timothy

(Phleum pratense)

Conservation Status
timothy
 
  IUCN Red List

not listed

     
  NatureServe

NNA - Not applicable

SNA - Not applicable

     
  Minnesota

not listed

     
           
Wetland Indicator Status
     
  Great Plains

FACU - Facultative upland

     
  Midwest

FACU - Facultative upland

     
  Northcentral & Northeast

FACU - Facultative upland

     
           
 
Description
 
 

 

 
     
 

Height

 
 

20 to 40

 
     
 

Similar Species

 
     
     
 
Habitat
 
 

 

 
     
 
Biology
 
 

Flowering

 
 

June to July

 
     
 
Use
 
 

 

 
     
 
Distribution
 
 

Distribution Map

 

Sources

2, 3, 4, 5, 7, 22, 28.

 
  10/14/2015      
         
 

Nativity

 
 

Native to northern Africa, Asia, and Europe. Introduced and naturalized in the United States.

 
         
 

Occurrence

 
 

Common

 
         
 
Taxonomy
 
  Kingdom Plantae (green algae and land plants)  
  Subkingdom Viridiplantae (green plants)  
  Infrakingdom Streptophyta (land plants and green algae)  
  Superdivision Embryophyta (land plants)  
  Division Tracheophyta (vascular plants)  
  Subdivision Spermatophytina (seed plants)  
  Class Liliopsida (monocots)  
 

Order

Poales (grasses, sedges, cattails, and allies)  
 

Family

Poaceae (grasses)  
  No Rank BOP clade  
  Subfamily Pooideae  
  Supertribe Poodae  
  Tribe Poeae  
  Subtribe Poinae  
 

Genus

Phleum (timothy)  
       
 

Subordinate Taxa

 
 

Two subspecies of timothy are recognized worldwide. Only the nominate subspecies, ssp. pratense, occurs in North America. When the nominate infraspecies is the only one occurring in North America, North American taxonomies usually drop the infraspecies epithet. Consequently, Phleum pratense ssp. pratense becomes simply Phleum pratense in North America.

 
       
 

Synonyms

 
 

Phleum nodosum

Phleum pratense ssp. nodosum

Phleum pratense var. nodosum

 
       
 

Common Names

 
 

common timothy

Herd’s grass

meadow cat’s-tail

timothy

 
       

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

       
Visitor Photos
   

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MinnesotaSeasons.com Photos
   

Plant

  timothy   timothy
       

Inflorescence

  timothy   timothy
       
  timothy   timothy
       
  timothy   timothy
       
       

 

Camera

     
 
Slideshows
 
 
     
     
     

 

slideshow

       
Visitor Videos
       

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Other Videos
 
  Phleum Pratense or Timothy-Grass as Ornamental Plant
Hernán Conejeros
 
   
 
About

Published on May 25, 2014

This abundant and ordinary type of perennial grass works well sometimes as backdrop of a scenery. It is also known as cat's-tail and is used indoors in pots, or outdoors in gardens where can be used as background, or in hanging gardens, what is the case of this short movie footage that displays an artificial meadow in the middle of the São Paulo city in Brazil.

   
       

 

Camcorder

         
Visitor Sightings
   

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MinnesotaSeasons.com Sightings
         

Antelope Valley SNA

Baker Park Reserve

Bertram Chain of Lakes Regional Park

Blaine Preserve SNA

Blue Mounds State Park

Bur Oak WMA

Butternut Valley Prairie SNA

Carpenter St. Croix Valley Nature Center

Carver Park Reserve

Cedar Rock SNA

Charles A. Lindbergh State Park

Cherry Grove Blind Valley SNA

Clifton E. French Regional Park

Cottonwood River Prairie SNA

Crosby Farm Regional Park

Crow-Hassan Park Reserve

Des Moines River SNA

Dodge Nature Center

Dry Sand WMA

Elm Creek Park Reserve

Falls Creek SNA

Felton Prairie SNA, Bicentennial Unit

Franconia Bluffs SNA

Frontenac State Park

Glacial Lakes State Park

Glendalough State Park

Glynn Prairie SNA

Greenwater Lake SNA

Hastings SNA

Hayes Lake State Park

Hemlock Ravine SNA

Hole-in-the-Mountain Prairie

Holthe Prairie SNA

Hyland Lake Park Reserve

Hythecker Prairie SNA

Iron Horse Prairie SNA

Iron Springs Bog SNA

Itasca State Park

Jay Cooke State Park

John Murtaugh Memorial WMA

John Peter Hoffman Spring Brook Valley WMA

Kasota Prairie SNA

Kellogg Weaver Dunes SNA, Weaver Dunes Unit

Lake Alexander Woods SNA, South Unit

Lake Carlos State Park

Lake Elmo Park Reserve

Lake Louise State Park

Lake Rebecca Park Reserve

Lebanon Hills Regional Park

Leif Mountain

Lester Lake SNA

Lost Valley Prairie SNA

Lutsen SNA

Maplewood State Park

Margherita Preserve-Audubon Prairie

Mary Schmidt Crawford Woods SNA

McKnight Prairie

Mille Lacs Kathio State Park

Mille Lacs Moraine SNA

Minnesota Valley NWR, Louisville Swamp Unit

Moose Lake State Park

Mound Spring Prairie SNA, North Unit

Myhr Creek Ridge SNA

Myre-Big Island State Park

Northern Tallgrass Prairie NWR, Hoffman Unit

Northern Tallgrass Prairie NWR, Pavia Unit

Northern Tallgrass Prairie NWR, Spieker Unit

Northern Tallgrass Prairie NWR, Touch the Sky Prairie Unit

Old Mill State Park

Ordway Prairie

Oronoco Prairie SNA

Osmundson Prairie SNA

Oxbow Park & Zollman Zoo

Phelps Lake WMA

Pilot Knob

Pin Oak Prairie SNA

Pine Bend Bluffs SNA

Potato Lake SNA

Prairie Coteau SNA

Prairie Creek WMA, Koester Prairie Unit

Prairie Smoke Dunes SNA

Quarry Park SNA

Racine Prairie SNA

Red Rock Prairie

Regal Meadow

Rice Lake Savanna SNA

River Terrace Prairie SNA

River Warren Outcrops SNA

Rock Ridge Prairie SNA

Rockville County Park

Rushford Sand Barrens SNA

St. Croix Savanna SNA

St. Croix State Park

Sand Prairie Wildlife Management and Environmental Education Area

Sandpiper Prairie SNA

Santee Prairie SNA

Savage Fen SNA

Savanna Portage State Park

Scenic State Park

Schoolcraft State Park

Sedan Brook SNA

Seven Sisters Prairie

Sibley State Park

Split Rock Creek State Park

Spring Beauty Northern Hardwoods SNA

Spring Lake Park Reserve

Springbrook Nature Center

Staffanson Prairie

Swedes Forest SNA

Tiedemann WMA

Town Hall Prairie

Tribute WMA

Twin Valley Prairie Addition

Twin Valley Prairie SNA

Twin Valley WMA: North Unit

Two Rivers Aspen Prairie Parkland SNA

Tympanuchus Prairie

Uncas Dunes SNA

Upper Sioux Agency State Park

Verlyn Marth Memorial Prairie SNA

Vermillion Highlands Research Recreation and WMA

Vermillion River WMA

Whitetail Woods Regional Park

Whitewater State Park

Wild Indigo SNA

Wild River State Park

Woodbury WMA

Zimmerman Prairie

 

 

Binoculars


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