round-headed bush clover

(Lespedeza capitata)

Conservation Status
round-headed bush clover
 
  IUCN Red List

not listed

     
  NatureServe

N5? - Secure

SNR - Unranked

     
  Minnesota

not listed

     
           
Wetland Indicator Status
     
  Great Plains

UPL - Obligate upland

     
  Midwest

FACU - Facultative upland

     
  Northcentral & Northeast

FACU - Facultative upland

     
           
 
Description
 
 

Round-headed bush clover is a 2 to 4 tall, erect, perennial forb that rises on one or more stems from a taproot.

The stems are erect, leafy, and usually unbranched or with a few branches above the middle. They are densely covered with soft, silvery hairs.

The leaves are alternate, and compound, divided into 3 leaflets. They are on short, 1 16 to 3 16 long leaf stalks. The stalk of the terminal leaflet is longer than the leaf stalk. The leaflets are ascending, oval, 1 to 2 long, to ¾ wide, and may be tipped with a short, sharp, abrupt point. The hairiness of the upper surface is variable. They are usually covered in dense, soft, appressed, hairs, and often have a silvery sheen, but they may be hairless. The lower surface is always covered in dense, soft, appressed hairs. The margins are untoothed.

The inflorescence is a round, head-like, dense cluster of 10 to 45 crowded flowers. The clusters are on a short stalk at the ends of stems and branches, or are unstalked in the leaf axils. The flower heads turn dark brown when they mature.

The flowers are from less than ¼ to long and pea-like, with 5 petals organized into a broad banner at the top, 2 narrow wings, and a keel in the center formed by two petals fused together at the tip. The petals are cream colored (yellowish-white) with a pinkish or purple patch near the throat. There is no floral scent.

The fruit is a 1-seeded, hairy pod, about 1 5 long.

 
     
 

Height

 
 

2 to 4

 
     
 

Flower Color

 
 

Cream colored (yellowish-white), with a pinkish or purple throat.

 
     
 

Similar Species

 
  Prairie bush clover (Lespedeza leptostachya) has narrower leaflets and loose flower heads.  
     
 
Habitat
 
 

Dry to moderate moisture. Prairies, sand dunes, woodland openings. Full to partial sun.

 
     
 
Biology
 
 

Flowering

 
 

July to September

 
     
 
Use
 
 

 

 
     
 
Distribution
 
 

Distribution Map

 

Sources

2, 3, 4, 5, 7, 24, 28.

 
  9/4/2020      
         
 

Nativity

 
 

Native

 
         
 

Occurrence

 
 

Common

 
         
 
Taxonomy
 
  Kingdom Plantae (green algae and land plants)  
  Subkingdom Viridiplantae (green plants)  
  Infrakingdom Streptophyta (land plants and green algae)  
  Superdivision Embryophyta (land plants)  
  Division Tracheophyta (vascular plants)  
  Subdivision Spermatophytina (seed plants)  
  Class Magnoliopsida (dicots)  
  Subclass Rosidae  
  Superorder Rosanae  
 

Order

Fabales (legumes, milkworts, and allies)  
 

Family

Fabaceae (peas, legumes)  
  Subfamily Faboideae (Papilionoideae)  
  Tribe Desmodieae  
  Subtribe Lespedezinae  
  Genus Lespedeza (bush clovers and lespedezas)  
       
 

Subordinate Taxa

 
     
       
 

Synonyms

 
 

Hedysarum conglomeratum

Hedysarum frutescens

Hedysarum umbellatum

Lespedeza bicknellii

Lespedeza capitata f. argentea

Lespedeza capitata var. sericea

Lespedeza capitata var. stenophylla

Lespedeza capitata var. typica

Lespedeza capitata var. velutina

Lespedeza capitata var. vulgaris

Lespedeza frutescens

Lespedeza stuevei

Lespedeza velutina

 
       
 

Common Names

 
 

bush clover

bush-clover

dusty clover

round-head bush-clover

round-headed bush clover

roundhead lespedeza

round-head lespedeza

round-headed lespedeza

 
       

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Glossary

Axil

The upper angle where the leaf stalk meets the stem.

 

Compound leaf

A leaf that is divided into leaflets, each leaflet having the general appearance of a leaf, with all leaflets attached to a single leaf stem.

       
Visitor Photos
   

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Luciearl
       

Growing in the ditch on my property. First time seen this year.

  round-headed bush clover   round-headed bush clover
       
MinnesotaSeasons.com Photos
   

Habitat

  round-headed bush clover   round-headed bush clover
       

Plant

  round-headed bush clover   round-headed bush clover
       
  round-headed bush clover   round-headed bush clover
       

Inflorescence

  round-headed bush clover   round-headed bush clover
       
  round-headed bush clover   round-headed bush clover
       
  round-headed bush clover   round-headed bush clover
       

Infructescence

  round-headed bush clover   round-headed bush clover
       
       

 

Camera

     
Slideshows
   
  Lezpedeza capitata PRAIRIE BUSHCLOVER
Frank Mayfield
 
  Lezpedeza capitata PRAIRIE BUSHCLOVER  

 

slideshow

       
Visitor Videos
       

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Other Videos
 
       
       
       
       

 

Camcorder

         
Visitor Sightings
   

Report a sighting of this plant.

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Luciearl
8/29/2018

Location: Fairview Township (Cass Cty)

Growing in the ditch on my property. First time seen this year.

round-headed bush clover


     
     
 
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