Englund Ecotone SNA

               
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Area and County

Benton County

 

 

 


Size

160 acres

Printable map
 
Maps

Printable Map with GPS coordinates

 
Parking

Gate
N45 41.426, W94 9.610

 
Hiking Trails

No maintained trails

 
Hunting

No hunting


Ecological Classification

Province

Eastern Broadleaf Forest Province

Ecological Classification

Section

Minnesota & NE Iowa Morainal

Subsection(s)

Anoka Sand Plain

Land Type Association(s)

Agram Sand Plain

 
Native Plant Communities1

Sedge Meadow

Southern Dry-Mesic Oak (Maple) Woodland


Ownership Minnesota DNR logo        
 
Links

Minnesota DNR


Comments

History
This is the former Philip J. Englund Ecotone Preserve. It was gifted to the Minnesota DNR by The Nature Conservancy. On June 27, 2007, the site was designated Englund Ecotone Scientific and Natural Area. Since then, the DNR has been attempting to purchase an easement that would provide access to the site from a public road. The land between the nearest road and the SNA is currently (2012) owned by a residential developer.

Getting There
Park at the gate across 185th Street. Do not block the gate. Follow 185th Street (more a trail than a road) east 530 yards to a fork. Take the right (south) fork 112 yards to the southwest corner of the site. The corner is marked by two yellow MN DNR Scientific and Natural Area signs, though these may be hidden from view by dense vegetation.


Visits

6/29/2011

   

 

 

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  Englund Ecotone SNA   Englund Ecotone SNA
       

Getting There

  Englund Ecotone SNA   Englund Ecotone SNA
       

Sedge Meadow

  Englund Ecotone SNA    
       

Intermittent Stream in Southern Dry-Mesic Oak (Maple) Woodland

  Englund Ecotone SNA    
       
       

 

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  Englund Ecotone SNA
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  Englund Ecotone SNA  
 
About

An ecotone is the transition zone between two different plant communities, in this case between oak woodland and sedge meadow.

Englund Ecotone SNA preserves one of the few remaining natural areas in Benton County. The pin oak-bur oak woodland now here was in pre-settlement times frequently touched by fires that maintained the landscape in oak openings and barrens.

 

 

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Visitor Observations

   
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MinnesotaSeasons.com Observations

   

Amphibians

wood frog (Rana sylvatica)

wood frog


Birds

Two bird species with conservation status in Minnesota have been seen here:

 

Special concern

Purple Martin (Progne subis)

Red-shouldered Hawk (Buteo lineatus)

 
 

Minnesota DNR Bird checklist

 
 

American Crow (Corvus brachyrhynchos)

American Robin (Turdus migratorius)

Black-capped Chickadee (Poecile atricapillus)

Eastern Wood-peewee (Contopus virens)

Gray Catbird (Dumetella carolinensis)

Ruffed Grouse (Bonasa umbellus)

Sandhill Crane (Grus canadensis)

American Robin

Sandhill Crane


Fungi and Lichens

Black Knot (Apiosporina morbosa)

Black Knot


Insects and Arachnids

American dog tick (Dermacentor variabilis)

goldenrod gall fly (Eurosta solidaginis)

monarch (Danaus plexippus)

monarch


Mammals

whitetail deer (Odocoileus virginianus)

whitetail deer


Plants

Two plant species with conservation status in Minnesota and one species on the watch list are found here:

 

Special concern

Canada toadflax (Nuttallanthus canadensis)

Vermont blackberry (Rubus vermontanus)

 

Watch list

Wheeler’s blackberry (Rubus wheeleri)

 
 

Minnesota Biodiversity Atlas (Bell Museum of Natural History) Plant List

 
 

Plants frequently found in:

Sedge Meadow WMn82b

Southern Dry-Mesic Oak (Maple) Woodland FDs37

 
 

 

American bugleweed (Lycopus americanus)

American elm (Ulmus americana)

American hazel (Corylus americana)

American hog peanut (Amphicarpaea bracteata var. bracteata)

American red raspberry (Rubus idaeus ssp. strigosus)

American starflower (Lysimachia borealis)

American vetch (Vicia americana ssp. americana)

black bindweed (Fallopia convolvulus)

black raspberry (Rubus occidentalis)

bland sweet cicely (Osmorhiza claytonii)

bloodroot (Sanguinaria canadensis)

boxelder (Acer negundo var. negundo)

bur oak (Quercus macrocarpa var. macrocarpa)

Canada anemone (Anemone canadensis)

Canada mayflower (Maianthemum canadense)

chokecherry (Prunus virginiana var. virginiana)

cinnamon fern (Osmundastrum cinnamomea)

cleavers (Galium aparine)

common boneset (Eupatorium perfoliatum var. perfoliatum)

common buckthorn (Rhamnus cathartica)

common cinquefoil (Potentilla simplex)

common dandelion (Taraxacum officinale ssp. officinale)

common strawberry (Fragaria virginiana)

common yarrow (Achillea millefolium)

elliptic shin-leaf (Pyrola elliptica)

field horsetail (Equisetum arvense)

field sagewort (Artemisia campestris ssp. caudata)

fragrant bedstraw (Galium triflorum)

glossy buckthorn (Frangula alnus)

gray dogwood (Cornus racemosa)

green ash (Fraxinus pennsylvanica)

hairy hedge nettle (Stachys pilosa var. pilosa)

hedge bindweed (Calystegia sepium)

interrupted fern (Osmunda claytoniana)

Japanese barberry (Berberis thunbergii)

marsh skullcap (Scutellaria galericulata)

Maryland black snakeroot (Sanicula marilandica)

Missouri gooseberry (Ribes missouriense)

narrow-leaved hawk’s-beard (Crepis tectorum)

nodding trillium (Trillium cernuum)

northern bedstraw (Galium boreale)

northern pin oak (Quercus ellipsoidalis)

northern red oak (Quercus rubra)

pointed-leaved tick-trefoil (Desmodium glutinosum)

quaking aspen (Populus tremuloides)

red baneberry (Actaea rubra ssp. rubra)

red maple (Acer rubrum var. rubrum)

red osier dogwood (Cornus sericea ssp. sericea)

rose twisted-stalk (Streptopus lanceolatus var. longipipes)

round-leaved dogwood (Cornus rugosa)

sensitive fern (Onoclea sensibilis)

silver maple (Acer saccharinum)

southern blue flag (Iris virginica var. shrevei)

spotted Joe Pye weed (Eutrochium maculatum)

spotted touch-me-not (Impatiens capensis)

spreading dogbane (Apocynum androsaemifolium)

starry false Solomon’s seal (Maianthemum stellatum)

stinging nettle (Urtica dioica ssp. gracilis)

tall buttercup (Ranunculus acris)

tall meadow rue (Thalictrum dasycarpum)

upright carrionflower (Smilax ecirrhata)

Virginia creeper (Parthenocissus quinquefolia)

western bracken fern (Pteridium aquilinum var. latiusculum)

western poison ivy (Toxicodendron rydbergii)

white avens (Geum canadense)

white-flowered leaf-cup (Polymnia canadensis)

wild columbine (Aquilegia canadensis)

wild geranium (Geranium maculatum)

wild grape (Vitis riparia)

woodbine (Parthenocissus vitacea)

woodland strawberry (Fragaria vesca ssp. americana)

yellow marsh marigold (Caltha palustris var. palustris)

yellow wood sorrel (Oxalis stricta)

 

Acer negundo var. negundo (boxelder)

Acer rubrum var. rubrum (red maple)

Acer saccharinum (silver maple)

Achillea millefolium (common yarrow)

Actaea rubra ssp. rubra (red baneberry)

Amphicarpaea bracteata var. bracteata (American hog peanut)

Anemone canadensis (Canada anemone)

Apocynum androsaemifolium (spreading dogbane)

Aquilegia canadensis (wild columbine)

Artemisia campestris ssp. caudata (field sagewort)

Berberis thunbergii (Japanese barberry)

Caltha palustris var. palustris (yellow marsh marigold)

Calystegia sepium (hedge bindweed)

Cornus racemosa (gray dogwood)

Cornus rugosa (round-leaved dogwood)

Cornus sericea ssp. sericea (red osier dogwood)

Corylus americana (American hazel)

Crepis tectorum (narrow-leaved hawk’s-beard)

Desmodium glutinosum (pointed-leaved tick-trefoil)

Equisetum arvense (field horsetail)

Eupatorium perfoliatum var. perfoliatum (common boneset)

Eutrochium maculatum (spotted Joe Pye weed)

Fallopia convolvulus (black bindweed)

Fragaria vesca ssp. americana (woodland strawberry)

Fragaria virginiana (common strawberry)

Frangula alnus (glossy buckthorn)

Fraxinus pennsylvanica (green ash)

Galium aparine (cleavers)

Galium boreale (northern bedstraw)

Galium triflorum (fragrant bedstraw)

Geranium maculatum (wild geranium)

Geum canadense (white avens)

Impatiens capensis (spotted touch-me-not)

Iris virginica var. shrevei (southern blue flag)

Lycopus americanus (American bugleweed)

Lysimachia borealis (American starflower)

Maianthemum canadense (Canada mayflower)

Maianthemum stellatum (starry false Solomon’s seal)

Onoclea sensibilis (sensitive fern)

Osmorhiza claytonii (bland sweet cicely)

Osmunda claytoniana (interrupted fern)

Osmundastrum cinnamomea (cinnamon fern)

Oxalis stricta (yellow wood sorrel)

Parthenocissus quinquefolia (Virginia creeper)

Parthenocissus vitacea (woodbine)

Polymnia canadensis (white-flowered leaf-cup)

Populus tremuloides (quaking aspen)

Potentilla simplex (common cinquefoil)

Prunus virginiana var. virginiana (chokecherry)

Pteridium aquilinum var. latiusculum (western bracken fern)

Pyrola elliptica (elliptic shin-leaf)

Quercus ellipsoidalis (northern pin oak)

Quercus macrocarpa var. macrocarpa (bur oak)

Quercus rubra (northern red oak)

Ranunculus acris (tall buttercup)

Rhamnus cathartica (common buckthorn)

Ribes missouriense (Missouri gooseberry)

Rubus idaeus ssp. strigosus (American red raspberry)

Rubus occidentalis (black raspberry)

Sanguinaria canadensis (bloodroot)

Sanicula marilandica (Maryland black snakeroot)

Scutellaria galericulata (marsh skullcap)

Smilax ecirrhata (upright carrionflower)

Stachys pilosa var. pilosa (hairy hedge nettle)

Streptopus lanceolatus var. longipipes (rose twisted-stalk)

Taraxacum officinale ssp. officinale (common dandelion)

Thalictrum dasycarpum (tall meadow rue)

Toxicodendron rydbergii (western poison ivy)

Trillium cernuum (nodding trillium)

Ulmus americana (American elm)

Urtica dioica ssp. gracilis (stinging nettle)

Vicia americana ssp. americana (American vetch)

Vitis riparia (wild grape)

American hazel

black bindweed

bur oak (var. macrocarpa)

Canada anemone

chokecherry

common strawberry

common yarrow

gray dogwood

interrupted fern

northern bedstraw

red baneberry

southern blue flag

spotted Joe Pye weed

spotted touch-me-not

tall meadow rue

wild columbine

wild geranium

yellow marsh marigold

yellow wood sorrel


 

 

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