Frontenac State Park

               
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Area and County

Goodhue County

 

 

 


Size

2,961 acres statutory, 2,276 owned

 
 
Maps

Minnesota DNR Summer Map

 
Park Office

N44 31.425, W92 20.532

 
Parking

Sand Point
N44 30.407, W92 19.440

 
Hiking Trails

13 miles
2.5 miles interpretive trail
1 mile handicapped accessible

 
Hunting

No hunting


Ecological Classification

Province

Eastern Broadleaf Forest Province

Ecological Classification

Section

Paleozoic Plateau

Subsection(s)

The Blufflands

Land Type Association(s)

Altura Ridgetops

Elba Slopes

Mississippi River Valley

 
Native Plant Communities1

Black Oak - White Oak Woodland (Sand)

Dry Bedrock Bluff Prairie (Southern)

Dry Sand - Gravel Prairie (Southern)

Oak - Shagbark Hickory Woodland

Red Oak - White Oak Forest

Sand Beach/Sandbar (River): Permanent Stream Subtype

Silver Maple - Green Ash - Cottonwood Terrace Forest

Silver Maple - (Virginia Creeper) Floodplain Forest

Sugar Maple - Basswood - Red Oak - (Blue Beech) Forest


Ownership Minnesota DNR logo        
 
Links

Minnesota DNR


Comments

Overview
This state park has a number of features to attract the amateur naturalist. In late July and early August a prairie between the park entrance and the main parking area has hundreds of rattlesnake masters with white blooms. A long, narrow boardwalk leads from the south parking area, through a floodplain forest, to Sand point, a good place to see gulls, terns, and shorebirds. The blufftop trail at the north end of the park passes under the heavy canopy of a sugar maple - basswood forest. It is not to be missed. Many woodland species seen here are found nowhere else in the park.

Sandy Point
One of the best parts of this park to find birds is also the one of the easiest to miss. The park entrance is on Goodhue County Road 2 one mile from US 61. Bypass the entrance and follow CR 2 for 0.7 mile through Old Frontenac then south 1.5 miles to a parking area and historic site. A trail leads from this parking area to a trail shelter near Sand Point. The road near Villa Maria and the trail are good places to look for migrating warblers. Sand Point is a good spot for viewing gulls, terns, and shorebirds. The trail may be muddy and waterproof footwear is recommended in the spring.

 

Waterproof footwear recommended


Visits

7/19/1999

6/24/2001

5/16/2005

  7/30/2014

 

 

Driving Directions

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Visitor Photos

   
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Wayne Rasmussen


Fall

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MinnesotaSeasons.com Photos

   

Park Entrance

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Overlook

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Trails

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Sugar Maple - Basswood - Red Oak - (Blue Beech) Forest

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Other Prairie

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Sand Point

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Camera

     

Slideshows

   
  Frontenac State Park
Sharon Somero
 
  Frontenac State Park  
     
  Hiking Club: Frontenac State Park, October 2012
Carey
 
  Hiking Club: Frontenac State Park, October 2012  
 
About

06 OCT 2012; Park #13, 2.6 miles

 
     
  Frontenac State Park
Richard Sanders
 
  Frontenac State Park  
 
About

Frontenac State Park - Minnesota

 
     
  Frontenac State Park, Minnesota
campsitephotosdotcom
 
   
 
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Published on Oct 29, 2013

Favorite Sites: 5, 11, 12, 17, 20, 22, 28, 29, 42, 50, 53, 57

 
     
  Fronteac State Park MN
Chris Kratzke
 
   
 
About

Published on Feb 10, 2014

I created this video with the YouTube Slideshow Creator

 
     

 

slideshow

     

Visitor Videos

   
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Other Videos

 
  Sand Point Trail Frontenac, MN State Park
amantastic
 
   
 
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Uploaded on Jul 31, 2011

hiking the flooded trail.

 
     
  Mississippi River At Frontenac
RationalCraft
 
   
 
About

Published on Nov 8, 2013

Frontenac State Park in Minnesota along the Mississippi River.

Scene for Winscape.

Original is 1080p. Filmed by Adam Gulkis on Canon 5D2.

See www.rationalcraft.com/Winscape.html for more details.

 
     
  Grendel on Frontenac platform
jalostangel
 
   
 
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Uploaded on Jun 4, 2008

Overlook onto Mississippi River from Frontenac State Park, MN.

 
     
  Group Campsite at Frontenac State Park, Minnesota
CampsiteReports
 
   
 
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Published on Jul 12, 2012

Group Campsite at Frontenac State Park, Minnesota

 
     

 

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Visitor Observations

   
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MinnesotaSeasons.com Observations

   

Amphibians

northern leopard frog (Rana pipiens)

northern leopard frog


Birds

Sand Point is a good spot for viewing gulls, terns, and shorebirds.

 
 

Eighteen bird species with conservation status in Minnesota and one tracked species have been seen here:

 
 

Endangered

Horned Grebe (Podiceps auritus)

Piping Plover (Charadrius melodus)

 

Threatened

Common Tern (Sterna hirundo)

Wilson’s Phalarope (Phalaropus tricolor)

 

Special concern

Acadian Flycatcher (Empidonax virescens)

American White Pelican (Pelecanus erythrorhynchos)

Bell’s Vireo (Vireo bellii)

Cerulean Warbler (Setophaga cerulea)

Forster’s Tern (Sterna forsteri)

Franklin’s Gull (Leucophaeus pipixcan)

Henslow’s Sparrow (Ammodramus henslowii)

Hooded Warbler (Setophaga citrina)

Louisiana Waterthrush (Parkesia motacilla)

Marbled Godwit (Limosa fedoa)

Peregrine Falcon (Falco peregrinus)

Purple Martin (Progne subis)

Red-shouldered Hawk (Buteo lineatus)

Short-eared Owl (Asio flammeus)

 

Tracked

Bald Eagle (Haliaeetus leucocephalus)

 
 

Minnesota DNR Bird Checklist

 
 

American Crow (Corvus brachyrhynchos)

American Goldfinch (Carduelis tristis)

American Robin (Turdus migratorius)

American Tree Sparrow (Spizelloides arborea)

American White Pelican (Pelecanus erythrorhynchos)

Bald Eagle (Haliaeetus leucocephalus)

Baltimore Oriole (Icterus galbula)

Black-and-white Warbler (Mniotilta varia)

Black-capped Chickadee (Poecile atricapillus)

Blue Jay (Cyanocitta cristata)

Canada Goose (Branta canadensis)

Cedar Waxwing (Bombycilla cedrorum)

Chipping Sparrow (Spizella passerina)

Clay-colored Sparrow (Spizella pallida)

Dark-eyed Junco (Junco hyemalis)

Dickcissel (Spiza americana)

Downy Woodpecker (Picoides pubescens)

Eastern Bluebird (Sialia sialis)

Eastern Kingbird (Tyrannus tyrannus)

Eastern Towhee (Pipilo erythrophthalmus)

Eastern Wood-peewee (Contopus virens)

Field Sparrow (Spizella pusilla)

Golden Eagle (Aquila chrysaetos)

Gray Catbird (Dumetella carolinensis)

Great Blue Heron (Ardea herodias)

Hairy Woodpecker (Picoides villosus)

Indigo Bunting (Passerina cyanea)

Northern Cardinal (Cardinalis cardinalis)

Northern Flicker (Colaptes auratus)

Olive-sided Flycatcher (Contopus cooperi)

Pileated Woodpecker (Dryocopus pileatus)

Red-bellied Woodpecker (Melanerpes carolinus)

Red-tailed Hawk (Buteo jamaicensis)

Red-winged Blackbird (Agelaius phoeniceus)

Rose-breasted Grosbeak (Pheucticus ludovicianus)

Ruby-throated Hummingbird (Archilochus colubris)

Savannah Sparrow (Passerculus sandwichensis)

Sedge Wren (Cistothorus platensis)

Tree Swallow (Tachycineta bicolor)

Turkey Vulture (Cathartes aura)

White-breasted Nuthatch (Sitta carolinensis)

Wild Turkey (Meleagris gallopavo)

Wood Duck (Aix sponsa)

Yellow Warbler (Setophaga petechia aestiva)

Yellow-rumped Warbler (Setophaga coronata)

American Goldfinch

American Robin

Blue Jay

Canada Goose

Dark-eyed Junco

Gray Catbird

Indigo Bunting

Northern Cardinal

Red-winged Blackbird

White-breasted Nuthatch

Wild Turkey

Northern Flicker


Fungi and Lichens

False Turkey Tail (Stereum ostrea)

True Tinder Polypore (Fomes fomentarius)

True Tinder Polypore


Insects and Arachnids

ash leaf gall (Aceria fraxini)

black swallowtail (Papilio polyxenes)

Carolina grasshopper (Dissosteira carolina)

chokecherry finger gall mite (Eriophyes emarginatae)

common green darner (Anax junius)

common whitetail (Plathemis lydia)

common wood nymph (Cercyonis pegala)

dog day cicada (Neotibicen canicularis)

dogwood sawfly (Macremphytus tarsatus)

goldenrod bunch gall midge (Rhopalomyia solidaginis)

goldenrod gall fly (Eurosta solidaginis)

great black wasp (Sphex pensylvanicus)

great spangled fritillary (Speyeria cybele)

Halloween pennant (Celithemis eponina)

leaf miner fly (Liriomyza eupatoriella)

linden leaf gall mite (Eriophyes tiliae)

maple spindle-gall mite (Vasates aceriscrumena)

monarch (Danaus plexippus)

question mark (Polygonia interrogationis)

red admiral (Vanessa atalanta)

red-spotted purple (Limenitis arthemis astyanax)

snowberry clearwing (Hemaris diffinis)

summer azure (Celastrina neglecta)

twelve-spotted skimmer (Libellula pulchella)

widow skimmer (Libellula luctuosa)

Carolina grasshopper

common green darner

dogwood sawfly

great spangled fritillary

linden leaf gall mite

red-spotted purple

widow skimmer


Mammals

American red squirrel (Tamiasciurus hudsonicus)

eastern gray squirrel (Sciurus carolinensis)

plains pocket gopher (Geomys bursarius)

thirteen-lined ground squirrel (Ictidomys tridecemlineatus)

whitetail deer (Odocoileus virginianus)

eastern gray squirrel

Plants

Ten plant species with conservation status in Minnesota are found here:

 

Endangered

butternut (Juglans cinerea)

 

Threatened

heart-leaved skullcap (Scutellaria ovata ssp. ovata)

upland boneset (Eupatorium sessilifolium var. brittonianum)

 

Special concern

Goldie’s woodfern (Dryopteris goldiana)

Kentucky coffee tree (Gymnocladus dioicus)

rattlesnake master (Eryngium yuccifolium var. yuccifolium)

silver false spleenwort (Deparia acrostichoides)

squirrel corn (Dicentra canadensis)

swamp white oak (Quercus bicolor)

white wild indigo (Baptisia lactea var. lactea)

 
 

Minnesota Biodiversity Atlas (Bell Museum of Natural History) Plant List

 
 

Plants frequently found in:

Black Oak - White Oak Woodland (Sand) FDs27c

Dry Bedrock Bluff Prairie (Southern) UPs13c

Dry Sand - Gravel Prairie (Southern) UPs13b

Oak - Shagbark Hickory Woodland FDs38a

Red Oak - White Oak Forest MHs37a

Sand Beach/Sandbar (River): Permanent Stream Subtype RVx32b2

Silver Maple - Green Ash - Cottonwood Terrace Forest FFs59a

Silver Maple - (Virginia Creeper) Floodplain Forest FFs68a

Sugar Maple - Basswood - Red Oak - (Blue Beech) Forest MHs39b

 
 

 

alfalfa (Medicago sativa ssp. sativa)

Allegheny blackberry (Rubus allegheniensis)

alsike clover (Trifolium hybridum)

American basswood (Tilia americana var. americana)

American bittersweet (Celastrus scandens)

American elm (Ulmus americana)

American germander (Teucrium canadense)

American hog peanut (Amphicarpaea bracteata var. comosa)

American lopseed (Phryma leptostachya)

American plum (Prunus americana)

American red raspberry (Rubus idaeus ssp. strigosus)

annual fleabane (Erigeron annuus)

asparagus (Asparagus officinalis)

Atlantic ninebark (Physocarpus opulifolius var. intermedius)

Bell’s honeysuckle (Lonicera × bella)

big bluestem (Andropogon gerardii)

bigtooth aspen (Populus grandidentata)

bird’s-foot trefoil (Lotus corniculatus var. corniculatus)

bitternut hickory (Carya cordiformis)

black ash (Fraxinus nigra)

black cherry (Prunus serotina var. serotina)

black medick (Medicago lupulina)

black raspberry (Rubus occidentalis)

black walnut (Juglans nigra)

black-eyed Susan (Rudbeckia hirta var. pulcherrima)

black-seeded plantain (Plantago rugelii var. rugelii)

bland sweet cicely (Osmorhiza claytonii)

Blue Ridge carrionflower (Smilax lasioneura)

blunt-lobed woodsia (Woodsia obtusa ssp. obtusa)

boxelder (Acer negundo var. negundo)

broadleaf enchanter’s nightshade (Circaea lutetiana ssp. canadensis)

bur oak (Quercus macrocarpa var. macrocarpa)

butterfly weed (Asclepias tuberosa ssp. interior)

butternut (Juglans cinerea)

Canada moonseed (Menispermum canadense)

Canada thistle (Cirsium arvense)

Canada wildrye (Elymus canadensis)

Canadian clearweed (Pilea pumila)

Canadian horseweed (Conyza canadensis)

Canadian tick-trefoil (Desmodium canadense)

Canadian woodnettle (Laportea canadensis)

candle anemone (Anemone cylindrica)

Carolina horsenettle (Solanum carolinense)

chokecherry (Prunus virginiana var. virginiana)

cleavers (Galium aparine)

common agrimony (Agrimonia gryposepala)

common blue violet (Viola sororia)

common buckthorn (Rhamnus cathartica)

common burdock (Arctium minus)

common dandelion (Taraxacum officinale ssp. officinale)

common evening primrose (Oenothera biennis)

common false Solomon’s seal (Maianthemum racemosum var. racemosum)

common milkweed (Asclepias syriaca)

common motherwort (Leonurus cardiaca ssp. cardiaca)

common mullein (Verbascum thapsus ssp. thapsus)

common ragweed (Ambrosia artemisiifolia)

common St. Johnswort (Hypericum perforatum)

common yarrow (Achillea millefolium)

compass plant (Silphium laciniatum)

cup plant (Silphium perfoliatum var. perfoliatum)

Deptford pink (Dianthus armeria ssp. armeria)

Drummond’s aster (Symphyotrichum drummondii var. drummondii)

early figwort (Scrophularia lanceolata)

early meadow rue (Thalictrum dioicum)

eastern bottlebrush grass (Elymus hystrix)

eastern redcedar (Juniperus virginiana var. virginiana)

eastern white pine (Pinus strobus)

European cranberrybush (Viburnum opulus var. opulus)

false sunflower (Heliopsis helianthoides var. occidentalis)

field bindweed (Convolvulus arvensis)

field clover (Trifolium campestre)

field thistle (Cirsium discolor)

flowering spurge (Euphorbia corollata)

fragrant bedstraw (Galium triflorum)

giant foxtail (Setaria faberi)

giant goldenrod (Solidago gigantea)

giant ragweed (Ambrosia trifida var. trifida)

grape honeysuckle (Lonicera reticulata)

gray dogwood (Cornus racemosa)

gray-headed coneflower (Ratibida pinnata)

green ash (Fraxinus pennsylvanica)

ground ivy (Glechoma hederacea)

heal-all (Prunella vulgaris)

hedge bindweed (Calystegia sepium)

hoary alyssum (Berteroa incana)

hoary vervain (Verbena stricta)

Indian hemp (Apocynum cannabinum)

interrupted fern (Osmunda claytoniana)

ironwood (Ostrya virginiana var. virginiana)

Jack-in-the-pulpit (Arisaema triphyllum)

kidney-leaved buttercup (Ranunculus abortivus)

large-flowered bellwort (Uvularia grandiflora)

late goldenrod (Solidago altissima)

late horse-gentian (Triosteum perfoliatum)

leadplant (Amorpha canescens)

little bluestem (Schizachyrium scoparium var. scoparium)

Maximilian’s sunflower (Helianthus maximilianii)

Morrow’s honeysuckle (Lonicera morrowii)

northern bedstraw (Galium boreale)

northern hackberry (Celtis occidentalis)

northern lady fern (Athyrium filix-femina ssp. angustum)

northern pin oak (Quercus ellipsoidalis)

northern prickly ash (Zanthoxylum americanum)

northern red oak (Quercus rubra)

oxeye daisy (Leucanthemum vulgare)

pagoda dogwood (Cornus alternifolia)

paleleaf woodland sunflower (Helianthus strumosus)

paper birch (Betula papyrifera var. papyrifera)

paradise apple (Malus pumila)

plains cottonwood (Populus deltoides ssp. molinifera)

pointed-leaved tick-trefoil (Desmodium glutinosum)

poke milkweed (Asclepias exaltata)

prairie dropseed (Sporobolus heterolepis)

prairie fleabane (Erigeron strigosus)

prairie peppergrass (Lepidium densiflorum var. densiflorum)

prairie rose (Rosa arkansana)

purple giant hyssop (Agastache scrophulariifolia)

purple loosestrife (Lythrum salicaria)

purple prairie clover (Dalea purpurea var. purpurea)

quaking aspen (Populus tremuloides)

Queen Anne’s lace (Daucus carota ssp. carota)

rabbit’s foot clover (Trifolium arvense)

rattlesnake master (Eryngium yuccifolium var. yuccifolium)

red clover (Trifolium pratense)

red elderberry (Sambucus racemosa var. racemosa)

red osier dogwood (Cornus sericea ssp. sericea)

reed canary grass (Phalaris arundinacea)

rock elm (Ulmus thomasii)

rough bedstraw (Galium asprellum)

rough-fruited cinquefoil (Potentilla recta)

round-headed bush clover (Lespedeza capitata)

Russian olive (Elaeagnus angustifolia)

sandbar willow (Salix interior)

Siberian elm (Ulmus pumila)

silvergreen bryum moss (Bryum argenteum)

silvery cinquefoil (Potentilla argentea)

smooth brome (Bromus inermis)

smooth Solomon’s seal (Polygonatum biflorum var. commutatum)

smooth sumac (Rhus glabra)

soft agrimony (Agrimonia pubescens)

spreading dogbane (Apocynum androsaemifolium)

staghorn sumac (Rhus typhina)

starry false Solomon’s seal (Maianthemum stellatum)

stiff goldenrod (Solidago rigida ssp. rigida)

stinging nettle (Urtica dioica ssp. gracilis)

sugar maple (Acer saccharum ssp. saccharum)

swamp milkweed (Asclepias incarnata ssp. incarnata)

tall thimbleweed (Anemone virginiana)

tall tumble mustard (Sisymbrium altissimum)

Tartarian honeysuckle (Lonicera tatarica)

timothy (Phleum pratense)

touch-me-not (Impatiens sp.)

upland boneset (Eupatorium sessilifolium var. brittonianum)

velvet-leaf (Abutilon theophrasti)

virgin’s bower (Clematis virginiana)

Virginia creeper (Parthenocissus quinquefolia)

Virginia mountain mint (Pycnanthemum virginianum)

Virginia stickseed (Hackelia virginiana)

Virginia waterleaf (Hydrophyllum virginianum var. virginianum)

western marbleseed (Lithospermum occidentale)

western poison ivy (Toxicodendron rydbergii)

white campion (Silene latifolia ssp. alba)

white clover (Trifolium repens)

white oak (Quercus alba)

white poplar (Populus alba)

white prairie clover (Dalea candida var. candida)

white rattlesnake root (Nabalus albus)

white sage (Artemisia ludoviciana ssp. ludoviciana)

white snakeroot (Ageratina altissima var. altissima)

white spruce (Picea glauca)

white sweet clover (Melilotus albus)

white vervain (Verbena urticifolia)

white wild indigo (Baptisia lactea var. lactea)

whorled milkweed (Asclepias verticillata)

wild bergamot (Monarda fistulosa)

wild columbine (Aquilegia canadensis)

wild geranium (Geranium maculatum)

wild ginger (Asarum canadense)

wild grape (Vitis riparia)

wild parsnip (Pastinaca sativa)

wild yam (Dioscorea villosa)

winter vetch (Vicia villosa ssp. villosa)

woodbine (Parthenocissus vitacea)

yellow foxtail (Setaria pumila ssp. pumila)

yellow goat’s beard (Tragopogon dubius)

yellow sweet clover (Melilotus officinalis)

yellow violet (Viola pubescens)

yellow wood sorrel (Oxalis stricta)

zigzag goldenrod (Solidago flexicaulis)

 

Abutilon theophrasti (velvet-leaf)

Acer negundo var. negundo (boxelder)

Acer saccharum ssp. saccharum (sugar maple)

Achillea millefolium (common yarrow)

Agastache scrophulariifolia (purple giant hyssop)

Ageratina altissima var. altissima (white snakeroot)

Agrimonia gryposepala (common agrimony)

Agrimonia pubescens (soft agrimony)

Ambrosia artemisiifolia (common ragweed)

Ambrosia trifida var. trifida (giant ragweed)

Amorpha canescens (leadplant)

Amphicarpaea bracteata var. comosa (American hog peanut)

Andropogon gerardii (big bluestem)

Anemone cylindrica (candle anemone)

Anemone virginiana (tall thimbleweed)

Apocynum androsaemifolium (spreading dogbane)

Apocynum cannabinum (Indian hemp)

Aquilegia canadensis (wild columbine)

Arctium minus (common burdock)

Arisaema triphyllum (Jack-in-the-pulpit)

Artemisia ludoviciana ssp. ludoviciana (white sage)

Asarum canadense (wild ginger)

Asclepias exaltata (poke milkweed)

Asclepias incarnata ssp. incarnata (swamp milkweed)

Asclepias syriaca (common milkweed)

Asclepias tuberosa ssp. interior (butterfly weed)

Asclepias verticillata (whorled milkweed)

Asparagus officinalis (asparagus)

Athyrium filix-femina ssp. angustum (northern lady fern)

Baptisia lactea var. lactea (white wild indigo)

Berteroa incana (hoary alyssum)

Betula papyrifera var. papyrifera (paper birch)

Bromus inermis (smooth brome)

Bryum argenteum (silvergreen bryum moss)

Calystegia sepium (hedge bindweed)

Carya cordiformis (bitternut hickory)

Celastrus scandens (American bittersweet)

Celtis occidentalis (northern hackberry)

Circaea lutetiana ssp. canadensis (broadleaf enchanter’s nightshade)

Cirsium arvense (Canada thistle)

Cirsium discolor (field thistle)

Clematis virginiana (virgin’s bower)

Convolvulus arvensis (field bindweed)

Conyza canadensis (Canadian horseweed)

Cornus alternifolia (pagoda dogwood)

Cornus racemosa (gray dogwood)

Cornus sericea ssp. sericea (red osier dogwood)

Dalea candida var. candida (white prairie clover)

Dalea purpurea var. purpurea (purple prairie clover)

Daucus carota ssp. carota (Queen Anne’s lace)

Desmodium canadense (Canadian tick-trefoil)

Desmodium glutinosum (pointed-leaved tick-trefoil)

Dianthus armeria ssp. armeria (Deptford pink)

Dioscorea villosa (wild yam)

Elaeagnus angustifolia (Russian olive)

Elymus canadensis (Canada wildrye)

Elymus hystrix (eastern bottlebrush grass)

Erigeron annuus (annual fleabane)

Erigeron strigosus (prairie fleabane)

Eryngium yuccifolium var. yuccifolium (rattlesnake master)

Eupatorium sessilifolium var. brittonianum (upland boneset)

Euphorbia corollata (flowering spurge)

Fraxinus nigra (black ash)

Fraxinus pennsylvanica (green ash)

Galium aparine (cleavers)

Galium asprellum (rough bedstraw)

Galium boreale (northern bedstraw)

Galium triflorum (fragrant bedstraw)

Geranium maculatum (wild geranium)

Glechoma hederacea (ground ivy)

Hackelia virginiana (Virginia stickseed)

Helianthus maximilianii (Maximilian’s sunflower)

Helianthus strumosus (paleleaf woodland sunflower)

Heliopsis helianthoides var. occidentalis (false sunflower)

Hydrophyllum virginianum var. virginianum (Virginia waterleaf)

Hypericum perforatum (common St. Johnswort)

Impatiens sp. (touch-me-not)

Juglans cinerea (butternut)

Juglans nigra (black walnut)

Juniperus virginiana var. virginiana (eastern redcedar)

Laportea canadensis (Canadian woodnettle)

Leonurus cardiaca ssp. cardiaca (common motherwort)

Lepidium densiflorum var. densiflorum (prairie peppergrass)

Lespedeza capitata (round-headed bush clover)

Leucanthemum vulgare (oxeye daisy)

Lithospermum occidentale (western marbleseed)

Lonicera × bella (Bell’s honeysuckle)

Lonicera morrowii (Morrow’s honeysuckle)

Lonicera reticulata (grape honeysuckle)

Lonicera tatarica (Tartarian honeysuckle)

Lotus corniculatus var. corniculatus (bird’s-foot trefoil)

Lythrum salicaria (purple loosestrife)

Maianthemum racemosum var. racemosum (common false Solomon’s seal)

Maianthemum stellatum (starry false Solomon’s seal)

Malus pumila (paradise apple)

Medicago lupulina (black medick)

Medicago sativa ssp. sativa (alfalfa)

Melilotus albus (white sweet clover)

Melilotus officinalis (yellow sweet clover)

Menispermum canadense (Canada moonseed)

Monarda fistulosa (wild bergamot)

Nabalus albus (white rattlesnake root)

Oenothera biennis (common evening primrose)

Osmorhiza claytonii (bland sweet cicely)

Osmunda claytoniana (interrupted fern)

Ostrya virginiana var. virginiana (ironwood)

Oxalis stricta (yellow wood sorrel)

Parthenocissus quinquefolia (Virginia creeper)

Parthenocissus vitacea (woodbine)

Pastinaca sativa (wild parsnip)

Phalaris arundinacea (reed canary grass)

Phleum pratense (timothy)

Phryma leptostachya (American lopseed)

Physocarpus opulifolius var. intermedius (Atlantic ninebark)

Picea glauca (white spruce)

Pilea pumila (Canadian clearweed)

Pinus strobus (eastern white pine)

Plantago rugelii var. rugelii (black-seeded plantain)

Polygonatum biflorum var. commutatum (smooth Solomon’s seal)

Populus alba (white poplar)

Populus deltoides ssp. molinifera (plains cottonwood)

Populus grandidentata (bigtooth aspen)

Populus tremuloides (quaking aspen)

Potentilla argentea (silvery cinquefoil)

Potentilla recta (rough-fruited cinquefoil)

Prunella vulgaris (heal-all)

Prunus americana (American plum)

Prunus serotina var. serotina (black cherry)

Prunus virginiana var. virginiana (chokecherry)

Pycnanthemum virginianum (Virginia mountain mint)

Quercus alba (white oak)

Quercus ellipsoidalis (northern pin oak)

Quercus macrocarpa var. macrocarpa (bur oak)

Quercus rubra (northern red oak)

Ranunculus abortivus (kidney-leaved buttercup)

Ratibida pinnata (gray-headed coneflower)

Rhamnus cathartica (common buckthorn)

Rhus glabra (smooth sumac)

Rhus typhina (staghorn sumac)

Rosa arkansana (prairie rose)

Rubus allegheniensis (Allegheny blackberry)

Rubus idaeus ssp. strigosus (American red raspberry)

Rubus occidentalis (black raspberry)

Rudbeckia hirta var. pulcherrima (black-eyed Susan)

Salix interior (sandbar willow)

Sambucus racemosa var. racemosa (red elderberry)

Schizachyrium scoparium var. scoparium (little bluestem)

Scrophularia lanceolata (early figwort)

Setaria faberi (giant foxtail)

Setaria pumila ssp. pumila (yellow foxtail)

Silene latifolia ssp. alba (white campion)

Silphium laciniatum (compass plant)

Silphium perfoliatum var. perfoliatum (cup plant)

Sisymbrium altissimum (tall tumble mustard)

Smilax lasioneura (Blue Ridge carrionflower)

Solanum carolinense (Carolina horsenettle)

Solidago altissima (late goldenrod)

Solidago flexicaulis (zigzag goldenrod)

Solidago gigantea (giant goldenrod)

Solidago rigida ssp. rigida (stiff goldenrod)

Sporobolus heterolepis (prairie dropseed)

Symphyotrichum drummondii var. drummondii (Drummond’s aster)

Taraxacum officinale ssp. officinale (common dandelion)

Teucrium canadense (American germander)

Thalictrum dioicum (early meadow rue)

Tilia americana var. americana (American basswood)

Toxicodendron rydbergii (western poison ivy)

Tragopogon dubius (yellow goat’s beard)

Trifolium arvense (rabbit’s foot clover)

Trifolium campestre (field clover)

Trifolium hybridum (alsike clover)

Trifolium pratense (red clover)

Trifolium repens (white clover)

Triosteum perfoliatum (late horse-gentian)

Ulmus americana (American elm)

Ulmus pumila (Siberian elm)

Ulmus thomasii (rock elm)

Urtica dioica ssp. gracilis (stinging nettle)

Uvularia grandiflora (large-flowered bellwort)

Verbascum thapsus ssp. thapsus (common mullein)

Verbena stricta (hoary vervain)

Verbena urticifolia (white vervain)

Viburnum opulus var. opulus (European cranberrybush)

Vicia villosa ssp. villosa (winter vetch)

Viola pubescens (yellow violet)

Viola sororia (common blue violet)

Vitis riparia (wild grape)

Woodsia obtusa ssp. obtusa (blunt-lobed woodsia)

Zanthoxylum americanum (northern prickly ash)

alfalfa

alsike clover

American germander

American plum

black cherry

black raspberry

black-eyed susan

bur oak (var. macrocarpa)

butterfly weed

Canada moonseed

Canada wildrye

Canadian tick-trefoil

chokecherry

common blue violet

common evening primrose

common St. Johnswort

compass plant

Deptford pink

early figwort

eastern bottlebrush grass

false sunflower

flowering spurge

gray-headed coneflower

large-flowered bellwort

leadplant

Maximilian’s sunflower

Morrow’s honeysuckle

oxeye daisy

paleleaf woodland sunflower

poke milkweed

prairie rose

purple prairie clover

Queen Anne’s lace

red clover

red elderberry

rough-fruited cinquefoil

silvery cinquefoil

spreading dogbane

stiff goldenrod

swamp milkweed

Tartarian honeysuckle

Virginia mountain mint

Virginia waterleaf

white prairie clover

white rattlesnake root

white wild indigo

whorled milkweed

wild geranium

winter vetch

yellow sweet clover

downy yellow violet

 


Reptiles

One reptile species with conservation status in Minnesota has been seen here:

 

Threatened

timber rattlesnake (Crotalus horridus)

 
 

painted turtle (Chrysemys picta)

painted turtle


 

 

Binoculars

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