Cottonwood River Prairie SNA

       
   

Area and County

    Brown County
    Southwest Minnesota
     
 

Driving Directions

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Size

347 acres

 
 
Maps

Detail map (MN DNR)

     

 Printable Maps with GPS coordinates

 

Complete

 

Prairie Champion Unit

Prairie Sky Unit   Prairie Champion Unit
     

Railroad Prairie Unit

 

Prairie Sky Unit

Prairie Sky Unit   Prairie Sky Unit
 
Parking

Prairie Champion Unit
N44 12.141, W95 06.171

Prairie Sky Unit, Railroad Prairie
N44 11.664, W95 03.576

 
Hiking Trails

No maintained trails

 
Hunting

No hunting

 
Ecological Classification Province  

Prairie Parkland Province

Ecological Classification
Section  

North Central Glaciated Plains

Subsection(s)  

Minnesota River Prairie

Land Type Association(s)

Renville Till Plain

 
Native Plant Communities1

Dry Sand - Gravel Prairie (Southern)

Mesic Prairie (Southern)

Prairie Wetland Complex

Wet Prairie (Southern)

 
Ownership Minnesota DNR logo        
 
Links

Minnesota DNR

 
Comments

360° View
The highest point on the Prairie Sky Unit is near the northeast corner of the unit. From here, a visitor is treated to a spectacular 360° view and can see for at least a mile in every direction. The GPS coordinates are N44 11.994, W95 3.978.

 
Visits

9/13/2010

  6/21/2019    

 

 

 

 

       
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Prairie Champion Unit
       

Parking

  Prairie Champion Unit   Prairie Champion Unit
       
  Prairie Champion Unit    
       

Interpretive Sign

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Wood Routed Sign

  Prairie Champion Unit    
       

Prairie Wetland Complex

  Prairie Champion Unit   Prairie Champion Unit
       

Dry Sand - Gravel Prairie (Southern)

  Prairie Champion Unit   Prairie Champion Unit
       
Railroad Prairie Unit
       

Tressels

  Railroad Prairie   Railroad Prairie
       
Prairie Sky Unit
       

Parking

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Interpretive Sign

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Mound Creek

  Prairie Sky Unit    
       

Prairie Reconstruction

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Dry Sand - Gravel Prairie (Southern)

  Prairie Sky Unit   Prairie Sky Unit
       
  Prairie Sky Unit   Prairie Sky Unit
       

View from the Top

  Prairie Sky Unit
       

 

Camera

     
Slideshows
   
  Cottonwood River Prairie SNA
minnesota_snas
 
  Cottonwood River Prairie SNA  
 
About

The abandoned rail line at the heart of this SNA exemplifies the long-standing association between prairie conservation and railroad corridors, which provide accidental refuge for native species on the uncultivated rights of way (along with an occasional spark-generated revitalizing fire).

 
     

 

slideshow

       
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Other Videos
 
  First Snow
Dale Bohlke
 
   
 
About

The first snow falling on the prairie is a quiet, peaceful, and beautiful event. The warm autumn colors will gradually be replaced with white and then the winds will return. In the meantime a stillness descends on the prairie.

Relaxing Piano Music" Kevin MacLeod (incompetech.com)

Licensed under Creative Commons: By Attribution 3.0
creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

   
       
  At the Rock
Dale Bohlke
 
   
 
About

During the month of June I set a camera trap at a small puddle in some isolated rocks on Cottonwood Prairie SNA. I was hoping to get some mice or small rodents so the colorful male ring neck pheasant was a surprise. The only night visitor was a passing raccoon. Sound during the camera trap video was recorded live. Still images from an iPhone6. Editing in Final Cut.

   
       
  Prairie Clouds
Dale Bohlke
 
   
 
About

High clouds and warm light made this evening a time-lapse photographer's dream. Two cameras were used to record the drama. Recorded at Cottonwood River Prairie SNA in Minnesota.

Music from audio network.com

   
       
  Prairie Bush Clover
Adam Arvidson
 
   
 
About

Published on Apr 5, 2012

Prairie Bush Clover (Lespedeza leptostachya) at Cottonwood River Scientific and Natural Area in Minnesota, August, 2010.

   
       

 

Camcorder

               
Visitor Observations
   
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MinnesotaSeasons.com Observations
   
Amphibians

northern leopard frog (Rana pipiens)

northern leopard frog
 
Bacteria

apical chlorosis of Canada thistle (Pst) (Pseudomonas syringae pv. tagetis)

Pst

 
Birds

Four bird species with conservation status in Minnesota ahave been seen here:

 

Endangered

Henslow’s Sparrow (Ammodramus henslowii)

 

Special concern

Franklin’s Gull (Leucophaeus pipixcan)

Nelson’s Sparrow (Ammodramus nelsoni)

Purple Martin (Progne subis)

 
 

Minnesota DNR Bird checklist

 
 

American Crow (Corvus brachyrhynchos)

American Goldfinch (Carduelis tristis)

Black-capped Chickadee (Poecile atricapillus)

Blue Jay (Cyanocitta cristata)

Blue-winged Teal (Anas discors)

Bobolink (Dolichonyx oryzivorus)

Canada Goose (Branta canadensis)

Clay-colored Sparrow (Spizella pallida)

Cliff Swallow (Petrochelidon pyrrhonota)

Common Nighthawk (Chordeiles minor)

Common Yellowthroat (Geothlypis trichas)

Dickcissel (Spiza americana)

Eastern Kingbird (Tyrannus tyrannus)

Field Sparrow (Spizella pusilla)

Gray Catbird (Dumetella carolinensis)

Great Blue Heron (Ardea herodias)

House Wren (Troglodytes aedon)

Killdeer (Charadrius vociferus)

Mourning Dove (Zenaida macroura)

Northern Cardinal (Cardinalis cardinalis)

Northern Flicker (Colaptes auratus)

Red-winged Blackbird (Agelaius phoeniceus)

Ring-necked Pheasant (Phasianus colchicus)

Rock Pigeon (Columba livia)

Sedge Wren (Cistothorus platensis)

Song Sparrow (Melospiza melodia)

Turkey Vulture (Cathartes aura)

Western Meadowlark (Sturnella neglecta)

Wilson’s Snipe (Gallinago delicata)

American Goldfinch

Black-capped Chickadee

Blue Jay

Eastern Kingbird

Great Blue Heron

Mourning Dove

Northern Cardinal

Song Sparrow

 
Insects and Arachnids

bicolored striped sweat bee (Agapostemon virescens)

Carolina grasshopper (Dissosteira carolina)

celery looper (Anagrapha falcifera)

common buckeye (Junonia coenia)

common whitetail (Plathemis lydia)

dog day cicada (Neotibicen canicularis)

dot-tailed whiteface (Leucorrhinia intacta)

eastern tent caterpillar moth (Malacosoma americanum)

goldenrod bunch gall midge (Rhopalomyia solidaginis)

goldenrod gall fly (Eurosta solidaginis)

monarch (Danaus plexippus)

multicolored Asian lady beetle (Harmonia axyridis)

orange sulphur (Colias eurytheme)

red admiral (Vanessa atalanta)

spiny assassin bug (Sinea spinipes)

twelve-spotted skimmer (Libellula pulchella)

widow skimmer (Libellula luctuosa)

common buckeye

common whitetail

orange sulphur

red admiral

 

 
Mammals

eastern fox squirrel (Sciurus niger)

plains pocket gopher (Geomys bursarius)

whitetail deer (Odocoileus virginianus)

woodchuck (Marmota monax)

eastern fox squirrel
 
Plants

Three plant species with conservation status in Minnesota are found here:

 

Threatened

prairie bush clover (Lespedeza leptostachya)

 

Special concern

buffalo grass (Buchloë dactyloides)

small white lady’s slipper (Cypripedium candidum)

 
 

Minnesota Biodiversity Atlas Plant List

 
 

Plants frequently found in:

Dry Sand - Gravel Prairie (Southern) UPs13b

Mesic Prairie (Southern) UPs23a

Wet Prairie (Southern) WPs54b

 
 

 

absinth wormwood (Artemisia absinthium)

alfalfa (Medicago sativa ssp. sativa)

American black currant (Ribes americanum)

American bugleweed (Lycopus americanus)

American elderberry (Sambucus nigra ssp. canadensis)

American pasqueflower (Anemone patens var. multifida)

American plum (Prunus americana)

American vetch (Vicia americana ssp. americana)

annual fleabane (Erigeron annuus)

Baltic rush (Juncus balticus var. littoralis)

Bell’s honeysuckle (Lonicera × bella)

big bluestem (Andropogon gerardii)

bird’s-foot trefoil (Lotus corniculatus var. corniculatus)

black medick (Medicago lupulina)

black-eyed Susan (Rudbeckia hirta var. pulcherrima)

black-seeded plantain (Plantago rugelii var. rugelii)

blue vervain (Verbena hastata)

bluntleaf bedstraw (Galium obtusum ssp. obtusum)

bottle gentian (Gentiana andrewsii)

boxelder (Acer negundo var. negundo)

bracted spiderwort (Tradescantia bracteata)

bull thistle (Cirsium vulgare)

butter and eggs (Linaria vulgaris)

Buxbaum’s sedge (Carex buxbaumii)

Canada anemone (Anemone canadensis)

Canada bluegrass (Poa compressa)

Canada goldenrod (Solidago canadensis)

Canada lettuce (Lactuca canadensis)

Canada thistle (Cirsium arvense)

Canada wildrye (Elymus canadensis)

Canadian honewort (Cryptotaenia canadensis)

Canadian horseweed (Conyza canadensis)

Canadian milkvetch (Astragalus canadensis var. canadensis)

Canadian tick-trefoil (Desmodium canadense)

Canadian woodnettle (Laportea canadensis)

candle anemone (Anemone cylindrica)

catnip (Nepeta cataria)

cheatgrass (Bromus tectorum)

chokecherry (Prunus virginiana var. virginiana)

clammy groundcherry (Physalis heterophylla var. heterophylla)

cleavers (Galium aparine)

common blue violet (Viola sororia)

common buckthorn (Rhamnus cathartica)

common burdock (Arctium minus)

common dandelion (Taraxacum officinale ssp. officinale)

common evening primrose (Oenothera biennis)

common false Solomon’s seal (Maianthemum racemosum var. racemosum)

common hop (Humulus lupulus)

common milkweed (Asclepias syriaca)

common motherwort (Leonurus cardiaca ssp. cardiaca)

common mullein (Verbascum thapsus ssp. thapsus)

common ragweed (Ambrosia artemisiifolia)

common strawberry (Fragaria virginiana)

common yarrow (Achillea millefolium)

Culver’s root (Veronicastrum virginicum)

cup plant (Silphium perfoliatum var. perfoliatum)

curly dock (Rumex crispus)

curly-cup gumweed (Grindelia squarrosa)

cut-leaved coneflower (Rudbeckia laciniata var. laciniata)

dame’s rocket (Hesperis matronalis)

desert false indigo (Amorpha fruticosa)

dotted blazing star (Liatris punctata var. punctata)

downy gentian (Gentiana puberulenta)

downy phlox (Phlox pilosa ssp. fulgida)

dwarf false indigo (Amorpha nana)

dyc (Flava composita var. damnatus)

early figwort (Scrophularia lanceolata)

eastern redcedar (Juniperus virginiana var. virginiana)

false boneset (Brickellia eupatorioides var. corymbulosa)

false sunflower (Heliopsis helianthoides var. occidentalis)

field bindweed (Convolvulus arvensis)

field horsetail (Equisetum arvense)

field sagewort (Artemisia campestris ssp. caudata)

field sow thistle (Sonchus arvensis)

field thistle (Cirsium discolor)

flatspine stickseed (Lappula occidentalis)

fox sedge (Carex vulpinoidea)

foxtail barley (Hordeum jubatum ssp. jubatum)

fowl mannagrass (Glyceria striata)

giant chickweed (Myosoton aquaticum)

giant foxtail (Setaria faberi)

giant ragweed (Ambrosia trifida var. trifida)

golden alexanders (Zizia aurea)

grass-leaved goldenrod (Euthamia graminifolia var. graminifolia)

gray goldenrod (Solidago nemoralis)

gray-headed coneflower (Ratibida pinnata)

great blue lobelia (Lobelia siphilitica var. ludoviciana)

green ash (Fraxinus pennsylvanica)

green milkweed (Asclepias viridiflora)

hairy false goldenaster (Heterotheca villosa)

hairy four o’clock (Mirabilis albida)

hairy sunflower (Helianthus hirsutus)

Hayden’s Sedge (Carex haydenii)

heart-leaved four o’clock (Mirabilis nyctaginea)

heart-leaved golden alexanders (Zizia aptera)

hedge bindweed (Calystegia sepium)

hedge nettle (Stachys sp.)

hoary puccoon (Lithospermum canescens)

hoary vervain (Verbena stricta)

Indian hemp (Apocynum cannabinum)

Indiangrass (Sorghastrum nutans)

ironwood (Ostrya virginiana var. virginiana)

Jerusalem artichoke (Helianthus tuberosus)

June grass (Koeleria macrantha)

Kentucky bluegrass (Poa pratensis ssp. pratensis)

late goldenrod (Solidago altissima)

leadplant (Amorpha canescens)

little bluestem (Schizachyrium scoparium var. scoparium)

long-headed coneflower (Ratibida columnifera)

Maximilian’s sunflower (Helianthus maximiliani)

Mead’s sedge (Carex meadii)

Morrow’s honeysuckle (Lonicera morrowii)

mountain death camas (Anticlea elegans)

narrow-leaved cattail (Typha angustifolia)

narrow-leaved purple coneflower (Echinacea angustifolia)

New England aster (Symphyotrichum novae-angliae)

northern bog violet (Viola nephrophylla)

northern hackberry (Celtis occidentalis)

orchard grass (Dactylis glomerata ssp. glomerata)

pale bulrush (Scirpus pallidus)

Pennsylvania smartweed (Persicaria pensylvanica)

pineapple-weed (Matricaria discoidea)

plains cottonwood (Populus deltoides ssp. molinifera)

plumeless thistle (Carduus acanthoides)

porcupine grass (Hesperostipa spartea)

porcupine sedge (Carex hystericina)

prairie alumroot (Heuchera richardsonii)

prairie blazing star (Liatris pycnostachya var. pycnostachya)

prairie bush clover (Lespedeza leptostachya)

prairie cordgrass (Spartina pectinata)

prairie dropseed (Sporobolus heterolepis)

prairie fleabane (Erigeron strigosus)

prairie larkspur (Delphinium carolinianum ssp. virescens)

prairie onion (Allium stellatum)

prairie peppergrass (Lepidium densiflorum var. densiflorum)

prairie rose (Rosa arkansana)

prairie sagewort (Artemisia frigida)

prairie smoke (Geum triflorum var. triflorum)

prairie turnip (Pediomelum esculentum)

purple locoweed (Oxytropis lambertii var. lambertii)

purple lovegrass (Eragrostis spectabilis)

purple prairie clover (Dalea purpurea var. purpurea)

pussy willow (Salix discolor)

quackgrass (Elymus repens)

quaking aspen (Populus tremuloides)

red clover (Trifolium pratense)

red osier dogwood (Cornus sericea ssp. sericea)

redtop (Agrostis gigantea)

reed canary grass (Phalaris arundinacea)

rigid sedge (Carex tetanica)

rough blazing star (Liatris aspera)

rough bugleweed (Lycopus asper)

rough cocklebur (Xanthium strumarium)

rough-fruited cinquefoil (Potentilla recta)

round-headed bush clover (Lespedeza capitata)

Russian olive (Elaeagnus angustifolia)

sandbar willow (Salix interior)

Sartwell’s sedge (Carex sartwellii)

sawtooth sunflower (Helianthus grosseserratus)

scarlet beeblossom (Oenothera suffrutescens)

Scribner’s panic grass (Dichanthelium oligosanthes ssp. scribnerianum)

shepherd’s purse (Capsella bursa-pastoris)

showy goldenrod (Solidago speciosa var. speciosa)

showy partridge pea (Chamaecrista fasciculata var. fasciculata)

Siberian elm (Ulmus pumila)

sideoats grama (Bouteloua curtipendula var. curtipendula)

silky aster (Symphyotrichum sericeum)

silver maple (Acer saccharinum)

silverleaf scurfpea (Pediomelum argophyllum)

silverweed (Argentina anserina)

slender wheatgrass (Elymus trachycaulus ssp. trachycaulus)

slender willow (Salix petiolaris)

slender-leaf false foxglove (Agalinis tenuifolia)

small white lady’s slipper (Cypripedium candidum)

smooth blue aster (Symphyotrichum laeve var. laeve)

smooth brome (Bromus inermis)

smooth scouring rush (Equisetum laevigatum)

smooth sumac (Rhus glabra)

spotted lady’s thumb (Persicaria maculosa)

spotted water hemlock (Cicuta maculata)

spreading dogbane (Apocynum androsaemifolium)

stiff goldenrod (Solidago rigida ssp. rigida)

stiff sunflower (Helianthus pauciflorus ssp. subrhomboideus)

stinging nettle (Urtica dioica ssp. gracilis)

swamp betony (Pedicularis lanceolata)

switch grass (Panicum virgatum var. virgatum)

tall cinquefoil (Drymocallis arguta)

tall meadow rue (Thalictrum dasycarpum)

tall thistle (Cirsium altissimum)

tall tumble mustard (Sisymbrium altissimum)

tarragon (Artemisia dracunculus)

Tartarian honeysuckle (Lonicera tatarica)

timothy (Phleum pratense)

toothed evening primrose (Oenothera serrulata)

touch-me-not (Impatiens sp.)

veiny pea (Lathyrus venosus)

Virginia groundcherry (Physalis virginiana var. virginiana)

Virginia wildrye (Elymus virginicus)

water smartweed (Persicaria amphibia)

western marbleseed (Lithospermum occidentale)

western poison ivy (Toxicodendron rydbergii)

western ragweed (Ambrosia psilostachya)

white campion (Silene latifolia ssp. alba)

white clover (Trifolium repens)

white heath aster (Symphyotrichum ericoides var. ericoides)

white panicled aster (Symphyotrichum lanceolatum)

white prairie clover (Dalea candida)

white sage (Artemisia ludoviciana ssp. ludoviciana)

white snakeroot (Ageratina altissima var. altissima)

white sweet clover (Melilotus albus)

whorled milkweed (Asclepias verticillata)

wild bergamot (Monarda fistulosa)

wild cucumber (Echinocystis lobata)

wild grape (Vitis riparia)

wild licorice (Glycyrrhiza lepidota)

wolfberry (Symphoricarpos occidentalis)

woodbine (Parthenocissus vitacea)

woolly plantain (Plantago patagonica)

yellow foxtail (Setaria pumila ssp. pumila)

yellow goat’s beard (Tragopogon dubius)

yellow sweet clover (Melilotus officinalis)

yellow wood sorrel (Oxalis stricta)

 

Acer negundo var. negundo (boxelder)

Acer saccharinum (silver maple)

Achillea millefolium (common yarrow)

Agalinis tenuifolia (slender-leaf false foxglove)

Ageratina altissima var. altissima (white snakeroot)

Agrostis gigantea (redtop)

Allium stellatum (prairie onion)

Ambrosia artemisiifolia (common ragweed)

Ambrosia psilostachya (western ragweed)

Ambrosia trifida var. trifida (giant ragweed)

Amorpha canescens (leadplant)

Amorpha fruticosa (desert false indigo)

Amorpha nana (dwarf false indigo)

Andropogon gerardii (big bluestem)

Anemone canadensis (Canada anemone)

Anemone cylindrica (candle anemone)

Anemone patens var. multifida (American pasqueflower)

Anticlea elegans (mountain death camas)

Apocynum androsaemifolium (spreading dogbane)

Apocynum cannabinum (Indian hemp)

Arctium minus (common burdock)

Argentina anserina (silverweed)

Artemisia absinthium (absinth wormwood)

Artemisia campestris ssp. caudata (field sagewort)

Artemisia dracunculus (tarragon)

Artemisia frigida (prairie sagewort)

Artemisia ludoviciana ssp. ludoviciana (white sage)

Asclepias syriaca (common milkweed)

Asclepias verticillata (whorled milkweed)

Asclepias viridiflora (green milkweed)

Astragalus canadensis var. canadensis (Canadian milkvetch)

Bouteloua curtipendula var. curtipendula (sideoats grama)

Brickellia eupatorioides var. corymbulosa (false boneset)

Bromus inermis (smooth brome)

Bromus tectorum (cheatgrass)

Calystegia sepium (hedge bindweed)

Capsella bursa-pastoris (shepherd’s purse)

Carduus acanthoides (plumeless thistle)

Carex buxbaumii (Buxbaum’s sedge)

Carex haydenii (Hayden’s Sedge)

Carex hystericina (porcupine sedge)

Carex meadii (Mead’s sedge)

Carex sartwellii (Sartwell’s sedge)

Carex tetanica (rigid sedge)

Carex vulpinoidea (fox sedge)

Celtis occidentalis (northern hackberry)

Chamaecrista fasciculata var. fasciculata (showy partridge pea)

Cicuta maculata (spotted water hemlock)

Cirsium altissimum (tall thistle)

Cirsium arvense (Canada thistle)

Cirsium discolor (field thistle)

Cirsium vulgare (bull thistle)

Convolvulus arvensis (field bindweed)

Conyza canadensis (Canadian horseweed)

Cornus sericea ssp. sericea (red osier dogwood)

Cryptotaenia canadensis (Canadian honewort)

Cypripedium candidum (small white lady’s slipper)

Dactylis glomerata ssp. glomerata (orchard grass)

Dalea candida (white prairie clover)

Dalea purpurea var. purpurea (purple prairie clover)

Delphinium carolinianum ssp. virescens (prairie larkspur)

Desmodium canadense (Canadian tick-trefoil)

Dichanthelium oligosanthes ssp. scribnerianum (Scribner’s panic grass)

Drymocallis arguta (tall cinquefoil)

Echinacea angustifolia (narrow-leaved purple coneflower)

Echinocystis lobata (wild cucumber)

Elaeagnus angustifolia (Russian olive)

Elymus canadensis (Canada wildrye)

Elymus repens (quackgrass)

Elymus trachycaulus ssp. trachycaulus (slender wheatgrass)

Elymus virginicus (Virginia wildrye)

Equisetum arvense (field horsetail)

Equisetum laevigatum (smooth scouring rush)

Eragrostis spectabilis (purple lovegrass)

Erigeron annuus (annual fleabane)

Erigeron strigosus (prairie fleabane)

Euthamia graminifolia var. graminifolia (grass-leaved goldenrod)

Flava composita var. damnatus (dyc)

Fragaria virginiana (common strawberry)

Fraxinus pennsylvanica (green ash)

Galium aparine (cleavers)

Galium obtusum ssp. obtusum (bluntleaf bedstraw)

Gentiana andrewsii (bottle gentian)

Gentiana puberulenta (downy gentian)

Geum triflorum var. triflorum (prairie smoke)

Glyceria striata (fowl mannagrass)

Glycyrrhiza lepidota (wild licorice)

Grindelia squarrosa (curly-cup gumweed)

Helianthus grosseserratus (sawtooth sunflower)

Helianthus hirsutus (hairy sunflower)

Helianthus maximiliani (Maximilian’s sunflower)

Helianthus pauciflorus ssp. subrhomboideus (stiff sunflower)

Helianthus tuberosus (Jerusalem artichoke)

Heliopsis helianthoides var. occidentalis (false sunflower)

Hesperis matronalis (dame’s rocket)

Hesperostipa spartea (porcupine grass)

Heterotheca villosa (hairy false goldenaster)

Heuchera richardsonii (prairie alumroot)

Hordeum jubatum ssp. jubatum (foxtail barley)

Humulus lupulus (common hop)

Impatiens sp. (touch-me-not)

Juncus balticus var. littoralis (Baltic rush)

Juniperus virginiana var. virginiana (eastern redcedar)

Koeleria macrantha (June grass)

Lactuca canadensis (Canada lettuce)

Laportea canadensis (Canadian woodnettle)

Lappula occidentalis (flatspine stickseed)

Lathyrus venosus (veiny pea)

Leonurus cardiaca ssp. cardiaca (common motherwort)

Lepidium densiflorum var. densiflorum (prairie peppergrass)

Lespedeza capitata (round-headed bush clover)

Lespedeza leptostachya (prairie bush clover)

Liatris aspera (rough blazing star)

Liatris punctata var. punctata (dotted blazing star)

Liatris pycnostachya var. pycnostachya (prairie blazing star)

Linaria vulgaris (butter and eggs)

Lithospermum canescens (hoary puccoon)

Lithospermum occidentale (western marbleseed)

Lobelia siphilitica var. ludoviciana (great blue lobelia)

Lonicera × bella (Bell’s honeysuckle)

Lonicera morrowii (Morrow’s honeysuckle)

Lonicera tatarica (Tartarian honeysuckle)

Lotus corniculatus var. corniculatus (bird’s-foot trefoil)

Lycopus americanus (American bugleweed)

Lycopus asper (rough bugleweed)

Maianthemum racemosum var. racemosum (common false Solomon’s seal)

Matricaria discoidea (pineapple-weed)

Medicago lupulina (black medick)

Medicago sativa ssp. sativa (alfalfa)

Melilotus albus (white sweet clover)

Melilotus officinalis (yellow sweet clover)

Mirabilis albida (hairy four o’clock)

Mirabilis nyctaginea (heart-leaved four o’clock)

Monarda fistulosa (wild bergamot)

Myosoton aquaticum (giant chickweed)

Nepeta cataria (catnip)

Oenothera biennis (common evening primrose)

Oenothera serrulata (toothed evening primrose)

Oenothera suffrutescens (scarlet beeblossom)

Ostrya virginiana var. virginiana (ironwood)

Oxalis stricta (yellow wood sorrel)

Oxytropis lambertii var. lambertii (purple locoweed)

Panicum virgatum var. virgatum (switch grass)

Parthenocissus vitacea (woodbine)

Pedicularis lanceolata (swamp betony)

Pediomelum argophyllum (silverleaf scurfpea)

Pediomelum esculentum (prairie turnip)

Persicaria amphibia (water smartweed)

Persicaria maculosa (spotted lady’s thumb)

Persicaria pensylvanica (Pennsylvania smartweed)

Phalaris arundinacea (reed canary grass)

Phleum pratense (timothy)

Phlox pilosa ssp. fulgida (downy phlox)

Physalis heterophylla var. heterophylla (clammy groundcherry)

Physalis virginiana var. virginiana (Virginia groundcherry)

Plantago patagonica (woolly plantain)

Plantago rugelii var. rugelii (black-seeded plantain)

Poa compressa (Canada bluegrass)

Poa pratensis ssp. pratensis (Kentucky bluegrass)

Populus deltoides ssp. molinifera (plains cottonwood)

Populus tremuloides (quaking aspen)

Potentilla recta (rough-fruited cinquefoil)

Prunus americana (American plum)

Prunus virginiana var. virginiana (chokecherry)

Ratibida columnifera (long-headed coneflower)

Ratibida pinnata (gray-headed coneflower)

Rhamnus cathartica (common buckthorn)

Rhus glabra (smooth sumac)

Ribes americanum (American black currant)

Rosa arkansana (prairie rose)

Rudbeckia hirta var. pulcherrima (black-eyed Susan)

Rudbeckia laciniata var. laciniata (cut-leaved coneflower)

Rumex crispus (curly dock)

Salix discolor (pussy willow)

Salix interior (sandbar willow)

Salix petiolaris (slender willow)

Sambucus nigra ssp. canadensis (American elderberry)

Schizachyrium scoparium var. scoparium (little bluestem)

Scirpus pallidus (pale bulrush)

Scrophularia lanceolata (early figwort)

Setaria faberi (giant foxtail)

Setaria pumila ssp. pumila (yellow foxtail)

Silene latifolia ssp. alba (white campion)

Silphium perfoliatum var. perfoliatum (cup plant)

Sisymbrium altissimum (tall tumble mustard)

Solidago altissima (late goldenrod)

Solidago canadensis (Canada goldenrod)

Solidago nemoralis (gray goldenrod)

Solidago rigida ssp. rigida (stiff goldenrod)

Solidago speciosa var. speciosa (showy goldenrod)

Sonchus arvensis (field sow thistle)

Sorghastrum nutans (Indiangrass)

Spartina pectinata (prairie cordgrass)

Sporobolus heterolepis (prairie dropseed)

Stachys sp. (hedge nettle)

Symphoricarpos occidentalis (wolfberry)

Symphyotrichum ericoides var. ericoides (white heath aster)

Symphyotrichum laeve var. laeve (smooth blue aster)

Symphyotrichum lanceolatum (white panicled aster)

Symphyotrichum novae-angliae (New England aster)

Symphyotrichum sericeum (silky aster)

Taraxacum officinale ssp. officinale (common dandelion)

Thalictrum dasycarpum (tall meadow rue)

Toxicodendron rydbergii (western poison ivy)

Tradescantia bracteata (bracted spiderwort)

Tragopogon dubius (yellow goat’s beard)

Trifolium pratense (red clover)

Trifolium repens (white clover)

Typha angustifolia (narrow-leaved cattail)

Ulmus pumila (Siberian elm)

Urtica dioica ssp. gracilis (stinging nettle)

Verbascum thapsus ssp. thapsus (common mullein)

Verbena hastata (blue vervain)

Verbena stricta (hoary vervain)

Veronicastrum virginicum (Culver’s root)

Vicia americana ssp. americana (American vetch)

Viola nephrophylla (northern bog violet)

Viola sororia (common blue violet)

Vitis riparia (wild grape)

Xanthium strumarium (rough cocklebur)

Zizia aptera (heart-leaved golden alexanders)

Zizia aurea (golden alexanders)

alfalfa

American black currant

American pasqueflower

American plum

Bell’s honeysuckle

black-eyed susan

bottle gentian

bracted spiderwort

butter and eggs

Canada anemone

Canadian milkvetch

catnip

common blue violet

common evening primrose

common milkweed

common yarrow

Culver’s root

dotted blazing star

downy gentian

downy phlox

false sunflower

field bindweed

foxtail barley

grass-leaved goldenrod

gray-headed coneflower

hairy false goldenaster

heart-leaved golden alexanders

hedge bindweed

hairy puccoon

leadplant

long-headed coneflower

Morrow’s honeysuckle

mountain death camas (var. elegans)

New England aster

pineapple-weed

plumeless thistle

prairie larkspur

prairie onion

prairie rose

prairie smoke

purple locoweed

purple prairie clover

rough-fruited cinquefoil

round-headed bush clover

showy goldenrod (var. speciosa)

silky aster

silverleaf scurfpea

small white lady’s slipper

spotted touch-me-not

stiff sunflower (ssp. subrhomboideus)

tall cinquefoil

Tartarian honeysuckle

toothed evening primrose

Virginia groundcherry

swamp smartweed

western poison ivy

white prairie clover

white snakeroot

whorled milkweed

wild bergamot

 
Reptiles

common garter snake (Thamnophis sirtalis)

painted turtle (Chrysemys picta)

common garter snake

 

 

Binoculars


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