round-lobed hepatica

(Anemone americana)

               
Conservation Status

IUCN Red List

not yet assessed

round-lobed hepatica

NatureServe

NNR - Unranked

SNR - Unranked

Minnesota

not listed

 

Nativity

Native

Occurrence

 

Habitat

Dry to moist. Upland woods.

Flowering

April to May

 
Flower Color

White, pale pink, or pale blue

 
Height

2 to 6

 

Identification

This is an erect, perennial forb that rises from ascending to horizontal rhizomes.

In early April it can be identified by the rounded, purple, three-lobed leaves laying flat on the ground. These are leaves that have overwintered from the previous year. The name hepatica is latin for liver, and refers to the shape and color of the leaves, which resemble the human liver.

After the flowers have bloomed 3 to 15 new leaves emerge from the base on slender, densely hairy, 2 to 8 long leaf stalks. The leaves are to 2¾ long, ¾ to 4 wide, and palmately divided into 3 lobes shallowly cut to near the middle of the blade. The base of the leaf is heart-shaped, broadly rounded and indented where the leaf attaches to the leaf stalk. The lobes are broadly oval to egg-shaped and rounded at the tip. The terminal lobe length is 50% to 70% of the total leaf length. The margins are untoothed. The upper surface is green, sometimes with purple mottles. The underside of the leaf is green or sometimes purple. When young both surfaces are densely hairy with long, soft, shaggy, unmatted hairs. As they age they become hairless or almost hairless.

By the time the flowers appear the overwintered leaves are dying back. The flowers are ½ to 1 wide and are born singly on densely hairy, leafless stalks. They have from 5 to 12 petal-like sepals (usually 6), 10 to 30 white stamens, and a green cluster of carpels at the center. The sepals are white, pale pink, or pale blue, egg-shaped or inversely egg-shaped. There are 3 broadly egg-shaped or elliptic bracts with rounded tips subtending the flower.

 
Similar
Species

Sharp-lobed hepatica (Anemone acutiloba) leaves are more deeply divided into lobes with pointed tips. The terminal lobe length is 70% to 90% of the total leaf length. There are 3, sometimes 4, narrowly lance-shaped bracts with pointed tips subtending the flower.


Distribution Distribution Map   Sources: 3, 4, 5, 7, 28.

Comments

 


Taxonomy

Family:

Ranunculaceae (buttercup)

 

Subfamily:

Ranunculoideae

 

Tribe:

Anemoneae

 
Synonyms

Anemone americana

Anemone hepatica

Hepatica americana

Hepatica hepatica

Hepatica nobilis var. obtusa

Hepatica triloba var. americana

Hepatica triloba var. obtusa

 
Common
Names

American liverleaf

hepatica

liverleaf

round-lobed hepatica

roundlobe hepatica

round-lobed liverleaf


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Glossary

Bract

Modified leaf at the base of a flower stalk or flower cluster.

 

Palmately divided

Similar to a hand. Having more than three lobes that radiate from a single point at the base of the leaf.

       

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  round-lobed hepatica   round-lobed hepatica
       

Inflorescence

  round-lobed hepatica   round-lobed hepatica
       

Flowers

  round-lobed hepatica   round-lobed hepatica
       

Leaves

  round-lobed hepatica    
       
       

 

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  Hepatica.mp4
natpodnan
 
   
 
About

Uploaded on Feb 5, 2011

Doctrine of Signatures describes this plant as a cure to kidney disease.

 
     

 

slideshow

     

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  Liverleaf-Hepatica nobilis
foxtrapper1972
 
   
 
About

Published on Mar 23, 2013

Pa wild flower

 
     
  Hepatica americana Round-lobed Liverleaf
QuipTV
 
   
 
About

Published on Sep 17, 2012

Common Name: hepatica, round-lobed liverleaf
Zone: 3 to 8
Native Range: Southeastern Canada to southeastern United States
Height: 0.5 to 0.75 feet
Spread: 0.5 to 0.75 feet
Bloom Time: March
Bloom Description: Blue to lavender or white
Sun: Part shade
Water: Medium
Maintenance: Low
Flowers: Showy Flowers

 
     

 

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Ron Geppert
4/10/2011

FYI

Today, Sunday April 10, 2011, I saw a thriving and generous population of both the Snow Trillium and Round Lobed Hepatica along the Blue Earth County Red Jacket Bike Trail just north of the Le Sueur River. I noticed the habitat map on your website <http://minnesotaseasons.com/Plants/round-lobed_hepatica.html>  did not show Blue Earth County as a location for the Hepatica.

Ron Geppert


     
     
 

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