clammy groundcherry

(Physalis heterophylla var. heterophylla)

Conservation Status
clammy groundcherry
Photo by Dan W. Andree
  IUCN Red List

not listed

     
  NatureServe

N5 - Secure

SNR - Unranked

     
  Minnesota

not listed

     
           
           
           
 
Description
 
 

Clammy groundcherry is a 8 to 36 tall, erect, perennial forb that rises from a tough, deep, horizontal, underground stem (rhizome). It often forms colonies.

The stems are branched. The upper part of the stem is densely covered with both long, soft, shaggy hairs and sticky, glandular hairs.

The leaves are alternate, thick, soft to the touch, stalked, egg-shaped or diamond-shaped, 1½ to 4 long, and 1½ to 2½ wide. They are broad and rounded or heart-shaped at the base, and taper to a point at the tip with straight sides along the tip. The margins have a few irregular teeth. The upper and lower surfaces have silky, appressed hairs as well as glandular hairs.

The inflorescence is single flowers nodding at the end of to 3 5 long, glandular-hairy stalks (pedicels) rising from the leaf axils.

The flowers are ½ to ¾ long and wide. There are 5 pale yellow petals with purple to brown splotches near the center. They are fused into a bell-shaped corolla with 5 shallow lobes.

The fruit is a ½ spherical, berry, green at first, turning yellow at maturity. It is enclosed in an inflated, papery, heart-shaped, ¾ long husk. The tip of the husk is mostly closed, and the base has a shallow indentation where it connects to the stem. The husk hangs from a pedicel that has elongated to 1. The berries are poisonous when green, edible when ripe.

 
     
 

Height

 
 

8 to 36

 
     
 

Flower Color

 
 

Pale yellow with purple to brown centers

 
     
 

Similar Species

 
  Virginia groundcherry (Physalis virginiana var. virginiana) is a shorter plant, no more than 24 at maturity. The upper stems are covered with short, stiff hairs that are bent backward, and no glandular hairs. The leaves are narrow, taper to the base, and extend down along the stem somewhat. They lack the “clammy” feel. The fruit is an orange berry. The base of the husk is sunken (this may be difficult to distinguish from the “indented” base of clammy groundcherry).  
     
 
Habitat
 
 

Dry. Upland woods, prairies. Full or partial sun.

 
     
 
Biology
 
 

Flowering

 
 

June to September

 
     
 
Use
 
 

 

 
     
 
Distribution
 
 

Distribution Map

 

Sources

2, 3, 4, 5, 7, 24, 28, 30.

 
  6/11/2021      
         
 

Nativity

 
 

Native

 
         
 

Occurrence

 
 

 

 
         
 
Taxonomy
 
  Kingdom Plantae (green algae and land plants)  
  Subkingdom Viridiplantae (green plants)  
  Infrakingdom Streptophyta (land plants and green algae)  
  Superdivision Embryophyta (land plants)  
  Division Tracheophyta (vascular plants)  
  Subdivision Spermatophytina (seed plants)  
  Class Magnoliopsida (dicots)  
  Superorder Asteranae  
 

Order

Solanales (nightshades, bindweeds, gooseweeds, and allies)  
 

Family

Solanaceae (nightshades)  
  Subfamily Solanoideae (nightshades and allies)  
  Tribe Physaleae (groundcherries, lanterns, and allies)  
  Subtribe Physalinae  
 

Genus

Physalis (groundcherry)  
  Species Physalis heterophylla (clammy groundcherry)  
       
 

Subordinate Taxa

 
 

 

 
       
 

Synonyms

 
 

Physalis ambigua

Physalis heterophylla var. ambigua

Physalis heterophylla var. clavipes

Physalis heterophylla var. nyctaginea

Physalis heterophylla var. villosa

Physalis nyctaginea

Physalis sinuata

 
       
 

Common Names

 
 

clammy ground-cherry

clammy groundcherry

 
       

 

 

 

 

 

 

Glossary

Corolla

A collective name for all of the petals of a flower.

 

Glandular hairs

Hairs spread over aerial vegetation that secrete essential oils. The oils act to protect against herbivores and pathogens or, when on a flower part, attract pollinators. The hairs have a sticky or oily feel.

 

Pedicel

On plants: the stalk of a single flower in a cluster of flowers. On Hymenoptera and Araneae: the narrow stalk connecting the thorax to the abdomen.

 

Rhizome

A horizontal, usually underground stem. It serves as a reproductive structure, producing roots below and shoots above at the nodes.

 
 
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Dan W. Andree

 
 

I think this might be some kind of Ground Cherry
Plant ...

It was blooming at Frenchman’s Bluff SNA last June 18, 2020. But I'm not really sure just what it is.

  clammy groundcherry  
           
 
MinnesotaSeasons.com Photos
 
 

Plant

 
    clammy groundcherry   clammy groundcherry  
           
    clammy groundcherry      
           
 

Leaves

 
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Other Videos
 
  EatTheWeeds: Episode 58: Ground Cherries, Physalis
EatTheWeeds
 
   
 
About

Dec 17, 2008

http://www.eattheweeds.com/physalis-tomatos-wild-cousin-2/

Learn about wild food with Green Deane about the edible ground cherry (physalis) a wild edible that has found its way into cultivation.

 
       

 

Camcorder

 
 
Visitor Sightings
 
           
 

Report a sighting of this plant.

 
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  Dan W. Andree
6/18/2020

Location: Frenchman’s Bluff SNA

I think this might be some kind of Ground Cherry Plant ... But I'm not really sure just what it is.

clammy groundcherry

 
  Renata
7/1/2017

Location: NE Mpls

Discovered a large patch growing on the edge of a large Juniper near a patch of Native Prairie Plants much to our delight

 

 
           
 
MinnesotaSeasons.com Sightings
 
   

 

 

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