Dark-eyed Junco

(Junco hyemalis)

Conservation Status
Dark-eyed Junco
  IUCN Red List

LC - Least Concern


N5B, N5N - Secure Breeding and Nonbreeding

SNRB, SNRN - Unranked Breeding and Nonbreeding


not listed






5½ to 7in length

9½ wingspan




Similar Species


Coniferous and mixed forests, Jack Pine stands, shrubby woodland clearings
















Common to abundant migrant; uncommon to locally common breeder




The Minnesota Ornithologists’ Union All Seasons Species Occurrence Map

  Class Aves (birds)  


Passeriformes (perching birds)  


Passerellidae (New World sparrows)  


Junco (juncos)  

New World sparrows were traditionally combined with buntings into the family Emberizidae. Recent phylogenetic analysis (Barker et al. 2013) and mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) analysis (Klicka et al. 2014) found that the Old World buntings should be separated as a sister to New World sparrows. New World sparrows have been separated into a new family, Passerellidae.


Subordinate Taxa


There are 12 subspecies of Dark-eyed Junco (Junco hyemalis) and they are divided into five subspecies groups with identifiable differences.


Slate-colored juncos

Slate-colored Junco (Junco hyemalis hyemalis)

Carolina Junco (Junco hyemalis carolinensis)

Cassiar Junco (Junco hyemalis cismontanus)

White-winged junco

White-winged Junco (Junco hyemalis aikeni)

Oregon juncos

Montana Junco (Junco hyemalis montanus)

Oregon Junco (Junco hyemalis oreganus)

Point Pinos Junco (Junco hyemalis pinosus)

Hanson Laguna Junco (Junco hyemalis pontilis)

Shufeldt’s Junco (Junco hyemalis shufeldti)

Thurber’s Junco (Junco hyemalis thurberi)

Townsend’s Junco (Junco hyemalis townsendi)

Pink-sided junco

Pink-sided Junco (Junco hyemalis mearnsi)

Gray-headed junco

Gray-headed Junco (Junco hyemalis caniceps)

Red-backed junco

Red-backed Junco (Junco hyemalis dorsalis)

Guadalupe junco

Guadalupe Junco (Junco hyemalis insularis)















Visitor Photos

Share your photo of this bird.

This button not working for you?
Simply email us at info@MinnesotaSeasons.com.
Attach one or more photos and, if you like, a caption.

Ramona Abrego

Oregon Junco

Rare visitor came in with the Dark eyed Juncos

  Dark-eyed Junco    
Laurie Wachholz
  Dark-eyed Junco    
Bill Reynolds

A Dark-eyed Junco with leucism condition. This is first time I've seen such a bird and to find it in my viewfinder.

  Dark-eyed Junco    
Tom Baker
  Dark-eyed Junco   Dark-eyed Junco
MinnesotaSeasons.com Photos
  Dark-eyed Junco   Dark-eyed Junco




  Dark-eyed Junco
Andy Reago & Chrissy McClarren
  Dark-eyed Junco  
  Slate-colored Junco
JMC Nature Photos
  Slate-colored Junco  
  Dark-eyed Junco
  Dark-eyed Junco  
  Dark-eyed Junco
Craig A. Mullenbach
  Dark-eyed Junco  



Visitor Videos

Share your video of this bird.

This button not working for you?
Simply email us at info@MinnesotaSeasons.com.
Attach a video, a YouTube link, or a cloud storage link.

Other Videos
  Dark Eyed Junco - Species of the Day Episode 4
Rachel Kappler

Published on Mar 2, 2012

Learn about the Dark eyed Junco!

Like my necklace? You can buy it at: www.etsy.com/shop/rachelkappler

Information gathered from this video from:

Special thanks to Dennis Mortemore for help in filming and editing!

OCVN is Ohio certified volunteer naturalists, check them out at: http://ocvn.osu.edu/

  Dark-eyed Junco (Emberizidae: Junco hyemalis) Foraging in Rain
Carl Barrentine

Uploaded on Apr 10, 2011

One of thousands and thousands of juncos that are migrating through our region this week en route to high-latitude boreal Breeding grounds in central and northern Manitoba. Photographed at Fisher, Minnesota (10 April 2010).

  Amateur Birdwatching: Dark-Eyed Juncos (Junco hyemalis) | Julia E
Julia Extance

Published on Apr 15, 2013

According to my Ontario Birds book, Juncos are common winter visitors in southern Ontario, and can be seen at backyard feeders like mine!

Because these two were slate and white, I think they would be males; females appear to be more brown (based on my google search).

My bird book is "Compact Guide to Ontario Birds" 2005 by Lone Pine Publishing.

Happy birding!

♥ Check out my 'Animals' Pinterest board! http://pinterest.com/juliabegulia/animals/
♥ Twitter: https://twitter.com/julia_see
♥ Instagram: http://instagram.com/julia_see
♥ Pinterest: http://pinterest.com/juliabegulia/

  Dark-eyed Junco, "Snow Bird" - March 22, 2013
Don Gagnon

Published on Mar 22, 2013

Dark-eyed Junco (Junco hyemalis), a.k.a. Snowbird, Wildlife Garden, Gagnon Wildlife Habitat, Pottersville, Somerset, Massachusetts, Friday morning, March 22, 2013, 7:29 AM - Canon PowerShot SX260 HS MVI_28544; 2:53 min.

Music: "Snow Bird" by Ryland Bouchard (Other, 2:38)

  Birds USA... Dark-eyed Junco

Published on Feb 2, 2014

Junco hyemalis

Mt Pleasant, Michigan, USA 03-01-2014

  Science Today: The Dark-Eyed Junco
California Academy of Sciences

Published on Nov 8, 2013

Want to witness evolution in action? Learn more about these abundant North American birds. An excerpt from Ordinary Extraordinary Junco.




Visitor Sightings

Report a sighting of this bird.

This button not working for you?
Simply email us at info@MinnesotaSeasons.com.
Be sure to include a location.

Ramona Abrego

Location: Washington County

Oregon Junco. Rare visitor came in with the Dark eyed Juncos.

Dark-eyed Junco

Bill Reynolds

Location: Pennington County

A Dark-eyed Junco with leucism condition. This is first time I've seen such a bird and to find it in my viewfinder.

Dark-eyed Junco

Tom Baker


Dark-eyed Junco

Tom Baker


Dark-eyed Junco

MinnesotaSeasons.com Sightings




Last Updated:

About Us | Privacy Policy | Contact Us | © MinnesotaSeasons.com. All rights reserved.