Blackhoof River WMA






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Minnesota DNR








Blackhoof River WMA was created around 1991 to protect an important whitetail deer wintering site and portions of the Blackhoof River and Nemadji River corridors.




Forty wildlife openings and five browse production plots have been created by removing trees and mowing the remaining shrubs. They are re-mowed or sheared every 5 to 10 years. Additional 50 strips have been mowed to provide habitat for American Woodcock. They are re-mowed every 5 years. More than 18 miles of wide hunter walking trails have been created mostly on upland areas. These are mowed every year.








Visitor Map (MN DNR)

Hunter Walking Trail map (MN DNR)


Printable Map(s) with GPS coordinates

  Printable map      



4,025.9 acres




Land Between the Rivers Trailhead
N46 31.556, W92 28.068

Land Between the Rivers Trail, east end (MN 23)
N46 31.093, W92 23.391


Driving Directions

  Area and County  

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          Carlton County  
          Northeast Minnesota  

Hiking Trails


There are 12.9 miles of hunter walking trails. These are as wide as a forest road and are mowed every year. There are 5.3 miles of other walking trails that are also maintained. A DNR access road parallels MN 23 for 2 miles at the east end of the WMA.




All hunting. See Hunting and Trapping Regulations (MN DNR) for details.


Ecological Classification

  Ecological Classification  
  Ecological Province    

Laurentian Mixed Forest Province

  Ecological Section    

Southern Superior Uplands

  Ecological Subsection    

Glacial Lake Superior Plain

  Land Type Association    

Douglas Lake-Modified Till Plain


Native Plant Communities*


Alder Swamp / Wet Alder Swamp / Wet-Mesic Boreal Hardwood-Conifer Forest

Aspen - Birch - Basswood Forest

Aspen - Birch - Red Maple Forest

Aspen - Fir Forest

Black Ash - Aspen - Balsam Poplar Swamp (Northeastern)

Black Ash - Basswood Forest

Black Ash - Conifer Swamp (Northeastern)

Black Ash - Yellow Birch - Red Maple -  Basswood Swamp (Eastcentral)

Northern Mesic Hardwood Forest

Northern Very Wet Ash Swamp

Northern Wet-Mesic Boreal Hardwood-Conifer Forest

Poor Black Spruce Swamp

  * Source: The Minnesota Biological Survey, Minnesota Department of Natural Resources, Division of Ecological Resources      

Natural Features


Blackhoof River WMA contains the confluence of the Blackhoof and Nemadji Rivers, about three miles of each river’s corridor, and the broad upland between. The flat to gently rolling uplands are dissected by the deep valleys of these rivers, and by several ravines created by Deer Creek and other unnamed connecting streams. Areas of old growth forest remain in the river bottoms.






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Parking at the Land Between the Rivers Trailhead

    Blackhoof River WMA   Blackhoof River WMA  

Land Between the Rivers Trail

    Blackhoof River WMA      






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Fifty-foot strips were mowed and are maintained to provide habitat for American Woodcock (Scolopax minor).


Two bird species with conservation status in Minnesota have been seen here:

Special Concern

American Goshawk (Accipiter atricapillus)

Boreal Owl (Aegolius funereus)


Minnesota Biodiversity Atlas Birds List

eBird Field Checklist


American Crow (Corvus brachyrhynchos)

Gray Catbird (Dumetella carolinensis)

Ovenbird (Seiurus aurocapilla)

  Gray Catbird  



One fish species with conservation status in Minnesota has been seen here:

Special Concern

northern brook lamprey (Ichthyomyzon fossor)


Minnesota Biodiversity Atlas Fishes List


Insects and Arachnids


Minnesota Biodiversity Atlas Insects List


Arctic skipper (Carterocephalus palaemon)

eastern tiger swallowtail (Papilio glaucus)

western thatching ant (Formica obscuripes)

willow pinecone gall midge (Rabdophaga strobiloides)

  Arctic skipper  



This is an important overwintering site for whitetail deer.




One plant species with conservation status in Minnesota is found here:

Special Concern

Carey’s smartweed (Persicaria careyi)


Minnesota Biodiversity Atlas and Minnesota Biological Survey Vegetation Releves Plant List


Plants frequently found in:

Aspen - Birch - Basswood Forest MHn35a

Aspen - Birch - Red Maple Forest MHn44a

Aspen - Fir Forest MHn44c

Black Ash - Aspen - Balsam Poplar Swamp (Northeastern) WFn55

Black Ash - Basswood Forest MHn46b

Black Ash - Conifer Swamp (Northeastern) WFn64a

Black Ash - Yellow Birch - Red Maple -  Basswood Swamp (Eastcentral) WFn55a

Northern Very Wet Ash Swamp WFn64

Northern Wet-Mesic Boreal Hardwood-Conifer Forest MHn44

Poor Black Spruce Swamp APn81a



American hazelnut (Corylus americana)

American highbush cranberry (Viburnum opulus var. americanum)

American stinging nettle (Urtica gracilis ssp. gracilis)

American vetch (Vicia americana ssp. americana)

balsam fir (Abies balsamea var. balsamea)

balsam poplar (Populus balsamifera)

beaked hazelnut (Corylus cornuta var. cornuta)

bearded shorthusk (Brachyelytrum erectum)

bigleaf aster (Eurybia macrophylla)

black ash (Fraxinus nigra)

bluejoint (Calamagrostis canadensis)

bunchberry (Cornus canadensis)

bur oak (Quercus macrocarpa var. macrocarpa)

Canada anemone (Anemonastrum canadense)

Canada mayflower (Maianthemum canadense)

Canadian wild ginger (Asarum canadense)

chestnut sedge (Carex castanea)

chokecherry (Prunus virginiana var. virginiana)

common dandelion (Taraxacum officinale ssp. officinale)

common false Solomon’s seal (Maianthemum racemosum var. racemosum)

common winterberry (Ilex verticillata)

common yarrow (Achillea millefolium)

cream pea (Lathyrus ochroleucus)

crested wood fern (Dryopteris cristata)

downy arrowwood (Viburnum rafinesqueanum)

dwarf raspberry (Rubus pubescens)

early meadow-rue (Thalictrum dioicum)

eastern swamp saxifrage (Micranthes pensylvanica)

field horsetail (Equisetum arvense)

fireweed (Chamaenerion angustifolium ssp. angustifolium)

flat-topped aster (Doellingeria umbellata)

fragrant bedstraw (Galium triflorum)

giant goldenrod (Solidago gigantea)

golden alexanders (Zizia aurea)

graceful sedge (Carex gracillima)

gray dogwood (Cornus racemosa)

greater bladder sedge (Carex intumescens)

green ash (Fraxinus pennsylvanica)

hairy honeysuckle (Lonicera hirsuta)

hairy Solomon’s seal (Polygonatum pubescens)

hairy vetch (Vicia villosa ssp. villosa)

hairy woodrush (Luzula acuminata ssp. acuminata)

hairy-stem gooseberry (Ribes hirtellum)

hedge bindweed (Calystegia sepium)

hooked buttercup (Ranunculus recurvatus var. recurvatus)

interrupted fern (Claytosmunda claytoniana)

liverleaf wintergreen (Pyrola asarifolia ssp. asarifolia)

long-leaved chickweed (Stellaria longifolia)

long-stalk sedge (Carex pedunculata)

Maryland black snakeroot (Sanicula marilandica)

meadow hawkweed (Hieracium caespitosum)

meadow horsetail (Equisetum pratense)

nannyberry (Viburnum lentago)

narrow-leaved hawkweed (Hieracium umbellatum)

nerveless woodland sedge (Carex leptonervia)

nodding trillium (Trillium cernuum)

northern bush honeysuckle (Diervilla lonicera)

northern lady fern (Athyrium filix-femina var. angustum)

northern red oak (Quercus rubra)

northern shorthusk (Brachyelytrum aristosum)

northern starflower (Lysimachia borealis)

oxeye daisy (Leucanthemum vulgare)

paleleaf woodland sunflower (Helianthus strumosus)

palmate sweet coltsfoot (Petasites frigidus var. palmatus)

paper birch (Betula papyrifera var. papyrifera)

Pennsylvania sedge (Carex pensylvanica)

prairie willow (Salix humilis)

prickly rose (Rosa acicularis ssp. sayi)

purple avens (Geum rivale)

quaking aspen (Populus tremuloides)

red baneberry (Actaea rubra ssp. rubra)

red clover (Trifolium pratense)

red maple (Acer rubrum var. rubrum)

red osier dogwood (Cornus sericea ssp. sericea)

rose twisted-stalk (Streptopus lanceolatus var. longipipes)

rough cinquefoil (Potentilla norvegica)

rough hawkweed (Hieracium scabrum)

round-leaved dogwood (Cornus rugosa)

roughleaf ricegrass (Oryzopsis asperifolia)

scarlet Indian paintbrush (Castilleja coccinea)

sensitive fern (Onoclea sensibilis)

serviceberry (Amelanchier spp.)

sessile-leaf bellwort (Uvularia sessilifolia)

speckled alder (Alnus incana ssp. rugosa)

spinulose wood fern (Dryopteris carthusiana)

spotted water hemlock (Cicuta maculata)

spreading dogbane (Apocynum androsaemifolium)

swamp thistle (Cirsium muticum)

tall buttercup (Ranunculus acris var. acris)

veiny pea (Lathyrus venosus var. intonsus)

violets (Viola section Chamaemelanium subsection Nudicaules)

western bracken fern (Pteridium aquilinum var. latiusculum)

western poison ivy (Toxicodendron rydbergii)

white rattlesnake root (Nabalus albus)

white spruce (Picea glauca)

wild sarsaparilla (Aralia nudicaulis)

wild strawberry (Fragaria virginiana)

wood anemone (Anemone quinquefolia var. quinquefolia)

woodland horsetail (Equisetum sylvaticum)

woodland strawberry (Fragaria vesca ssp. americana)

wool grass (Scirpus cyperinus)

yellow marsh marigold (Caltha palustris var. palustris)


Abies balsamea var. balsamea (balsam fir)

Acer rubrum var. rubrum (red maple)

Achillea millefolium (common yarrow)

Actaea rubra ssp. rubra (red baneberry)

Alnus incana ssp. rugosa (speckled alder)

Amelanchier sp. (serviceberry)

Anemonastrum canadense (Canada anemone)

Anemone quinquefolia var. quinquefolia (wood anemone)

Apocynum androsaemifolium (spreading dogbane)

Aralia nudicaulis (wild sarsaparilla)

Asarum canadense (Canadian wild ginger)

Athyrium filix-femina var. angustum (northern lady fern)

Betula papyrifera var. papyrifera (paper birch)

Brachyelytrum aristosum (northern shorthusk)

Brachyelytrum erectum (bearded shorthusk)

Calamagrostis canadensis (bluejoint)

Caltha palustris var. palustris (yellow marsh marigold)

Calystegia sepium (hedge bindweed)

Carex castanea (chestnut sedge)

Carex gracillima (graceful sedge)

Carex intumescens (greater bladder sedge)

Carex leptonervia (nerveless woodland sedge)

Carex pedunculata (long-stalk sedge)

Carex pensylvanica (Pennsylvania sedge)

Castilleja coccinea (scarlet Indian paintbrush)

Chamaenerion angustifolium ssp. angustifolium (fireweed)

Cicuta maculata (spotted water hemlock)

Cirsium muticum (swamp thistle)

Cornus canadensis (bunchberry)

Cornus racemosa (gray dogwood)

Cornus rugosa (round-leaved dogwood)

Cornus sericea ssp. sericea (red osier dogwood)

Corylus americana (American hazelnut)

Corylus cornuta var. cornuta (beaked hazelnut)

Diervilla lonicera (northern bush honeysuckle)

Doellingeria umbellata (flat-topped aster)

Dryopteris carthusiana (spinulose wood fern)

Dryopteris cristata (crested wood fern)

Equisetum arvense (field horsetail)

Equisetum pratense (meadow horsetail)

Equisetum sylvaticum (woodland horsetail)

Eurybia macrophylla (bigleaf aster)

Fragaria vesca ssp. americana (woodland strawberry)

Fragaria virginiana (wild strawberry)

Fraxinus nigra (black ash)

Fraxinus pennsylvanica (green ash)

Galium triflorum (fragrant bedstraw)

Geum rivale (purple avens)

Helianthus strumosus (paleleaf woodland sunflower)

Hieracium caespitosum (meadow hawkweed)

Hieracium scabrum (rough hawkweed)

Hieracium umbellatum (narrow-leaved hawkweed)

Ilex verticillata (common winterberry)

Lathyrus ochroleucus (cream pea)

Lathyrus venosus var. intonsus) (veiny pea)

Leucanthemum vulgare (oxeye daisy)

Lonicera hirsuta (hairy honeysuckle)

Luzula acuminata ssp. acuminata (hairy woodrush)

Lysimachia borealis (northern starflower)

Maianthemum canadense (Canada mayflower)

Maianthemum racemosum var. racemosum (common false Solomon’s seal)

Micranthes pensylvanica (eastern swamp saxifrage)

Nabalus albus (white rattlesnake root)

Onoclea sensibilis (sensitive fern)

Oryzopsis asperifolia (roughleaf ricegrass)

Claytosmunda claytoniana (interrupted fern)

Petasites frigidus var. palmatus (palmate sweet coltsfoot)

Picea glauca (white spruce)

Polygonatum pubescens (hairy Solomon’s seal)

Populus balsamifera (balsam poplar)

Populus tremuloides (quaking aspen)

Potentilla norvegica (rough cinquefoil)

Prunus virginiana var. virginiana (chokecherry)

Pteridium aquilinum var. latiusculum (western bracken fern)

Pyrola asarifolia ssp. asarifolia (liverleaf wintergreen)

Quercus macrocarpa var. macrocarpa (bur oak)

Quercus rubra (northern red oak)

Ranunculus acris var. acris (tall buttercup)

Ranunculus recurvatus var. recurvatus (hooked buttercup)

Ribes hirtellum (hairy-stem gooseberry)

Rosa acicularis ssp. sayi (prickly rose)

Rubus pubescens (dwarf raspberry)

Salix humilis (prairie willow)

Sanicula marilandica (Maryland black snakeroot)

Scirpus cyperinus (wool grass)

Solidago gigantea (giant goldenrod)

Stellaria longifolia (long-leaved chickweed)

Streptopus lanceolatus var. longipipes (rose twisted-stalk)

Taraxacum officinale ssp. officinale (common dandelion)

Thalictrum dioicum (early meadow-rue)

Toxicodendron rydbergii (western poison ivy)

Trifolium pratense (red clover)

Trillium cernuum (nodding trillium)

Urtica gracilis ssp. gracilis (American stinging nettle)

Uvularia sessilifolia (sessile-leaf bellwort)

Viburnum lentago (nannyberry)

Viburnum opulus var. americanum (American highbush cranberry)

Viburnum rafinesqueanum (downy arrowwood)

Vicia americana ssp. americana (American vetch)

Vicia villosa ssp. villosa (hairy vetch)

Viola section Chamaemelanium subsection Nudicaules (violets)

Zizia aurea (golden alexanders)


American highbush cranberry


bur oak (var. macrocarpa)

Canada anemone


common false Solomon’s seal

early meadow-rue

fragrant bedstraw

golden alexanders

gray dogwood

hedge bindweed

interrupted fern


nodding trillium

northern bush honeysuckle

northern starflower

oxeye daisy

prairie rose

red baneberry

red clover

rough cinquefoil

scarlet Indian paintbrush (f. coccinea)

sessile-leaf bellwort

swamp thistle

violet (Viola section Chamaemelanium subsection Nudicaules)

wood anemone

yellow marsh marigold







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