Savanna Portage State Park


Area and County

    Aitkin and St. Louis Counties
    Northeast Minnesota

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16,259 acres statutory, 15,200 owned

Summer Map

N46 49.116, W93 10.584

Hiking Trails

27 miles hiking

5 miles interpretive


No hunting

Ecological Classification Province  

Laurentian Mixed Forest Province

Ecological Classification

Northern Minnesota Drift & Lake Plains


St. Louis Moraines
Tamarack Lowlands

Land Type Association(s)

Floodwood Peatlands

Sandy Lake Moraine

Warba Lake Plain


Native Plant Communities1

Aspen - Birch Woodland

Aspen - Birch - Basswood Forest

Aspen - Birch - Red Maple Forest

Black Ash - Basswood Forest

Central Dry-Mesic Pine-Hardwood Forest

Graminoid - Sphagnum Rich Fen (Basin)

Northern Mesic Hardwood Forest

Northern Poor Fen

Northern Rich Fen (Basin)

Northern Rich Mesic Hardwood Forest

Northern Rich Tamarack Swamp (Western Basin)

Northern Very Wet Ash Swamp

Northern Wet Ash Swamp

Northern Wet Cedar Forest

Northern Wet Meadow/Carr

Northern Wet-Mesic Boreal Hardwood-Conifer Forest

Oak - Aspen Forest

Poor Black Spruce Swamp

Red Oak - Sugar Maple - Basswood - (Bluebead Lily) Forest

Red Pine - White Pine Forest

Red Pine - White Pine Woodland

(this is a partial list covering only the areas with maintained trails)

Ownership Minnesota DNR logo        

Minnesota DNR


In 1961 the state of Minnesota set aside 14,000 acres in Aitkin County to preserve Savanna Portage, a 6-mile long, centuries old, canoe portage. Savanna Portage State park became Minnesota’s third largest state park. On April 23, 1973, Savanna Portage was placed on the National Register of Historic Places. The park today is 16,259 acres and receives 57,952 annual visits.

The northeast half of the park is mostly peat bog and mostly inaccessible except by the Savanna Portage Trail. The central portion of the park contains many small lakes, rolling hills, and long ridges. This area contains low areas of swamps, fens, and wet meadows separated and criss-crossed by hardwood- and mixed-forested ridges. The ridges are end moraines left by a retreating lobe in the last glaciation. Most of the park’s 32 miles of hiking trails are in this area.








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Park Entrance

  Savanna Portage State Park   Savanna Portage State Park


  Savanna Portage State Park    

Savanna Portage Trail

  Savanna Portage State Park   Savanna Portage State Park

Black Ash - Basswood Forest

  Savanna Portage State Park   Savanna Portage State Park

Interpretive Bog Boardwalk

  Savanna Portage State Park   Savanna Portage State Park

Poor Black Spruce Swamp

  Savanna Portage State Park    

Lake Shumway Trail

  Savanna Portage State Park    

Lake Shumway

  Savanna Portage State Park    

Beaver Pond

  Savanna Portage State Park    



  Savanna Portage State Park
Sharon Somero
  Savanna Portage State Park  
  Savanna Portage State Park
Brett Whaley
  Savanna Portage State Park  

Visited on Aug. 1-2, 2014.

  Savanna Portage State Park
Richard Sanders
  Savanna Portage State Park  

Savanna Portage State Park

  Savanna Portage State Park: September 28, 2012
Fran Tankersley

Published on Sep 29, 2012

a walk in the woods

  Backpacking Savanna Portage State Park, Minnesota
Shane Stroup

Published on May 6, 2010

Pics from the first Inver Hills Community College Outdoor Club backpacking trip. Pics are of Jessica, Soren and Shane. Music by Phish.




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Uploaded on Sep 29, 2010

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Visitor Sightings

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Only a small portion of Savanna Portage State Park lies within St. Louis County. All of the sightings listed below were made in Aitkin County.


American toad (Anaxyrus americanus)

green frog (Rana clamitans)

northern leopard frog (Rana pipiens)

wood frog (Rana sylvatica)

green frog


Seven bird species with conservation status in Minnesota and one tracked species have been seen here:



Horned Grebe (Podiceps auritus)


Special concern

American White Pelican (Pelecanus erythrorhynchos)

Boreal Owl (Aegolius funereus)

Peregrine Falcon (Falco peregrinus)

Red-shouldered Hawk (Buteo lineatus)

Short-eared Owl (Asio flammeus)

Trumpeter Swan (Cygnus buccinator)



Bald Eagle (Haliaeetus leucocephalus)


Minnesota DNR Bird checklist

eBird Field Checklist


American Crow (Corvus brachyrhynchos)

American Goldfinch (Spinus tristis)

American Robin (Turdus migratorius)

Black-capped Chickadee (Poecile atricapillus)

Blue Jay (Cyanocitta cristata)

Common Yellowthroat (Geothlypis trichas)

Eastern Wood-peewee (Contopus virens)

Gray Catbird (Dumetella carolinensis)

Great Blue Heron (Ardea herodias)

Hairy Woodpecker (Leuconotopicus villosus)

Northern Flicker (Colaptes auratus)

Ovenbird (Seiurus aurocapilla)

Song Sparrow (Melospiza melodia)

Trumpeter Swan (Cygnus buccinator)

Turkey Vulture (Cathartes aura)

Wilson’s Snipe (Gallinago delicata)

Yellow-bellied Sapsucker (Sphyrapicus varius)

American Goldfinch

Blue Jay

Hairy Woodpecker

Northern Flicker

Fungi and Lichens

Chanterelle (Cantharellus cibarius)

Common Greenshield Lichen (Flavoparmelia caperata)

Oak Leaf Blister (Taphrina caerulescens)


Insects and Arachnids

Appalachian brown (Lethe appalachia)

Atlantis fritillary (Speyeria atlantis)

belted whiteface (Leucorrhinia proxima)

calico pennant (Celithemis elisa)

Canadian tiger swallowtail (Papilio canadensis)

Carolina grasshopper (Dissosteira carolina)

chalk-fronted corporal (Ladona julia)

chokecherry finger gall mite (Eriophyes emarginatae)

clouded sulphur (Colias philodice)

common green darner (Anax junius)

common whitetail (Plathemis lydia)

Compton tortoiseshell (Nymphalis l-album)

deer fly (Chrysops sp.)

eastern comma (Polygonia comma)

ebony jewelwing (Calopteryx maculata)

elm finger gall mite (Aceria parulmi)

goldenrod gall fly (Eurosta solidaginis)

green comma (Polygonia faunus)

horse fly (Tabanus spp.)

lime nail gall mite (Eriophyes tiliae)

little glassywing (Pompeius verna)

maple spindle-gall mite (Vasates aceriscrumena)

monarch (Danaus plexippus)

mustard white (Pieris oleracea)

northern crescent (Phyciodes cocyta)

northern pearly eye (Lethe anthedon)

purplish copper (Lycaena helloides)

spongy oak apple gall wasp (Amphibolips confluenta)

summer azure (Celastrina neglecta)

tawny crescent (Phyciodes batesii)

twelve-spotted skimmer (Libellula pulchella)

western thatching ant (Formica obscuripes)

white admiral (Limenitis arthemis arthemis)

whitespotted sawyer (Monochamus scutellatus scutellatus)

Carolina grasshopper

Canadian tiger swallowtail

clouded sulphur

common green darner

ebony jewelwing

lime nail gall mite

northern crescent

twelve-spotted skimmer

white admiral


American red squirrel (Tamiasciurus hudsonicus)

whitetail deer (Odocoileus virginianus)

whitetail deer


Four plant species with conservation status in Minnesota and one species on the watch list are found here:



little goblin moonwort (Botrychium mormo)

narrow triangle moonwort (Botrychium lanceolatum ssp. angustisegmentum)


Special concern

least moonwort (Botrychium simplex)

small beggarticks (Bidens discoidea)


Watch list

Virginia bugleweed (Lycopus virginicus)


Minnesota Biodiversity Atlas Plant List


Plants frequently found in:

Aspen - Birch Woodland FDn33b

Aspen - Birch - Basswood Forest MHn35a

Aspen - Birch - Red Maple Forest MHn44a

Black Ash - Basswood Forest MHn46b

Central Dry-Mesic Pine-Hardwood Forest FDc34

Graminoid - Sphagnum Rich Fen (Basin) OPn92b

Northern Mesic Hardwood Forest MHn35

Northern Poor Fen APn91

Northern Rich Fen (Basin) OPn92

Northern Rich Mesic Hardwood Forest MHn47

Northern Rich Tamarack Swamp (Western Basin) FPn82

Northern Very Wet Ash Swamp WFn64

Northern Wet Ash Swamp WFn55

Northern Wet Cedar Forest WFn53

Northern Wet Meadow/Carr WMn82

Northern Wet-Mesic Boreal Hardwood-Conifer Forest MHn44

Oak - Aspen Forest FDc34b

Poor Black Spruce Swamp APn81a

Red Oak - Sugar Maple - Basswood - (Bluebead Lily) Forest MHn35b

Red Pine - White Pine Forest FDc34a

Red Pine - White Pine Woodland FDn33a



alfalfa (Medicago sativa ssp. sativa)

Allegheny blackberry (Rubus allegheniensis)

alpine enchanter’s-nightshade (Circaea alpina ssp. alpina)

alsike clover (Trifolium hybridum)

American basswood (Tilia americana var. americana)

American black currant (Ribes americanum)

American cow parsnip (Heracleum sphondylium ssp. montanum)

American elm (Ulmus americana)

American highbush cranberry (Viburnum opulus var. americanum)

American hog peanut (Amphicarpaea bracteata var. comosa)

American hophornbeam (Ostrya virginiana var. virginiana)

American red raspberry (Rubus idaeus ssp. strigosus)

American spikenard (Aralia racemosa ssp. racemosa)

American starflower (Lysimachia borealis)

American vetch (Vicia americana ssp. americana)

American white waterlily (Nymphaea odorata ssp. tuberosa)

annual fleabane (Erigeron annuus)

balsam fir (Abies balsamea var. balsamea)

balsam poplar (Populus balsamifera)

bigfruit hawthorn (Crataegus macrosperma)

bigleaf aster (Eurybia macrophylla)

bigtooth aspen (Populus grandidentata)

bird’s-foot trefoil (Lotus corniculatus var. corniculatus)

black ash (Fraxinus nigra)

black cherry (Prunus serotina var. serotina)

black medick (Medicago lupulina)

black spruce (Picea mariana)

black-eyed Susan (Rudbeckia hirta var. pulcherrima)

black-seeded plantain (Plantago rugelii var. rugelii)

bland sweet cicely (Osmorhiza claytonii)

bloodroot (Sanguinaria canadensis)

blue cohosh (Caulophyllum thalictroides)

blue spruce (Picea pungens)

bluebead lily (Clintonia borealis)

bog Labrador tea (Rhododendron groenlandicum)

boxelder (Acer negundo var. negundo)

broad-leaved arrowhead (Sagittaria latifolia)

broad-leaved cattail (Typha latifolia)

broadleaf enchanter’s nightshade (Circaea canadensis ssp. canadensis)

buckbean (Menyanthes trifoliata)

bull thistle (Cirsium vulgare)

bunchberry (Cornus canadensis)

bur oak (Quercus macrocarpa var. macrocarpa)

Canada anemone (Anemone canadensis)

Canada lettuce (Lactuca canadensis)

Canada mayflower (Maianthemum canadense)

Canada thistle (Cirsium arvense)

Canadian honewort (Cryptotaenia canadensis)

Chamisso’s cottongrass (Eriophorum chamissonis)

chokecherry (Prunus virginiana var. virginiana)

cleavers (Galium aparine)

common boneset (Eupatorium perfoliatum var. perfoliatum)

common dandelion (Taraxacum officinale ssp. officinale)

common milkweed (Asclepias syriaca)

common plantain (Plantago major)

common strawberry (Fragaria virginiana)

common tansy (Tanacetum vulgare)

common water hemlock (Cicuta maculata var. maculata)

common winterberry (Ilex verticillata)

common yarrow (Achillea millefolium)

creeping snowberry (Gaultheria hispidula)

downy arrowwood (Viburnum rafinesqueanum var. rafinesqueanum)

downy yellow violet (Viola pubescens var. peckii)

dwarf raspberry (Rubus pubescens)

early figwort (Scrophularia lanceolata)

early meadow-rue (Thalictrum dioicum)

eastern prickly gooseberry (Ribes cynosbati)

eastern white pine (Pinus strobus)

eastern woodland sedge (Carex blanda)

field clover (Trifolium campestre)

field horsetail (Equisetum arvense)

four-flowered yellow loosestrife (Lysimachia quadriflora)

fringed black bindweed (Fallopia cilinodis)

giant goldenrod (Solidago gigantea)

green ash (Fraxinus pennsylvanica)

hairy honeysuckle (Lonicera hirsuta)

hairy Solomon’s seal (Polygonatum pubescens)

hedge bindweed (Calystegia sepium ssp. angulata)

inland serviceberry (Amelanchier interior)

interrupted fern (Claytosmunda claytoniana)

jack-in-the-pulpit (Arisaema triphyllum)

Kentucky bluegrass (Poa pratensis ssp. pratensis)

kidney-leaved buttercup (Ranunculus abortivus)

large-flowered bellwort (Uvularia grandiflora)

lowbush blueberry (Vaccinium angustifolium)

marsh skullcap (Scutellaria galericulata)

Maryland black snakeroot (Sanicula marilandica)

Michigan lily (Lilium michiganense)

Morrow’s honeysuckle (Lonicera morrowii)

mountain maple (Acer spicatum)

mouse-ear chickweed (Cerastium fontanum ssp. vulgare)

nannyberry (Viburnum lentago)

narrow-leaved cattail (Typha angustifolia)

narrow-leaved meadowsweet (Spiraea alba var. alba)

northern blue flag (Iris versicolor)

northern bush honeysuckle (Diervilla lonicera)

northern lady fern (Athyrium filix-femina var. angustum)

northern pin oak (Quercus ellipsoidalis)

northern red oak (Quercus rubra)

orange hawkweed (Pilosella aurantiaca)

ostrich fern (Matteuccia struthiopteris var. pensylvanica)

oxeye daisy (Leucanthemum vulgare)

pagoda dogwood (Cornus alternifolia)

paleleaf woodland sunflower (Helianthus strumosus)

paper birch (Betula papyrifera var. papyrifera)

Parlin’s pussytoes (Antennaria parlinii ssp. fallax)

Pennsylvania buttercup (Ranunculus pensylvanicus)

Philadelphia fleabane (Erigeron philadelphicus var. philadelphicus)

pineapple-weed (Matricaria discoidea)

pointed-leaved tick-trefoil (Desmodium glutinosum)

poke milkweed (Asclepias exaltata)

prairie rose (Rosa arkansana)

prickly rose (Rosa acicularis ssp. sayi)

northern purple pitcherplant (Sarracenia purpurea ssp. purpurea)

purpletop tridens (Tridens flavus var. flavus)

quaking aspen (Populus tremuloides)

rabbit’s foot clover (Trifolium arvense)

red baneberry (Actaea rubra ssp. rubra)

red clover (Trifolium pratense)

red elderberry (Sambucus racemosa var. racemosa)

red maple (Acer rubrum var. rubrum)

red pine (Pinus resinosa)

reed canary grass (Phalaris arundinacea)

roadside agrimony (Agrimonia striata)

rose twisted-stalk (Streptopus lanceolatus var. longipipes)

rough bedstraw (Galium asprellum)

rough cinquefoil (Potentilla norvegica)

round-leaved dogwood (Cornus rugosa)

round-lobed hepatica (Anemone americana)

sandbar willow (Salix interior)

sensitive fern (Onoclea sensibilis)

shinleaf (Pyrola elliptica)

silky dogwood (Cornus amomum ssp. obliqua)

silvery cinquefoil (Potentilla argentea)

slender willow (Salix petiolaris)

smooth blackberry (Rubus canadensis)

smooth brome (Bromus inermis)

smooth hedge nettle (Stachys tenuifolia)

smooth rose (Rosa blanda var. blanda)

soft-stem bulrush (Schoenoplectus tabernaemontani)

speckled alder (Alnus incana ssp. rugosa)

spotted Joe Pye weed (Eutrochium maculatum)

spreading dogbane (Apocynum androsaemifolium)

stiff clubmoss (Spinulum annotinum)

stinging nettle (Urtica dioica ssp. gracilis)

sugar maple (Acer saccharum ssp. saccharum)

sulphur cinquefoil (Potentilla recta)

swamp candles (Lysimachia terrestris)

swamp milkweed (Asclepias incarnata ssp. incarnata)

tall buttercup (Ranunculus acris var. acris)

tall cinquefoil (Drymocallis arguta)

tall meadow-rue (Thalictrum dasycarpum)

tall thimbleweed (Anemone virginiana var. cylindroidea)

tamarack (Larix laricina)

three-leaved false Solomon’s seal (Smilacina trifolia)

timothy (Phleum pratense)

touch-me-not (Impatiens sp.)

tuberous grass pink (Calopogon tuberosus var. tuberosus)

variegated yellow pond lily (Nuphar variegata)

veiny pea (Lathyrus venosus var. intonsus)

western bracken fern (Pteridium aquilinum var. latiusculum)

western poison ivy (Toxicodendron rydbergii)

white avens (Geum canadense)

white campion (Silene latifolia ssp. alba)

white clover (Trifolium repens)

white rattlesnake root (Nabalus albus)

white spruce (Picea glauca)

white sweet clover (Melilotus albus)

wild columbine (Aquilegia canadensis)

wild ginger (Asarum canadense)

wild oats (Uvularia sessilifolia)

wild sarsaparilla (Aralia nudicaulis)

woodbine (Parthenocissus vitacea)

woodland horsetail (Equisetum sylvaticum)

yellow avens (Geum aleppicum)

yellow marsh marigold (Caltha palustris var. palustris)

zigzag goldenrod (Solidago flexicaulis)


Abies balsamea var. balsamea (balsam fir)

Acer negundo var. negundo (boxelder)

Acer rubrum var. rubrum (red maple)

Acer saccharum ssp. saccharum (sugar maple)

Acer spicatum (mountain maple)

Achillea millefolium (common yarrow)

Actaea rubra ssp. rubra (red baneberry)

Agrimonia striata (roadside agrimony)

Alnus incana ssp. rugosa (speckled alder)

Amelanchier interior (inland serviceberry)

Amphicarpaea bracteata var. comosa (American hog peanut)

Anemone americana (round-lobed hepatica)

Anemone canadensis (Canada anemone)

Anemone virginiana var. cylindroidea (tall thimbleweed)

Antennaria parlinii ssp. fallax (Parlin’s pussytoes)

Apocynum androsaemifolium (spreading dogbane)

Aquilegia canadensis (wild columbine)

Aralia nudicaulis (wild sarsaparilla)

Aralia racemosa ssp. racemosa (American spikenard)

Arisaema triphyllum (jack-in-the-pulpit)

Asarum canadense (wild ginger)

Asclepias exaltata (poke milkweed)

Asclepias incarnata ssp. incarnata (swamp milkweed)

Asclepias syriaca (common milkweed)

Athyrium filix-femina var. angustum (northern lady fern)

Betula papyrifera var. papyrifera (paper birch)

Bromus inermis (smooth brome)

Calopogon tuberosus var. tuberosus (tuberous grass pink)

Caltha palustris var. palustris (yellow marsh marigold)

Calystegia sepium. ssp. angulata (hedge bindweed)

Carex blanda (eastern woodland sedge)

Caulophyllum thalictroides (blue cohosh)

Cerastium fontanum ssp. vulgare (mouse-ear chickweed)

Cicuta maculata var. maculata (common water hemlock)

Circaea alpina ssp. alpina (alpine enchanter’s-nightshade)

Circaea canadensis ssp. canadensis (broadleaf enchanter’s nightshade)

Cirsium arvense (Canada thistle)

Cirsium vulgare (bull thistle)

Clintonia borealis (bluebead lily)

Cornus alternifolia (pagoda dogwood)

Cornus amomum ssp. obliqua (silky dogwood)

Cornus canadensis (bunchberry)

Cornus rugosa (round-leaved dogwood)

Crataegus macrosperma (bigfruit hawthorn)

Cryptotaenia canadensis (Canadian honewort)

Desmodium glutinosum (pointed-leaved tick-trefoil)

Diervilla lonicera (northern bush honeysuckle)

Drymocallis arguta (tall cinquefoil)

Equisetum arvense (field horsetail)

Equisetum sylvaticum (woodland horsetail)

Erigeron annuus (annual fleabane)

Erigeron philadelphicus var. philadelphicus (Philadelphia fleabane)

Eriophorum chamissonis (Chamisso’s cottongrass)

Eupatorium perfoliatum var. perfoliatum (common boneset)

Eurybia macrophylla (bigleaf aster)

Eutrochium maculatum (spotted Joe Pye weed)

Fallopia cilinodis (fringed black bindweed)

Fragaria virginiana (common strawberry)

Fraxinus nigra (black ash)

Fraxinus pennsylvanica (green ash)

Galium aparine (cleavers)

Galium asprellum (rough bedstraw)

Gaultheria hispidula (creeping snowberry)

Geum aleppicum (yellow avens)

Geum canadense (white avens)

Helianthus strumosus (paleleaf woodland sunflower)

Heracleum sphondylium ssp. montanum (American cow parsnip)

Ilex verticillata (common winterberry)

Impatiens sp. (touch-me-not)

Iris versicolor (northern blue flag)

Lactuca canadensis (Canada lettuce)

Larix laricina (tamarack)

Lathyrus venosus var. intonsus) (veiny pea)

Leucanthemum vulgare (oxeye daisy)

Lilium michiganense (Michigan lily)

Lonicera hirsuta (hairy honeysuckle)

Lonicera morrowii (Morrow’s honeysuckle)

Lotus corniculatus var. corniculatus (bird’s-foot trefoil)

Lysimachia borealis (American starflower)

Lysimachia quadriflora (four-flowered yellow loosestrife)

Lysimachia terrestris (swamp candles)

Maianthemum canadense (Canada mayflower)

Matricaria discoidea (pineapple-weed)

Matteuccia struthiopteris var. pensylvanica (ostrich fern)

Medicago lupulina (black medick)

Medicago sativa ssp. sativa (alfalfa)

Melilotus albus (white sweet clover)

Menyanthes trifoliata (buckbean)

Nabalus albus (white rattlesnake root)

Nuphar variegata (variegated yellow pond lily)

Nymphaea odorata ssp. tuberosa (American white waterlily)

Onoclea sensibilis (sensitive fern)

Osmorhiza claytonii (bland sweet cicely)

Claytosmunda claytoniana (interrupted fern)

Ostrya virginiana var. virginiana (American hophornbeam)

Parthenocissus vitacea (woodbine)

Phalaris arundinacea (reed canary grass)

Phleum pratense (timothy)

Picea glauca (white spruce)

Picea mariana (black spruce)

Picea pungens (blue spruce)

Pilosella aurantiaca (orange hawkweed)

Pinus resinosa (red pine)

Pinus strobus (eastern white pine)

Plantago major (common plantain)

Plantago rugelii var. rugelii (black-seeded plantain)

Poa pratensis ssp. pratensis (Kentucky bluegrass)

Polygonatum pubescens (hairy Solomon’s seal)

Populus balsamifera (balsam poplar)

Populus grandidentata (bigtooth aspen)

Populus tremuloides (quaking aspen)

Potentilla argentea (silvery cinquefoil)

Potentilla norvegica (rough cinquefoil)

Potentilla recta (sulphur cinquefoil)

Prunus serotina var. serotina (black cherry)

Prunus virginiana var. virginiana (chokecherry)

Pteridium aquilinum var. latiusculum (western bracken fern)

Pyrola elliptica (shinleaf)

Quercus ellipsoidalis (northern pin oak)

Quercus macrocarpa var. macrocarpa (bur oak)

Quercus rubra (northern red oak)

Ranunculus abortivus (kidney-leaved buttercup)

Ranunculus acris var. acris (tall buttercup)

Ranunculus pensylvanicus (Pennsylvania buttercup)

Rhododendron groenlandicum (bog Labrador tea)

Ribes americanum (American black currant)

Ribes cynosbati (eastern prickly gooseberry)

Rosa acicularis ssp. sayi (prickly rose)

Rosa arkansana (prairie rose)

Rosa blanda var. blanda (smooth rose)

Rubus allegheniensis (Allegheny blackberry)

Rubus canadensis (smooth blackberry)

Rubus idaeus ssp. strigosus (American red raspberry)

Rubus pubescens (dwarf raspberry)

Rudbeckia hirta var. pulcherrima (black-eyed Susan)

Sagittaria latifolia (broad-leaved arrowhead)

Salix interior (sandbar willow)

Salix petiolaris (slender willow)

Sambucus racemosa var. racemosa (red elderberry)

Sanguinaria canadensis (bloodroot)

Sanicula marilandica (Maryland black snakeroot)

Sarracenia purpurea ssp. purpurea (northern purple pitcherplant)

Schoenoplectus tabernaemontani (soft-stem bulrush)

Scrophularia lanceolata (early figwort)

Scutellaria galericulata (marsh skullcap)

Silene latifolia ssp. alba (white campion)

Smilacina trifolia (three-leaved false Solomon’s seal)

Solidago flexicaulis (zigzag goldenrod)

Solidago gigantea (giant goldenrod)

Spinulum annotinum (stiff clubmoss)

Spiraea alba var. alba (narrow-leaved meadowsweet)

Stachys tenuifolia (smooth hedge nettle)

Streptopus lanceolatus var. longipipes (rose twisted-stalk)

Tanacetum vulgare (common tansy)

Taraxacum officinale ssp. officinale (common dandelion)

Thalictrum dasycarpum (tall meadow-rue)

Thalictrum dioicum (early meadow-rue)

Tilia americana var. americana (American basswood)

Toxicodendron rydbergii (western poison ivy)

Tridens flavus var. flavus (purpletop tridens)

Trifolium arvense (rabbit’s foot clover)

Trifolium campestre (field clover)

Trifolium hybridum (alsike clover)

Trifolium pratense (red clover)

Trifolium repens (white clover)

Typha angustifolia (narrow-leaved cattail)

Typha latifolia (broad-leaved cattail)

Ulmus americana (American elm)

Urtica dioica ssp. gracilis (stinging nettle)

Uvularia grandiflora (large-flowered bellwort)

Uvularia sessilifolia (wild oats)

Vaccinium angustifolium (lowbush blueberry)

Viburnum lentago (nannyberry)

Viburnum opulus var. americanum (American highbush cranberry)

Viburnum rafinesqueanum var. rafinesqueanum (downy arrowwood)

Vicia americana ssp. americana (American vetch)

Viola pubescens var. peckii (downy yellow violet)


American black currant

American highbush cranberry

American starflower

American white waterlily (ssp. tuberosa)

balsam fir

bird’s-foot trefoil

black cherry

blue cohosh

bluebead lily

broad-leaved arrowhead


Canada anemone


common boneset

common yarrow

early figwort

eastern prickly gooseberry

hedge bindweed

interrupted fern

large-flowered bellwort

Michigan lily

Morrow’s honeysuckle


narrow-leaved meadowsweet

northern blue flag

northern bush honeysuckle

orange hawkweed

oxeye daisy


prairie rose

prickly rose

red baneberry

red clover

rough cinquefoil

sulphur cinquefoil

silvery cinquefoil

smooth rose

spotted Joe Pye weed

swamp milkweed

tall cinquefoil

variegated yellow pond lily

white clover

white sweet clover

wild columbine

yellow marsh marigold


redbelly snake (Storeria occipitomaculata)





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