 

pinnatifid

Deeply cut, more than half way to the midrib but not to the midrib, into lobes that are spaced out along the midrib; the lobes do not form separate leaflets.

 

rhizome

A horizontal, usually underground stem. It serves as a reproductive structure, producing roots below and shoots above at the nodes.

       

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Habitat

  Virginia waterleaf    
       

Plant

  Virginia waterleaf   Virginia waterleaf
       

Inflorescence

  Virginia waterleaf   Virginia waterleaf
       
  Virginia waterleaf    
       

Leaves

  Virginia waterleaf   Virginia waterleaf
       
  Virginia waterleaf    
       
       

 

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Other Videos

 
  Acrobat Ants Nectar Scraping Virginia Waterleaf
MrILoveTheAnts
 
   
 
About

Published on Jun 2, 2014

Virginia Waterleaf, Hydrophyllum virginianum, is a native ephemeral that is typically pollinated by bumblebees. Occasionally though ants, such as these Crematogaster cf. cerasi will steal the nectar, thus discouraging pollination. However these seem to only be nectar scraping the excess outside the petals.

 
     
  Virgina Waterleaf (Hydrophyllum virgianium)
PrairieMoonNursery
 
   
 
About

Uploaded on Apr 27, 2010

http://www.prairiemoon.com - Virginia Waterleaf is a very common woodland native plant. On April 1st at Prairie Moon Nursery, see the early spring "waterleaf" as it shows its 'water drops' growing in a moist woodland.

 
     
  bumble bee on flower
Nathan Steffenson
 
   
 
About

Published on Jul 29, 2013

virginia Waterleaf mille lacs kathio 2007

 
     

 

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