New England aster

(Symphyotrichum novae-angliae)

               
Conservation Status

IUCN Red List

not yet assessed

New England aster

NatureServe

N5? - Secure

SNR - Unranked

Minnesota

not listed

Wetland
Indicator
Status

Great Plains

FACW - Facultative wetland

Midwest

FACW - Facultative wetland

Northcentral & Northeast

FACW - Facultative wetland

Nativity

Native

 
Occurrence

Common

 
Habitat

Wet prairie, ditches.

 
Flowering

August to September

     
Flower Color

Pink, reddish purple, or purple ray florets, yellow or orange-yellow disk florets

     
Height

12 to 48

     

Identification

This is 12 to 48 tall, erect, perennial forb that rises on 1 to 5 or more clustered stems from a stout caudex with a few short, stout, fleshy rhizomes and occasionally slender, creeping rhizomes.

The stems are stout, stiffly erect, usually with several ascending to spreading branches above the middle. They are green at first, sometimes purplish near the top, becoming light to dark brown. They are covered with short, stiff, spreading, white hairs, sparsely to moderately below, moderately to densely above. The upper stem also has short, glandular hairs that can be seen with a hand lens.

The leaves are thin and often stiff. Basal leaves are usually spatula-shaped, sometimes inversely lance-shaped, ¾ to 2 long, and 3 16 to wide. They are stalkless, taper to a point at the tip, and taper at the base to the stem. The upper surface is stiffly hairy, the lower surface is softly hairy. There are 3 main veins, the two lateral veins visible on the underside. The margins have sparse, shallow teeth and a fringe of hairs. Basal leaves are usually absent at flowering.

Lower stem leaves are oblong or lance-shaped, 2 to 4 long, and 3 16 to wide. They are stalkless, taper to a point at the tip, and clasp the stem with ear-like lobes at the base. The upper surface is thinly hairy with straight, stiff, appressed hairs. The lower surface has minute or short stiff hairs. The margins are either untoothed or have sparse, shallow teeth and a fringe of hairs. Lower stem leaves are usually absent at flowering.

Middle and upper stem leaves are numerous, inversely lance-shaped, 1¼ to 3 long, and 3 16 to wide, becoming gradually smaller as they ascend the stem. They are stalkless, taper to a point at the tip, and clasp the stem with ear-like lobes at the base. The upper and lower surfaces are moderately to densely covered with soft hairs. Middle and upper stem leaves are present at flowering. The margins are untoothed and have a fringe of hairs.

The inflorescence is either a leafy, often crowded, pyramidal inflorescence with a main stem and branches (panicle), or a solitary head or small cluster of heads at the ends of the branches. The stalks of the flower heads are densely covered with glandular hairs.

The flower heads are ¾ to 1¾ in diameter. The bracts at the base of the flower head (involucre) are arranged in 3 to 6 overlapping series. They are mostly linear and are tapered to a long, sharply pointed tip. The inner series is usually tinged purple. The outer series is spreading or bent backward and is covered with glandular hairs.

There are 40 to 100 pink, reddish purple, or purple ray florets arranged in 2 or 3 series, and 50 to 110 orangish-yellow to reddish disk florets. The disk florets have 5 translucent stamens with yellow anthers.

The fruit is a hairy achene with a tuft (pappus) of pale orangish-brown to light tan, occasionally purplish-tinged hairs attached.

 
Similar
Species

This plant has larger flowers with more numerous rays than other aster. The rays are dark purple, not pale.


Distribution Distribution Map   Sources: 2, 3, 4, 5, 7, 24, 28.

Comments

 


Taxonomy

Family:

Asteraceae (aster)

 

Subfamily:

Asteroideae

 

Supertribe:

Asterodae

 

Tribe:

Astereae (aster)

 

No Rank:

North American clade

 
Synonyms

Symphyotrichum novae-angliae

Lasallea novae-angliae

Virgulus novae-angliae

 
Common
Names

New England aster


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Glossary

caudex

A short, thickened, woody, persistent enlargement of the stem, at or below ground level, used for water storage.

 

clasping

Describing a leaf that wholly or partly surrounds the stem but does not fuse at the base.

 

glandular hairs

Hairs spread over aerial vegetation that secrete essential oils. The oils act to protect against herbivores and pathogens or, when on a flower part, attract pollinators. The hairs have a sticky or oily feel.

 

involucre

A whorl of bracts beneath or surrounding a flower or flower cluster.

 

linear

Long, straight, and narrow, with more or less parallel sides, like a blade of grass.

 

panicle

A pyramidal inflorescence with a main stem and branches. Flowers on the lower, longer branches mature earlier than those on the shorter, upper ones.

 

pappus

The modified calyx composed of awns, scales, bristles, or feather-like hairs in plants of the Aster family such as thistles and dandelions.

 

rhizome

A horizontal, usually underground stem. It serves as a reproductive structure, producing roots below and shoots above at the nodes.

       

Visitor Photos

   
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Kirk Neslon


Pink Flowers

  New England aster   New England aster
       
  New England aster    

Robert Briggs


New England Aster (Symphyotrichum novae-angliae) visited by late season pollinator - Bumble bee - October 29th in Spring Lake Park Reserve.

  New England aster    

       
       
       

MinnesotaSeasons.com Photos

   

Plant

  New England aster   New England aster
       

Inflorescence

  New England aster   New England aster
       
  New England aster    
       

Flower Head

  New England aster    
       

Buds

  New England aster   New England aster
       

Leaves

  New England aster    
       

Stem

  New England aster    
       
       

 

Camera

     

Slideshows

   
  Symphyotrichum novae-angliae
Susanne Wiik
 
  Symphyotrichum novae-angliae  
 
About

New England Aster, aster, luktaster

 
     
  New England Asters
Andree Reno Sanborn
 
  New England Asters  
 
About

These bloom very late in the summer here. They have red, woody, fuzzy stems.

 
     
  New England Aster (Symphyotrichum novae-angliae)
Bill Keim
 
  New England Aster (Symphyotrichum novae-angliae)  
     
  Symphyotrichum novae-angliae (New England Aster)
Allen Chartier
 
  Symphyotrichum novae-angliae (New England Aster)  
     
  Aster novae-angliae NEW ENGLAND ASTER
Frank Mayfield
 
  Aster novae-angliae NEW ENGLAND ASTER  

 

slideshow

     

Visitor Videos

   
Share your video of this plant.

     
     

Other Videos

 
  MyNature Apps; Identifying New England Aster, Symphyotrichum novae-angliae
MyNatureApps
 
   
 
About

Uploaded on Aug 6, 2011

How to identify New England Aster, Symphyotrichum novae-angliae. www.mynatureapps.com

 
     
  Minnesota Native Plant - New England Aster (Aster Novae-Angliae)
MNNativePlants
 
   
 
About

Published on Sep 14, 2013

A great fall plant for the native garden is the New England Aster (Aster Novae-Angliae).

 
     
  New England Aster, Symphyotrichum novae-angliae
MrILoveTheAnts
 
   
 
About

Uploaded on Oct 7, 2010

This is easily one of the prettiest "Asters" native to North America in my opinion. This plant comes in a variety of colors too, not just the purple seen here, but also red, pink, and varying intensity or paleness as well.

Often times when this plant is sold in stores they are cut down to just a few inches in June or July. This helps promote a dome-like habit with their dense clusters of flowers. They otherwise grow tall and can fall over, as seen in the video, if not supported.

Asters shouldn't be confused with Chrysanthemums which are native to Asia.

 
     
  Michaelmas Daisy - Fjallastjarna - Blástjörnufífill - Sumarblóm
Hellen Linda Drake
 
   
 
About

Published on Oct 9, 2013

Aster can be perennials, annuals or subshrubs, mostly with narrow leaves, and solitary or clustered, daisy-like flowers, usually in late summer and autumn. : http://apps.rhs.org.uk/plantselector/plant?plantid=193

Symphyotrichum novae-angliae commonly known as the New England Aster or Michaelmas Daisy, is a flowering herbaceous perennial plant in the Asteraceae family. It is native to almost every area in North America east of the Rocky Mountains, but excluding the far north of Canada as well as some of the southern United States. Symphyotrichum novae-angliae was introduced to Europe in 1710; a common garden escape, it has naturalized along roadsides and on disturbed ground. : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Symphyotrichum_novae-angliae

Fróðleikur um afskorin blóm og meðferð þeirra : http://www.bondi.is/lisalib/getfile.aspx?itemid=1729

Aster alpinus 'Goliat' - Fjallastjarna - Blástjörnufífill Blá blóm: https://sites.google.com/site/gardafloraperennials/perennials/perennials-a-b/aster-alpinus-goliat

Filmed with Panasonic Lumix DMC- TZ20 camera.

David Rudwick - Gardens and Greenhouse at work - West Lavington. horticulture

 
     
  New England Aster (Symphyotrichum novae-angliae L.) - 2013-10-18
W3stlander
 
   
 
About

Published on Oct 18, 2013

Symphyotrichum novae-angliae (L.) G L Nesom. (formerly Aster novae-angliae L.), commonly known as the New England Aster or Michaelmas Daisy, is a flowering herbaceous perennial plant in the Asteraceae family.

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De Nieuw-Nederlandse aster (Aster novi-belgii) is een vaste plant uit de composietenfamilie (Asteraceae). De plant komt oorspronkelijk uit Noord-Amerika. De soort wordt 0,6-1,2 m hoog.

?? De wetenschappelijke naam is nogal verwarrend.!

 
     

 

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