Prairie Coteau SNA

               
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Area and County

Pipestone County

 

 

 


Size

420 acres

Printable map
 
Maps

Detail map (MN DNR)

Printable Maps with GPS coordinates

Complete

North Section

South Section

 
Parking

Central: MN Hwy. 23, parking lot and interpretive sign
N44 6.878, W96 9.011

South: County Road 84, park on shoulder
N44 6.594, W96 8.758

North: 191st St., park at dead end
N44 7.460, W96 9.263

 
Hiking Trails

No maintained trails

 
Hunting

All hunting and trapping. See Hunting and Trapping Regulations (MN DNR) for details.


Ecological Classification

Province

Prairie Parkland Province

Ecological Classification

Section

North Central Glaciated Plains

Subsection(s)

Coteau Moraines
Inner Coteau

Land Type Association(s)

Buffalo Ridge

Trosky Till Plain

Woodstock Till Plain

 
Native Plant Communities1

Dry Hill Prairie (Southern)

Prairie Meadow/Carr

Wet Prairie (Southern)


Ownership Minnesota DNR logo        
 
Links

Minnesota DNR


Comments

Field Access to Southeast Section
There are two field accesses permitting dry entry into the southeast section. The first is directly across MN Hwy 23 from the parking lot and interpretive sign. The second is on 181st St. ¼ mile east of MN Hwy 23.


Visits

6/13/2009

9/14/2010

  8/16/2013

 

 

Driving Directions

Get a Google map and driving directions to this destination from any address.

 

 

 

 

Glossary

coteau

A hilly upland including the divide between two valleys.

 

       

Visitor Photos

   
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North Parking

  Prairie Coteau SNA    
       

Central Parking Lot

  Prairie Coteau SNA   Prairie Coteau SNA
       

Interpretive Sign

  Prairie Coteau SNA    
       

Wood Routed Sign

  Prairie Coteau SNA    
       

South Field Access

  Prairie Coteau SNA    
       

Dry Hill Prairie (Southern)

  Prairie Coteau SNA   Prairie Coteau SNA
       
  Prairie Coteau SNA   Prairie Coteau SNA
       

Prairie Meadow/Carr

  Prairie Coteau SNA   Prairie Coteau SNA
       
  Prairie Coteau SNA   Prairie Coteau SNA
       

Wet Prairie (Southern)

  Prairie Coteau SNA   Prairie Coteau SNA
       
  Prairie Coteau SNA   Prairie Coteau SNA
       

Other Prairie

  Prairie Coteau SNA   Prairie Coteau SNA
       

Bemis Moraine

  Prairie Coteau SNA   Prairie Coteau SNA
       
  Prairie Coteau SNA   Prairie Coteau SNA
       

Shallow Lake

  Prairie Coteau SNA   Prairie Coteau SNA
       

Wind Turbines

  Prairie Coteau SNA   Prairie Coteau SNA
       

Southeast Section

  Prairie Coteau SNA   Prairie Coteau SNA
       
  Prairie Coteau SNA   Prairie Coteau SNA
       
       

 

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  Prairie Coteau SNA
minnesota_snas
 
  Prairie Coteau SNA  
 
About

Prairie Coteau SNA is one of the most important and stunning prairies in southwestern Minnesota. It occupies an area of steep slopes and valleys that cut through the Bemis glacial moraine, and takes its name from the larger, 20,000 square mile plateau of which it is a part, the ‘Coteau des Prairies,' or prairie highlands. Painter George Catlin, traveling to the region in the 1830s, offered a description of the approach from the surrounding plains that still holds true today: "For many miles we had the Coteau in view in the distance before us, which looked like a blue cloud settling down in the horizon."

 
     

 

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Visitor Observations

   
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MinnesotaSeasons.com Observations

   

Amphibians

northern leopard frog (Rana pipiens)

northern leopard frog

Birds

One tracked bird species has been seen here:

 

Tracked

Bald Eagle (Haliaeetus leucocephalus)

 
 

Minnesota DNR Bird checklist

 
 

Eastern Kingbird (Tyrannus tyrannus)

Killdeer (Charadrius vociferus)

Red-winged Blackbird (Agelaius phoeniceus)

Savannah Sparrow (Passerculus sandwichensis)

Vesper Sparrow (Pooecetes gramineus)

Red-winged Blackbird


Insects and Arachnids

Regal fritillaries were prolific here in 2013. I saw more in one day here than all of those I had seen before.

 
 

Three insect species with conservation status in Minnesota are found here:

 

Endangered

Dakota skipper (Hesperia dacotae)

Ottoe skipper (Hesperia ottoe)

 

Special concern

regal fritillary (Speyeria idalia)

 
 

band-winged meadowhawk (Sympetrum semicinctum)

black swallowtail (Papilio polyxenes)

Carolina grasshopper (Dissosteira carolina)

goldenrod bunch gall midge (Rhopalomyia solidaginis)

goldenrod gall fly (Eurosta solidaginis)

goldenrod soldier beetle (Chauliognathus pennsylvanicus)

great black wasp (Sphex pensylvanicus)

Halloween pennant (Celithemis eponina)

horsemint tortoise beetle (Physonota unipunctata)

monarch (Danaus plexippus)

orange sulphur (Colias eurytheme)

regal fritillary (Speyeria idalia)

viceroy (Limenitis archippus)

goldenrod bunch gall midge

monarch

regal fritillary


Mammals

plains pocket gopher (Geomys bursarius)

whitetail deer (Odocoileus virginianus)

plains pocket gopher


Plants

Four plant species with conservation status in Minnesota are found here:

 

Special concern

prairie moonwort (Botrychium campestre)

red three-awn (Aristida purpurea var. longiseta)

small white lady’s slipper (Cypripedium candidum)

western white prairie clover (Dalea candida var. oligophylla)

 
 

Minnesota Biodiversity Atlas (Bell Museum of Natural History) Plant List

 
 

Plants frequently found in:

Dry Hill Prairie (Southern) UPs13d

Prairie Meadow/Carr WMp73a

Wet Prairie (Southern) WPs54b

 
 

 

alfalfa (Medicago sativa ssp. sativa)

American bugleweed (Lycopus americanus)

American hog peanut (Amphicarpaea bracteata var. comosa)

American plum (Prunus americana)

big bluestem (Andropogon gerardii)

bird’s-foot trefoil (Lotus corniculatus var. corniculatus)

black medick (Medicago lupulina)

black-eyed Susan (Rudbeckia hirta var. pulcherrima)

black-seeded plantain (Plantago rugelii var. rugelii)

blue giant hyssop (Agastache foeniculum)

blue vervain (Verbena hastata var. scabra)

broad-leaved arrowhead (Sagittaria latifolia)

broad-leaved cattail (Typha latifolia)

bull thistle (Cirsium vulgare)

Canada anemone (Anemone canadensis)

Canada thistle (Cirsium arvense)

Canadian horseweed (Conyza canadensis)

Canadian milkvetch (Astragalus canadensis var. canadensis)

Canadian tick-trefoil (Desmodium canadense)

candle anemone (Anemone cylindrica)

common blue violet (Viola sororia)

common boneset (Eupatorium perfoliatum var. perfoliatum)

common bur-reed (Sparganium eurycarpum)

common evening primrose (Oenothera biennis)

common milkweed (Asclepias syriaca)

common ragweed (Ambrosia artemisiifolia)

common sneezeweed (Helenium autumnale)

common strawberry (Fragaria virginiana)

common yarrow (Achillea millefolium)

Culver’s root (Veronicastrum virginicum)

curly dock (Rumex crispus)

curly-cup gumweed (Grindelia squarrosa)

cylindric blazing star (Liatris cylindracea)

dotted blazing star (Liatris punctata var. punctata)

downy gentian (Gentiana puberulenta)

downy phlox (Phlox pilosa ssp. fulgida)

early figwort (Scrophularia lanceolata)

false sunflower (Heliopsis helianthoides var. occidentalis)

field horsetail (Equisetum arvense)

field sagewort (Artemisia campestris ssp. caudata)

field sow thistle (Sonchus arvensis)

field thistle (Cirsium discolor)

Flodman’s thistle (Cirsium flodmanii)

foxtail barley (Hordeum jubatum ssp. jubatum)

fringed loosestrife (Lysimachia ciliata)

giant goldenrod (Solidago gigantea)

giant ragweed (Ambrosia trifida var. trifida)

giant sumpweed (Cyclachaena xanthiifolia)

giant sunflower (Helianthus giganteus)

golden alexanders (Zizia aurea)

grass-leaved goldenrod (Euthamia graminifolia var. graminifolia)

gray goldenrod (Solidago nemoralis)

gray-headed coneflower (Ratibida pinnata)

great blue lobelia (Lobelia siphilitica)

great water dock (Rumex britannica)

green ash (Fraxinus pennsylvanica)

grooved yellow flax (Linum sulcatum var. sulcatum)

hairy false goldenaster (Heterotheca villosa)

hairy four o’clock (Mirabilis albida)

heart-leaved four o’clock (Mirabilis nyctaginea)

heart-leaved golden alexanders (Zizia aptera)

hoary vervain (Verbena stricta)

Indian hemp (Apocynum cannabinum)

Indiangrass (Sorghastrum nutans)

leadplant (Amorpha canescens)

little bluestem (Schizachyrium scoparium var. scoparium)

long-headed coneflower (Ratibida columnifera)

marsh vetchling (Lathyrus palustris)

Maximilian’s sunflower (Helianthus maximilianii)

musk thistle (Carduus nutans)

narrow-leaved cattail (Typha angustifolia)

narrow-leaved purple coneflower (Echinacea angustifolia)

northern bedstraw (Galium boreale)

plumeless thistle (Carduus acanthoides)

prairie alumroot (Heuchera richardsonii)

prairie cordgrass (Spartina pectinata)

prairie dropseed (Sporobolus heterolepis)

prairie fleabane (Erigeron strigosus)

prairie goldenrod (Solidago ptarmicoides)

prairie lettuce (Lactuca ludoviciana)

prairie onion (Allium stellatum)

prairie rose (Rosa arkansana)

prairie turnip (Pediomelum esculentum)

prickly sow thistle (Sonchus asper)

purple prairie clover (Dalea purpurea var. purpurea)

purple rattlesnake root (Nabalus racemosus)

red clover (Trifolium pratense)

reed canary grass (Phalaris arundinacea)

roadside agrimony (Agrimonia striata)

rope dodder (Cuscuta glomerata)

rough blazing star (Liatris aspera)

rough bugleweed (Lycopus asper)

rough false foxglove (Agalinis aspera)

rough rattlesnake root (Nabalus asper)

round-headed bush clover (Lespedeza capitata)

sandbar willow (Salix interior)

sawtooth sunflower (Helianthus grosseserratus)

showy blue lettuce (Lactuca tatarica ssp. pulchella)

sideoats grama (Bouteloua curtipendula var. curtipendula)

silverleaf scurfpea (Pediomelum argophyllum)

smooth blue aster (Symphyotrichum laeve)

smooth scouring rush (Equisetum laevigatum)

spotted Joe Pye weed (Eutrochium maculatum)

spotted water hemlock (Cicuta maculata)

stiff goldenrod (Solidago rigida ssp. rigida)

stiff sunflower (Helianthus pauciflorus ssp. subrhomboideus)

stinging nettle (Urtica dioica ssp. gracilis)

swamp betony (Pedicularis lanceolata)

swamp milkweed (Asclepias incarnata ssp. incarnata)

tall meadow rue (Thalictrum dasycarpum)

tall thimbleweed (Anemone virginiana)

timothy (Phleum pratense)

toothed evening primrose (Oenothera serrulata)

Virginia groundcherry (Physalis virginiana var. virginiana)

water horsetail (Equisetum fluviatile)

water smartweed (Persicaria amphibia)

western marbleseed (Lithospermum occidentale)

white prairie clover (Dalea candida var. candida)

white sage (Artemisia ludoviciana ssp. ludoviciana)

white sweet clover (Melilotus albus)

wild bergamot (Monarda fistulosa)

wild licorice (Glycyrrhiza lepidota)

wild mint (Mentha arvensis)

wolfberry (Symphoricarpos occidentalis)

woundwort (Stachys pilosa var. arenicola)

yellow foxtail (Setaria pumila ssp. pumila)

yellow goat’s beard (Tragopogon dubius)

yellow sweet clover (Melilotus officinalis)

 

Achillea millefolium (common yarrow)

Agalinis aspera (rough false foxglove)

Agastache foeniculum (blue giant hyssop)

Agrimonia striata (roadside agrimony)

Allium stellatum (prairie onion)

Ambrosia artemisiifolia (common ragweed)

Ambrosia trifida var. trifida (giant ragweed)

Amorpha canescens (leadplant)

Amphicarpaea bracteata var. comosa (American hog peanut)

Andropogon gerardii (big bluestem)

Anemone canadensis (Canada anemone)

Anemone cylindrica (candle anemone)

Anemone virginiana (tall thimbleweed)

Apocynum cannabinum (Indian hemp)

Artemisia campestris ssp. caudata (field sagewort)

Artemisia ludoviciana ssp. ludoviciana (white sage)

Asclepias incarnata ssp. incarnata (swamp milkweed)

Asclepias syriaca (common milkweed)

Astragalus canadensis var. canadensis (Canadian milkvetch)

Bouteloua curtipendula var. curtipendula (sideoats grama)

Carduus acanthoides (plumeless thistle)

Carduus nutans (musk thistle)

Cicuta maculata (spotted water hemlock)

Cirsium arvense (Canada thistle)

Cirsium discolor (field thistle)

Cirsium flodmanii (Flodman’s thistle)

Cirsium vulgare (bull thistle)

Conyza canadensis (Canadian horseweed)

Cuscuta glomerata (rope dodder)

Cyclachaena xanthiifolia (giant sumpweed)

Dalea candida var. candida (white prairie clover)

Dalea purpurea var. purpurea (purple prairie clover)

Desmodium canadense (Canadian tick-trefoil)

Echinacea angustifolia (narrow-leaved purple coneflower)

Equisetum arvense (field horsetail)

Equisetum fluviatile (water horsetail)

Equisetum laevigatum (smooth scouring rush)

Erigeron strigosus (prairie fleabane)

Eupatorium perfoliatum var. perfoliatum (common boneset)

Euthamia graminifolia var. graminifolia (grass-leaved goldenrod)

Eutrochium maculatum (spotted Joe Pye weed)

Fragaria virginiana (common strawberry)

Fraxinus pennsylvanica (green ash)

Galium boreale (northern bedstraw)

Gentiana puberulenta (downy gentian)

Glycyrrhiza lepidota (wild licorice)

Grindelia squarrosa (curly-cup gumweed)

Helenium autumnale (common sneezeweed)

Helianthus giganteus (giant sunflower)

Helianthus grosseserratus (sawtooth sunflower)

Helianthus maximilianii (Maximilian’s sunflower)

Helianthus pauciflorus ssp. subrhomboideus (stiff sunflower)

Heliopsis helianthoides var. occidentalis (false sunflower)

Heterotheca villosa (hairy false goldenaster)

Heuchera richardsonii (prairie alumroot)

Hordeum jubatum ssp. jubatum (foxtail barley)

Lactuca ludoviciana (prairie lettuce)

Lactuca tatarica ssp. pulchella (showy blue lettuce)

Lathyrus palustris (marsh vetchling)

Lespedeza capitata (round-headed bush clover)

Liatris aspera (rough blazing star)

Liatris cylindracea (cylindric blazing star)

Liatris punctata var. punctata (dotted blazing star)

Linum sulcatum var. sulcatum (grooved yellow flax)

Lithospermum occidentale (western marbleseed)

Lobelia siphilitica (great blue lobelia)

Lotus corniculatus var. corniculatus (bird’s-foot trefoil)

Lycopus americanus (American bugleweed)

Lycopus asper (rough bugleweed)

Lysimachia ciliata (fringed loosestrife)

Medicago lupulina (black medick)

Medicago sativa ssp. sativa (alfalfa)

Melilotus albus (white sweet clover)

Melilotus officinalis (yellow sweet clover)

Mentha arvensis (wild mint)

Mirabilis albida (hairy four o’clock)

Mirabilis nyctaginea (heart-leaved four o’clock)

Monarda fistulosa (wild bergamot)

Nabalus asper (rough rattlesnake root)

Nabalus racemosus (purple rattlesnake root)

Oenothera biennis (common evening primrose)

Oenothera serrulata (toothed evening primrose)

Pedicularis lanceolata (swamp betony)

Pediomelum argophyllum (silverleaf scurfpea)

Pediomelum esculentum (prairie turnip)

Persicaria amphibia (water smartweed)

Phalaris arundinacea (reed canary grass)

Phleum pratense (timothy)

Phlox pilosa ssp. fulgida (downy phlox)

Physalis virginiana var. virginiana (Virginia groundcherry)

Plantago rugelii var. rugelii (black-seeded plantain)

Prunus americana (American plum)

Ratibida columnifera (long-headed coneflower)

Ratibida pinnata (gray-headed coneflower)

Rosa arkansana (prairie rose)

Rudbeckia hirta var. pulcherrima (black-eyed Susan)

Rumex britannica (great water dock)

Rumex crispus (curly dock)

Sagittaria latifolia (broad-leaved arrowhead)

Salix interior (sandbar willow)

Schizachyrium scoparium var. scoparium (little bluestem)

Scrophularia lanceolata (early figwort)

Setaria pumila ssp. pumila (yellow foxtail)

Solidago gigantea (giant goldenrod)

Solidago nemoralis (gray goldenrod)

Solidago ptarmicoides (prairie goldenrod)

Solidago rigida ssp. rigida (stiff goldenrod)

Sonchus arvensis (field sow thistle)

Sonchus asper (prickly sow thistle)

Sorghastrum nutans (Indiangrass)

Sparganium eurycarpum (common bur-reed)

Spartina pectinata (prairie cordgrass)

Sporobolus heterolepis (prairie dropseed)

Stachys pilosa var. arenicola (woundwort)

Symphoricarpos occidentalis (wolfberry)

Symphyotrichum laeve (smooth blue aster)

Thalictrum dasycarpum (tall meadow rue)

Tragopogon dubius (yellow goat’s beard)

Trifolium pratense (red clover)

Typha angustifolia (narrow-leaved cattail)

Typha latifolia (broad-leaved cattail)

Urtica dioica ssp. gracilis (stinging nettle)

Verbena hastata var. scabra (blue vervain)

Verbena stricta (hoary vervain)

Veronicastrum virginicum (Culver’s root)

Viola sororia (common blue violet)

Zizia aptera (heart-leaved golden alexanders)

Zizia aurea (golden alexanders)

alfalfa

American plum

black-eyed Susan

broad-leaved arrowhead

Canada anemone

Canadian milkvetch

Canadian tick-trefoil

common blue violet

common sneezeweed

Culver’s root

downy gentian

downy phlox

field sow thistle

fringed loosestrife

golden alexanders

gray-headed coneflower

hoary vervain

leadplant

long-headed coneflower

musk thistle

northern bedstraw

prairie onion

prairie rose

purple prairie clover

red clover

rough bugleweed

round-headed bush clover

silverleaf scurfpea

swamp milkweed

tall meadow rue

toothed evening primrose

wild mint

yellow goat’s beard

yellow sweet clover


 

 

Binoculars

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