Hole-in-the-Mountain Prairie

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Area and County

Lincoln County





1,364 acres

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East Section

West Section


N44 14.402, W96 17.925

Hiking Trails

No maintained trails


No hunting

Ecological Classification


Prairie Parkland Province

Ecological Classification


North Central Glaciated Plains


Coteau Moraines

Land Type Association(s)

Buffalo Ridge

Woodstock Till Plain

Native Plant Communities1

Basswood - Bur Oak - (Green Ash) Forest

Dry Hill Prairie (Southern)

Mesic Prairie (Southern)

Prairie Meadow/Carr

Wet Prairie (Southern)

Wet Seepage Prairie (Southern)


The Nature Conservancy logo


The Nature Conservancy








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The Nature Conservancy Sign

  Hole-in-the-Mountain Prairie    

Old Roadbed

  Hole-in-the-Mountain Prairie    









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Visitor Observations

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MinnesotaSeasons.com Observations



One bird species with conservation status in Minnesota has been seen here:


Special concern

Purple Martin (Progne subis)


Bobolink (Dolichonyx oryzivorus)

Brown-headed Cowbird (Molothrus ater)

Common Grackle (Quiscalus quiscula)

Dickcissel (Spiza americana)

Eastern Kingbird (Tyrannus tyrannus)

Killdeer (Charadrius vociferus)

Mourning Dove (Zenaida macroura)

Purple Martin (Progne subis)

Red-winged Blackbird (Agelaius phoeniceus)

Ring-necked Pheasant (Phasianus colchicus)

Tree Swallow (Tachycineta bicolor)

Brown-headed Cowbird

Mourning Dove

Ring-necked Pheasant

Insects and Arachnids

This is one of only two sites in Minnesota where the Uncas skipper can be found.


Three insect species with conservation status in Minnesota have been seen here:



Dakota skipper (Hesperia dacotae)

Ottoe skipper (Hesperia ottoe)

Uncas skipper (Hesperia uncas)


monarch (Danaus plexippus)

viceroy (Limenitis archippus)

twelve-spotted skimmer (Libellula pulchella)

widow skimmer (Libellula luctuosa)

widow skimmer


eastern cottontail (Sylvilagus floridanus)

whitetail deer (Odocoileus virginianus)

eastern cottontail


Six plant species with conservation status in Minnesota and one species on the watch list are found here:


Special concern

flexile milkvetch (Astragalus flexuosus var. flexuosus)

prairie moonwort (Botrychium campestre)

red three-awn (Aristida purpurea var. longiseta)

small white lady’s slipper (Cypripedium candidum)

small-leaved pussytoes (Antennaria parvifolia)

velvety goldenrod (Solidago mollis)


Watch list

Tolstead’s Robin’s plantain (Erigeron pulchellus var. tolsteadii)


Minnesota Biodiversity Atlas Plant List


Plants frequently found in:

Basswood - Bur Oak - (Green Ash) Forest MHs38b

Dry Hill Prairie (Southern) UPs13d

Mesic Prairie (Southern) UPs23a

Prairie Meadow/Carr WMp73a

Wet Prairie (Southern) WPs54b

Wet Seepage Prairie (Southern) WPs54a



alfalfa (Medicago sativa ssp. sativa)

alsike clover (Trifolium hybridum)

arum-leaved arrowhead (Sagittaria cuneata)

black medick (Medicago lupulina)

blue vervain (Verbena hastata)

broad-leaved cattail (Typha latifolia)

bull thistle (Cirsium vulgare)

Canada anemone (Anemone canadensis)

Canadian milkvetch (Astragalus canadensis var. canadensis)

charlock mustard (Sinapis arvensis)

chicory (Cichorium intybus)

clammy groundcherry (Physalis heterophylla var. heterophylla)

common burdock (Arctium minus)

common evening primrose (Oenothera biennis)

common milkweed (Asclepias syriaca)

common yarrow (Achillea millefolium)

curly dock (Rumex crispus)

curly-cup gumweed (Grindelia squarrosa)

cut-leaved coneflower (Rudbeckia laciniata var. laciniata)

downy phlox (Phlox pilosa ssp. fulgida)

false sunflower (Heliopsis helianthoides var. occidentalis)

foxtail barley (Hordeum jubatum ssp. jubatum)

green milkweed (Asclepias viridiflora)

heart-leaved four o’clock (Mirabilis nyctaginea)

hedge bindweed (Calystegia sepium)

hoary puccoon (Lithospermum canescens)

hoary vervain (Verbena stricta)

leadplant (Amorpha canescens)

lesser bladderwort (Utricularia minor)

narrow-leaved cattail (Typha angustifolia)

narrow-leaved purple coneflower (Echinacea angustifolia)

porcupine grass (Hesperostipa spartea)

prairie rose (Rosa arkansana)

prairie turnip (Pediomelum esculentum)

purple locoweed (Oxytropis lambertii var. lambertii)

red clover (Trifolium pratense)

silverleaf scurfpea (Pediomelum argophyllum)

smooth brome (Bromus inermis)

smooth scouring rush (Equisetum laevigatum)

smooth sumac (Rhus glabra)

spotted water hemlock (Cicuta maculata var. maculata)

swamp milkweed (Asclepias incarnata ssp. incarnata)

timothy (Phleum pratense)

toothed evening primrose (Oenothera serrulata)

western marbleseed (Lithospermum occidentale)

white sage (Artemisia ludoviciana ssp. ludoviciana)

white sweet clover (Melilotus albus)

wood lily (Lilium philadelphicum var. andinum)

woundwort (Stachys pilosa var. arenicola)

yellow goat’s beard (Tragopogon dubius)

yellow sweet clover (Melilotus officinalis)


Achillea millefolium (common yarrow)

Amorpha canescens (leadplant)

Anemone canadensis (Canada anemone)

Arctium minus (common burdock)

Artemisia ludoviciana ssp. ludoviciana (white sage)

Asclepias incarnata ssp. incarnata (swamp milkweed)

Asclepias syriaca (common milkweed)

Asclepias viridiflora (green milkweed)

Astragalus canadensis var. canadensis (Canadian milkvetch)

Bromus inermis (smooth brome)

Calystegia sepium (hedge bindweed)

Cichorium intybus (chicory)

Cicuta maculata var. maculata (spotted water hemlock)

Cirsium vulgare (bull thistle)

Echinacea angustifolia (narrow-leaved purple coneflower)

Equisetum laevigatum (smooth scouring rush)

Grindelia squarrosa (curly-cup gumweed)

Heliopsis helianthoides var. occidentalis (false sunflower)

Hesperostipa spartea (porcupine grass)

Hordeum jubatum ssp. jubatum (foxtail barley)

Lilium philadelphicum var. andinum (wood lily)

Lithospermum canescens (hoary puccoon)

Lithospermum occidentale (western marbleseed)

Medicago lupulina (black medick)

Medicago sativa ssp. sativa (alfalfa)

Melilotus albus (white sweet clover)

Melilotus officinalis (yellow sweet clover)

Mirabilis nyctaginea (heart-leaved four o’clock)

Oenothera biennis (common evening primrose)

Oenothera serrulata (toothed evening primrose)

Oxytropis lambertii var. lambertii (purple locoweed)

Pediomelum argophyllum (silverleaf scurfpea)

Pediomelum esculentum (prairie turnip)

Phleum pratense (timothy)

Phlox pilosa ssp. fulgida (downy phlox)

Physalis heterophylla var. heterophylla (clammy groundcherry)

Rhus glabra (smooth sumac)

Rosa arkansana (prairie rose)

Rudbeckia laciniata var. laciniata (cut-leaved coneflower)

Rumex crispus (curly dock)

Sagittaria cuneata (arum-leaved arrowhead)

Sinapis arvensis (charlock mustard)

Stachys pilosa var. arenicola (woundwort)

Tragopogon dubius (yellow goat’s beard)

Trifolium hybridum (alsike clover)

Trifolium pratense (red clover)

Typha angustifolia (narrow-leaved cattail)

Typha latifolia (broad-leaved cattail)

Utricularia minor (lesser bladderwort)

Verbena hastata (blue vervain)

Verbena stricta (hoary vervain)

alsike clover

Canadian milkvetch


common yarrow

false sunflower

green milkweed


narrow-leaved purple coneflower

prairie rose

spotted water hemlock

swamp milkweed

toothed evening primrose

wood lily




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