Dark-eyed Junco

(Junco hyemalis)

               
Conservation Status

IUCN Red List

LC - Least Concern

Dark-eyed Junco

NatureServe

N5B, N5N - Secure Breeding and Nonbreeding

SNRB, SNRN - Unranked Breeding and Nonbreeding

Minnesota

not listed

Occurrence

Common to abundant migrant; uncommon to locally common breeder

Habitat

Coniferous and mixed forests, Jack Pine stands, shrubby woodland clearings

Size

5½ to 7in length

9½ wingspan


Identification

 

 
Voice

 

 
Similar
Species

 


Food

 

 
Nesting

 

 
Migration

 


Comments

Taxonomy
New World sparrows were traditionally combined with buntings into the family Emberizidae. Recent phylogenetic analysis (Barker et al. 2013) and mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) analysis (Klicka et al. 2014) found that the Old World buntings should be separated as a sister to New World sparrows. New World sparrows have been separated into a new family, Passerellidae.


Taxonomy

Order:

Passeriformes (perching birds)

 

Family:

Passerellidae (New World sparrows)

 
Subordinate Taxa

There are 12 subspecies of Dark-eyed Junco (Junco hyemalis) and they are divided into five subspecies groups with identifiable differences.

 

Slate-colored juncos

Slate-colored Junco (Junco hyemalis hyemalis)

Carolina Junco (Junco hyemalis carolinensis)

Cassiar Junco (Junco hyemalis cismontanus)

White-winged junco

White-winged Junco (Junco hyemalis aikeni)

Oregon juncos

Montana Junco (Junco hyemalis montanus)

Oregon Junco (Junco hyemalis oreganus)

Point Pinos Junco (Junco hyemalis pinosus)

Hanson Laguna Junco (Junco hyemalis pontilis)

Shufeldt’s Junco (Junco hyemalis shufeldti)

Thurber’s Junco (Junco hyemalis thurberi)

Townsend’s Junco (Junco hyemalis townsendi)

Pink-sided junco

Pink-sided Junco (Junco hyemalis mearnsi)

Gray-headed junco

Gray-headed Junco (Junco hyemalis caniceps)

Red-backed junco

Red-backed Junco (Junco hyemalis dorsalis)

Guadalupe junco

Guadalupe Junco (Junco hyemalis insularis)

 
Synonyms

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

       
Visitor Photos
   
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Laurie Wachholz
       
  Dark-eyed Junco    
       
Bill Reynolds
       

A Dark-eyed Junco with leucism condition. This is first time I've seen such a bird and to find it in my viewfinder.

  Dark-eyed Junco    
       
Tom Baker
       
  Dark-eyed Junco   Dark-eyed Junco
       
MinnesotaSeasons.com Photos
   
  Dark-eyed Junco   Dark-eyed Junco
       
       
       

 

Camera

 

     
Slideshows
   
  Dark-eyed Junco
Andy Reago & Chrissy McClarren
 
  Dark-eyed Junco  
     
  Slate-colored Junco
JMC Nature Photos
 
  Slate-colored Junco  
     
  Dark-eyed Junco
jt893x
 
  Dark-eyed Junco  
     
  Dark-eyed Junco
Craig A. Mullenbach
 
  Dark-eyed Junco  

 

slideshow

       
Visitor Videos
   
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Other Videos
 
  Dark Eyed Junco - Species of the Day Episode 4
Rachel Kappler
 
   
 
About

Published on Mar 2, 2012

Learn about the Dark eyed Junco!

Like my necklace? You can buy it at: www.etsy.com/shop/rachelkappler

Information gathered from this video from:
http://www.allaboutbirds.org/guide/dark-eyed_junco/id/ac
http://animals.nationalgeographic.com/animals/birding/dark-eyed-junco/
http://springfieldmo.wbu.com/

Special thanks to Dennis Mortemore for help in filming and editing!

OCVN is Ohio certified volunteer naturalists, check them out at: http://ocvn.osu.edu/

   
       
  Dark-eyed Junco (Emberizidae: Junco hyemalis) Foraging in Rain
Carl Barrentine
 
   
 
About

Uploaded on Apr 10, 2011

One of thousands and thousands of juncos that are migrating through our region this week en route to high-latitude boreal Breeding grounds in central and northern Manitoba. Photographed at Fisher, Minnesota (10 April 2010).

   
       
  Amateur Birdwatching: Dark-Eyed Juncos (Junco hyemalis) | Julia E
Julia Extance
 
   
 
About

Published on Apr 15, 2013

According to my Ontario Birds book, Juncos are common winter visitors in southern Ontario, and can be seen at backyard feeders like mine!

Because these two were slate and white, I think they would be males; females appear to be more brown (based on my google search).

My bird book is "Compact Guide to Ontario Birds" 2005 by Lone Pine Publishing.

Happy birding!

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  Dark-eyed Junco, "Snow Bird" - March 22, 2013
Don Gagnon
 
   
 
About

Published on Mar 22, 2013

Dark-eyed Junco (Junco hyemalis), a.k.a. Snowbird, Wildlife Garden, Gagnon Wildlife Habitat, Pottersville, Somerset, Massachusetts, Friday morning, March 22, 2013, 7:29 AM - Canon PowerShot SX260 HS MVI_28544; 2:53 min.

Music: "Snow Bird" by Ryland Bouchard (Other, 2:38)

   
       
  Birds USA... Dark-eyed Junco
groenelantaarn
 
   
 
About

Published on Feb 2, 2014

Junco hyemalis

Mt Pleasant, Michigan, USA 03-01-2014

   
       
  Science Today: The Dark-Eyed Junco
California Academy of Sciences
 
   
 
About

Published on Nov 8, 2013

Want to witness evolution in action? Learn more about these abundant North American birds. An excerpt from Ordinary Extraordinary Junco.

   
       

 

Camcorder

         
Visitor Sightings
   
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Bill Reynolds
5/8/2017

Location: Pennington County

A Dark-eyed Junco with leucism condition. This is first time I've seen such a bird and to find it in my viewfinder.

Dark-eyed Junco


Tom Baker
11/6/2011

 

Dark-eyed Junco


Tom Baker
10/6/2008

 

Dark-eyed Junco


     
     
 
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