Seminary Fen SNA






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Detail map (MN DNR)


Printable Map(s) with GPS coordinates

  Printable map      



73 acres




N44 48.522, W93 33.405


Driving Directions

  Area and County  

Get driving directions from Google Maps to this destination from any address, and send those directions to your phone.

          Carver County  
          Metro Area  

Hiking Trails


No maintained trails




Deer only, by archery. See Hunting and Trapping Regulations (MN DNR) for details.


Ecological Classification

  Ecological Classification  
  Ecological Province    

Eastern Broadleaf Forest Province

  Ecological Section    

Minnesota & NE Iowa Morainal

  Ecological Subsection    

Big Woods

  Land Type Association    

Le Sueur Alluvial Plain


Native Plant Communities*


Calcareous Fen (Southeastern)

Seepage Meadow/Carr

  * Source: The Minnesota Biological Survey, Minnesota Department of Natural Resources, Division of Ecological Resources      

Natural Features






Waterproof footwear recommended

Seminary Fen SNA has areas that are wet year-round. Waterproof footwear is recommended.





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Sam Wetterlin


Prime Fen

    Seminary Fen SNA   Seminary Fen SNA  

Prime Fen and Peat Dome

    Seminary Fen SNA  

North of Farm Field

    Seminary Fen SNA   Seminary Fen SNA  

Vegetation North of Farm Field

    Seminary Fen SNA   Seminary Fen SNA  
    Seminary Fen SNA      

Seepage North of Farm Field

    Seminary Fen SNA      

Assumption Creek

    Seminary Fen SNA   Seminary Fen SNA  
    Seminary Fen SNA  

Assumption Creek Dam

    Seminary Fen SNA   Seminary Fen SNA  

Dam After Rain Comparison May, 2012

    Seminary Fen SNA  

Other Creek

    Seminary Fen SNA      

Southwest Corner

    Seminary Fen SNA   Seminary Fen SNA  


    Seminary Fen SNA   Seminary Fen SNA  

Wood Routed Sign

    Seminary Fen SNA      


    Seminary Fen SNA   Seminary Fen SNA  


    Seminary Fen SNA      

Chicken Coop

    Seminary Fen SNA      

Assumption Creek

    Seminary Fen SNA      

Other Streams

    Seminary Fen SNA   Seminary Fen SNA  
    Seminary Fen SNA      

Calcareous Fen (Southeastern)

    Seminary Fen SNA   Seminary Fen SNA  
    Seminary Fen SNA      

Dry Prairie

    Seminary Fen SNA   Seminary Fen SNA  


    Seminary Fen SNA      

Other Fen

    Seminary Fen SNA   Seminary Fen SNA  

Minnesota River Bluffs LRT Regional Trail

    Seminary Fen SNA      

Abandoned Railroad Bed

    Seminary Fen SNA      

West Area

    Seminary Fen SNA   Seminary Fen SNA  



Seminary Fen
Martha Decker
  Seminary Fen  

Seminary Fen was originally the site of Mudcura Sanitarium, a world-famous spa that was opened in 1909 and operated until 1951.

Per MNOpedia, in 1951, the sanitarium was sold to the Black Franciscans, Order of Friars Minor Conventual, from Louisville, Kentucky. They named it Assumption Seminary and the site became linked with both the Colleges of St. Catherine and St. Thomas in St. Paul.

The Seminary remained in operation until 1970 and then sat vacant for many years, becoming a popular hangout for teens and other thrill seekers. The main building burned and was demolished in 1997.

The land is now home to a Minnesota DNR Scientific & Natural Area that protects the rare calcareous fen that is now the star of the show here.

  Seminary Fen SNA
  Seminary Fen SNA  

This SNA protects one of the state's finest examples of calcareous seepage fen, a nationally rare wetland type associated with upwelling springs of cold, mineral-rich groundwater.

  Seminary Fen SNA
Restoration Evaluation
  Seminary Fen SNA  



Visitor Videos

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Sam Wetterlin

  Creek 61 Outlet

Creek 61 Outlet

  Water flowing from the fen to the creek even after our horrendous cold spell (1/13/2014).  

Short movie that shows water flowing from the fen to the creek even after our horrendous cold spell.

Other Videos
  Seminary Fen Scientific and Natural Area Virtual Hike
Minnesota Department of Natural Resources

Aug 25, 2020

The site of an old health spa, and later a seminary, this SNA protects one of Minnesota’s finest, and rarest wetland types, a calcareous seepage fen! The mineral rich groundwater here support several rare species that need this type of ecosystem to thrive.

Seminary Fen SNA protects an important, and fragile part of the state’s natural heritage. Even if you don’t visit it yourself, you can rest easy knowing that this habitat is protected for the benefit of all Minnesotans for many years to come.

  Seminary Fen (2003)
Jon Carlson

Jan 24, 2022




Visitor Sightings

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5/22/2010   10/7/2010   5/13/2013   6/6/2015   5/31/2016



American toad (Anaxyrus americanus)

northern leopard frog (Rana pipiens)

  American toad  



Two bird species with conservation status in Minnesota have been seen here:

Special Concern

Hooded Warbler (Setophaga citrina)

Lark Sparrow (Chondestes grammacus)


Minnesota DNR Bird checklist

eBird Field Checklist


Alder Flycatcher (Empidonax alnorum)

American Crow (Corvus brachyrhynchos)

American Goldfinch (Spinus tristis)

American Robin (Turdus migratorius)

American Tree Sparrow (Spizelloides arborea)

Black-capped Chickadee (Poecile atricapillus)

Blue Jay (Cyanocitta cristata)

Broad-winged Hawk (Buteo platypterus)

Brown-headed Cowbird (Molothrus ater)

Canada Goose (Branta canadensis)

Common Yellowthroat (Geothlypis trichas)

Dark-eyed Junco (Junco hyemalis)

Gray Catbird (Dumetella carolinensis)

Great Blue Heron (Ardea herodias)

Northern Cardinal (Cardinalis cardinalis)

Pileated Woodpecker (Dryocopus pileatus)

Red-winged Blackbird (Agelaius phoeniceus)

Ring-necked Pheasant (Phasianus colchicus)

Song Sparrow (Melospiza melodia)

Turkey Vulture (Cathartes aura)

White-throated Sparrow (Zonotrichia albicollis)

Wild Turkey (Meleagris gallopavo)

Yellow-rumped Warbler (Setophaga coronata)


American Goldfinch

Black-capped Chickadee

Blue Jay

Brown-headed Cowbird

Northern Cardinal

Wild Turkey


Fungi and Lichens


Choke Disease of Grasses (Epichloe typhina)

Orange Peel Fungus (Aleuria aurantia)

Turkey Tail (Trametes versicolor)

  Turkey Tail  

Insects and Arachnids


Baltimore checkerspot (Euphydryas phaeton)

Carolina grasshopper (Dissosteira carolina)

common green darner (Anax junius)

convergent lady beetle (Hippodamia convergens)

dog day cicada (Neotibicen canicularis)

eastern boxelder bug (Boisea trivittata)

eastern tiger swallowtail (Papilio glaucus)

goldenrod bunch gall midge (Rhopalomyia solidaginis)

goldenrod gall fly (Eurosta solidaginis)

multicolored Asian lady beetle (Harmonia axyridis
f. succinea)

twelve-spotted skimmer (Libellula pulchella)

viceroy (Limenitis archippus)


Baltimore checkerspot

common green darner

twelve-spotted skimmer




coyote (Canis latrans)

whitetail deer (Odocoileus virginianus)

  whitetail deer  



Eight plant species with conservation status in Minnesota are found here:


beaked spike-rush (Eleocharis rostellata)

edible valerian (Valeriana edulis var. ciliata)

hair-like beak-rush (Rhynchospora capillacea)

sterile sedge (Carex sterilis)

whorled nut-rush (Scleria verticillata)

Special Concern

cutleaf waterparsnip (Berula erecta)

small white lady’s slipper (Cypripedium candidum)

smooth sawgrass (Cladium mariscoides)


Minnesota Biodiversity Atlas and Minnesota Biological Survey Vegetation Releves Plant List

Minnesota Department of Transportation 2005 Survey


Plants frequently found in:

Calcareous Fen (Southeastern) OPp93c

Seepage Meadow/Carr WMs83a1



alfalfa (Medicago sativa ssp. sativa)

American basswood (Tilia americana var. americana)

American bugleweed (Lycopus americanus)

American cow parsnip (Heracleum maximum)

American elderberry (Sambucus canadensis)

American hophornbeam (Ostrya virginiana var. virginiana)

American red raspberry (Rubus idaeus ssp. strigosus)

American stinging nettle (Urtica gracilis ssp. gracilis)

bird’s-foot trefoil (Lotus corniculatus var. corniculatus)

bittersweet nightshade (Solanum dulcamara)

black ash (Fraxinus nigra)

black bindweed (Fallopia convolvulus)

black raspberry (Rubus occidentalis)

black walnut (Juglans nigra)

black-seeded plantain (Plantago rugelii var. rugelii)

bland sweet cicely (Osmorhiza claytonii)

blue vervain (Verbena hastata)

bristly greenbrier (Smilax tamnoides)

broad-leaved cattail (Typha latifolia)

broadleaf enchanter’s nightshade (Circaea canadensis)

boxelder (Acer negundo var. negundo)

bull thistle (Cirsium vulgare)

bur oak (Quercus macrocarpa var. macrocarpa)

buttonbush dodder (Cuscuta cephalanthi)

Canada moonseed (Menispermum canadense)

Canada wildrye (Elymus canadensis)

Canadian honewort (Cryptotaenia canadensis)

Canadian horseweed (Erigeron canadensis)

Canadian woodnettle (Laportea canadensis)

catnip (Nepeta cataria)

cleavers (Galium aparine)

common blue violet (Viola sororia)

common blue wood aster (Symphyotrichum cordifolium)

common boneset (Eupatorium perfoliatum var. perfoliatum)

common buckthorn (Rhamnus cathartica)

common burdock (Arctium minus)

common dandelion (Taraxacum officinale ssp. officinale)

common false Solomon’s seal (Maianthemum racemosum var. racemosum)

common milkweed (Asclepias syriaca)

common motherwort (Leonurus cardiaca ssp. cardiaca)

common mullein (Verbascum thapsus ssp. thapsus)

common ragweed (Ambrosia artemisiifolia)

common reed (Phragmites australis)

common sneezeweed (Helenium autumnale)

common yarrow (Achillea millefolium)

corn (Zea mays)

cup plant (Silphium perfoliatum var. perfoliatum)

cut-leaved coneflower (Rudbeckia laciniata var. laciniata)

cutleaf waterparsnip (Berula erecta)

dark green bulrush (Scirpus atrovirens)

early meadow-rue (Thalictrum dioicum)

eastern marsh fern (Thelypteris palustris var. pubescens)

eastern redcedar (Juniperus virginiana var. virginiana)

European cranberrybush (Viburnum opulus var. opulus)

field horsetail (Equisetum arvense)

flat-stemmed spike-rush (Eleocharis compressa)

flat-topped aster (Doellingeria umbellata)

fox sedge (Carex vulpinoidea)

fringed brome (Bromus ciliatus)

garlic mustard (Alliaria petiolata)

giant foxtail (Setaria faberi)

giant ragweed (Ambrosia trifida)

glossy buckthorn (Frangula alnus)

golden alexanders (Zizia aurea)

golden ragwort (Packera aurea)

golden-fruited sedge (Carex aurea)

grass-leaved goldenrod (Euthamia graminifolia)

great blue lobelia (Lobelia siphilitica)

great water dock (Rumex britannica)

green ash (Fraxinus pennsylvanica)

grooved yellow flax (Linum sulcatum var. sulcatum)

hairy-stemmed panicled aster (Symphyotrichum lanceolatum var. hirsuticaule)

hard-stem bulrush (Schoenoplectus acutus var. acutus)

heart-leaved four o’clock (Mirabilis nyctaginea)

hedge bindweed (Calystegia sepium)

hoary alyssum (Berteroa incana)

Indian hemp (Apocynum cannabinum)

inland sedge (Carex interior)

Jerusalem artichoke (Helianthus tuberosus)

Kalm’s lobelia (Lobelia kalmii)

lake sedge (Carex lacustris)

late horse gentian (Triosteum perfoliatum)

leafy spurge (Euphorbia virgata)

lesser fringed gentian (Gentianopsis virgata ssp. virgata)

limestone meadow sedge (Carex granularis)

Michigan lily (Lilium michiganense)

Missouri gooseberry (Ribes missouriense)

narrow-leaved cattail (Typha angustifolia)

narrow-leaved hawkweed (Hieracium umbellatum)

New England aster (Symphyotrichum novae-angliae)

northern bugleweed (Lycopus uniflorus)

northern pin oak (Quercus ellipsoidalis)

northern plains blazing star (Liatris ligulistylis)

northern prickly ash (Zanthoxylum americanum)

northern small yellow lady’s slipper (Cypripedium parviflorum var. makasin)

northern starflower (Lysimachia borealis)

northern white cedar (Thuja occidentalis)

Ontario aster (Symphyotrichum ontarionis)

orange daylily (Hemerocallis fulva)

ostrich fern (Matteuccia struthiopteris var. pensylvanica)

paleleaf woodland sunflower (Helianthus strumosus)

paper birch (Betula papyrifera var. papyrifera)

plains cottonwood (Populus deltoides ssp. molinifera)

plumeless thistle (Carduus acanthoides ssp. acanthoides)

porcupine sedge (Carex hystericina)

prairie fleabane (Erigeron strigosus)

prairie ironweed (Vernonia fasciculata ssp. fasciculata)

prairie sedge (Carex prairea)

prickly lettuce (Lactuca serriola)

purple meadow-rue (Thalictrum dasycarpum)

purple-stem angelica (Angelica atropurpurea)

quaking aspen (Populus tremuloides)

red clover (Trifolium pratense)

red elderberry (Sambucus racemosa var. racemosa)

red osier dogwood (Cornus sericea ssp. sericea)

red pine (Pinus resinosa)

reed canary grass (Phalaris arundinacea)

rough bugleweed (Lycopus asper)

round-leaved dogwood (Cornus rugosa)

sage-leaved willow (Salix candida)

sawtooth sunflower (Helianthus grosseserratus)

sawtooth wormwood (Artemisia serrata)

scouring rush horsetail (Equisetum hyemale ssp. affine)

seaside arrowgrass (Triglochin maritima)

sessile-leaf bellwort (Uvularia sessilifolia)

Siberian elm (Ulmus pumila)

silver maple (Acer saccharinum)

slender willow (Salix petiolaris)

small white lady’s slipper (Cypripedium candidum)

small-flowered false foxglove (Agalinis purpurea var. paupercula)

smooth hedge nettle (Stachys tenuifolia)

soft-stem bulrush (Schoenoplectus tabernaemontani)

spotted knapweed (Centaurea stoebe ssp. micranthos)

spotted touch-me-not (Impatiens capensis)

spotted water hemlock (Cicuta maculata)

spring cress (Cardamine bulbosa)

staghorn sumac (Rhus typhina)

starry false Solomon’s seal (Maianthemum stellatum)

sterile sedge (Carex sterilis)

stiff cowbane (Oxypolis rigidior)

stiff goldenrod (Solidago rigida ssp. rigida)

swamp betony (Pedicularis lanceolata)

swamp thistle (Cirsium muticum)

tall cottongrass (Eriophorum angustifolium ssp. angustifolium)

tall goldenrod (Solidago altissima var. altissima)

three-lobe beggarticks (Bidens tripartita)

tussock sedge (Carex stricta)

Virginia stickseed (Hackelia virginiana)

Virginia waterleaf (Hydrophyllum virginianum var. virginianum)

weeping willow (Salix x sepulcralis)

western poison ivy (Toxicodendron rydbergii)

white campion (Silene latifolia ssp. alba)

white clover (Trifolium repens ssp. repens)

white rattlesnake root (Nabalus albus)

white snakeroot (Ageratina altissima var. altissima)

white spruce (Picea glauca)

white sweet clover (Melilotus albus)

white turtlehead (Chelone glabra)

wild grape (Vitis riparia)

wild mint (Mentha arvensis)

woodbine (Parthenocissus vitacea)

woolly sedge (Carex pellita)

woolly-fruit sedge (Carex lasiocarpa)

yellow foxtail (Setaria pumila ssp. pumila)

yellow goat’s beard (Tragopogon dubius)

yellow marsh marigold (Caltha palustris var. palustris)

yellow star grass (Hypoxis hirsuta)


Acer negundo var. negundo (boxelder)

Acer saccharinum (silver maple)

Achillea millefolium (common yarrow)

Agalinis purpurea var. paupercula (small-flowered false foxglove)

Ageratina altissima var. altissima (white snakeroot)

Alliaria petiolata (garlic mustard)

Ambrosia artemisiifolia (common ragweed)

Ambrosia trifida (giant ragweed)

Angelica atropurpurea (purple-stem angelica)

Apocynum cannabinum (Indian hemp)

Arctium minus (common burdock)

Artemisia serrata (sawtooth wormwood)

Asclepias syriaca (common milkweed)

Berteroa incana (hoary alyssum)

Berula erecta (cutleaf waterparsnip)

Betula papyrifera var. papyrifera (paper birch)

Bidens tripartita (three-lobe beggarticks)

Bromus ciliatus (fringed brome)

Caltha palustris var. palustris (yellow marsh marigold)

Calystegia sepium (hedge bindweed)

Cardamine bulbosa (spring cress)

Carduus acanthoides (plumeless thistle)

Carex aurea (golden-fruited sedge)

Carex granularis (limestone meadow sedge)

Carex hystericina (porcupine sedge)

Carex interior (interior sedge)

Carex lacustris (lake sedge)

Carex lasiocarpa (woolly-fruit sedge)

Carex pellita (woolly sedge)

Carex prairea (prairie sedge)

Carex sterilis (sterile sedge)

Carex stricta (tussock sedge)

Carex vulpinoidea (fox sedge)

Centaurea stoebe ssp. micranthos (spotted knapweed)

Chelone glabra (white turtlehead)

Cicuta maculata (spotted water hemlock)

Circaea canadensis (broadleaf enchanter’s nightshade)

Cirsium muticum (swamp thistle)

Cirsium vulgare (bull thistle)

Cornus rugosa (round-leaved dogwood)

Cornus sericea ssp. sericea (red osier dogwood)

Cryptotaenia canadensis (Canadian honewort)

Cuscuta cephalanthi (buttonbush dodder)

Cypripedium candidum (small white lady’s slipper)

Cypripedium parviflorum var. makasin (northern small yellow lady’s slipper)

Doellingeria umbellata (flat-topped aster)

Eleocharis compressa (flat-stemmed spike-rush)

Elymus canadensis (Canada wildrye)

Equisetum arvense (field horsetail)

Equisetum hyemale ssp. affine (scouring rush horsetail)

Erigeron canadensis (Canadian horseweed)

Erigeron strigosus (prairie fleabane)

Eriophorum angustifolium ssp. angustifolium (tall cottongrass)

Eupatorium perfoliatum var. perfoliatum (common boneset)

Euphorbia virgata (leafy spurge)

Euthamia graminifolia (grass-leaved goldenrod)

Fallopia convolvulus (black bindweed)

Frangula alnus (glossy buckthorn)

Fraxinus nigra (black ash)

Fraxinus pennsylvanica (green ash)

Galium aparine (cleavers)

Gentianopsis virgata ssp. virgata (lesser fringed gentian)

Hackelia virginiana (Virginia stickseed)

Helenium autumnale (common sneezeweed)

Helianthus grosseserratus (sawtooth sunflower)

Helianthus strumosus (paleleaf woodland sunflower)

Helianthus tuberosus (Jerusalem artichoke)

Hemerocallis fulva (orange daylily)

Heracleum maximum (American cow parsnip)

Hieracium umbellatum (narrow-leaved hawkweed)

Hydrophyllum virginianum var. virginianum (Virginia waterleaf)

Hypoxis hirsuta (yellow star grass)

Impatiens capensis (spotted touch-me-not)

Juglans nigra (black walnut)

Juniperus virginiana var. virginiana (eastern redcedar)

Lactuca serriola (prickly lettuce)

Laportea canadensis (Canadian woodnettle)

Leonurus cardiaca ssp. cardiaca (common motherwort)

Liatris ligulistylis (northern plains blazing star)

Lilium michiganense (Michigan lily)

Linum sulcatum var. sulcatum (grooved yellow flax)

Lobelia kalmii (Kalm’s lobelia)

Lobelia siphilitica (great blue lobelia)

Lotus corniculatus var. corniculatus (bird’s-foot trefoil)

Lycopus americanus (American bugleweed)

Lycopus asper (rough bugleweed)

Lycopus uniflorus (northern bugleweed)

Lysimachia borealis (northern starflower)

Maianthemum racemosum var. racemosum (common false Solomon’s seal)

Maianthemum stellatum (starry false Solomon’s seal)

Matteuccia struthiopteris var. pensylvanica (ostrich fern)

Medicago sativa ssp. sativa (alfalfa)

Melilotus albus (white sweet clover)

Menispermum canadense (Canada moonseed)

Mentha arvensis (wild mint)

Mirabilis nyctaginea (heart-leaved four o’clock)

Nabalus albus (white rattlesnake root)

Nepeta cataria (catnip)

Osmorhiza claytonii (bland sweet cicely)

Ostrya virginiana var. virginiana (American hophornbeam)

Oxypolis rigidior (stiff cowbane)

Packera aurea (golden ragwort)

Parthenocissus vitacea (woodbine)

Pedicularis lanceolata (swamp betony)

Phalaris arundinacea (reed canary grass)

Phragmites australis (common reed)

Picea glauca (white spruce)

Pinus resinosa (red pine)

Plantago rugelii var. rugelii (black-seeded plantain)

Populus deltoides ssp. molinifera (plains cottonwood)

Populus tremuloides (quaking aspen)

Quercus ellipsoidalis (northern pin oak)

Quercus macrocarpa var. macrocarpa (bur oak)

Rhamnus cathartica (common buckthorn)

Rhus typhina (staghorn sumac)

Ribes missouriense (Missouri gooseberry)

Rubus idaeus ssp. strigosus (American red raspberry)

Rubus occidentalis (black raspberry)

Rudbeckia laciniata var. laciniata (cut-leaved coneflower)

Rumex britannica (great water dock)

Salix candida (sage-leaved willow)

Salix petiolaris (slender willow)

Salix x sepulcralis (weeping willow)

Sambucus canadensis (American elderberry)

Sambucus racemosa var. racemosa (red elderberry)

Schoenoplectus acutus var. acutus (hard-stem bulrush)

Schoenoplectus tabernaemontani (soft-stem bulrush)

Scirpus atrovirens (dark green bulrush)

Setaria faberi (giant foxtail)

Setaria pumila ssp. pumila (yellow foxtail)

Silene latifolia ssp. alba (white campion)

Silphium perfoliatum var. perfoliatum (cup plant)

Smilax tamnoides (bristly greenbrier)

Solanum dulcamara (bittersweet nightshade)

Solidago altissima var. altissima (tall goldenrod)

Solidago rigida ssp. rigida (stiff goldenrod)

Stachys tenuifolia (smooth hedge nettle)

Symphyotrichum cordifolium (common blue wood aster)

Symphyotrichum lanceolatum var. hirsuticaule (hairy-stemmed panicled aster)

Symphyotrichum novae-angliae (New England aster)

Symphyotrichum ontarionis (Ontario aster)

Taraxacum officinale ssp. officinale (common dandelion)

Thalictrum dasycarpum (purple meadow-rue)

Thalictrum dioicum (early meadow-rue)

Thelypteris palustris var. pubescens (eastern marsh fern)

Thuja occidentalis (northern white cedar)

Tilia americana var. americana (American basswood)

Toxicodendron rydbergii (western poison ivy)

Tragopogon dubius (yellow goat’s beard)

Trifolium pratense (red clover)

Trifolium repens ssp. repens (white clover)

Triglochin maritima (seaside arrowgrass)

Triosteum perfoliatum (late horse gentian)

Typha angustifolia (narrow-leaved cattail)

Typha latifolia (broad-leaved cattail)

Ulmus pumila (Siberian elm)

Urtica gracilis ssp. gracilis (American stinging nettle)

Uvularia sessilifolia (sessile-leaf bellwort)

Verbascum thapsus ssp. thapsus (common mullein)

Verbena hastata (blue vervain)

Vernonia fasciculata ssp. fasciculata (prairie ironweed)

Viburnum opulus var. opulus (European cranberrybush)

Viola sororia (common blue violet)

Vitis riparia (wild grape)

Zanthoxylum americanum (northern prickly ash)

Zea mays (corn)

Zizia aurea (golden alexanders)


American cow parsnip

American elderberry

bird’s-foot trefoil

bittersweet nightshade

black raspberry

blue vervain

bur oak (var. macrocarpa)


common blue violet

common boneset

common dandelion

common mullein

common sneezeweed

common yarrow

cut-leaved coneflower

early meadow-rue

eastern redcedar

giant foxtail

golden alexanders

heart-leaved four o’clock

lesser fringed gentian (ssp. virgata)

Michigan lily

Missouri gooseberry

New England aster

northern prickly ash

northern starflower

orange daylily

prairie ironweed

red clover

red elderberry

red osier dogwood

rough bugleweed

small white lady’s slipper

spotted knapweed

spotted touch-me-not

swamp thistle

Virginia waterleaf

white clover

white sweet clover

white turtlehead

wild grape

wild mint

yellow goat's beard

yellow marsh marigold








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