Iron Horse Prairie SNA

               
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Area and County

Dodge County

 

 

 


Size

35 acres

Printable map
 
Maps

Detail map (MN DNR)

Printable Map with GPS coordinates

 
Parking

South (750th St.)
N43 51.799, W92 50.629

North (740th St.)
N43 52.660, W92 50.974

 
Hiking Trails

No maintained trails

 
Hunting

No hunting


Ecological Classification

Province

Eastern Broadleaf Forest Province

Ecological Classification

Section

Minnesota & NE Iowa Morainal

Subsection(s)

Oak Savanna

Land Type Association(s)

Hayfield Till Plain

 
Native Plant Communities1

Mesic Prairie (Southern)

Wet Prairie (Southern)


Ownership Minnesota DNR logo        
 
Links

Minnesota DNR


Comments

Overview
The Minnesota DNR calls this 35-acre Scientific and Natural Area the “finest mesic prairie known in this area of Minnesota.” It consists of one mile of a raised former railway, a junction that veers southwest, and a 20-acre undisturbed prairie between the diverging lines. The site is mostly mesic prairie with two small areas of wet prairie. Ten plant species with conservation status in Minnesota are found here.


Visits

10/28/2008

5/24/2009

  8/15/2014

 

 

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MinnesotaSeasons.com Photos

   

North Parking Area

  North parking area   North parking area
       

Wood Routed Sign

  North parking area    
       

South Parking Area

  South parking area    
       

Mesic Prairie (Southern)

  Old railroad bed   Old railroad bed
       
  Old railroad bed    
       

Wet Prairie (Southern)

  Iron Horse Prairie SNA    
       

Abandoned Railroad Line

  Old railroad bed   Iron Horse Prairie SNA
       
  Iron Horse Prairie SNA    
       
       

 

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  Iron Horse Prairie
Joshua Mayer
 
  Iron Horse Prairie  

 

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Visitor Observations

   
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MinnesotaSeasons.com Observations

   

Birds

American Crow (Corvus brachyrhynchos)

American Goldfinch (Carduelis tristis)

American Robin (Turdus migratorius)

Barn Swallow (Hirundo rustica)

Blue Jay (Cyanocitta cristata)

Bobolink (Dolichonyx oryzivorus)

Brown-headed Cowbird (Molothrus ater)

Common Grackle (Quiscalus quiscula)

Eastern Kingbird (Tyrannus tyrannus)

Grasshopper Sparrow (Ammodramus savannarum)

Gray Catbird (Dumetella carolinensis)

Killdeer (Charadrius vociferus)

Mourning Dove (Zenaida macroura)

Ovenbird (Seiurus aurocapillus)

Red-winged Blackbird (Agelaius phoeniceus)

Song Sparrow (Melospiza melodia)

Turkey Vulture (Cathartes aura)

American Goldfinch

Blue Jay

Brown-headed Cowbird

Mourning Dove

 

 

 


Fungi and Lichens

False Turkey Tail (Stereum ostrea)

Giant Puffball (Calvatia gigantea)

Giant Puffball


Insects and Arachnids

cabbage white (Pieris rapae)

Carolina grasshopper (Dissosteira carolina)

common green darner (Anax junius)

common wood nymph (Cercyonis pegala)

dog day cicada (Neotibicen canicularis)

eastern tailed-blue (Cupido comyntas)

eastern tent caterpillar moth (Malacosoma americanum)

eastern tiger swallowtail (Papilio glaucus)

goldenrod bunch gall midge (Rhopalomyia solidaginis)

goldenrod gall fly (Eurosta solidaginis)

goldenrod soldier beetle (Chauliognathus pennsylvanicus)

monarch (Danaus plexippus)

northern crescent (Phyciodes cocyta)

orange sulphur (Colias eurytheme)

polished lady beetle (Cycloneda munda)

spotted lady beetle (Coleomegilla maculata)

common green darner

eastern tailed-blue

eastern tiger swallowtail

northern crescent


Mammals

plains pocket gopher (Geomys bursarius)

whitetail deer (Odocoileus virginianus)

whitetail deer

Plants

Ten plant species with conservation status in Minnesota and two species on the watch list are found here:

 

Endangered

western prairie fringed orchid (Platanthera praeclara)

wild quinine (Parthenium integrifolium)

 

Threatened

edible valerian (Valeriana edulis var. ciliata)

great Indian plantain (Arnoglossum reniforme)

Sullivant’s milkweed (Asclepias sullivantii)

tuberous Indian plantain (Arnoglossum plantagineum)

 

Special concern

rattlesnake master (Eryngium yuccifolium var. yuccifolium)

small white lady’s slipper (Cypripedium candidum)

wild sweet William (Phlox maculata ssp. maculata)

yellow-fruited sedge (Carex annectens)

 

Watch list

rough avens (Geum laciniatum)

stiff cowbane (Oxypolis rigidior)

 
 

Minnesota Biodiversity Atlas (Bell Museum of Natural History) Plant List

 
 

Plants frequently found in:

Mesic Prairie (Southern) UPs23a

Wet Prairie (Southern) WPs54b

 
 

 

alfalfa (Medicago sativa ssp. sativa)

American black currant (Ribes americanum)

American elderberry (Sambucus nigra ssp. canadensis)

American hog peanut (Amphicarpaea bracteata var. comosa)

American plum (Prunus americana)

American red raspberry (Rubus idaeus ssp. strigosus)

annual fleabane (Erigeron annuus)

asparagus (Asparagus officinalis)

Balkan catchfly (Silene csereii)

Bebb’s willow (Salix bebbiana)

big bluestem (Andropogon gerardii)

bird’s-foot trefoil (Lotus corniculatus var. corniculatus)

bittersweet nightshade (Solanum dulcamara)

black bindweed (Fallopia convolvulus)

black cherry (Prunus serotina var. serotina)

black raspberry (Rubus occidentalis)

black-seeded plantain (Plantago rugelii var. rugelii)

boxelder (Acer negundo var. negundo)

bristly buttercup (Ranunculus hispidus)

broad-leaved cattail (Typha latifolia)

broadleaf enchanter’s nightshade (Circaea lutetiana ssp. canadensis)

bur oak (Quercus macrocarpa var. macrocarpa)

butter and eggs (Linaria vulgaris)

Canada anemone (Anemone canadensis)

Canada lettuce (Lactuca canadensis)

Canada moonseed (Menispermum canadense)

Canada thistle (Cirsium arvense)

Canada wildrye (Elymus canadensis)

Canadian horseweed (Conyza canadensis)

Canadian tick-trefoil (Desmodium canadense)

Canadian woodnettle (Laportea canadensis)

candle anemone (Anemone cylindrica)

catnip (Nepeta cataria)

chokecherry (Prunus virginiana var. virginiana)

cleavers (Galium aparine)

common blue violet (Viola sororia)

common buckthorn (Rhamnus cathartica)

common burdock (Arctium minus)

common dandelion (Taraxacum officinale ssp. officinale)

common evening primrose (Oenothera biennis)

common milkweed (Asclepias syriaca)

common mullein (Verbascum thapsus ssp. thapsus)

common ragweed (Ambrosia artemisiifolia)

common sneezeweed (Helenium autumnale)

common strawberry (Fragaria virginiana)

common tansy (Tanacetum vulgare)

common yarrow (Achillea millefolium)

compass plant (Silphium laciniatum)

Culver’s root (Veronicastrum virginicum)

curly dock (Rumex crispus)

downy phlox (Phlox pilosa ssp. fulgida)

early figwort (Scrophularia lanceolata)

early meadow rue (Thalictrum dioicum)

eastern black nightshade (Solanum ptychanthum)

eastern swamp saxifrage (Micranthes pensylvanica)

edible valerian (Valeriana edulis var. ciliata)

field horsetail (Equisetum arvense)

field thistle (Cirsium discolor)

four-flowered yellow loosestrife (Lysimachia quadriflora)

fragrant bedstraw (Galium triflorum)

giant ragweed (Ambrosia trifida var. trifida)

golden alexanders (Zizia aurea)

grass-leaved goldenrod (Euthamia graminifolia var. graminifolia)

gray dogwood (Cornus racemosa)

gray-headed coneflower (Ratibida pinnata)

great Indian plantain (Arnoglossum reniforme)

green ash (Fraxinus pennsylvanica)

ground ivy (Glechoma hederacea)

hairy four o’clock (Mirabilis albida)

hairy sunflower (Helianthus hirsutus)

heart-leaved four o’clock (Mirabilis nyctaginea)

heart-leaved golden alexanders (Zizia aptera)

heart-leaved willow (Salix eriocephala)

hedge bindweed (Calystegia sepium)

hoary alyssum (Berteroa incana)

hoary puccoon (Lithospermum canescens)

Indian hemp (Apocynum cannabinum)

late goldenrod (Solidago altissima)

marsh bellflower (Campanula aparinoides)

Missouri goldenrod (Solidago missouriensis)

Morrow’s honeysuckle (Lonicera morrowii)

narrow-leaved hawkweed (Hieracium umbellatum)

narrow-leaved meadowsweet (Spiraea alba var. alba)

northern bedstraw (Galium boreale)

northern blue flag (Iris versicolor)

northern pin oak (Quercus ellipsoidalis)

northern plains blazing star (Liatris ligulistylis)

northern water plantain (Alisma triviale)

plains cottonwood (Populus deltoides ssp. molinifera)

prairie blazing star (Liatris pycnostachya var. pycnostachya)

prairie blue-eyed grass (Sisyrinchium campestre)

prairie cordgrass (Spartina pectinata)

prairie ironweed (Vernonia fasciculata ssp. fasciculata)

prairie rose (Rosa arkansana)

prickly sow thistle (Sonchus asper)

purple prairie clover (Dalea purpurea var. purpurea)

pussy willow (Salix discolor)

quaking aspen (Populus tremuloides)

rattlesnake master (Eryngium yuccifolium var. yuccifolium)

red baneberry (Actaea rubra ssp. rubra)

red clover (Trifolium pratense)

red osier dogwood (Cornus sericea ssp. sericea)

Riddell’s goldenrod (Oligoneuron riddellii)

rough-fruited cinquefoil (Potentilla recta)

sandbar willow (Salix interior)

sawtooth sunflower (Helianthus grosseserratus)

scouring rush horsetail (Equisetum hyemale var. affine)

Siberian elm (Ulmus pumila)

silver maple (Acer saccharinum)

slender willow (Salix petiolaris)

smooth scouring rush (Equisetum laevigatum)

smooth Solomon’s seal (Polygonatum biflorum var. commutatum)

spotted knapweed (Centaurea stoebe ssp. micranthos)

stiff cowbane (Oxypolis rigidior)

stiff goldenrod (Solidago rigida ssp. rigida)

stiff sunflower (Helianthus pauciflorus ssp. subrhomboideus)

stinging nettle (Urtica dioica ssp. gracilis)

swamp betony (Pedicularis lanceolata)

swamp milkweed (Asclepias incarnata ssp. incarnata)

tall beggarticks (Bidens vulgata)

tall buttercup (Ranunculus acris)

tall meadow rue (Thalictrum dasycarpum)

tall thimbleweed (Anemone virginiana)

Tartarian honeysuckle (Lonicera tatarica)

timothy (Phleum pratense)

toothed spurge (Euphorbia dentata)

veiny pea (Lathyrus venosus)

violet wood sorrel (Oxalis violacea)

Virginia creeper (Parthenocissus quinquefolia)

Virginia mountain mint (Pycnanthemum virginianum)

Virginia stickseed (Hackelia virginiana)

white avens (Geum canadense)

white campion (Silene latifolia ssp. alba)

white clover (Trifolium repens)

white oak (Quercus alba)

white sage (Artemisia ludoviciana ssp. ludoviciana)

white sweet clover (Melilotus albus)

whitecrack willow (Salix x rubens)

whorled milkweed (Asclepias verticillata)

wild bergamot (Monarda fistulosa)

wild cucumber (Echinocystis lobata)

wild grape (Vitis riparia)

wild licorice (Glycyrrhiza lepidota)

wild mint (Mentha arvensis)

wild parsnip (Pastinaca sativa)

wild quinine (Parthenium integrifolium)

wild sweet William (Phlox maculata ssp. maculata)

winged loosestrife (Lythrum alatum var. alatum)

winter cress (Barbarea vulgaris)

wood lily (Lilium philadelphicum var. andinum)

woodbine (Parthenocissus vitacea)

woundwort (Stachys pilosa var. arenicola)

yellow goat’s beard (Tragopogon dubius)

yellow star grass (Hypoxis hirsuta)

yellow sweet clover (Melilotus officinalis)

 

Acer negundo var. negundo (boxelder)

Acer saccharinum (silver maple)

Achillea millefolium (common yarrow)

Actaea rubra ssp. rubra (red baneberry)

Alisma triviale (northern water plantain)

Ambrosia artemisiifolia (common ragweed)

Ambrosia trifida var. trifida (giant ragweed)

Amphicarpaea bracteata var. comosa (American hog peanut)

Andropogon gerardii (big bluestem)

Anemone canadensis (Canada anemone)

Anemone cylindrica (candle anemone)

Anemone virginiana (tall thimbleweed)

Apocynum cannabinum (Indian hemp)

Arctium minus (common burdock)

Arnoglossum reniforme (great Indian plantain)

Artemisia ludoviciana ssp. ludoviciana (white sage)

Asclepias incarnata ssp. incarnata (swamp milkweed)

Asclepias syriaca (common milkweed)

Asclepias verticillata (whorled milkweed)

Asparagus officinalis (asparagus)

Barbarea vulgaris (winter cress)

Berteroa incana (hoary alyssum)

Bidens vulgata (tall beggarticks)

Calystegia sepium (hedge bindweed)

Campanula aparinoides (marsh bellflower)

Centaurea stoebe ssp. micranthos (spotted knapweed)

Circaea lutetiana ssp. canadensis (broadleaf enchanter’s nightshade)

Cirsium arvense (Canada thistle)

Cirsium discolor (field thistle)

Conyza canadensis (Canadian horseweed)

Cornus racemosa (gray dogwood)

Cornus sericea ssp. sericea (red osier dogwood)

Dalea purpurea var. purpurea (purple prairie clover)

Desmodium canadense (Canadian tick-trefoil)

Echinocystis lobata (wild cucumber)

Elymus canadensis (Canada wildrye)

Equisetum arvense (field horsetail)

Equisetum hyemale var. affine (scouring rush horsetail)

Equisetum laevigatum (smooth scouring rush)

Erigeron annuus (annual fleabane)

Eryngium yuccifolium var. yuccifolium (rattlesnake master)

Euphorbia dentata (toothed spurge)

Euthamia graminifolia var. graminifolia (grass-leaved goldenrod)

Fallopia convolvulus (black bindweed)

Fragaria virginiana (common strawberry)

Fraxinus pennsylvanica (green ash)

Galium aparine (cleavers)

Galium boreale (northern bedstraw)

Galium triflorum (fragrant bedstraw)

Geum canadense (white avens)

Glechoma hederacea (ground ivy)

Glycyrrhiza lepidota (wild licorice)

Hackelia virginiana (Virginia stickseed)

Helenium autumnale (common sneezeweed)

Helianthus grosseserratus (sawtooth sunflower)

Helianthus hirsutus (hairy sunflower)

Helianthus pauciflorus ssp. subrhomboideus (stiff sunflower)

Hieracium umbellatum (narrow-leaved hawkweed)

Hypoxis hirsuta (yellow star grass)

Iris versicolor (northern blue flag)

Lactuca canadensis (Canada lettuce)

Laportea canadensis (Canadian woodnettle)

Lathyrus venosus (veiny pea)

Liatris ligulistylis (northern plains blazing star)

Liatris pycnostachya var. pycnostachya (prairie blazing star)

Lilium philadelphicum var. andinum (wood lily)

Linaria vulgaris (butter and eggs)

Lithospermum canescens (hoary puccoon)

Lonicera morrowii (Morrow’s honeysuckle)

Lonicera tatarica (Tartarian honeysuckle)

Lotus corniculatus var. corniculatus (bird’s-foot trefoil)

Lysimachia quadriflora (four-flowered yellow loosestrife)

Lythrum alatum var. alatum (winged loosestrife)

Medicago sativa ssp. sativa (alfalfa)

Melilotus albus (white sweet clover)

Melilotus officinalis (yellow sweet clover)

Menispermum canadense (Canada moonseed)

Mentha arvensis (wild mint)

Micranthes pensylvanica (eastern swamp saxifrage)

Mirabilis albida (hairy four o’clock)

Mirabilis nyctaginea (heart-leaved four o’clock)

Monarda fistulosa (wild bergamot)

Nepeta cataria (catnip)

Oenothera biennis (common evening primrose)

Oligoneuron riddellii (Riddell’s goldenrod)

Oxalis violacea (violet wood sorrel)

Oxypolis rigidior (stiff cowbane)

Parthenium integrifolium (wild quinine)

Parthenocissus quinquefolia (Virginia creeper)

Parthenocissus vitacea (woodbine)

Pastinaca sativa (wild parsnip)

Pedicularis lanceolata (swamp betony)

Phleum pratense (timothy)

Phlox maculata ssp. maculata (wild sweet William)

Phlox pilosa ssp. fulgida (downy phlox)

Plantago rugelii var. rugelii (black-seeded plantain)

Polygonatum biflorum var. commutatum (smooth Solomon’s seal)

Populus deltoides ssp. molinifera (plains cottonwood)

Populus tremuloides (quaking aspen)

Potentilla recta (rough-fruited cinquefoil)

Prunus americana (American plum)

Prunus serotina var. serotina (black cherry)

Prunus virginiana var. virginiana (chokecherry)

Pycnanthemum virginianum (Virginia mountain mint)

Quercus alba (white oak)

Quercus ellipsoidalis (northern pin oak)

Quercus macrocarpa var. macrocarpa (bur oak)

Ranunculus acris (tall buttercup)

Ranunculus hispidus (bristly buttercup)

Ratibida pinnata (gray-headed coneflower)

Rhamnus cathartica (common buckthorn)

Ribes americanum (American black currant)

Rosa arkansana (prairie rose)

Rubus idaeus ssp. strigosus (American red raspberry)

Rubus occidentalis (black raspberry)

Rumex crispus (curly dock)

Salix bebbiana (Bebb’s willow)

Salix discolor (pussy willow)

Salix eriocephala (heart-leaved willow)

Salix interior (sandbar willow)

Salix petiolaris (slender willow)

Salix x rubens (whitecrack willow)

Sambucus nigra ssp. canadensis (American elderberry)

Scrophularia lanceolata (early figwort)

Silene csereii (Balkan catchfly)

Silene latifolia ssp. alba (white campion)

Silphium laciniatum (compass plant)

Sisyrinchium campestre (prairie blue-eyed grass)

Solanum dulcamara (bittersweet nightshade)

Solanum ptychanthum (eastern black nightshade)

Solidago altissima (late goldenrod)

Solidago missouriensis (Missouri goldenrod)

Solidago rigida ssp. rigida (stiff goldenrod)

Sonchus asper (prickly sow thistle)

Spartina pectinata (prairie cordgrass)

Spiraea alba var. alba (narrow-leaved meadowsweet)

Stachys pilosa var. arenicola (woundwort)

Tanacetum vulgare (common tansy)

Taraxacum officinale ssp. officinale (common dandelion)

Thalictrum dasycarpum (tall meadow rue)

Thalictrum dioicum (early meadow rue)

Tragopogon dubius (yellow goat’s beard)

Trifolium pratense (red clover)

Trifolium repens (white clover)

Typha latifolia (broad-leaved cattail)

Ulmus pumila (Siberian elm)

Urtica dioica ssp. gracilis (stinging nettle)

Valeriana edulis var. ciliata (edible valerian)

Verbascum thapsus ssp. thapsus (common mullein)

Vernonia fasciculata ssp. fasciculata (prairie ironweed)

Veronicastrum virginicum (Culver’s root)

Viola sororia (common blue violet)

Vitis riparia (wild grape)

Zizia aptera (heart-leaved golden alexanders)

Zizia aurea (golden alexanders)

American black currant

American elderberry

bird’s-foot trefoil

bittersweet nightshade

black raspberry

butter and eggs

Canada anemone

catnip

chokecherry

common blue violet

common evening primrose

common sneezeweed

downy phlox

edible valerian

field thistle

fragrant bedstraw

gray-headed coneflower

heart-leaved four o’clock

heart-leaved golden alexanders

Morrow’s honeysuckle

narrow-leaved meadowsweet

prairie blazing star

prairie rose

rattlesnake master

red clover

rough-fruited cinquefoil

sawtooth sunflower

stiff goldenrod

swamp milkweed

tall buttercup

tall meadow rue

Tartarian honeysuckle

violet wood sorrel

white clover

whorled milkweed

wild bergamot (var. mollis)

winter cress

wood lily

yellow sweet clover

 


 

 

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