Dark-eyed Junco

(Junco hyemalis)

Conservation Status
Dark-eyed Junco
 
  IUCN Red List

LC - Least Concern

 
  NatureServe

N5B, N5N - Secure Breeding and Nonbreeding

SNRB, SNRN - Unranked Breeding and Nonbreeding

 
  Minnesota

not listed

 
           
 
Description
 
 

 

 
     
 

Size

 
 

5½ to 7in length

9½ wingspan

 
     
 

Voice

 
   
   
     
 

Similar Species

 
     
     
 
Habitat
 
 

Coniferous and mixed forests, Jack Pine stands, shrubby woodland clearings

 
     
 
Ecology
 
 

Migration

 
 

 

 
     
 

Nesting

 
 

 

 
     
 

Food

 
 

 

 
     
 
Distribution
 
 

Occurrence

 
 

Common to abundant migrant; uncommon to locally common breeder

 
         
 

Maps

 
 

The Minnesota Ornithologists’ Union All Seasons Species Occurrence Map

 
         
 
Taxonomy
 
  Class Aves (birds)  
 

Order

Passeriformes (perching birds)  
 

Family

Passerellidae (New World sparrows)  
 

Genus

Junco (juncos)  
       
 

New World sparrows were traditionally combined with buntings into the family Emberizidae. Recent phylogenetic analysis (Barker et al. 2013) and mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) analysis (Klicka et al. 2014) found that the Old World buntings should be separated as a sister to New World sparrows. New World sparrows have been separated into a new family, Passerellidae.

 
       
 

Subordinate Taxa

 
 

There are 12 subspecies of Dark-eyed Junco (Junco hyemalis) and they are divided into five subspecies groups with identifiable differences.

 
       
 

Slate-colored juncos

Slate-colored Junco (Junco hyemalis hyemalis)

Carolina Junco (Junco hyemalis carolinensis)

Cassiar Junco (Junco hyemalis cismontanus)

White-winged junco

White-winged Junco (Junco hyemalis aikeni)

Oregon juncos

Montana Junco (Junco hyemalis montanus)

Oregon Junco (Junco hyemalis oreganus)

Point Pinos Junco (Junco hyemalis pinosus)

Hanson Laguna Junco (Junco hyemalis pontilis)

Shufeldt’s Junco (Junco hyemalis shufeldti)

Thurber’s Junco (Junco hyemalis thurberi)

Townsend’s Junco (Junco hyemalis townsendi)

Pink-sided junco

Pink-sided Junco (Junco hyemalis mearnsi)

Gray-headed junco

Gray-headed Junco (Junco hyemalis caniceps)

Red-backed junco

Red-backed Junco (Junco hyemalis dorsalis)

Guadalupe junco

Guadalupe Junco (Junco hyemalis insularis)

 
       
 

Synonyms

 
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
Visitor Photos
 
           
 

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Bobbi Johnson

 
 

Saw these two in my crab apple this morning.

 
    Evening Grosbeak      
 

Ramona Abrego

 
 

Oregon Junco

Rare visitor came in with the Dark eyed Juncos

  Dark-eyed Junco  
 

Laurie Wachholz

 
    Dark-eyed Junco      
 

Bill Reynolds

 
 

A Dark-eyed Junco with leucism condition. This is first time I've seen such a bird and to find it in my viewfinder.

  Dark-eyed Junco  
 

Tom Baker

 
    Dark-eyed Junco   Dark-eyed Junco  
           
 
MinnesotaSeasons.com Photos
 
    Dark-eyed Junco   Dark-eyed Junco  

 

Camera

 

     
 
Slideshows
 
  Dark-eyed Junco
Andy Reago & Chrissy McClarren
 
  Dark-eyed Junco  
  Slate-colored Junco
JMC Nature Photos
 
  Slate-colored Junco  
  Dark-eyed Junco
jt893x
 
  Dark-eyed Junco  
  Dark-eyed Junco
Craig A. Mullenbach
 
  Dark-eyed Junco  

 

slideshow

       
 
Visitor Videos
 
       
 

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Other Videos
 
  Dark Eyed Junco - Species of the Day Episode 4
Rachel Kappler
 
   
 
About

Published on Mar 2, 2012

Learn about the Dark eyed Junco!

Like my necklace? You can buy it at: www.etsy.com/shop/rachelkappler

Information gathered from this video from:
http://www.allaboutbirds.org/guide/dark-eyed_junco/id/ac
http://animals.nationalgeographic.com/animals/birding/dark-eyed-junco/
http://springfieldmo.wbu.com/

Special thanks to Dennis Mortemore for help in filming and editing!

OCVN is Ohio certified volunteer naturalists, check them out at: http://ocvn.osu.edu/

   
  Dark-eyed Junco (Emberizidae: Junco hyemalis) Foraging in Rain
Carl Barrentine
 
   
 
About

Uploaded on Apr 10, 2011

One of thousands and thousands of juncos that are migrating through our region this week en route to high-latitude boreal Breeding grounds in central and northern Manitoba. Photographed at Fisher, Minnesota (10 April 2010).

   
  Amateur Birdwatching: Dark-Eyed Juncos (Junco hyemalis) | Julia E
Julia Extance
 
   
 
About

Published on Apr 15, 2013

According to my Ontario Birds book, Juncos are common winter visitors in southern Ontario, and can be seen at backyard feeders like mine!

Because these two were slate and white, I think they would be males; females appear to be more brown (based on my google search).

My bird book is "Compact Guide to Ontario Birds" 2005 by Lone Pine Publishing.

Happy birding!

♥ Check out my 'Animals' Pinterest board! http://pinterest.com/juliabegulia/animals/
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  Dark-eyed Junco, "Snow Bird" - March 22, 2013
Don Gagnon
 
   
 
About

Published on Mar 22, 2013

Dark-eyed Junco (Junco hyemalis), a.k.a. Snowbird, Wildlife Garden, Gagnon Wildlife Habitat, Pottersville, Somerset, Massachusetts, Friday morning, March 22, 2013, 7:29 AM - Canon PowerShot SX260 HS MVI_28544; 2:53 min.

Music: "Snow Bird" by Ryland Bouchard (Other, 2:38)

   
  Birds USA... Dark-eyed Junco
groenelantaarn
 
   
 
About

Published on Feb 2, 2014

Junco hyemalis

Mt Pleasant, Michigan, USA 03-01-2014

   
  Science Today: The Dark-Eyed Junco
California Academy of Sciences
 
   
 
About

Published on Nov 8, 2013

Want to witness evolution in action? Learn more about these abundant North American birds. An excerpt from Ordinary Extraordinary Junco.

   

 

Camcorder

 
 
Visitor Sightings
 
           
 

Report a sighting of this bird.

 
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Simply email us at info@MinnesotaSeasons.com.
Be sure to include a location.
 
  Bobbi Johnson
4/22/2023

Location: Location: Silver Bay, MN

Saw these two in my crab apple this morning.

Evening Grosbeak  
  Ramona Abrego

Location: Washington County

Oregon Junco. Rare visitor came in with the Dark eyed Juncos.

Dark-eyed Junco  
  Bill Reynolds
5/8/2017

Location: Pennington County

A Dark-eyed Junco with leucism condition. This is first time I've seen such a bird and to find it in my viewfinder.

Dark-eyed Junco  
           
 
MinnesotaSeasons.com Sightings
 
   

 

 

Binoculars

 

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