American woodland strawberry

(Fragaria vesca ssp. americana)

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List

not listed


N5 - Secure

SNR - Unranked


not listed

Wetland Indicator Status

Great Plains

UPL - Obligate upland


UPL - Obligate upland

Northcentral & Northeast

UPL - Obligate upland

American woodland strawberry

American woodland strawberry 4 to 6 tall, erect, perennial forb is found in the woods, hence the common name.

The leaves are three-parted and are borne on long, hairy stalks that emerge from the central taproot in the ground. The leaflets are bright green to yellowish-green, coarsely toothed, and thin. They are stalkless. The terminal tooth of the leaflet is more than half as wide and as long or longer than (protrudes beyond or equals) the two adjacent teeth. A line drawn between the tips of the two adjacent teeth passes through the terminal tooth. The lateral veins branch off of the central vein at an angle of about 45°.

The flowers sit well above the leaves. They are borne on separate, long stalks from the central taproot in the ground. The flower has 5 petals and is ½ wide.

The fruit is an accessory fruit, not a berry. It consists of a fleshy receptacle with seed capsules (achenes) on the surface (superficial). It is slender, elongated, elliptical, and often pointed. The seed-like achenes sit on the surface of the receptacle.



4 to 6


Flower Color



Similar Species

Wild strawberry (Fragaria virginiana) has larger flowers and fruit. The flowers sit at about the same height as the leaves. The leaves are narrower and more tapering. The terminal tooth is narrower (less than half as wide) and shorter (does not protrude beyond) than the two adjacent teeth. A line drawn between the tips of the two adjacent teeth passes above the terminal tooth. The seed-like achenes are positioned in shallow pits on the surface of the receptacle.





April to June


Pests and Diseases





Distribution Map



2, 3, 4, 5, 7, 24, 28, 29, 30.









Plantae (green algae and land plants)


Viridiplantae (green plants)


Streptophyta (land plants and green algae)


Embryophyta (land plants)


Tracheophyta (vascular plants)


Spermatophytina (seed plants)


Magnoliopsida (flowering plants)




Rosales (roses, elms, figs, and allies)


Rosaceae (rose)


Rosoideae (brambles, roses, strawberries, and allies)


Potentilleae (strawberries, cinquefoils, and allies)


Fragariinae (strawberry)


Fragaria (strawberries)


Fragaria vesca (woodland strawberry)


Subordinate Taxa




Fragaria americana

Fragaria vesca var. americana


Common Names

hillside strawberry

thin-leaved wild strawberry

wood strawberry

woodland strawberry











Accessory fruit

A fruit formed from the ovary but containing much fleshy tissue derived from adjacent parts, such as an apple. pear, or strawberry.



A dry, one-chambered, single-seeded seed capsule, formed from a single carpel, with the seed attached to the membranous outer layer (wall) only by the seed stalk; the wall, formed entirely from the wall of the superior ovary, does not split open at maturity, but relies on decay or predation to release the contents.



The thickened, upper part of a flower stalk to which flowers or flower parts are attached. In composite flowers, the part on which the flowers are borne. In accessory fruits the receptacle gives rise to the edible part of the fruit.

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American woodland strawberry   American woodland strawberry
American woodland strawberry Photos
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American woodland strawberry   American woodland strawberry


American woodland strawberry   American woodland strawberry





Fragaria vesca
Matt Lavin

Fragaria vesca

Fruit: multiple achenes on a fleshy receptacle (accessory). Compared to Fragaria virginiana, Fragaria vesca has greener and more prominently veined leaves and is more understory inhabiting. Stoloniferous scapose perennial herb with a creeping growth habit, common in meadows, grasslands, and forests at all elevations in the mountainous regions of Montana.

Fragaria vesca (with translation text)


Uploaded on Oct 28, 2010

More information??? Review:
· Plants for a Future:
· GRIN Taxonomic Information:




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Other Videos

Fragaria vesca L. - Fragolina di bosco
Pietro Curti


Uploaded on Feb 25, 2008

Delizioso frutto di bosco dal profumo intenso e dal sapore gradevolissimo, nei mesi di Maggio e Giugno macchia di rosso il sottobosco dell'area mediterranea.

Video tratto dalla VideoTeca del Micologo Pietro Curti:

Presidente dell'Associazione AMINT:

The wealth around us - Wild edibles: Woodland strawberry s2e38


Uploaded on Apr 15, 2011

Fragaria vesca, commonly known as the Woodland Strawberry, occurs naturally throughout the Northern Hemisphere. Other names for this species include Fraises des Bois, Wild (European) Strawberry, European Strawberry and Alpine Strawberry (the latter is the most common type in cultivation, which usually is nearly always everbearing, and produces few runners).

Typical habitat is along trails and roadsides, embankments, hillsides, stone- and gravel-laid paths and roads, meadows, young woodlands, sparse forest, woodland edges, and clearings. Often plants can be found where they do not get sufficient light to form fruit. In the southern part of its range, it can only grow in shady areas; further north it tolerates more sun.[1] It is tolerant of a variety of moisture levels (except very wet or dry conditions).[1] It can survive mild fires and/or establish itself after fires.[1]

Although F. vesca primarily propagates via runners, viable seeds are also found in soil seed banks and seem to germinate when the soil is disturbed (away from existing populations of F. vesca).[1]

Its leaves serve as significant food source for a variety of ungulates, such as mule deer and elk, and the fruit are eaten by a variety of mammals and birds that also help to distribute the seeds in their droppings.

Woodland strawberry fruit is strongly flavored, and is still collected and grown for domestic use and on a small scale commercially for the use of gourmets and as an ingredient for commercial jam, sauces, liqueurs, cosmetics and alternative medicine. In Turkey hundreds of tons of wild fruit are harvested annually, mainly for export.[3]

Most of the cultivated varieties have a long flowering period (and have been considered by botanists as belonging to Fragaria vesca var. vesca ssp. semperflorens). They are usually called alpine strawberries. They either form runners or multiple crowns in a cluster, fruit over a very long period with larger fruit than the common wood strawberry, and are usually propagated by seeds or division of the plants. Their fruit are usually much larger than that of the wild form. Large-fruiting forms are known since the 18th century and were called "Fressant" in France.[4] Some cultivars have fruit that are white or yellow when fully ripe, instead of the normal red.

Cultivo de la fresa: Fragaria vesca (
Agricultor Eficiente


Published on Feb 6, 2013

Suscríbete al Canal:

Plantas de fresa en caballones recubiertos de lámina de plástico (

Bosaardbei Fragaria vesca 10 mei 2011.wmv
Wim Derks


Uploaded on May 14, 2011

Sprekend een gewone aardbei maar alles is wat kleiner en niet het minst belangrijk, ook de vruchten die echter toch heerlijk zoet en vol van smaak zijn.



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Location: Lake Shore

American woodland strawberry


Location: Lake Shore (growing in sand of parking area)

American woodland strawberry Sightings

Avon Hills Forest SNA, North Unit

Baker Park Reserve

Banning State Park

Bertram Chain of Lakes Regional Park

Blackhoof River WMA

Blue Devil Valley SNA

Boot Lake SNA

Brownsville Bluff SNA

Carley State Park

Carpenter St. Croix Valley Nature Center

Carver Park Reserve

Cedar Rock SNA

Charles A. Lindbergh State Park

Clear Lake SNA

Cleary Lake Regional Park

Crow Wing State Park

Crystal Spring SNA

Dodge Nature Center

Englund Ecotone SNA

Falls Creek SNA

Fort Ridgely State Park

Franconia Bluffs SNA

Glendalough State Park

Hampton Woods WMA

Hastings Sand Coulee SNA

Hemlock Ravine SNA

Iron Springs Bog SNA

Jay Cooke State Park

Kilen Woods State Park

La Salle Lake SNA

Lake Carlos State Park

Lake Maria State Park

Lebanon Hills Regional Park

Leif Mountain

Maplewood State Park

Mary Schmidt Crawford Woods SNA

McCarthy Beach State Park

Mille Lacs Kathio State Park

Murphy-Hanrehan Park Reserve

Northern Tallgrass Prairie NWR, Rengstorf Unit

Oxbow Park & Zollman Zoo

Phelps Lake WMA

Pin Oak Prairie SNA

Rice Lake Savanna SNA

Rice Lake State Park

Ritter Farm Park

River Terrace Prairie SNA

River Warren Outcrops SNA

Robert Ney Memorial Park Reserve

Rushford Sand Barrens SNA

St. Croix Savanna SNA

St. Croix State Park

Sakatah Lake State Park

Savage Fen SNA

Schoolcraft State Park

Seven Mile Creek County Park

Sibley State Park

Spring Lake Regional Park

Sunfish Lake Park

Twin Lakes SNA

Upper Sioux Agency State Park

Vermillion River WMA

Whitewater State Park

Wild River State Park

William O’Brien State Park

Wood-Rill SNA

Zumbro Falls Woods SNA






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