Canada anemone

(Anemone canadensis)

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List

not listed

Canada anemone


N5? - Secure

SNR - Unranked


not listed


Great Plains

FACW - Facultative wetland


FACW - Facultative wetland

Northcentral & Northeast

FACW - Facultative wetland






Wet to moderate moisture. Meadows, prairies, lake shores, streamsides. Full to partial sun.


May to August

Flower Color



8 to 32


This is an erect, perennial, 8 to 32 tall forb. It rises from the top of a persistent woody base (caudex) of an aerial shoot. The caudices rise from a node at or near the end of an ascending to horizontal, underground stem (rhizome).

Each plant produces a whorl of 1 to 5 basal leaves and a flowering stem.

Basal leaves are on 3 to 8½ long leaf stalks (petioles). The petioles are light green, round in cross section, and hairy. The leaf blades are circular in outline, 1½ to 4 long, and 2 to 6 wide. They are deeply divided into 3 primary lobes. The lateral two lobes are deeply divided into two secondary lobes. The terminal primary lobe and the lateral secondary lobes are lance-shaped or inversely lance-shaped, and to 13 16wide. The upper surface is medium to dark green and is sparsely covered with straight, silky, somewhat appressed hairs. The lower surface is pale green and sparsely to moderately hairy. The margins of each lobe are undivided and untoothed near the base, toothed with sharp, forward pointing teeth and shallowly to deeply cut on the terminal ½ to .

A single flowering stem rises from the caudex at the middle of the whorl of basal leaves. The stem is erect, light green, unbranched, and round in cross section. Below the middle it is sparsely covered with fine short hairs (puberulent) and long, soft, shaggy but unmatted hairs (villous). Toward the top it is densely villous. At the top of the flowering stem there is a whorl of 3 leaves.

The stem leaves are stalkless. The leaf blades are inversely triangular in outline, 13 16 to 4 long, and otherwise similar to basal leaves.

The inflorescence is 1 central and sometimes 1 or 2 lateral flowers rising from the whorl of basal leaves at the end of the stem. Each flower is solitary at the end of a long flower stalk (pedicel). The pedicels are 3 to 4½ long, light green, round in cross section, and hairy. The lateral pedicels, if any, have a pair of leaf-like appendages (bracts). The central pedicel does not.

Each flower is 1 to 1½ in diameter. There are no petals, 4 to 6 (usually 5) petal-like sepals, and 80 to 100 stamens with yellow anthers. The sepals are white, inversely egg-shaped, to ¾ long, and 3 16 to wide.

The infructescence is a dense, globe-shaped or egg-shaped fruiting head.

The fruit is an inversely egg-shaped to ellipse-shaped, to ¼ long , to ¼ wide seed capsule (achene). There is a persistent style (beak) but no tuft of hairs at the end of the achene.


Wood anemone (Anemone quinquefolia var. quinquefolia) is a shorter plant, no more than 8 tall. The leaves on the flowering stalk are stalked. The plant is found in shaded woods, not sunny meadow and prairies.

Distribution Distribution Map   Sources: 2, 3, 4, 5, 7, 24, 28.




Ranunculaceae (buttercup)








Anemone dichotoma var. canadensis

Anemone pensylvanica

Anemonidium canadense


Canada anemone

Canadian anemone

meadow anemone









A dry, one-chambered, single-seeded fruit, formed from a single carpel, with the seed attached to the membranous outer layer (wall) only by the seed stalk; the wall, formed entirely from the wall of the superior ovary, does not split open at maturity, but relies on decay or predation to release the contents.



A comparatively short and stout, narrow or prolonged tip on a thickened organ, as on some fruits and seeds.



Modified leaf at the base of a flower stalk or flower cluster.



A short, thickened, woody, persistent enlargement of the stem, at or below ground level, used for water storage.



The small swelling of the stem from which one or more leaves, branches, or buds originate.



In plants: the stalk of a single flower in a cluster of flowers. In Hymenoptera and Araneae: the narrow stalk connecting the thorax to the abdomen.



The stalk of a leaf blade or compound leaf that attaches the leaf blade to the stem.



A horizontal, usually underground stem. It serves as a reproductive structure, producing roots below and shoots above at the nodes.



An outer floral leaf, usually green but sometimes colored, at the base of a flower.



Covered with long, soft, fine, shaggy but unmatted hairs.

Visitor Photos
Share your photo of this plant.

This button not working for you?
Simply email us at
Attach one or more photos and, if you like, a caption.

  Canada anemone   Canada anemone
  Canada anemone    
Kirk Nelson
  Canada anemone    

Seen by the trails around Snelling Lake and by the paved trail along the Minnesota River

  Canada anemone   Canada anemone
Barbara Dodge

It is just the most amazing little prairie reserve.

  Canada anemone    
Wayne Rasmussen
  Canada anemone    Photos


  Canada anemone   Canada anemone
  Canada anemone   Canada anemone


  Canada anemone   Canada anemone
  Canada anemone    


  Canada anemone    


  Canada anemone   Canada anemone
  Canada anemone    


  Canada anemone    


  Canada anemone   Canada anemone



  Time Lapse--Canada Anemone

Uploaded on Jun 3, 2009

Time-lapse of Anemone plant growing in Nichols Park, Chicago. Photographed and assembled by Tyler Kerr for a class on prairie ecology.




Visitor Videos
Share your video of this plant.

This button not working for you?
Simply email us at
Attach one or more videos or YouTube links and, if you like, a caption.

Other Videos
  Canada Anemone (Anemone canadensis)

Uploaded on Jun 8, 2010 - A lush patch of Canada Anemone; Anemone canadensis at Prairie Moon Nursery.

  Anemone Canada

Published on Jul 24, 2013

No description available.

  John Latimer Phenology Note - Canada Anemone

Uploaded on Jul 20, 2009

KAXE Phenologist John Latimer talks about Canada Anemone. This is the first of what we hope to be many updates from John about the nature around us. We'll probably get better at it the more we do it...? John Latimer does a weekly Phenology Report every Thursday morning on KAXE.




Visitor Sightings
Report a sighting of this plant.
This button not working for you?
Simply email us at
Be sure to include a location.


Location: Lake Shore, Cass County

Canada anemone

Kirk Nelson

Location: Crosby Farm Regional Park

Canada anemone

Barbara Dodge

Location: Riverwalk, Lowertown, St. Paul

It is just the most amazing little prairie reserve.

Canada anemone

Kirk Nelson

Location: Fort Snelling State Park

Seen by the trails around Snelling Lake and by the paved trail along the Minnesota River

Canada anemone

Wayne Rasmussen

Location: Maplewood Nature Center

Canada anemone

David Ayer

Location: Joseph A. Tauer Prairie SNA


Afton State Park

Agassiz Dunes SNA

Anna Gronseth Prairie

Antelope Valley SNA

Banning State Park

Blackhoof River WMA

Blanket Flower Prairie SNA

Blazing Star Prairie

Blue Devil Valley SNA

Blue Mounds State Park

Camden State Park

Cannon River Turtle Preserve SNA

Carpenter St. Croix Valley Nature Center

Cedar Mountain SNA

Cedar Rock SNA

Chippewa Prairie

Clinton Prairie SNA

Compass Prairie SNA

Cottonwood River Prairie SNA

Crow Wing State Park

Crow-Hassan Park Reserve

Des Moines River SNA

Englund Ecotone SNA

Felton Prairie SNA, Bicentennial Unit

Felton Prairie SNA, Shrike Unit

Felton WMA

Forestville/Mystery Cave State Park

Foxhome Prairie

French Regional Park

Glendalough State Park

Glynn Prairie SNA

Gneiss Outcrops SNA

Grey Cloud Dunes SNA

Gustafson’s Camp SNA

Hole-in-the-Mountain Prairie

Iron Horse Prairie SNA

Iron Springs Bog SNA

Itasca State Park

Jay Cooke State Park

Joseph A. Tauer Prairie SNA

Kasota Prairie

Kasota Prairie SNA

Keller Regional Park

Kettledrummer Prairie

Kilen Woods State Park

La Salle Lake SNA

Lake Alexander Woods SNA, South Unit

Lake Carlos State Park

Lake Louise State Park

Lake Maria State Park

Langhei Prairie SNA

Leif Mountain

Lester Lake SNA

Lundblad Prairie SNA

Lutsen SNA

Malmberg Prairie SNA

Maplewood State Park

Margherita Preserve-Audubon Prairie

Mary Schmidt Crawford Woods SNA

Miller Prairie, West Unit

Minnesota Valley NWR, Chaska Unit

Mississippi River County Park

Mound Spring Prairie SNA, North Unit

Mound Spring Prairie SNA, South Unit

Northern Tallgrass Prairie NWR, Pavia Unit

Northern Tallgrass Prairie NWR, Rengstorf Unit

Northern Tallgrass Prairie NWR, Spieker Unit

Northern Tallgrass Prairie NWR, Touch the Sky Prairie Unit

Old Mill State Park

Oronoco Prairie SNA

Otter Tail Prairie SNA

Pankratz Memorial Prairie, North Unit

Pembina Trail Preserve SNA, Crookston Prairie Unit

Phelps Lake WMA

Pilot Knob

Plover Prairie, East Unit

Prairie Coteau SNA

Prairie Creek WMA, Koester Prairie Unit

Prairie Creek Woods SNA

Prairie Smoke Dunes SNA

Quarry Park SNA

Racine Prairie SNA

Regal Meadow

Richard M. & Mathilde Rice Elliott SNA

Ritter Farm Park

River Terrace Prairie SNA

River Warren Outcrops SNA

Robert Ney Memorial Park Reserve

Rock Ridge Prairie SNA

Rockville County Park

St. Croix Savanna SNA

St. Croix State Park

Sandpiper Prairie SNA

Savage Fen SNA

Savanna Portage State Park

Schaefer Prairie

Schoolcraft State Park

Sedan Brook Prairie SNA

Seven Mile Creek County Park

Seven Springs WMA

Sheepberry Fen

Shooting Star Prairie SNA

Split Rock Creek State Park

Spring Prairie Preserve

Springbrook Nature Center

Staffanson Prairie

Strandness Prairie

Thorson Prairie WMA

Tribute WMA

Twin Valley Prairie Addition

Twin Valley Prairie SNA

Two Rivers Aspen Prairie Parkland SNA

Tympanuchus Prairie

Upper Sioux Agency State Park

Verlyn Marth Memorial Prairie SNA

Vermillion River WMA

Western Prairie SNA

William O’Brien State Park

Woodbury WMA




Last Updated:

About Us | Privacy Policy | Contact Us | © 2020 All rights reserved.