Hole-in-the-Mountain Prairie

       
   

Area and County

    Lincoln County
    Southwest Minnesota
     
 

Driving Directions

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Size

1,364 acres

 
 
Maps

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Complete

   
Printable map    
     

West Section

 

East Section

Printable map   Printable map
 
Parking

Conservancy Drive
N44 14.408, W96 17.912

Conservancy Drive is a single lane dirt road. Pull off the road and park on the south shoulder, leaving room for vehicles to pass.

Turn-out on U.S, Hwy 75
N44 15.038, W96 17.300

 
Hiking Trails

No maintained trails

 
Hunting

No hunting


Ecological Classification Province  

Prairie Parkland Province

Ecological Classification
Section  

North Central Glaciated Plains

Subsection(s)  

Coteau Moraines

Land Type Association(s)

Buffalo Ridge

Woodstock Till Plain

 
Native Plant Communities1

Basswood - Bur Oak - (Green Ash) Forest

Dry Hill Prairie (Southern)

Mesic Prairie (Southern)

Prairie Meadow/Carr

Wet Prairie (Southern)

Wet Seepage Prairie (Southern)


Ownership

The Nature Conservancy logo

 
Links

The Nature Conservancy


Comments

 


Visits

7/2/2005

  7/11/2018  

7/12/2018

  7/13/2018

 

 

 

 

       

Visitor Photos

   
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Laura Baxley


  Hole-in-the-Mountain Prairie    
       

View north

  Hole-in-the-Mountain Prairie    
       

Silver leaves

  Hole-in-the-Mountain Prairie    

       
       
       

MinnesotaSeasons.com Photos

   

Hilltop pulloff

  Hole-in-the-Mountain Prairie   Hole-in-the-Mountain Prairie
       

Access road and parking

  Hole-in-the-Mountain Prairie   Hole-in-the-Mountain Prairie
       

Sign at southeast corner

  Hole-in-the-Mountain Prairie   Hole-in-the-Mountain Prairie
       

Dry Hill Prairie (Southern)

  Hole-in-the-Mountain Prairie    
       

Prairie Meadow/Carr

  Hole-in-the-Mountain Prairie   Hole-in-the-Mountain Prairie
       
  Hole-in-the-Mountain Prairie   Hole-in-the-Mountain Prairie
       

Mesic Prairie (Southern) on the left, Dry Hill Prairie (Southern) on the right

  Hole-in-the-Mountain Prairie   Hole-in-the-Mountain Prairie
       

Undulating hills

  Hole-in-the-Mountain Prairie    
       
       
       

 

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Visitor Observations

   
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Laura Baxley


Amphibians

northern leopard frog (Rana pipiens)

 


Insects and Arachnids

regal fritillary (Speyeria idalia)

swamp milkweed leaf beetle (Labidomera clivicollis)

twelve-spotted skimmer (Libellula pulchella)

widow skimmer (Libellula luctuosa)

regal fritillary

Plants

bur oak (Quercus macrocarpa var. macrocarpa)

desert false indigo (Amorpha fruticosa)

leadplant (Amorpha canescens)

musk thistle (Carduus nutans)

leadplant


Reptiles

common garter snake (Thamnophis sirtalis) or plains garter snake (Thamnophis radix)

 


 

 

MinnesotaSeasons.com Observations

   

Amphibians

northern leopard frog (Rana pipiens)

northern leopard frog


Bacteria

apical chlorosis of Canada thistle (Pst) (Pseudomonas syringae pv. tagetis)

Pst


Birds

One bird species with conservation status in Minnesota has been seen here:

 

Special concern

Purple Martin (Progne subis)

 
 

American Goldfinch (Carduelis tristis)

Barn Swallow (Hirundo rustica)

Bobolink (Dolichonyx oryzivorus)

Brown-headed Cowbird (Molothrus ater)

Clay-colored Sparrow (Spizella pallida)

Common Grackle (Quiscalus quiscula)

Common Yellowthroat (Geothlypis trichas)

Dickcissel (Spiza americana)

Double-crested Cormorant (Phalacrocorax auritus)

Eastern Kingbird (Tyrannus tyrannus)

Field Sparrow (Spizella pusilla)

Killdeer (Charadrius vociferus)

Mourning Dove (Zenaida macroura)

Purple Martin (Progne subis)

Red-winged Blackbird (Agelaius phoeniceus)

Ring-necked Pheasant (Phasianus colchicus)

Sedge Wren (Cistothorus platensis)

Song Sparrow (Melospiza melodia)

Tree Swallow (Tachycineta bicolor)

Turkey Vulture (Cathartes aura)

Upland Sandpiper (Bartramia longicauda)

Western Meadowlark (Sturnella neglecta)

Yellow-headed Blackbird (Xanthocephalus xanthocephalus)

American Goldfinch

Brown-headed Cowbird

Mourning Dove

Red-winged Blackbird

Ring-necked Pheasant

Turkey Vulture


Insects and Arachnids

This is one of only two sites in Minnesota where the Uncas skipper can be found.

In 2017, the Minnesota Zoo’s Prairie Butterfly Conservation Program released 200 Dakota Skippers here. In 2018 they released another 400. There are plans to release more in 2019.

 
 

Four insect species with conservation status in Minnesota have been seen here:

 

Endangered

Dakota skipper (Hesperia dacotae)

Ottoe skipper (Hesperia ottoe)

Uncas skipper (Hesperia uncas)

 

Special concern

regal fritillary (Speyeria idalia)

 
 

achemon sphinx (Eumorpha achemon)

clouded sulphur (Colias philodice)

common green darner (Anax junius)

common wood nymph (Cercyonis pegala)

Dakota skipper (Hesperia dacotae)

dog day cicada (Neotibicen canicularis)

goldenrod bunch gall midge (Rhopalomyia solidaginis)

goldenrod gall fly (Eurosta solidaginis)

Halloween pennant (Celithemis eponina)

honeysuckle aphid (Hyadaphis tataricae)

monarch (Danaus plexippus)

orange sulphur (Colias eurytheme)

regal fritillary (Speyeria idalia)

twelve-spotted skimmer (Libellula pulchella)

viceroy (Limenitis archippus)

widow skimmer (Libellula luctuosa)

clouded sulphur

Halloween pennant

honeysuckle aphid

viceroy


Mammals

Other mammals seen here but not listed below include meadow jumping mouse (Zapus hudsonius), meadow vole (Microtus pennsylvanicus), northern short-tailed shrew (Blarina brevicauda), and prairie deer mouse (Peromyscus maniculatus bairdii)

 
 

eastern cottontail (Sylvilagus floridanus)

muskrat (Ondatra zibethicus)

plains pocket gopher (Geomys bursarius)

whitetail deer (Odocoileus virginianus)

eastern cottontail

Plants

Seven plant species with conservation status in Minnesota and one species on the watch list are found here:

 

Special concern

flexile milkvetch (Astragalus flexuosus var. flexuosus)

prairie moonwort (Botrychium campestre)

red three-awn (Aristida purpurea var. longiseta)

small white lady’s slipper (Cypripedium candidum)

small-leaved pussytoes (Antennaria parvifolia)

velvety goldenrod (Solidago mollis)

western white prairie clover (Dalea candida var. oligophylla)

 

Watch list

Tolstead’s Robin’s plantain (Erigeron pulchellus var. tolsteadii)

 
 

Minnesota Biodiversity Atlas Plant List

 
 

Plants frequently found in:

Basswood - Bur Oak - (Green Ash) Forest MHs38b

Dry Hill Prairie (Southern) UPs13d

Mesic Prairie (Southern) UPs23a

Prairie Meadow/Carr WMp73a

Wet Prairie (Southern) WPs54b

Wet Seepage Prairie (Southern) WPs54a

 
 

 

absinth wormwood (Artemisia absinthium)

alfalfa (Medicago sativa ssp. sativa)

alsike clover (Trifolium hybridum)

American bugleweed (Lycopus americanus)

American hog peanut (Amphicarpaea bracteata var. comosa)

American pasqueflower (Anemone patens var. multifida)

arum-leaved arrowhead (Sagittaria cuneata)

bearded wheatgrass (Elymus trachycaulus ssp. subsecundus)

big bluestem (Andropogon gerardii)

bird’s-foot trefoil (Lotus corniculatus var. corniculatus)

black medick (Medicago lupulina)

black-seeded plantain (Plantago rugelii var. rugelii)

blue vervain (Verbena hastata)

broad-leaved cattail (Typha latifolia)

bull thistle (Cirsium vulgare)

bur oak (Quercus macrocarpa var. macrocarpa)

butter and eggs (Linaria vulgaris)

Buxbaum’s sedge (Carex buxbaumii)

Canada anemone (Anemone canadensis)

Canada thistle (Cirsium arvense)

Canada wildrye (Elymus canadensis)

Canadian milkvetch (Astragalus canadensis var. canadensis)

Canadian tick-trefoil (Desmodium canadense)

candle anemone (Anemone cylindrica)

charlock mustard (Sinapis arvensis)

chicory (Cichorium intybus)

clammy groundcherry (Physalis heterophylla var. heterophylla)

common burdock (Arctium minus)

common dandelion (Taraxacum officinale ssp. officinale)

common duckweed (Lemna minor)

common evening primrose (Oenothera biennis)

common milkweed (Asclepias syriaca)

common plantain (Plantago major)

common ragweed (Ambrosia artemisiifolia)

common yarrow (Achillea millefolium)

crown vetch (Securigera varia)

cup plant (Silphium perfoliatum var. perfoliatum)

curly dock (Rumex crispus)

curly-cup gumweed (Grindelia squarrosa)

cut-leaved coneflower (Rudbeckia laciniata var. laciniata)

desert false indigo (Amorpha fruticosa)

dodder (Cuscuta sp.)

dotted blazing star (Liatris punctata var. punctata)

downy phlox (Phlox pilosa ssp. fulgida)

Dudley’s rush (Juncus dudleyi)

early figwort (Scrophularia lanceolata)

eastern redcedar (Juniperus virginiana var. virginiana)

false boneset (Brickellia eupatorioides var. corymbulosa)

false sunflower (Heliopsis helianthoides var. occidentalis)

field horsetail (Equisetum arvense)

field sow thistle (Sonchus arvensis)

fox sedge (Carex vulpinoidea)

foxtail barley (Hordeum jubatum ssp. jubatum)

giant goldenrod (Solidago gigantea)

golden alexanders (Zizia aurea)

gray goldenrod (Solidago nemoralis)

gray-headed coneflower (Ratibida pinnata)

green milkweed (Asclepias viridiflora)

green needlegrass (Nassella viridula)

grooved yellow flax (Linum sulcatum var. sulcatum)

heart-leaved four o’clock (Mirabilis nyctaginea)

heart-leaved golden alexanders (Zizia aptera)

hedge bindweed (Calystegia sepium)

hoary puccoon (Lithospermum canescens)

hoary vervain (Verbena stricta)

hybrid cattail (Typha × glauca)

Indian hemp (Apocynum cannabinum)

Indiangrass (Sorghastrum nutans)

June grass (Koeleria macrantha)

leadplant (Amorpha canescens)

leafy spurge (Euphorbia esula)

Leiberg’s panic grass (Dichanthelium leibergii)

lesser bladderwort (Utricularia minor)

little bluestem (Schizachyrium scoparium var. scoparium)

long-headed coneflower (Ratibida columnifera)

mat muhly (Muhlenbergia richardsonis)

Maximilian’s sunflower (Helianthus maximilianii)

Morrow’s honeysuckle (Lonicera morrowii)

narrow-leaved cattail (Typha angustifolia)

narrow-leaved purple coneflower (Echinacea angustifolia)

northern bedstraw (Galium boreale)

pale agoseris (Agoseris glauca var. glauca)

pale bulrush (Scirpus pallidus)

Pennsylvania cinquefoil (Potentilla pensylvanica)

plains cottonwood (Populus deltoides ssp. molinifera)

plains muhly (Muhlenbergia cuspidata)

plumeless thistle (Carduus acanthoides)

porcupine grass (Hesperostipa spartea)

prairie blazing star (Liatris pycnostachya var. pycnostachya)

prairie coreopsis (Coreopsis palmata)

prairie dropseed (Sporobolus heterolepis)

prairie fleabane (Erigeron strigosus)

prairie groundsel (Packera plattensis)

prairie larkspur (Delphinium carolinianum ssp. virescens)

prairie lettuce (Lactuca ludoviciana)

prairie rose (Rosa arkansana)

prairie turnip (Pediomelum esculentum)

prairie violet (Viola pedatifida var. pedatifida)

purple locoweed (Oxytropis lambertii var. lambertii)

purple prairie clover (Dalea purpurea var. purpurea)

red clover (Trifolium pratense)

red three-awn (Aristida purpurea var. longiseta)

redtop (Agrostis gigantea)

reed canary grass (Phalaris arundinacea)

rigid sedge (Carex tetanica)

rough blazing star (Liatris aspera)

sandbar willow (Salix interior)

scouring rush horsetail (Equisetum hyemale var. affine)

Scribner’s panic grass (Dichanthelium oligosanthes ssp. scribnerianum)

showy blue lettuce (Lactuca tatarica ssp. pulchella)

showy goldenrod (Solidago speciosa)

sideoats grama (Bouteloua curtipendula var. curtipendula)

silky aster (Symphyotrichum sericeum)

silverleaf scurfpea (Pediomelum argophyllum)

smooth brome (Bromus inermis)

smooth scouring rush (Equisetum laevigatum)

smooth sumac (Rhus glabra)

soft-stem bulrush (Schoenoplectus tabernaemontani)

spotted water hemlock (Cicuta maculata var. maculata)

spreading dogbane (Apocynum androsaemifolium)

stiff goldenrod (Solidago rigida ssp. rigida)

stiff sunflower (Helianthus pauciflorus)

swamp milkweed (Asclepias incarnata ssp. incarnata)

switch grass (Panicum virgatum var. virgatum)

timothy (Phleum pratense)

toothed evening primrose (Oenothera serrulata)

veiny pea (Lathyrus venosus)

Virginia groundcherry (Physalis virginiana var. virginiana)

Virginia waterleaf (Hydrophyllum virginianum var. virginianum)

water smartweed (Persicaria amphibia)

western marbleseed (Lithospermum occidentale)

western poison ivy (Toxicodendron rydbergii)

western ragweed (Ambrosia psilostachya)

western white prairie clover (Dalea candida var. oligophylla)

white heath aster (Symphyotrichum ericoides var. ericoides)

white prairie clover (Dalea candida var. candida)

white sage (Artemisia ludoviciana ssp. ludoviciana)

white sweet clover (Melilotus albus)

whorled milkweed (Asclepias verticillata)

wild bergamot (Monarda fistulosa)

wild grape (Vitis riparia)

wild licorice (Glycyrrhiza lepidota)

wild mint (Mentha arvensis)

wolfberry (Symphoricarpos occidentalis)

wood lily (Lilium philadelphicum var. andinum)

woodbine (Parthenocissus vitacea)

woolly sedge (Carex pellita)

woundwort (Stachys pilosa var. arenicola)

yellow goat’s beard (Tragopogon dubius)

yellow sweet clover (Melilotus officinalis)

yellow violet (Viola pubescens)

 

Achillea millefolium (common yarrow)

Agoseris glauca var. glauca (pale agoseris)

Agrostis gigantea (redtop)

Ambrosia artemisiifolia (common ragweed)

Ambrosia psilostachya (western ragweed)

Amorpha canescens (leadplant)

Amorpha fruticosa (desert false indigo)

Amphicarpaea bracteata var. comosa (American hog peanut)

Andropogon gerardii (big bluestem)

Anemone canadensis (Canada anemone)

Anemone cylindrica (candle anemone)

Anemone patens var. multifida (American pasqueflower)

Apocynum androsaemifolium (spreading dogbane)

Apocynum cannabinum (Indian hemp)

Arctium minus (common burdock)

Aristida purpurea var. longiseta (red three-awn)

Artemisia absinthium (absinth wormwood)

Artemisia ludoviciana ssp. ludoviciana (white sage)

Asclepias incarnata ssp. incarnata (swamp milkweed)

Asclepias syriaca (common milkweed)

Asclepias verticillata (whorled milkweed)

Asclepias viridiflora (green milkweed)

Astragalus canadensis var. canadensis (Canadian milkvetch)

Bouteloua curtipendula var. curtipendula (sideoats grama)

Brickellia eupatorioides var. corymbulosa (false boneset)

Bromus inermis (smooth brome)

Calystegia sepium (hedge bindweed)

Carduus acanthoides (plumeless thistle)

Carex buxbaumii (Buxbaum’s sedge)

Carex pellita (woolly sedge)

Carex tetanica (rigid sedge)

Carex vulpinoidea (fox sedge)

Cichorium intybus (chicory)

Cicuta maculata var. maculata (spotted water hemlock)

Cirsium arvense (Canada thistle)

Cirsium vulgare (bull thistle)

Coreopsis palmata (prairie coreopsis)

Cuscuta sp. (dodder)

Dalea candida var. candida (white prairie clover)

Dalea candida var. oligophylla (western white prairie clover)

Dalea purpurea var. purpurea (purple prairie clover)

Delphinium carolinianum ssp. virescens (prairie larkspur)

Desmodium canadense (Canadian tick-trefoil)

Dichanthelium leibergii (Leiberg’s panic grass)

Dichanthelium oligosanthes ssp. scribnerianum (Scribner’s panic grass)

Echinacea angustifolia (narrow-leaved purple coneflower)

Elymus canadensis (Canada wildrye)

Elymus trachycaulus ssp. subsecundus (bearded wheatgrass)

Equisetum arvense (field horsetail)

Equisetum hyemale var. affine (scouring rush horsetail)

Equisetum laevigatum (smooth scouring rush)

Erigeron strigosus (prairie fleabane)

Euphorbia esula (leafy spurge)

Galium boreale (northern bedstraw)

Glycyrrhiza lepidota (wild licorice)

Grindelia squarrosa (curly-cup gumweed)

Helianthus maximilianii (Maximilian’s sunflower)

Helianthus pauciflorus (stiff sunflower)

Heliopsis helianthoides var. occidentalis (false sunflower)

Hesperostipa spartea (porcupine grass)

Hordeum jubatum ssp. jubatum (foxtail barley)

Hydrophyllum virginianum var. virginianum (Virginia waterleaf)

Juncus dudleyi (Dudley’s rush)

Juniperus virginiana var. virginiana (eastern redcedar)

Koeleria macrantha (June grass)

Lactuca ludoviciana (prairie lettuce)

Lactuca tatarica ssp. pulchella (showy blue lettuce)

Lathyrus venosus (veiny pea)

Lemna minor (common duckweed)

Liatris aspera (rough blazing star)

Liatris punctata var. punctata (dotted blazing star)

Liatris pycnostachya var. pycnostachya (prairie blazing star)

Lilium philadelphicum var. andinum (wood lily)

Linaria vulgaris (butter and eggs)

Linum sulcatum var. sulcatum (grooved yellow flax)

Lithospermum canescens (hoary puccoon)

Lithospermum occidentale (western marbleseed)

Lonicera morrowii (Morrow’s honeysuckle)

Lotus corniculatus var. corniculatus (bird’s-foot trefoil)

Lycopus americanus (American bugleweed)

Medicago lupulina (black medick)

Medicago sativa ssp. sativa (alfalfa)

Melilotus albus (white sweet clover)

Melilotus officinalis (yellow sweet clover)

Mentha arvensis (wild mint)

Mirabilis nyctaginea (heart-leaved four o’clock)

Monarda fistulosa (wild bergamot)

Muhlenbergia cuspidata (plains muhly)

Muhlenbergia richardsonis (mat muhly)

Nassella viridula (green needlegrass)

Oenothera biennis (common evening primrose)

Oenothera serrulata (toothed evening primrose)

Oxytropis lambertii var. lambertii (purple locoweed)

Packera plattensis (prairie groundsel)

Panicum virgatum var. virgatum (switch grass)

Parthenocissus vitacea (woodbine)

Pediomelum argophyllum (silverleaf scurfpea)

Pediomelum esculentum (prairie turnip)

Persicaria amphibia (water smartweed)

Phalaris arundinacea (reed canary grass)

Phleum pratense (timothy)

Phlox pilosa ssp. fulgida (downy phlox)

Physalis heterophylla var. heterophylla (clammy groundcherry)

Physalis virginiana var. virginiana (Virginia groundcherry)

Plantago major (common plantain)

Plantago rugelii var. rugelii (black-seeded plantain)

Populus deltoides ssp. molinifera (plains cottonwood)

Potentilla pensylvanica (Pennsylvania cinquefoil)

Quercus macrocarpa var. macrocarpa (bur oak)

Ratibida columnifera (long-headed coneflower)

Ratibida pinnata (gray-headed coneflower)

Rhus glabra (smooth sumac)

Rosa arkansana (prairie rose)

Rudbeckia laciniata var. laciniata (cut-leaved coneflower)

Rumex crispus (curly dock)

Sagittaria cuneata (arum-leaved arrowhead)

Salix interior (sandbar willow)

Schizachyrium scoparium var. scoparium (little bluestem)

Schoenoplectus tabernaemontani (soft-stem bulrush)

Scirpus pallidus (pale bulrush)

Scrophularia lanceolata (early figwort)

Securigera varia (crown vetch)

Silphium perfoliatum var. perfoliatum (cup plant)

Sinapis arvensis (charlock mustard)

Solidago gigantea (giant goldenrod)

Solidago nemoralis (gray goldenrod)

Solidago rigida ssp. rigida (stiff goldenrod)

Solidago speciosa (showy goldenrod)

Sonchus arvensis (field sow thistle)

Sorghastrum nutans (Indiangrass)

Sporobolus heterolepis (prairie dropseed)

Stachys pilosa var. arenicola (woundwort)

Symphoricarpos occidentalis (wolfberry)

Symphyotrichum ericoides var. ericoides (white heath aster)

Symphyotrichum sericeum (silky aster)

Taraxacum officinale ssp. officinale (common dandelion)

Toxicodendron rydbergii (western poison ivy)

Tragopogon dubius (yellow goat’s beard)

Trifolium hybridum (alsike clover)

Trifolium pratense (red clover)

Typha × glauca (hybrid cattail)

Typha angustifolia (narrow-leaved cattail)

Typha latifolia (broad-leaved cattail)

Utricularia minor (lesser bladderwort)

Verbena hastata (blue vervain)

Verbena stricta (hoary vervain)

Viola pedatifida var. pedatifida (prairie violet)

Viola pubescens (yellow violet)

Vitis riparia (wild grape)

Zizia aptera (heart-leaved golden alexanders)

Zizia aurea (golden alexanders)

alsike clover

American pasqueflower

bird’s-foot trefoil

blue vervain

butter and eggs

Canada anemone

Canadian milkvetch

Canadian tick-trefoil

common evening primrose

common yarrow

crown vetch

desert false indigo

downy phlox

false boneset

false sunflower

gray-headed coneflower

heart-leaved four o’clock

heart-leaved golden alexanders

hoary puccoon

leadplant

long-headed coneflower

Morrow’s honeysuckle

pale agoseris

prairie coreopsis

prairie fleabane (var. strigosus)

prairie larkspur

prairie rose

purple locoweed

purple prairie clover

showy goldenrod (var. speciosa)

silky aster

swamp milkweed

toothed evening primrose

Virginia waterleaf

western poison ivy

whorled milkweed

wild bergamot

wood lily

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


Reptiles

plains garter snake (Thamnophis radix)

plains garter snake


 

 

Binoculars

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