Iron Horse Prairie SNA

       
   

Area and County

    Dodge County
    Southeast Minnesota
     
 

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Size

35 acres

 
 
Maps

Detail map (MN DNR)

     

 Printable Maps with GPS coordinates

 
Printable map    
 
Parking

South (750th St.)
N43 51.799, W92 50.629

North (740th St.)
N43 52.660, W92 50.974

 
Hiking Trails

No maintained trails

 
Hunting

No hunting

 
Ecological Classification Province  

Eastern Broadleaf Forest Province

Ecological Classification
Section  

Minnesota & NE Iowa Morainal

Subsection(s)  

Oak Savanna

Land Type Association(s)

Hayfield Till Plain

 
Native Plant Communities1

Mesic Prairie (Southern)

Wet Prairie (Southern)

 
Ownership Minnesota DNR logo        
 
Links

Minnesota DNR

 
Comments

Overview
The Minnesota DNR calls this 35-acre Scientific and Natural Area the “finest mesic prairie known in this area of Minnesota.” It consists of one mile of a raised former railway, a junction that veers southwest, and a 20-acre undisturbed prairie between the diverging lines. The site is mostly mesic prairie with two small areas of wet prairie. Ten plant species with conservation status in Minnesota are found here.

 
Visits

10/28/2008

5/24/2009

 

8/15/2014

7/15/2017

 

6/29/2019

   

 

 

 

 

       
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MinnesotaSeasons.com Photos
   

North Parking Area

  North parking area   North parking area
       

Wood Routed Sign

  North parking area    
       

South Parking Area

  South parking area    
       

Mesic Prairie (Southern)

  Old railroad bed   Old railroad bed
       
  Old railroad bed    
       

Wet Prairie (Southern)

  Iron Horse Prairie SNA    
       

Abandoned Railroad Line

  Old railroad bed   Iron Horse Prairie SNA
       
  Iron Horse Prairie SNA    
       
       

 

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  Iron Horse Prairie
Joshua Mayer
 
  Iron Horse Prairie  

 

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MinnesotaSeasons.com Observations
   
Amphibians

American toad (Anaxyrus americanus)

boreal chorus frog (Pseudacris maculata)

American toad

 
Birds

American Crow (Corvus brachyrhynchos)

American Goldfinch (Carduelis tristis)

American Robin (Turdus migratorius)

Barn Swallow (Hirundo rustica)

Blue Jay (Cyanocitta cristata)

Bobolink (Dolichonyx oryzivorus)

Brown-headed Cowbird (Molothrus ater)

Common Grackle (Quiscalus quiscula)

Common Yellowthroat (Geothlypis trichas)

Eastern Kingbird (Tyrannus tyrannus)

Grasshopper Sparrow (Ammodramus savannarum)

Gray Catbird (Dumetella carolinensis)

Killdeer (Charadrius vociferus)

Mourning Dove (Zenaida macroura)

Northern Cardinal (Cardinalis cardinalis)

Ovenbird (Seiurus aurocapillus)

Red-winged Blackbird (Agelaius phoeniceus)

Ring-necked Pheasant (Phasianus colchicus)

Sedge Wren (Cistothorus platensis)

Song Sparrow (Melospiza melodia)

Turkey Vulture (Cathartes aura)

American Goldfinch

Blue Jay

Brown-headed Cowbird

Mourning Dove

Northern Cardinal

Red-winged Blackbird

 
Fungi and Lichens

False Turkey Tail (Stereum ostrea)

Giant Puffball (Calvatia gigantea)

Milk-white Toothed Polypore (Irpex lacteus)

Giant Puffball

 
Insects and Arachnids

black fly (Family Simuliidae)

cabbage white (Pieris rapae)

Carolina grasshopper (Dissosteira carolina)

common candy-striped spider (Enoplognatha ovata)

common green darner (Anax junius)

common wood nymph (Cercyonis pegala)

deer fly (Chrysops spp.)

dog day cicada (Neotibicen canicularis)

eastern tailed-blue (Cupido comyntas)

eastern tent caterpillar moth (Malacosoma americanum)

eastern tiger swallowtail (Papilio glaucus)

goldenrod bunch gall midge (Rhopalomyia solidaginis)

goldenrod gall fly (Eurosta solidaginis)

goldenrod soldier beetle (Chauliognathus pennsylvanicus)

monarch (Danaus plexippus)

orange sulphur (Colias eurytheme)

painted lady (Vanessa cardui)

polished lady beetle (Cycloneda munda)

reckless jumper (Pelegrina proterva)

red admiral (Vanessa atalanta)

spotted lady beetle (Coleomegilla maculata)

striped cucumber beetle (Acalymma vittatum)

sunflower bullet gall midge (Pilodiplosis helianthibulla)

twelve-spotted skimmer (Libellula pulchella)

widow skimmer (Libellula luctuosa)

Carolina grasshopper

common green darner

eastern tailed-blue

eastern tiger swallowtail

polished lady beetle

widow skimmer

 
Mammals

plains pocket gopher (Geomys bursarius)

whitetail deer (Odocoileus virginianus)

woodchuck (Marmota monax)

whitetail deer
 
Plants

Ten plant species with conservation status in Minnesota and two species on the watch list are found here:

 

Endangered

western prairie fringed orchid (Platanthera praeclara)

wild quinine (Parthenium integrifolium)

 

Threatened

edible valerian (Valeriana edulis var. ciliata)

great Indian plantain (Arnoglossum reniforme)

Sullivant’s milkweed (Asclepias sullivantii)

tuberous Indian plantain (Arnoglossum plantagineum)

 

Special concern

rattlesnake master (Eryngium yuccifolium var. yuccifolium)

small white lady’s slipper (Cypripedium candidum)

wild sweet William (Phlox maculata ssp. maculata)

yellow-fruited sedge (Carex annectens)

 

Watch list

rough avens (Geum laciniatum)

stiff cowbane (Oxypolis rigidior)

 
 

Minnesota Biodiversity Atlas Plant List

 
 

Plants frequently found in:

Mesic Prairie (Southern) UPs23a

Wet Prairie (Southern) WPs54b

 
 

 

alfalfa (Medicago sativa ssp. sativa)

American black currant (Ribes americanum)

American burnweed (Erechtites hieraciifolius var. hieraciifolius)

American elderberry (Sambucus nigra ssp. canadensis)

American hazel (Corylus americana)

American hog peanut (Amphicarpaea bracteata var. comosa)

American mannagrass (Glyceria grandis)

American plum (Prunus americana)

American red raspberry (Rubus idaeus ssp. strigosus)

American vetch (Vicia americana ssp. americana)

annual fleabane (Erigeron annuus)

asparagus (Asparagus officinalis)

Balkan catchfly (Silene csereii)

bastard toadflax (Comandra umbellata ssp. umbellata)

Bebb’s willow (Salix bebbiana)

big bluestem (Andropogon gerardii)

bird’s-foot trefoil (Lotus corniculatus var. corniculatus)

bittersweet nightshade (Solanum dulcamara)

black bindweed (Fallopia convolvulus)

black cherry (Prunus serotina var. serotina)

black medick (Medicago lupulina)

black raspberry (Rubus occidentalis)

black-eyed Susan (Rudbeckia hirta var. pulcherrima)

black-seeded plantain (Plantago rugelii var. rugelii)

bland sweet cicely (Osmorhiza claytonii)

boxelder (Acer negundo var. negundo)

bristly buttercup (Ranunculus hispidus)

broad-leaved cattail (Typha latifolia)

broadleaf enchanter’s nightshade (Circaea lutetiana ssp. canadensis)

bur oak (Quercus macrocarpa var. macrocarpa)

butter and eggs (Linaria vulgaris)

Buxbaum’s sedge (Carex buxbaumii)

Canada anemone (Anemone canadensis)

Canada bluegrass (Poa compressa)

Canada lettuce (Lactuca canadensis)

Canada moonseed (Menispermum canadense)

Canada thistle (Cirsium arvense)

Canada wildrye (Elymus canadensis)

Canadian horseweed (Conyza canadensis)

Canadian tick-trefoil (Desmodium canadense)

Canadian woodnettle (Laportea canadensis)

candle anemone (Anemone cylindrica)

catnip (Nepeta cataria)

chokecherry (Prunus virginiana var. virginiana)

cleavers (Galium aparine)

common blue violet (Viola sororia)

common buckthorn (Rhamnus cathartica)

common burdock (Arctium minus)

common cinquefoil (Potentilla simplex)

common dandelion (Taraxacum officinale ssp. officinale)

common evening primrose (Oenothera biennis)

common milkweed (Asclepias syriaca)

common motherwort (Leonurus cardiaca ssp. cardiaca)

common mullein (Verbascum thapsus ssp. thapsus)

common ragweed (Ambrosia artemisiifolia)

common sneezeweed (Helenium autumnale)

common strawberry (Fragaria virginiana)

common tansy (Tanacetum vulgare)

common yarrow (Achillea millefolium)

compass plant (Silphium laciniatum)

Culver’s root (Veronicastrum virginicum)

curly dock (Rumex crispus)

dark green bulrush (Scirpus atrovirens)

downy phlox (Phlox pilosa ssp. fulgida)

early figwort (Scrophularia lanceolata)

early meadow rue (Thalictrum dioicum)

eastern black nightshade (Solanum ptychanthum)

eastern redcedar (Juniperus virginiana var. virginiana)

eastern swamp saxifrage (Micranthes pensylvanica)

edible valerian (Valeriana edulis var. ciliata)

false sunflower (Heliopsis helianthoides var. occidentalis)

falsegold groundsel (Packera pseudaurea var. semicordata)

field bindweed (Convolvulus arvensis)

field horsetail (Equisetum arvense)

field thistle (Cirsium discolor)

flatspine stickseed (Lappula occidentalis)

four-flowered yellow loosestrife (Lysimachia quadriflora)

fragrant bedstraw (Galium triflorum)

giant goldenrod (Solidago gigantea)

giant ragweed (Ambrosia trifida var. trifida)

giant sunflower (Helianthus giganteus)

golden alexanders (Zizia aurea)

grass-leaved goldenrod (Euthamia graminifolia var. graminifolia)

gray dogwood (Cornus racemosa)

gray-headed coneflower (Ratibida pinnata)

green ash (Fraxinus pennsylvanica)

ground ivy (Glechoma hederacea)

hairy four o’clock (Mirabilis albida)

hairy sunflower (Helianthus hirsutus)

heart-leaved four o’clock (Mirabilis nyctaginea)

heart-leaved golden alexanders (Zizia aptera)

heart-leaved willow (Salix eriocephala)

heavy sedge (Carex gravida)

hedge bindweed (Calystegia sepium)

hoary alyssum (Berteroa incana)

hoary puccoon (Lithospermum canescens)

hybrid cattail (Typha × glauca)

Indian hemp (Apocynum cannabinum)

Indiangrass (Sorghastrum nutans)

Kentucky bluegrass (Poa pratensis ssp. pratensis)

late goldenrod (Solidago altissima)

Leiberg’s panic grass (Dichanthelium leibergii)

marsh bellflower (Campanula aparinoides)

marsh vetchling (Lathyrus palustris)

Maximilian’s sunflower (Helianthus maximiliani)

meadow garlic (Allium canadense var. canadense)

Missouri goldenrod (Solidago missouriensis)

Morrow’s honeysuckle (Lonicera morrowii)

mountain death camas (Anticlea elegans)

narrow-leaf mountain trumpet (Collomia linearis)

narrow-leaved hawkweed (Hieracium umbellatum)

narrow-leaved meadowsweet (Spiraea alba var. alba)

northern bedstraw (Galium boreale)

northern blue flag (Iris versicolor)

northern bog violet (Viola nephrophylla)

northern pin oak (Quercus ellipsoidalis)

northern plains blazing star (Liatris ligulistylis)

northern water plantain (Alisma triviale)

orchard grass (Dactylis glomerata ssp. glomerata)

pineapple-weed (Matricaria discoidea)

plains cottonwood (Populus deltoides ssp. molinifera)

porcupine grass (Hesperostipa spartea)

prairie alumroot (Heuchera richardsonii)

prairie blazing star (Liatris pycnostachya var. pycnostachya)

prairie blue-eyed grass (Sisyrinchium campestre)

prairie cordgrass (Spartina pectinata)

prairie coreopsis (Coreopsis palmata)

prairie dropseed (Sporobolus heterolepis)

prairie ironweed (Vernonia fasciculata ssp. fasciculata)

prairie rose (Rosa arkansana)

prairie willow (Salix humilis)

prickly quill sedge (Carex echinodes)
OR
quill sedge (Carex tenera)

prickly sow thistle (Sonchus asper)

purple prairie clover (Dalea purpurea var. purpurea)

pussy willow (Salix discolor)

quackgrass (Elymus repens)

quaking aspen (Populus tremuloides)

rattlesnake master (Eryngium yuccifolium var. yuccifolium)

red baneberry (Actaea rubra ssp. rubra)

red clover (Trifolium pratense)

red osier dogwood (Cornus sericea ssp. sericea)

reed canary grass (Phalaris arundinacea)

Riddell’s goldenrod (Oligoneuron riddellii)

rough-fruited cinquefoil (Potentilla recta)

round-headed bush clover (Lespedeza capitata)

sandbar willow (Salix interior)

sawtooth sunflower (Helianthus grosseserratus)

scouring rush horsetail (Equisetum hyemale var. affine)

Siberian elm (Ulmus pumila)

silver maple (Acer saccharinum)

slender willow (Salix petiolaris)

small white lady’s slipper (Cypripedium candidum)

smooth brome (Bromus inermis)

smooth scouring rush (Equisetum laevigatum)

smooth Solomon’s seal (Polygonatum biflorum var. commutatum)

spotted knapweed (Centaurea stoebe ssp. micranthos)

spotted water hemlock (Cicuta maculata)

stiff cowbane (Oxypolis rigidior)

stiff goldenrod (Solidago rigida ssp. rigida)

stiff sunflower (Helianthus pauciflorus ssp. subrhomboideus)

stinging nettle (Urtica dioica ssp. gracilis)

Sullivant’s milkweed (Asclepias sullivantii)

swamp betony (Pedicularis lanceolata)

swamp milkweed (Asclepias incarnata ssp. incarnata)

tall beggarticks (Bidens vulgata)

tall buttercup (Ranunculus acris)

tall cottongrass (Eriophorum angustifolium)

tall meadow rue (Thalictrum dasycarpum)

tall thimbleweed (Anemone virginiana)

Tartarian honeysuckle (Lonicera tatarica)

timothy (Phleum pratense)

toothed spurge (Euphorbia dentata)

tuberous Indian plantain (Arnoglossum plantagineum)

tussock sedge (Carex stricta)

veiny pea (Lathyrus venosus)

violet wood sorrel (Oxalis violacea)

Virginia creeper (Parthenocissus quinquefolia)

Virginia mountain mint (Pycnanthemum virginianum)

Virginia stickseed (Hackelia virginiana)

white avens (Geum canadense)

white campion (Silene latifolia ssp. alba)

white clover (Trifolium repens)

white heath aster (Symphyotrichum ericoides var. ericoides)

white oak (Quercus alba)

white panicled aster (Symphyotrichum lanceolatum)

white rattlesnake root (Nabalus albus)

white sage (Artemisia ludoviciana ssp. ludoviciana)

white sweet clover (Melilotus albus)

whitecrack willow (Salix × rubens)

whorled milkweed (Asclepias verticillata)

wild bergamot (Monarda fistulosa)

wild cucumber (Echinocystis lobata)

wild grape (Vitis riparia)

wild licorice (Glycyrrhiza lepidota)

wild mint (Mentha arvensis)

wild parsnip (Pastinaca sativa)

wild quinine (Parthenium integrifolium)

wild sweet William (Phlox maculata ssp. maculata)

winged loosestrife (Lythrum alatum var. alatum)

winter cress (Barbarea vulgaris)

wood lily (Lilium philadelphicum var. andinum)

woodbine (Parthenocissus vitacea)

woundwort (Stachys pilosa var. arenicola)

yellow goat’s beard (Tragopogon dubius)

yellow star grass (Hypoxis hirsuta)

yellow sweet clover (Melilotus officinalis)

 

Acer negundo var. negundo (boxelder)

Acer saccharinum (silver maple)

Achillea millefolium (common yarrow)

Actaea rubra ssp. rubra (red baneberry)

Alisma triviale (northern water plantain)

Allium canadense var. canadense (meadow garlic)

Ambrosia artemisiifolia (common ragweed)

Ambrosia trifida var. trifida (giant ragweed)

Amphicarpaea bracteata var. comosa (American hog peanut)

Andropogon gerardii (big bluestem)

Anemone canadensis (Canada anemone)

Anemone cylindrica (candle anemone)

Anemone virginiana (tall thimbleweed)

Anticlea elegans (mountain death camas)

Apocynum cannabinum (Indian hemp)

Arctium minus (common burdock)

Arnoglossum plantagineum (tuberous Indian plantain)

Artemisia ludoviciana ssp. ludoviciana (white sage)

Asclepias incarnata ssp. incarnata (swamp milkweed)

Asclepias sullivantii (Sullivant’s milkweed)

Asclepias syriaca (common milkweed)

Asclepias verticillata (whorled milkweed)

Asparagus officinalis (asparagus)

Barbarea vulgaris (winter cress)

Berteroa incana (hoary alyssum)

Bidens vulgata (tall beggarticks)

Bromus inermis (smooth brome)

Calystegia sepium (hedge bindweed)

Campanula aparinoides (marsh bellflower)

Carex buxbaumii (Buxbaum’s sedge)

Carex echinodes (prickly quill sedge)
OR
Carex tenera (quill sedge)

Carex gravida (heavy sedge)

Carex stricta (tussock sedge)

Centaurea stoebe ssp. micranthos (spotted knapweed)

Cicuta maculata (spotted water hemlock)

Circaea lutetiana ssp. canadensis (broadleaf enchanter’s nightshade)

Cirsium arvense (Canada thistle)

Cirsium discolor (field thistle)

Collomia linearis (narrow-leaf mountain trumpet)

Comandra umbellata ssp. umbellata (bastard toadflax)

Convolvulus arvensis (field bindweed)

Conyza canadensis (Canadian horseweed)

Coreopsis palmata (prairie coreopsis)

Cornus racemosa (gray dogwood)

Cornus sericea ssp. sericea (red osier dogwood)

Corylus americana (American hazel)

Cypripedium candidum (small white lady’s slipper)

Dactylis glomerata ssp. glomerata (orchard grass)

Dalea purpurea var. purpurea (purple prairie clover)

Desmodium canadense (Canadian tick-trefoil)

Dichanthelium leibergii (Leiberg’s panic grass)

Echinocystis lobata (wild cucumber)

Elymus canadensis (Canada wildrye)

Elymus repens (quackgrass)

Equisetum arvense (field horsetail)

Equisetum hyemale var. affine (scouring rush horsetail)

Equisetum laevigatum (smooth scouring rush)

Erechtites hieraciifolius var. hieraciifolius (American burnweed)

Erigeron annuus (annual fleabane)

Eriophorum angustifolium (tall cottongrass)

Eryngium yuccifolium var. yuccifolium (rattlesnake master)

Euphorbia dentata (toothed spurge)

Euthamia graminifolia var. graminifolia (grass-leaved goldenrod)

Fallopia convolvulus (black bindweed)

Fragaria virginiana (common strawberry)

Fraxinus pennsylvanica (green ash)

Galium aparine (cleavers)

Galium boreale (northern bedstraw)

Galium triflorum (fragrant bedstraw)

Geum canadense (white avens)

Glechoma hederacea (ground ivy)

Glyceria grandis (American mannagrass)

Glycyrrhiza lepidota (wild licorice)

Hackelia virginiana (Virginia stickseed)

Helenium autumnale (common sneezeweed)

Helianthus giganteus (giant sunflower)

Helianthus grosseserratus (sawtooth sunflower)

Helianthus hirsutus (hairy sunflower)

Helianthus maximiliani (Maximilian’s sunflower)

Helianthus pauciflorus ssp. subrhomboideus (stiff sunflower)

Heliopsis helianthoides var. occidentalis (false sunflower)

Hesperostipa spartea (porcupine grass)

Heuchera richardsonii (prairie alumroot)

Hieracium umbellatum (narrow-leaved hawkweed)

Hypoxis hirsuta (yellow star grass)

Iris versicolor (northern blue flag)

Juniperus virginiana var. virginiana (eastern redcedar)

Lactuca canadensis (Canada lettuce)

Laportea canadensis (Canadian woodnettle)

Lappula occidentalis (flatspine stickseed)

Lathyrus palustris (marsh vetchling)

Lathyrus venosus (veiny pea)

Leonurus cardiaca ssp. cardiaca (common motherwort)

Lespedeza capitata (round-headed bush clover)

Liatris ligulistylis (northern plains blazing star)

Liatris pycnostachya var. pycnostachya (prairie blazing star)

Lilium philadelphicum var. andinum (wood lily)

Linaria vulgaris (butter and eggs)

Lithospermum canescens (hoary puccoon)

Lonicera morrowii (Morrow’s honeysuckle)

Lonicera tatarica (Tartarian honeysuckle)

Lotus corniculatus var. corniculatus (bird’s-foot trefoil)

Lysimachia quadriflora (four-flowered yellow loosestrife)

Lythrum alatum var. alatum (winged loosestrife)

Matricaria discoidea (pineapple-weed)

Medicago lupulina (black medick)

Medicago sativa ssp. sativa (alfalfa)

Melilotus albus (white sweet clover)

Melilotus officinalis (yellow sweet clover)

Menispermum canadense (Canada moonseed)

Mentha arvensis (wild mint)

Micranthes pensylvanica (eastern swamp saxifrage)

Mirabilis albida (hairy four o’clock)

Mirabilis nyctaginea (heart-leaved four o’clock)

Monarda fistulosa (wild bergamot)

Nabalus albus (white rattlesnake root)

Nepeta cataria (catnip)

Oenothera biennis (common evening primrose)

Oligoneuron riddellii (Riddell’s goldenrod)

Osmorhiza claytonii (bland sweet cicely)

Oxalis violacea (violet wood sorrel)

Oxypolis rigidior (stiff cowbane)

Packera pseudaurea var. semicordata (falsegold groundsel)

Parthenium integrifolium (wild quinine)

Parthenocissus quinquefolia (Virginia creeper)

Parthenocissus vitacea (woodbine)

Pastinaca sativa (wild parsnip)

Pedicularis lanceolata (swamp betony)

Phalaris arundinacea (reed canary grass)

Phleum pratense (timothy)

Phlox maculata ssp. maculata (wild sweet William)

Phlox pilosa ssp. fulgida (downy phlox)

Plantago rugelii var. rugelii (black-seeded plantain)

Poa compressa (Canada bluegrass)

Poa pratensis ssp. pratensis (Kentucky bluegrass)

Polygonatum biflorum var. commutatum (smooth Solomon’s seal)

Populus deltoides ssp. molinifera (plains cottonwood)

Populus tremuloides (quaking aspen)

Potentilla recta (rough-fruited cinquefoil)

Potentilla simplex (common cinquefoil)

Prunus americana (American plum)

Prunus serotina var. serotina (black cherry)

Prunus virginiana var. virginiana (chokecherry)

Pycnanthemum virginianum (Virginia mountain mint)

Quercus alba (white oak)

Quercus ellipsoidalis (northern pin oak)

Quercus macrocarpa var. macrocarpa (bur oak)

Ranunculus acris (tall buttercup)

Ranunculus hispidus (bristly buttercup)

Ratibida pinnata (gray-headed coneflower)

Rhamnus cathartica (common buckthorn)

Ribes americanum (American black currant)

Rosa arkansana (prairie rose)

Rubus idaeus ssp. strigosus (American red raspberry)

Rubus occidentalis (black raspberry)

Rudbeckia hirta var. pulcherrima (black-eyed Susan)

Rumex crispus (curly dock)

Salix × rubens (whitecrack willow)

Salix bebbiana (Bebb’s willow)

Salix discolor (pussy willow)

Salix eriocephala (heart-leaved willow)

Salix humilis (prairie willow)

Salix interior (sandbar willow)

Salix petiolaris (slender willow)

Sambucus nigra ssp. canadensis (American elderberry)

Scirpus atrovirens (dark green bulrush)

Scrophularia lanceolata (early figwort)

Silene csereii (Balkan catchfly)

Silene latifolia ssp. alba (white campion)

Silphium laciniatum (compass plant)

Sisyrinchium campestre (prairie blue-eyed grass)

Solanum dulcamara (bittersweet nightshade)

Solanum ptychanthum (eastern black nightshade)

Solidago altissima (late goldenrod)

Solidago gigantea (giant goldenrod)

Solidago missouriensis (Missouri goldenrod)

Solidago rigida ssp. rigida (stiff goldenrod)

Sonchus asper (prickly sow thistle)

Sorghastrum nutans (Indiangrass)

Spartina pectinata (prairie cordgrass)

Spiraea alba var. alba (narrow-leaved meadowsweet)

Sporobolus heterolepis (prairie dropseed)

Stachys pilosa var. arenicola (woundwort)

Symphyotrichum ericoides var. ericoides (white heath aster)

Symphyotrichum lanceolatum (white panicled aster)

Tanacetum vulgare (common tansy)

Taraxacum officinale ssp. officinale (common dandelion)

Thalictrum dasycarpum (tall meadow rue)

Thalictrum dioicum (early meadow rue)

Tragopogon dubius (yellow goat’s beard)

Trifolium pratense (red clover)

Trifolium repens (white clover)

Typha × glauca (hybrid cattail)

Typha latifolia (broad-leaved cattail)

Ulmus pumila (Siberian elm)

Urtica dioica ssp. gracilis (stinging nettle)

Valeriana edulis var. ciliata (edible valerian)

Verbascum thapsus ssp. thapsus (common mullein)

Vernonia fasciculata ssp. fasciculata (prairie ironweed)

Veronicastrum virginicum (Culver’s root)

Vicia americana ssp. americana (American vetch)

Viola nephrophylla (northern bog violet)

Viola sororia (common blue violet)

Vitis riparia (wild grape)

Zizia aptera (heart-leaved golden alexanders)

Zizia aurea (golden alexanders)

alfalfa

American black currant

American elderberry

American plum

bird’s-foot trefoil

bittersweet nightshade

black raspberry

black-eyed susan

butter and eggs

Canada anemone

Canada moonseed

Canadian tick-trefoil

catnip

chokecherry

common blue violet

common evening primrose

common sneezeweed

Culver’s root

downy phlox

eastern swamp saxifrage

edible valerian

four-flowered yellow loosestrife

grass-leaved goldenrod

gray-headed coneflower

heart-leaved four o’clock

heart-leaved golden alexanders

hoary puccoon

marsh bellflower

Morrow’s honeysuckle

mountain death camas (var. elegans)

northern blue flag

prairie blazing star

prairie coreopsis

prairie ironweed

prairie rose

purple prairie clover

rattlesnake master

red clover

rough-fruited cinquefoil

round-headed bush clover

small white lady’s slipper

spotted water hemlock

stiff sunflower (ssp. subrhomboideus)

swamp milkweed

Tartarian honeysuckle

Virginia mountain mint

white campion

whorled milkweed

wild bergamot

wild mint

wild quinine

winged loosestrife

wood lily

yellow star grass

 

 

Binoculars


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