lesser fringed gentian

(Gentianopsis virgata ssp. virgata)

Conservation Status
lesser fringed gentian (ssp. virgata)
  IUCN Red List

not listed

     
  NatureServe

NNR - Unranked

SNR - Unranked

     
  Minnesota

not listed

     
           
Wetland Indicator Status
     
  Great Plains

OBL - Obligate wetland

     
  Midwest

OBL - Obligate wetland

     
  Northcentral & Northeast

OBL - Obligate wetland

     
           
 
Description
 
 

Lesser fringed gentian (ssp. virgata) is a 4 to 20 tall, erect, annual forb that rises on a single stem from a taproot.

The stems are erect, hairless, leafy, and unbranched or with a few branches above the middle.

Basal and lower stem leaves are opposite and spatula-shaped. Upper stem leaves are opposite, linear or narrowly linear lance-shaped, stalkless, 1 to 2½ long, and less than wide. They taper to a point at the tip. The upper and lower surfaces are hairless. The margins are untoothed.

The inflorescence is 1 to 6 solitary flowers at the end of the stem and each of the branches. Each flower is on a long stalk.

The flowers are narrowly bell-shaped, erect, ¾ to 2¼ high, and and 1½ to 2 wide. There are 4 light green sepals fused together from the base into a to 1¼ long tube, then separated into 2 long and 2 short lobes. The lobes are erect, pointed, and hairless or nearly hairless. The midrib of each sepal forms a bumpy keel. There are 4 bright blue petals fused from the base for three-quarters of their length into a tube then separated at the tip into 4 lobes. There are no pleats between the petals. The lobes are spatula-shaped, rounded, and widely spaced though usually somewhat ascending. They lobe margin is shallowly fringed near the throat and toothed toothed toward the tip. The flowers open on sunny days and remain closed on cloudy days.

The fruit is a spindle-shaped, 1-chambered capsule containing many seeds.

 
     
 

Height

 
 

4 to 20

 
     
 

Flower Color

 
 

Bright blue

 
     
 

Similar Species

 
 

Greater fringed gentian (Gentianopsis crinita) is a larger plant, reaching up to 32 in height. The leaves are lance-shaped, not linear. The petal margins are deeply fringed around their entire margin except near the base.

Macoun’s fringed gentian (Gentianopsis virgata ssp. macounii) has been reported in only Kittson and Clay Counties.

 
     
 
Habitat
 
 

Wet. Bogs, meadows, shores.

 
     
 
Biology
 
 

Flowering

 
 

August to October

 
     
 
Use
 
 

 

 
     
 
Distribution
 
 

Distribution Map

 

Sources

3, 4, 7, 24, 30.

 
  1/30/2021      
         
 

Nativity

 
 

Native

 
         
 

Occurrence

 
 

 

 
         
 
Taxonomy
 
  Kingdom Plantae (green algae and land plants)  
  Subkingdom Viridiplantae (green plants)  
  Infrakingdom Streptophyta (land plants and green algae)  
  Superdivision Embryophyta (land plants)  
  Division Tracheophyta (vascular plants)  
  Subdivision Spermatophytina (seed plants)  
  Class Magnoliopsida (flowering plants)  
  Superorder Asteranae  
 

Order

Gentianales (gentians, dogbanes, madders, and allies)  
 

Family

Gentianaceae (gentian)  
  Tribe Gentianeae  
  Subtribe Swertiinae  
 

Genus

Gentianopsis (fringed gentian)  
  Species Gentianopsis virgata (lesser fringed gentian)  
       
 

Subordinate Taxa

 
     
       
 

Synonyms

 
 

Gentiana crinita var. browniana

Gentiana procera

Gentianella crinita ssp. procera

Gentianopsis procera

Gentianopsis procera var. procera

 
       
 

Common Names

 
 

Great Plains fringed gentian

lesser fringed gentian

small fringed gentian

smaller fringed gentian

 
       

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Glossary

Keeled

Folded, as in a grass blade, or with a raised ridge, as in a grass sheath; like the keel of a boat.

 

Linear

Long, straight, and narrow, with more or less parallel sides, like a blade of grass.

 

Sepal

An outer floral leaf, usually green but sometimes colored, at the base of a flower.

       
Visitor Photos
   

Share your photo of this plant.

This button not working for you?
Simply email us at info@MinnesotaSeasons.com.
Attach one or more photos and, if you like, a caption.

       
Dan W. Andree
       

Possibly a Fringed Gentian Plant ...Lee WPA...

  lesser fringed gentian (ssp. virgata)   lesser fringed gentian (ssp. virgata)
       
       
MinnesotaSeasons.com Photos
   

Flower

  lesser fringed gentian (ssp. virgata)   lesser fringed gentian (ssp. virgata)
       
  lesser fringed gentian (ssp. virgata)   lesser fringed gentian
       
       

 

Camera

     
Slideshows
   
  Gentiana procera
Joshua Mayer
 
  Gentiana procera  
 
About

Lesser Fringed Gentian

 
     

 

slideshow

       
Visitor Videos
       

Share your video of this plant.

This button not working for you?
Simply email us at info@MinnesotaSeasons.com.
Attach one or more videos or YouTube links and, if you like, a caption.

       
       
Other Videos
 
       
       

 

Camcorder

         
Visitor Sightings
   

Report a sighting of this plant.

This button not working for you?
Simply email us at info@MinnesotaSeasons.com.
Be sure to include a location.

Dan W. Andree
9/6/2019

Location: Lee WPA rural Norman county, MN

Possibly a Fringed Gentian Plant ...Lee WPA...

lesser fringed gentian (ssp. virgata)


     
     
 
MinnesotaSeasons.com Sightings
         

 

 

Binoculars


Created 10/14/2009

Last Updated:

About Us | Privacy Policy | Contact Us | © 2022 MinnesotaSeasons.com. All rights reserved.