Itasca Wilderness Sanctuary SNA






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Minnesota DNR

Itasca Natural Area (National Park Service)




This 1,601-acre SNA lies within the borders of Itasca State Park. A state park permit is required. A ½ mile long Bohall Trail and an 814 foot long Big Red Pine Trail lead a short distance into the SNA. Aside from these there are no maintained trails. Fourteen plant species with conservation status in Minnesota are found here.















  Itasca State Park map (MN DNR)  

Printable Map(s) with GPS coordinates



  Printable map      

West Section


East Section

  Printable map   Printable map  



1,601 acres




Landmark Interpretive Trailhead
N47 13.526, W95 15.300

Bohal Trailhead
N47 12.643, W95 15.377

Big Red Pine Trailhead
N47 11.633, W95 13.888




Daily from 8 a.m. until 10 p.m.




Daily park permit: $7

Annual park permit: $35


Driving Directions

  Area and County  

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          Clearwater County  
          Northwest Minnesota  

Hiking Trails


The ½-mile Bohall Wilderness Trail lies entirely within the Itasca Wilderness Sanctuary SNA.

The 814 foot long Big Red Pine Trail ends just inside the southern boundary of the Itasca Wilderness Sanctuary SNA.




Deer, firearms only, including muzzleloader season. See Hunting and Trapping Regulations (MN DNR) for details.


Ecological Classification

  Ecological Classification  
  Ecological Province    

Laurentian Mixed Forest Province

  Ecological Section    

Northern Minnesota Drift & Lake Plains

  Ecological Subsection    

Chippewa Plains

Pine Moraines & Outwash Plains

  Land Type Association    

Alida Till Plain

Becida Till Plain

Itasca Moraine, Steep


Native Plant Communities*



  * Source: The Minnesota Biological Survey, Minnesota Department of Natural Resources, Division of Ecological Resources      

Natural Features








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Wood Routed Sign

    Itasca Wilderness Sanctuary SNA      

Parking (Bohall Trail)

    Itasca Wilderness Sanctuary SNA      

Bohall Trail

    Itasca Wilderness Sanctuary SNA   Itasca Wilderness Sanctuary SNA  
    Itasca Wilderness Sanctuary SNA   Itasca Wilderness Sanctuary SNA  

Bohall Lake

    Itasca Wilderness Sanctuary SNA   Itasca Wilderness Sanctuary SNA  

North Arm Lake Itasca

    Itasca Wilderness Sanctuary SNA      

Mixed Forest

    Itasca Wilderness Sanctuary SNA   Itasca Wilderness Sanctuary SNA  
    Itasca Wilderness Sanctuary SNA   Itasca Wilderness Sanctuary SNA  






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Other Videos
  Itasca Wilderness Sanctuary Scientific and Natural Area Virtual Hike
Minnesota Department of Natural Resources

Apr 2, 2020

Itasca Wilderness Sanctuary is one of the oldest protected wilderness areas in Minnesota. Originally established in 1939, as the finest example of Great Lakes Pine Forest in north-central Minnesota, it was later designated as an SNA on January 14, 1983.




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Minnesota Biodiversity Atlas Amphibians and Reptiles List

  American toad (Anaxyrus americanus)   American toad  



One bird species with conservation status in Minnesota has been seen here:

Special Concern

Northern Goshawk (Accipiter gentilis)


Minnesota Biodiversity Atlas Birds List

eBird Field Checklist (Bohall Trail)


Black-capped Chickadee (Poecile atricapillus)

Blue Jay (Cyanocitta cristata)

Common Yellowthroat (Geothlypis trichas)

Hairy Woodpecker (Leuconotopicus villosus)

Ovenbird (Seiurus aurocapilla)

  Blue Jay  

Fungi and Lichens


Minnesota Biodiversity Atlas Fungi List


Insects and Arachnids


Minnesota Biodiversity Atlas Insects List


Canadian tiger swallowtail (Papilio canadensis)

chalk-fronted corporal (Ladona julia)

eyed brown (Lethe eurydice)

Harris’ checkerspot (Chlosyne harrisii)

northern crescent (Phyciodes cocyta)

northern pearly eye (Lethe anthedon)

racket-tailed emerald (Dorocordulia libera)

silvery checkerspot (Chlosyne nycteis)

tawny crescent (Phyciodes batesii)


chalk-fronted corporal

northern crescent




Minnesota Biodiversity Atlas Mammals List




Fourteen plant species with conservation status in Minnesota are found here:


bog adder’s-mouth (Malaxis paludosa)

Missouri dewberry (Rubus missouricus)

Oakes’ pondweed (Potamogeton oakesianus)


blue mudplantain (Heteranthera limosa)

bright green spike-rush (Eleocharis flavescens var. olivacea)

Clinton’s bulrush (Trichophorum clintonii)

cuckoo flower (Cardamine pratensis)

little goblin moonwort (Botrychium mormo)

ram’s head lady’s slipper (Cypripedium arietinum)

Special Concern

least moonwort (Botrychium simplex)

Mingan moonwort (Botrychium minganense)

pale false mannagrass (Torreyochloa pallida var. pallida)

slender waternymph (Najas gracillima)

white adder’s-mouth (Malaxis monophyllos var. brachypoda)


Minnesota Biodiversity Atlas and Minnesota Biological Survey Vegetation Releves Plant List



Allegheny blackberry (Rubus allegheniensis)

American fly honeysuckle (Lonicera canadensis)

American hophornbeam (Ostrya virginiana var. virginiana)

American red raspberry (Rubus idaeus ssp. strigosus)

American spikenard (Aralia racemosa ssp. racemosa)

beaked hazelnut (Corylus cornuta var. cornuta)

bigleaf aster (Eurybia macrophylla)

black ash (Fraxinus nigra)

black medick (Medicago lupulina)

black-seeded plantain (Plantago rugelii var. rugelii)

bland sweet cicely (Osmorhiza claytonii)

bluebead lily (Clintonia borealis)

broad-leaved arrowhead (Sagittaria latifolia)

bur oak (Quercus macrocarpa var. macrocarpa)

Canada mayflower (Maianthemum canadense)

Canadian white violet (Viola canadensis var. rugulosa)

Canadian wild ginger (Asarum canadense)

chokecherry (Prunus virginiana var. virginiana)

common dandelion (Taraxacum officinale ssp. officinale)

common plantain (Plantago major)

common snowberry (Symphoricarpos albus var. albus)

common strawberry (Fragaria virginiana)

common wood fern (Dryopteris intermedia)

common yarrow (Achillea millefolium)

cream pea (Lathyrus ochroleucus)

crested wood fern (Dryopteris cristata)

downy arrowwood (Viburnum rafinesqueanum var. rafinesqueanum)

early meadow-rue (Thalictrum dioicum)

eastern white pine (Pinus strobus)

falsegold groundsel (Packera pseudaurea var. semicordata)

fragrant bedstraw (Galium triflorum)

hairy honeysuckle (Lonicera hirsuta)

hairy Solomon’s seal (Polygonatum pubescens)

harebell (Campanula rotundifolia)

Howell’s pussytoes (Antennaria howellii)

hybrid cattail (Typha x glauca)

interrupted fern (Claytosmunda claytoniana)

jack-in-the-pulpit (Arisaema triphyllum)

large-flowered bellwort (Uvularia grandiflora)

Lindley’s aster (Symphyotrichum ciliolatum)

Maryland black snakeroot (Sanicula marilandica)

mountain maple (Acer spicatum)

narrow-leaved meadowsweet (Spiraea alba var. alba)

northern bedstraw (Galium boreale)

northern blue flag (Iris versicolor)

northern bush honeysuckle (Diervilla lonicera)

northern red oak (Quercus rubra)

pagoda dogwood (Cornus alternifolia)

paper birch (Betula papyrifera var. papyrifera)

prickly rose (Rosa acicularis ssp. sayi)

quaking aspen (Populus tremuloides)

red baneberry (Actaea rubra ssp. rubra)

red clover (Trifolium pratense)

red elderberry (Sambucus racemosa var. racemosa)

red maple (Acer rubrum var. rubrum)

red pine (Pinus resinosa)

reed canary grass (Phalaris arundinacea)

rock elm (Ulmus thomasii)

rose twisted-stalk (Streptopus lanceolatus var. longipipes)

round-leaved dogwood (Cornus rugosa)

round-lobed hepatica (Anemone americana)

showy lady’s slipper (Cypripedium reginae)

spreading dogbane (Apocynum androsaemifolium)

sugar maple (Acer saccharum ssp. saccharum)

veiny pea (Lathyrus venosus var. intonsus)

western bracken fern (Pteridium aquilinum var. latiusculum)

western poison ivy (Toxicodendron rydbergii)

white spruce (Picea glauca)

wild calla (Calla palustris)

wild columbine (Aquilegia canadensis)

wild sarsaparilla (Aralia nudicaulis)

woodbine (Parthenocissus vitacea)

yellow avens (Geum aleppicum)


Acer rubrum var. rubrum (red maple)

Acer saccharum ssp. saccharum (sugar maple)

Acer spicatum (mountain maple)

Achillea millefolium (common yarrow)

Actaea rubra ssp. rubra (red baneberry)

Anemone americana (round-lobed hepatica)

Antennaria howellii (Howell’s pussytoes)

Apocynum androsaemifolium (spreading dogbane)

Aquilegia canadensis (wild columbine)

Aralia nudicaulis (wild sarsaparilla)

Aralia racemosa ssp. racemosa (American spikenard)

Arisaema triphyllum (jack-in-the-pulpit)

Asarum canadense (Canadian wild ginger)

Betula papyrifera var. papyrifera (paper birch)

Calla palustris (wild calla)

Campanula rotundifolia (harebell)

Clintonia borealis (bluebead lily)

Cornus alternifolia (pagoda dogwood)

Cornus rugosa (round-leaved dogwood)

Corylus cornuta var. cornuta (beaked hazelnut)

Cypripedium reginae (showy lady’s slipper)

Diervilla lonicera (northern bush honeysuckle)

Dryopteris cristata (crested wood fern)

Dryopteris intermedia (common wood fern)

Eurybia macrophylla (bigleaf aster)

Fragaria virginiana (common strawberry)

Fraxinus nigra (black ash)

Galium boreale (northern bedstraw)

Galium triflorum (fragrant bedstraw)

Geum aleppicum (yellow avens)

Iris versicolor (northern blue flag)

Lathyrus ochroleucus (cream pea)

Lathyrus venosus var. intonsus) (veiny pea)

Lonicera canadensis (American fly honeysuckle)

Lonicera hirsuta (hairy honeysuckle)

Maianthemum canadense (Canada mayflower)

Medicago lupulina (black medick)

Osmorhiza claytonii (bland sweet cicely)

Claytosmunda claytoniana (interrupted fern)

Ostrya virginiana var. virginiana (American hophornbeam)

Packera pseudaurea var. semicordata (falsegold groundsel)

Parthenocissus vitacea (woodbine)

Phalaris arundinacea (reed canary grass)

Picea glauca (white spruce)

Pinus resinosa (red pine)

Pinus strobus (eastern white pine)

Plantago major (common plantain)

Plantago rugelii var. rugelii (black-seeded plantain)

Polygonatum pubescens (hairy Solomon’s seal)

Populus tremuloides (quaking aspen)

Prunus virginiana var. virginiana (chokecherry)

Pteridium aquilinum var. latiusculum (western bracken fern)

Quercus macrocarpa var. macrocarpa (bur oak)

Quercus rubra (northern red oak)

Rosa acicularis ssp. sayi (prickly rose)

Rubus allegheniensis (Allegheny blackberry)

Rubus idaeus ssp. strigosus (American red raspberry)

Sagittaria latifolia (broad-leaved arrowhead)

Sambucus racemosa var. racemosa (red elderberry)

Sanicula marilandica (Maryland black snakeroot)

Spiraea alba var. alba (narrow-leaved meadowsweet)

Streptopus lanceolatus var. longipipes (rose twisted-stalk)

Symphoricarpos albus var. albus (common snowberry)

Symphyotrichum ciliolatum (Lindley’s aster)

Taraxacum officinale ssp. officinale (common dandelion)

Thalictrum dioicum (early meadow-rue)

Toxicodendron rydbergii (western poison ivy)

Trifolium pratense (red clover)

Typha x glauca (hybrid cattail)

Ulmus thomasii (rock elm)

Uvularia grandiflora (large-flowered bellwort)

Viburnum rafinesqueanum var. rafinesqueanum (downy arrowwood)

Viola canadensis var. rugulosa (Canadian white violet)


American spikenard

beaked hazelnut

broad-leaved arrowhead

Canadian white violet


early meadow-rue

falsegold groundsel


large-flowered bellwort

Lindley’s aster

northern bedstraw

northern blue flag

prickly rose

red baneberry

red elderberry

Showy Lady’s Slipper

western poison ivy

Canadian wild ginger

wild columbine




  common garter snake (Thamnophis sirtalis)   common garter snake  






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