wood anemone

(Anemone quinquefolia var. quinquefolia)

Conservation Status
wood anemone
 
  IUCN Red List

not listed

     
  NatureServe

N3N5 - Vulnerable to Secure

SNR - Unranked

     
  Minnesota

not listed

     
           
Wetland Indicator Status
     
  Great Plains

FAC - Facultative

     
  Midwest

FAC - Facultative

     
  Northcentral & Northeast

FACU - Facultative upland

     
           
 
Description
 
 

Wood anemone is a 4 to 8 tall, delicate, erect perennial rising on a hairless stem from a slender, horizontal rhizome. The rhizomes grow quickly and the plant is often found carpeting large areas.

A sterile individual and a flowering individual may be produced from the same rhizome. A sterile individual is a solitary basal leaf at the top of a long leaf stalk rising from the ground. It is divided into 3 to 5 irregular leaflets that are deeply notched and unevenly toothed above the middle.

The flowering individual is an unbranched, erect stem topped by a whorl of 3 leaves and a single flower stem. The stem below the whorl of leaves is hairless. The stem leaves are similar to the basal leaf only smaller. The leaflets are roughly lance-shaped, widest above the middle, and taper to a wedge-shaped base.

The flower stem (the stem above the whorl of leaves) is unbranched. The flower is white to pinkish, 1 wide, with 4 to 6 (usually 5) petal-like sepals and 30 to 60 stamens.

The above-ground portion of this perennial dies back by mid-summer, leaving only the underground rhizome to await the next spring.

 
     
 

Height

 
 

4 to 8

 
     
 

Flower Color

 
 

White to pinkish, often pink on the underside

 
     
 

Similar Species

 
  Wood anemone (Anemone quinquefolia var. bifolia), the western variety, has central stems that are covered below the whorl of leaves with soft, spreading, shaggy, unmatted hairs. It does not occur in Minnesota.  
     
 
Habitat
 
 

Moist to moderate moisture. Woods, forests, thickets. Full or partial shade.

 
     
 
Ecology
 
 

Flowering

 
 

April to June

 
     
 

Pests and Diseases

 
 

Rust Fungus (Tranzschelia pruni-spinosae var. americana)

 
     
 
Use
 
 

 

 
     
 
Distribution
 
 

Distribution Map

 

Sources

2, 3, 4, 5, 7, 28.

 
  1/2/2014      
         
 

Nativity

 
 

Native

 
         
 

Occurrence

 
 

 

 
         
 
Taxonomy
 
  Kingdom Plantae (green algae and land plants)  
  Subkingdom Viridiplantae (green plants)  
  Infrakingdom Streptophyta (land plants and green algae)  
  Superdivision Embryophyta (land plants)  
  Division Tracheophyta (vascular plants)  
  Subdivision Spermatophytina (seed plants)  
  Class Magnoliopsida (dicots)  
  Superorder Ranunculanae  
 

Order

Ranunculales (buttercups, poppies, and allies)  
 

Family

Ranunculaceae (buttercup, crowfoot)  
  Subfamily Ranunculoideae  
  Tribe Anemoneae (anemones and allies)  
 

Genus

Anemone (anemone)  
  Species Anemone quinquefolia (wood anemone)  
       
 

An increasing number of taxonomist favor breaking the genus Anemone into several smaller genera. At some point, this approach may be widely accepted. Plants of the World Online places wood anemone in the genus Anemonoides. Almost all other authoritative sources retain wood anemone in the genus Anemone.

 
       
 

Subordinate Taxa

 
       
       
 

Synonyms

 
 

Anemone nemorosa var. bifolia

Anemone quinquefolia var. interior

Anemonoides quinquefolia

 
       
 

Common Names

 
 

nightcaps

wood anemone

 
       

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Glossary

Rhizome

A horizontal, usually underground stem. It serves as a reproductive structure, producing roots below and shoots above at the nodes.

 

Sepal

An outer floral leaf, usually green but sometimes colored, at the base of a flower.

       
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  wood anemone   wood anemone
       

Flower

  wood anemone   wood anemone
       
  wood anemone   wood anemone
       
       

 

Camera

     
Slideshows
   
  Anemone quinquefolia
Zi W
 
  Anemone quinquefolia  

 

slideshow

       
Visitor Videos
       

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Other Videos
 
  Valkovuokko wood anemone Anemonoides nemorosa
kalliopoika
 
   
 
About

Published on May 13, 2013

Valkovuokko wood anemone Anemonoides nemorosa

   
       
  bosanemoon - wood anemone - anemone nemorosa
screenshot
 
   
 
About

Uploaded on Jul 7, 2008

The Wood Anemone is one of the earliest spring flowers. It blooms before surrounding trees begin to grow leaves. In sunshine, the flower is expanded wide, but at the approach of rain or night it closes and droops its head.

De gewone bosanemoon is een tapijtvormer en bloeit met witte bloemen in het vroege voorjaar als er nog geen blad aan de bomen zit. Als de zon sterker wordt, verkleurt het loof snel naar geel en verdwijnt vanzelf. Alle bosanemonen zijn volledig winterhard.

Visit WWW.STOCKSHOT.NL for highres version or broadcast video footage.

   
       
  How to identify Wood Anemone (Anemone nemorosa)
Species Recovery Trust
 
   
 
About

Published on Dec 20, 2013

A short clip showing you how to identify Wood Anemone (Anemone nemorosa). Keep an eye on the Species Recovery Trust website (speciesrecoverytrust.org.uk) for new instalments.

   
       
  bosanemoon - wood anemone - anemone nemorosa
dreamshot
 
   
 
About

Uploaded on Mar 16, 2010

Broadcast format available at: http://www.stockshot.nl/ - bosanemoon - wood anemone - anemone nemorosa - Hvid Anemone - Buschwindröschen - windflower - thimbleweed - smell fox - anémona de bosque - flor del viento - olor de zorro - anémone sylvie - anémone des bois - anemone dei boschi - Abrëllsblumm - Kvitveis - kvitsymre - Vitsippa

The Wood Anemone is one of the earliest spring flowers. It blooms before surrounding trees begin to grow leaves. In sunshine, the flower is expanded wide, but at the approach of rain or night it closes and droops its head.

Location: Haagse Bos, The Hague. The "backyard" of the Dutch queen Beatrix.

De gewone bosanemoon is een tapijtvormer en bloeit met witte bloemen in het vroege voorjaar als er nog geen blad aan de bomen zit. Als de zon sterker wordt, verkleurt het loof snel naar geel en verdwijnt vanzelf. Alle bosanemonen zijn volledig winterhard.

   
       
  bosanemoon - anemone nemorosa - landgoed Hackfort
TVGreenMagazine
 
   
 
About

Published on Apr 2, 2012

Al sinds de 19e eeuw bloeien ieder voorjaar stinzenplanten rondom het kasteel Hackfort, langs de Baakse Beek en in het parkbos.
bosanemoon - wood anemone - anemone nemorosa - Hvid Anemone - Buschwindröschen - windflower - thimbleweed - smell fox - anémona de bosque - flor del viento - olor de zorro - anémone sylvie - anémone des bois - anemone dei boschi - Abrëllsblumm - Kvitveis - kvitsymre - Vitsippa -

The Wood Anemone is one of the earliest spring flowers. It blooms before surrounding trees begin to grow leaves. In sunshine, the flower is expanded wide, but at the approach of rain or night it closes and droops its head.

De gewone bosanemoon is een tapijtvormer en bloeit met witte bloemen in het vroege voorjaar als er nog geen blad aan de bomen zit. Als de zon sterker wordt, verkleurt het loof snel naar geel en verdwijnt vanzelf. Alle bosanemonen zijn volledig winterhard.

playlist stinzenflora:
http://www.youtube.com/view_play_list?p=5833EA271B039C14
Looking for broadcast footage? Don't shoot! Contact http://www.stockshot.nl/ ©
info landgoed: http://www.natuurmonumenten.nl/hackfort

   
       

 

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