round-lobed hepatica

(Anemone americana)

Conservation Status
round-lobed hepatica
Photo by Luciearl
  IUCN Red List

not listed

     
  NatureServe

NNR - Unranked

SNR - Unranked

     
  Minnesota

not listed

     
           
           
 
Description
 
 

Round-lobed hepatica is an erect, perennial forb that rises from ascending to horizontal rhizomes.

In early April it can be identified by the rounded, purple, three-lobed leaves laying flat on the ground. These are leaves that have overwintered from the previous year. The name hepatica is Latin for liver, and refers to the shape and color of the leaves, which resemble the human liver.

By the time the flowers appear the overwintered leaves are dying back. The flowers are ½ to 1 wide and are born singly on densely hairy, leafless stalks. They have from 5 to 12 petal-like sepals (usually 6), 10 to 30 white stamens, and a green cluster of carpels at the center. The sepals are white, pale pink, or pale blue, egg-shaped or inversely egg-shaped. There are 3 broadly egg-shaped or elliptic bracts with rounded tips subtending the flower.

After the flowers have bloomed 3 to 15 new leaves emerge from the base on slender, densely hairy, 2 to 8 long leaf stalks. The leaves are to 2¾ long, ¾ to 4 wide, and palmately divided into 3 lobes shallowly cut to near the middle of the blade. The base of the leaf is heart-shaped, broadly rounded and indented where the leaf attaches to the leaf stalk. The lobes are broadly oval to egg-shaped and rounded at the tip. The terminal lobe length is 50% to 70% of the total leaf length. The margins are untoothed. The upper surface is green, sometimes with purple mottles. The underside of the leaf is green or sometimes purple. When young both surfaces are densely hairy with long, soft, shaggy, unmatted hairs. As they age they become hairless or almost hairless.

 
     
 

Height

 
 

2 to 6

 
     
 

Flower Color

 
 

White, pale pink, or pale blue

 
     
 

Similar Species

 
  Sharp-lobed hepatica (Anemone acutiloba) leaves are more deeply divided into lobes with pointed tips. The terminal lobe length is 70% to 90% of the total leaf length. There are 3, sometimes 4, narrowly lance-shaped bracts with pointed tips subtending the flower.  
     
 
Habitat
 
 

Dry to moist. Upland woods.

 
     
 
Ecology
 
 

Flowering

 
 

April to May

 
     
 
Use
 
 

 

 
     
 
Distribution
 
 

Distribution Map

 

Sources

3, 4, 5, 7, 24, 28.

 
  1/2/2014      
         
 

Nativity

 
 

Native

 
         
 

Occurrence

 
 

 

 
         
 
Taxonomy
 
  Kingdom Plantae (green algae and land plants)  
  Subkingdom Viridiplantae (green plants)  
  Infrakingdom Streptophyta (land plants and green algae)  
  Superdivision Embryophyta (land plants)  
  Division Tracheophyta (vascular plants)  
  Subdivision Spermatophytina (seed plants)  
  Class Magnoliopsida (dicots)  
  Superorder Ranunculanae  
 

Order

Ranunculales (buttercups, poppies, and allies)  
 

Family

Ranunculaceae (buttercup, crowfoot)  
  Subfamily Ranunculoideae  
  Tribe Anemoneae (anemones and allies)  
 

Genus

Anemone (anemone)  
       
 

In 2011 there were several scientific names for round-lobed hepatica used by authoritative taxonomic sources. Ten years later the situation has not improved. Here are seven “authoritative” taxonomic sources and their sceintific name for round-lobed hepatica as of 3/31/2021:

Flora of North America: Anemone americana

GRIN: Anemone americana

ITIS: Anemone americana

NCBI: Anemone americana

Plants of the World Online: Hepatica americana

USDA PLANTS: Hepatica nobilis var. obtusa

World Flora Online: Hepatica nobilis var. obtusa

For MinnesotaSeasons.com majority rules, at least in this case. Anemone americana it is.

 
       
 

Subordinate Taxa

 
       
       
 

Synonyms

 
 

Anemone americana

Anemone hepatica

Hepatica americana

Hepatica hepatica

Hepatica nobilis var. obtusa

Hepatica triloba var. americana

Hepatica triloba var. obtusa

 
       
 

Common Names

 
 

American liverleaf

hepatica

liverleaf

round-lobed hepatica

roundlobe hepatica

round-lobed liverleaf

 
       

 

 

 

 

 

 

Glossary

Bract

Modified leaf at the base of a flower stalk or flower cluster.

 

Palmately divided

Similar to a hand. Having more than three lobes that radiate from a single point at the base of the leaf.

       
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Luciearl
       
  round-lobed hepatica   round-lobed hepatica
       
  round-lobed hepatica   round-lobed hepatica
       
  round-lobed hepatica   round-lobed hepatica
       
  round-lobed hepatica   round-lobed hepatica
       
  round-lobed hepatica   round-lobed hepatica
       
       
MinnesotaSeasons.com Photos
   

Plant

  round-lobed hepatica   round-lobed hepatica
       

Inflorescence

  round-lobed hepatica   round-lobed hepatica
       

Flowers

  round-lobed hepatica   round-lobed hepatica
       

Leaves

  round-lobed hepatica   round-lobed hepatica
       
       

 

Camera

     
Slideshows
   
  Hepatica.mp4
natpodnan
 
   
 
About

Uploaded on Feb 5, 2011

Doctrine of Signatures describes this plant as a cure to kidney disease.

 
     

 

slideshow

       
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Other Videos
 
  Liverleaf-Hepatica nobilis
foxtrapper1972
 
   
 
About

Published on Mar 23, 2013

Pa wild flower

   
       
  Hepatica americana Round-lobed Liverleaf
QuipTV
 
   
 
About

Published on Sep 17, 2012

Common Name: hepatica, round-lobed liverleaf
Zone: 3 to 8
Native Range: Southeastern Canada to southeastern United States
Height: 0.5 to 0.75 feet
Spread: 0.5 to 0.75 feet
Bloom Time: March
Bloom Description: Blue to lavender or white
Sun: Part shade
Water: Medium
Maintenance: Low
Flowers: Showy Flowers

   
       

 

Camcorder

         
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Luciearl
5/1/2020

Location: Fairview Twp., Cass County

round-lobed hepatica


Luciearl
4/29/2020

Location: Fairview Twp., Cass County

round-lobed hepatica


Ron Geppert
4/10/2011

FYI

Today, Sunday April 10, 2011, I saw a thriving and generous population of both the Snow Trillium and Round Lobed Hepatica along the Blue Earth County Red Jacket Bike Trail just north of the Le Sueur River. I noticed the habitat map on your website <http://minnesotaseasons.com/Plants/round-lobed_hepatica.html>  did not show Blue Earth County as a location for the Hepatica.

Ron Geppert


     
 
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