woodbine

(Parthenocissus vitacea)

               
Conservation Status

IUCN Red List

not yet assessed

woodbine

NatureServe

NNR - Unranked

SNR - Unranked

Minnesota

not listed

Nativity

Native

Occurrence

Common and widespread

Habitat

Moist.

Flowering

June to July

     
Flower Color

Yellowish green

     
Height

Up to 1 when a ground cover

     

Identification

This is a perennial, woody vine.

Stems are green when young, becoming reddish to grayish brown and woody with age. They can extend up to 30. They can climb trees, shrubs, and fences, but are more often found sprawling on the ground, sometimes creating a ground cover.

The leaves are alternate and on long leaf stalks. They are divided into 5 leaflets radiating from a common point. The leaflets are 2½ to 4 long, 1½ to 2½ wide, egg-shaped, with a wedge-shaped base and a pointed tip. The upper surface is glossy green and hairless. The lower surface is paler and hairless or with hairs along the main veins. The margins are coarsely toothed, mostly above the middle, not near the base.

Tendrils emerge from the stem opposite from the leaves. They have few branches and have twining tips. They do not have sticky pads at the tips.

The inflorescences emerge both at the end of the stem and opposite from the leaves of the current year’s growth. They are widely forked, creating 2, sometimes 3, diverging clusters. The stems of the clusters fork again into two more or less equal divisions. There is no central axis. There are 10 to 60 flowers per inflorescence.

The flowers are about ¼ across with 5 yellowish green petals.

The fruit is a spherical berry with thin flesh and 1 to 4 seeds.

 
Similar
Species

Virginia creeper (Parthenocissus quinquefolia) has tendrils with many branches. The tendrils have adhesive disks at the tips. The leaflets are dull green above. The leaf margins are toothed from the tip almost to the base. The inflorescence has a zigzag central axis. It is usually in more shady areas. It is a much stronger climber and sometimes densely covers part of a tree trunk or other vertical structure.


Distribution Distribution Map   Sources: 2, 3, 4, 5, 7, 8, 28.

Comments

 


Taxonomy

Family:

Vitaceae (grape)

 

Subfamily:

Vitoideae

 
Synonyms

Ampelopsis quinquefolia var. vitacea

Parthenocissus inserta

Parthenocissus inserta f. dubia

Parthenocissus quinquefolia var. vitacea

Parthenocissus vitacea f. dubia

Psedera vitacea

Vitis inserta

 
Common
Names

false Virginia creeper

grape woodbine

thicket creeper

Virginia creeper

woodbine


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Glossary

axil

The upper angle where the leaf stalk meets the stem.

       

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  Parthenocissus vitacea
Susanne Wiik
 
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Thicket Creeper, Villvin, Parthenocissus inserta

 
     

 

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