(Sanguinaria canadensis)

Conservation Status
  IUCN Red List

not listed


N5 - Secure

SNR - Unranked


not listed

Wetland Indicator Status
  Great Plains

UPL - Obligate upland


FACU - Facultative upland

  Northcentral & Northeast

FACU - Facultative upland


Bloodroot is an erect perennial that rises from thick reddish rhizomes with coarse fibrous roots. The rhizomes and the leaves contain an acrid red juice. The stem and leaves are sometimes covered with a whitish, waxy bloom.

A single, large basal leaf rises on a leaf stalk from the ground wrapped around a solitary flowering stalk. The leaf is 4 to 5 wide, roughly circular in outline, divided into 3 to 9 lobes, and has a rubbery texture. The margins are wavy or coarsely blunt-toothed. The upper surface is light green, the lower surface whitish-green. The leaf gradually opens over the season, becoming fully open only after the flower withers.

The inflorescence is a single, large flower at the top of a 2 to 6 long, leafless flowering stalk that rises from the ground.

The flower is 1 to 2 wide. It has 7 to 10 white petals, 4 of them usually evidently larger than the rest.




3 to 6


Flower Color




Similar Species

  No similar species  

Dry to moderate moisture. Rich woods, forests.




Usually April to May, however it has been seen as early as March and as late as July.




Distribution Map



2, 3, 4, 5, 7, 24, 28.









  Kingdom Plantae (green algae and land plants)  
  Subkingdom Viridiplantae (green plants)  
  Infrakingdom Streptophyta (land plants and green algae)  
  Superdivision Embryophyta (land plants)  
  Division Tracheophyta (vascular plants)  
  Subdivision Spermatophytina (seed plants)  
  Class Magnoliopsida (flowering plants)  
  Superorder Ranunculanae  


Ranunculales (buttercups, poppies, and allies)  


Papaveraceae (poppy)  
  Subfamily Papaveroideae  
  Tribe Chelidonieae  


Sanguinaria (bloodroot)  

Subordinate Taxa




Sanguinaria australis

Sanguinaria canadensis var. rotundifolia

Sanguinaria dilleniana


Common Names



red puccoon














A horizontal, usually underground stem. It serves as a reproductive structure, producing roots below and shoots above at the nodes.

Visitor Photos

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Dan W. Andree

Blooming Bloodroot....

The Bloodroot plants in the woodlands along a trail near Twin Valley, Mn. May 7, 2020

Kirk Nelson

Bloodroot growing in the woods on the north side of Crosby Lake

  bloodroot   bloodroot Photos

Flowering Plant

  bloodroot   bloodroot
  bloodroot   bloodroot


  bloodroot   bloodroot
  bloodroot   bloodroot

Late Season Leaves






  Sanguinaria canadensis
Susanne Wiik
  Sanguinaria canadensis  


  Sanguinaria canadensis
Zi W
  Sanguinaria canadensis  

Copyright DianesDigitals

  Bloodroot (Sanguinaria canadensis)
Bill Keim
  Bloodroot (Sanguinaria canadensis)  
  Plant portrait - Bloodroot (Sanguinaria canadensis)
Identify that Plant

Published on Jul 7, 2013

A detailed look at one year in the life of Bloodroot (Sanguinaria canadensis). These images can help to accurately identify the plant during different seasons of the year.




Visitor Videos

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Other Videos
  Bloodroot (Sanguinaria canadensis)

Uploaded on Jan 15, 2010 - 2 early native spring ephemeral species are the Bloodroot - Sanguinaria canadensis and the Trout Lily (Erythronium albidum). See them growing together at Prairie Moon Nursery on April 16th.

  MyNature Apps; Identifying Bloodroot, Sanguinaria canadensis

Uploaded on May 29, 2011

How to identify Bloodroot, Sanguinaria canadensis also known as bloodwort, red puccoon root, pausonand tetterwort.

  09 Sanguinaria canadensis Séquence 11-Vivaces printanières 1.m4v

Uploaded on Jan 9, 2010

La Sanguinaire du Canada du printemps à l'automne. La Sanguinaria del Canada de la primavera hasta el otoño. Bloodroot from spring to fall.Лапчатка с весны до осени.

  Bloodroot -(Sanguinaria canadensis) A Rare and Endangered Old World Plant

Published on Oct 19, 2013

This is a very controversial plant as a medicinal. Please be careful and aware. Its not recommended to use a black salve.

be informed -
This ones scary -

The single bloodroot leaf and flower each rise on a separate stem, and at first the leaf completely enwraps the flower bud. The clear, white, many-petaled blossom may open before the leaf has completely unwrapped. This fragile spring flower develops and rises from the center of its curled leaf, opening in full sun, and closing at night. Like most members of the Poppy Family, it lasts for a relatively short time.

The red juice from the underground stem was used by Indians as a dye for baskets, clothing, and war paint, as well as for insect repellent. The generic name, from the Latin sanguinarius, means bleeding.

Bloodroot is considered an At- Risk plant by the United plant savers. Please only harvest if you really need it and if there is an abundance at your chosen site. For more information on United Plant Savers visit www.unitedplantsavers.or

  Bloodroot (Sanguinaria canadensis)

Published on Apr 5, 2012

Bloodroot (Sanguinaria canadensis) in from sprouting to bloom and later stages




Visitor Sightings

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Dan W. Andree

Location: Norman Co. Mn.

The Bloodroot plants in the woodlands along a trail near Twin Valley, Mn. May 7, 2020


Kirk Nelson

Location: Crosby Farm Regional Park

Bloodroot growing in the woods on the north side of Crosby Lake



Afton State Park

Avon Hills Forest SNA, North Unit

Avon Hills Forest SNA, North Unit

Baker Park Reserve

Banning State Park

Beaver Creek Valley State Park

Bertram Chain of Lakes Regional Park

Big Woods Heritage Forest WMA

Brownsville Bluff SNA

Bur Oak WMA

Camden State Park

Cannon River Turtle Preserve SNA

Cannon River Wilderness Area

Carley State Park

Carpenter St. Croix Valley Nature Center

Carver Park Reserve

Cedar Mountain SNA

Chamberlain Woods SNA

Charles A. Lindbergh State Park

Cherry Grove Blind Valley SNA

Chimney Rock SNA

Cleary Lake Regional Park

Clifton E. French Regional Park

Clinton Falls Dwarf Trout Lily SNA

Crow Wing State Park

Crow-Hassan Park Reserve

Crystal Spring SNA

Edward Velishek Memorial WMA

Elm Creek Park Reserve

Englund Ecotone SNA

Falls Creek SNA

Flandrau State Park

Forestville/Mystery Cave State Park

Fort Ridgely State Park

Fort Snelling State Park

Franconia Bluffs SNA

Garvin County Park

Great River Bluffs State Park

Grey Cloud Dunes SNA

Hampton Woods WMA

Hardscrabble Woods / MG Tusler Sanctuary

Hastings SNA

Jay Cooke State Park

John A. Latsch State Park

John Peter Hoffman Spring Brook Valley WMA

Kilen Woods State Park

King’s and Queen’s Bluff SNA

La Salle Lake SNA

Lake Bemidji State Park

Lake Carlos State Park

Lake Louise State Park

Lake Maria State Park

Lake Rebecca Park Reserve

Lawrence Creek SNA

Leif Mountain

Liable Woods

Lost Valley Prairie SNA

Maplewood State Park

Mary Schmidt Crawford Woods SNA

Miesville Ravine Park Reserve

Mille Lacs Kathio State Park

Mille Lacs Moraine SNA

Mille Lacs WMA

Minneopa State Park

Mississippi River County Park

Monson Lake State Park

Moose Lake State Park

Mound Prairie SNA

Murphy-Hanrehan Park Reserve

Myre-Big Island State Park

Nelson Wildlife Sanctuary

Nerstrand-Big Woods State Park

Ney Nature Center

North Fork Zumbro Woods SNA

Oxbow Park & Zollman Zoo

Partch Woods SNA

Phelps Lake WMA

Pin Oak Prairie SNA

Prairie Creek WMA, Koester Prairie Unit

Prairie Creek Woods SNA

Rice Lake NWR

Rice Lake State Park

Ritter Farm Park

Robert Ney Memorial Park Reserve

Rockville County Park

Rushford Sand Barrens SNA

St. Croix Savanna SNA

St. Croix State Park

Sakatah Lake State Park

Savage Fen SNA

Savanna Portage State Park

Schoolcraft State Park

Seven Mile Creek County Park

Seven Springs WMA

Sibley State Park

Spring Lake Park Reserve

Spring Lake Regional Park

Stanley Eddy Memorial Park Reserve

Sunfish Lake Park

Townsend Woods SNA

Upper Sioux Agency State Park

Whitetail Woods Regional Park

Wolsfeld Woods SNA

Wood-Rill SNA

Zumbro Falls Woods SNA




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