Pine Bend Bluffs SNA






Minnesota DNR logo




Minnesota DNR

Friends of the Mississippi River

Katharine Ordway Natural History Study Area








This SNA was dedicated on October 6, 2004.




In the spring of 2006 the Friends of the Mississippi River sowed little bluestem seed on recently-cleared prairie north of the small pond.








Detail map (MN DNR)


Printable Map(s) with GPS coordinates



  Printable map      

North Unit

  South Unit  
  Printable map   Printable map  



315.43 (256 acres reported)

North Unit: 200 acres

South Unit: 115 acres




N44 47.293, W93 1.887


Driving Directions

  Area and County  

Get driving directions from Google Maps to this destination from any address, and send those directions to your phone.

          Dakota County  
          Metro Area  

Hiking Trails


In 2012, construction began on the Pine Bend Bluffs segment of the Mississippi River Regional Trail (MRRT), which passes through the SNA. The MMRT is a paved bike trail that will eventually connect Hastings and South St. Paul. Construction of the Pine Bend Bluffs segment was completed in the summer of 2013.




No hunting


Ecological Classification

  Ecological Classification  
  Ecological Province    

Eastern Broadleaf Forest Province

  Ecological Section    

Minnesota & NE Iowa Morainal

  Ecological Subsection    

Oak Savanna
St. Paul-Baldwin Plains and Moraines

  Land Type Association    

Coates Sand Plain

Pig’s Eye Alluvial Plain

Wescott Moraine


Native Plant Communities*


Black Ash - (Red Maple) Seepage Swamp

Dry Sand - Gravel Prairie (Southern)

Red Oak - White Oak Forest

White Pine - Oak Woodland (Sand)

  * Source: The Minnesota Biological Survey, Minnesota Department of Natural Resources, Division of Ecological Resources      

Natural Features








Visitor Photos

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Kirk Nelson


Parking area and Shelter

    Pine Bend Bluffs SNA      


    Pine Bend Bluffs SNA      

Crystal Boyd

    Pine Bend Bluffs SNA      


    Pine Bend Bluffs SNA   Pine Bend Bluffs SNA  
    2008   2010  
    Pine Bend Bluffs SNA      

Wood Routed Sign

    Pine Bend Bluffs SNA      

The Pond

    Pine Bend Bluffs SNA   Pine Bend Bluffs SNA  


    Pine Bend Bluffs SNA      


    Pine Bend Bluffs SNA   Pine Bend Bluffs SNA  
    Pine Bend Bluffs SNA      

Red Oak - White Oak Forest

    Pine Bend Bluffs SNA      

Fire Break

    Pine Bend Bluffs SNA      

Mississippi River

    Pine Bend Bluffs SNA      



Pine Bend Bluffs SNA
  Pine Bend Bluffs SNA  

Find stunning views from 200 foot bluffs overlooking the Mississippi at this SNA, one of the least disturbed sites along the river in the Twin Cities.

Dry to mesic oak forests dominate the site's rugged terrain, complemented by stands of white pine on north-facing slopes, dry prairies on south- and east-facing slopes, and black ash seepage swamp at the river's edge. Numerous rare species find appropriate habitat, among them James' polanisia and butternut (both MN endangered), kittentails (MN threatened), and red-shouldered hawk (MN Special Concern).

Pine Bend Bluffs - SNA
Friends of the Mississippi River (FMR)
  Pine Bend Bluffs - SNA  

By Tom Reiter

July 26, 2018 • Pine Bend Bluffs Invasive Species Pull
Friends of the Mississippi River (FMR)
  July 26, 2018 • Pine Bend Bluffs Invasive Species Pull  
Pine Bend Bluff SNA
Madison Douthitt
  Pine Bend Bluff SNA  

Pine Bend Bluff SNA

October 27, 2018 • Pine Bend Brush Haul at FHR
Friends of the Mississippi River (FMR)
  October 27, 2018 • Pine Bend Brush Haul at FHR  

Volunteers helped haul buckthorn from Pine Bend Bluffs at FHR.

Pine Bend Bluff
Pronghorn Touring
  Pine Bend Bluff  



Visitor Videos

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Other Videos
  Pine Bend Bluffs Scientific and Natural Area Virtual Hike
Minnesota Department of Natural Resources

Dec 7, 2020

Enjoy a short hike in the Metro area along the Mississippi River, at Pine Bend Bluffs SNA! Stand on the 200 foot bluffs overlooking the Mississippi on this SNA, one of the least disturbed sites along the river in the Twin Cities with native prairie, oak forest, white pine woodland and floodplain forest. It is also a great spot to bird watch during migration seasons.

  Goats at Pine Bend Bluffs

Goats at Pine Bend Bluffs

Grazing goats are delivered to the Flint Hills Resources Pine Bend refinery in Rosemount, MN as part of an innovative new approach for maintaining and restoring natural habitat.

  Pine Bend Bluffs Project - Flint Hills and FMR

Uploaded on Nov 17, 2011

No description available.




Visitor Sightings

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Crystal Boyd


Insects and Arachnids


eastern tailed-blue (Cupido comyntas)

green-striped grasshopper (Chortophaga viridifasciata)

  eastern tailed-blue  



blue-eyed grass (Sisyrinchium sp.)

common chickweed (Stellaria media)

creeping charlie (Glechoma hederacea)

dandelions (Taraxacum officinale)

golden alexander (Zizia auria)

hoary puccoon (Lithospermum canescens)

jack-in-the-pulpit (Arisaema triphyllum)

pussytoes (Antennaria sp.)

wild geranium (Geranium maculatum)

winter cress (Barbarea vulgaris)

yellow wood sorrel (Oxalis stricta)









wild geranium


Robert Briggs



  Queen Anne’s lace (Daucus carota ssp. carota)   Queen Anne’s lace  


4/4/2006   8/11/2008   7/2/2010   12/13/2012   4/11/2015



Ameroasian treefrogs (Dryophytes spp.)

boreal chorus frog (Pseudacris maculata)

northern leopard frog (Rana pipiens)

  boreal chorus frog  



Six bird species with conservation status in Minnesota have been seen here:

Special Concern

American White Pelican (Pelecanus erythrorhynchos)

Forster’s Tern (Sterna forsteri)

Franklin’s Gull (Leucophaeus pipixcan)

Purple Martin (Progne subis)

Red-shouldered Hawk (Buteo lineatus)

Trumpeter Swan (Cygnus buccinator)


Minnesota DNR Bird checklist

eBird Field Checklist


American Coot (Fulica americana)

American Crow (Corvus brachyrhynchos)

American Goldfinch (Spinus tristis)

American Robin (Turdus migratorius)

American Tree Sparrow (Spizelloides arborea)

American White Pelican (Pelecanus erythrorhynchos)

Bald Eagle (Haliaeetus leucocephalus)

Black-capped Chickadee (Poecile atricapillus)

Blue Jay (Cyanocitta cristata)

Brown-headed Cowbird (Molothrus ater)

Canada Goose (Branta canadensis)

Cedar Waxwing (Bombycilla cedrorum)

Common Nighthawk (Chordeiles minor)

Dark-eyed Junco (Junco hyemalis)

Eastern Bluebird (Sialia sialis)

Eastern Kingbird (Tyrannus tyrannus)

Eastern Wood-peewee (Contopus virens)

Gray Catbird (Dumetella carolinensis)

Great Horned Owl (Bubo virginianus)

Hairy Woodpecker (Leuconotopicus villosus)

Hermit Thrush (Catharus guttatus)

Killdeer (Charadrius vociferus)

Mallard (Anas platyrhynchos)

Mourning Dove (Zenaida macroura)

Northern Cardinal (Cardinalis cardinalis)

Northern Flicker (Colaptes auratus)

Northern Shoveler (Spatula clypeata)

Pileated Woodpecker (Dryocopus pileatus)

Red-bellied Woodpecker (Melanerpes carolinus)

Red-tailed Hawk (Buteo jamaicensis)

Red-winged Blackbird (Agelaius phoeniceus)

Song Sparrow (Melospiza melodia)

Turkey Vulture (Cathartes aura)

White-breasted Nuthatch (Sitta carolinensis)

Wild Turkey (Meleagris gallopavo)


American Goldfinch

Blue Jay

Canada Goose

Dark-eyed Junco

Gray Catbird

Mourning Dove

Northern Cardinal

Pileated Woodpecker

White-breasted Nuthatch

Wild Turkey


Fungi and Lichens


Minnesota Biodiversity Atlas Fungi List


Artist’s Conk (Ganoderma applanatum)

Black Knot (Apiosporina morbosa)

False Tinder Fungus (Phellinus igniarius)

False Turkey Tail (Stereum ostrea)

  Artist’s Conk  

Insects and Arachnids


American dog tick (Dermacentor variabilis)

bald-faced hornet (Dolichovespula maculata)

bee fly (Villa lateralis)

blacklegged tick (Ixodes scapularis)

common green darner (Anax junius)

common harvestman (Phalangium opilio)

common whitetail (Plathemis lydia)

dog day cicada (Neotibicen canicularis)

eastern tent caterpillar moth (Malacosoma americanum)

eastern tiger swallowtail (Papilio glaucus)

familiar bluet (Enallagma civile)

goldenrod gall fly (Eurosta solidaginis)

goldenrod soldier beetle (Chauliognathus pennsylvanicus)

honeysuckle aphid (Hyadaphis tataricae)

margined calligrapher (Toxomerus marginatus)

monarch (Danaus plexippus)

multicolored Asian lady beetle (Harmonia axyridis)

northern crescent (Phyciodes cocyta)

northern pearly eye (Lethe anthedon)

pyramid ant (Dorymyrmex insanus)

red admiral (Vanessa atalanta)

tachinid fly (Family Tachinidae)

twelve-spotted skimmer (Libellula pulchella)

two-marked treehopper (Enchenopa binotata)

widow skimmer (Libellula luctuosa)


common green darner

common whitetail

eastern tiger swallowtail

goldenrod soldier beetle

northern crescent

twelve-spotted skimmer

widow skimmer




American beaver (Castor canadensis)

American red squirrel (Tamiasciurus hudsonicus)

whitetail deer (Odocoileus virginianus)

  whitetail deer  



Five plant species with conservation status in Minnesota are found here:


butternut (Juglans cinerea)

James’ polanisia (Polanisia jamesii)


beaked skeletonweed (Shinnersoseris rostrata)

disk water-hyssop (Bacopa rotundifolia)

kittentails (Veronica bullii)


Minnesota Biodiversity Atlas and Minnesota Biological Survey Vegetation Releves Plant List


Plants frequently found in:

Black Ash - (Red Maple) Seepage Swamp WFs57a

Dry Sand - Gravel Prairie (Southern) UPs13b

Red Oak - White Oak Forest MHs37a

White Pine - Oak Woodland (Sand) FDs27b



alfalfa (Medicago sativa ssp. sativa)

alsike clover (Trifolium hybridum)

American basswood (Tilia americana var. americana)

American elm (Ulmus americana)

American germander (Teucrium canadense)

American hazelnut (Corylus americana)

American red raspberry (Rubus idaeus ssp. strigosus)

asparagus (asparagus officinalis)

Bell’s honeysuckle (Lonicera × bella)

bird’s-foot trefoil (Lotus corniculatus var. corniculatus)

bittersweet nightshade (Solanum dulcamara)

black ash (Fraxinus nigra)

black cherry (Prunus serotina var. serotina)

black locust (Robinia pseudoacacia)

black medick (Medicago lupulina)

black raspberry (Rubus occidentalis)

black walnut (Juglans nigra)

black-eyed Susan (Rudbeckia hirta var. pulcherrima)

black-seeded plantain (Plantago rugelii var. rugelii)

bland sweet cicely (Osmorhiza claytonii)

blue giant hyssop (Agastache foeniculum)

boxelder (Acer negundo)

bristly greenbrier (Smilax tamnoides)

broadleaf enchanter’s nightshade (Circaea canadensis)

bull thistle (Cirsium vulgare)

bur oak (Quercus macrocarpa var. macrocarpa)

butter and eggs (Linaria vulgaris)

Canada goldenrod (Solidago canadensis)

Canada mayflower (Maianthemum canadense)

Canadian horseweed (Erigeron canadensis)

Canadian tick-trefoil (Desmodium canadense)

Canadian woodnettle (Laportea canadensis)

catnip (Nepeta cataria)

cleavers (Galium aparine)

common buckthorn (Rhamnus cathartica)

common burdock (Arctium minus)

common evening primrose (Oenothera biennis)

common false Solomon’s seal (Maianthemum racemosum var. racemosum)

common milkweed (Asclepias syriaca)

common motherwort (Leonurus cardiaca ssp. cardiaca)

common mullein (Verbascum thapsus ssp. thapsus)

common ragweed (Ambrosia artemisiifolia)

common self-heal (Prunella vulgaris)

common strawberry (Fragaria virginiana)

common sunflower (Helianthus annuus)

common tansy (Tanacetum vulgare)

common wheat (Triticum aestivum ssp. aestivum)

common yarrow (Achillea millefolium)

creeping bellflower (Campanula rapunculoides)

crown vetch (Securigera varia)

curly dock (Rumex crispus)

curly-cup gumweed (Grindelia squarrosa)

cut-leaved coneflower (Rudbeckia laciniata var. laciniata)

downy Parlin’s pussytoes (Antennaria parlinii ssp. fallax)

eastern redcedar (Juniperus virginiana var. virginiana)

eastern white pine (Pinus strobus)

field clover (Trifolium campestre ssp. campestre)

field horsetail (Equisetum arvense)

field pussytoes (Antennaria neglecta)

flowering spurge (Euphorbia corollata)

foxtail barley (Hordeum jubatum ssp. jubatum)

garlic mustard (Alliaria petiolata)

giant ragweed (Ambrosia trifida)

gray dogwood (Cornus racemosa)

gray-headed coneflower (Ratibida pinnata)

green ash (Fraxinus pennsylvanica)

green carpetweed (Mollugo verticillata)

green foxtail (Setaria viridis)

hairy false goldenaster (Heterotheca villosa)

hairy hedge nettle (Stachys pilosa var. pilosa)

hairy sunflower (Helianthus hirsutus)

hairy vetch (Vicia villosa ssp. villosa)

hedge bindweed (Calystegia sepium)

hoary alyssum (Berteroa incana)

hoary vervain (Verbena stricta)

Indiangrass (Sorghastrum nutans)

jack-in-the-pulpit (Arisaema triphyllum)

Jerusalem artichoke (Helianthus tuberosus)

June grass (Koeleria macrantha)

large-flowered bellwort (Uvularia grandiflora)

large-flowered beardtongue (Penstemon grandiflorus)

late goldenrod (Solidago altissima)

leadplant (Amorpha canescens)

long-headed coneflower (Ratibida columnifera)

Missouri gooseberry (Ribes missouriense)

Morrow’s honeysuckle (Lonicera morrowii)

narrow-leaved cattail (Typha angustifolia)

northern hackberry (Celtis occidentalis)

northern lady fern (Athyrium filix-femina var. angustum)

northern pin oak (Quercus ellipsoidalis)

northern prickly ash (Zanthoxylum americanum)

northern red oak (Quercus rubra)

orange daylily (Hemerocallis fulva)

orange hawkweed (Pilosella aurantiaca)

paper birch (Betula papyrifera var. papyrifera)

partridge pea (Chamaecrista fasciculata var. fasciculata)

Pennsylvania smartweed (Persicaria pensylvanica)

plains cottonwood (Populus deltoides ssp. molinifera)

pointed-leaved tick-trefoil (Hylodesmum glutinosum)

prairie fleabane (Erigeron strigosus var. strigosus)

prairie peppergrass (Lepidium densiflorum)

prickly lettuce (Lactuca serriola)

purple lovegrass (Eragrostis spectabilis)

purple prairie clover (Dalea purpurea var. purpurea)

purpleleaf willowherb (Epilobium coloratum)

quaking aspen (Populus tremuloides)

Queen Anne’s lace (Daucus carota ssp. carota)

rabbit’s foot clover (Trifolium arvense)

red clover (Trifolium pratense)

red pine (Pinus resinosa)

reed canary grass (Phalaris arundinacea)

rough cinquefoil (Potentilla norvegica)

rough false pennyroyal (Hedeoma hispida)

round-headed bush clover (Lespedeza capitata)

rue anemone (Thalictrum thalictroides)

sand dropseed (Sporobolus cryptandrus)

sensitive fern (Onoclea sensibilis)

silver maple (Acer saccharinum)

skunk cabbage (Symplocarpus foetidus)

smooth brome (Bromus inermis)

smooth hedge nettle (Stachys tenuifolia)

smooth Solomon’s seal (Polygonatum biflorum var. commutatum)

smooth sumac (Rhus glabra)

spotted knapweed (Centaurea stoebe ssp. micranthos)

spreading dogbane (Apocynum androsaemifolium)

staghorn sumac (Rhus typhina)

stiff sunflower (Helianthus pauciflorus)

sulphur cinquefoil (Potentilla recta)

tall bellflower (Campanulastrum americanum)

tall buttercup (Ranunculus acris var. acris)

tall cinquefoil (Drymocallis arguta)

timothy (Phleum pratense ssp. pratense)

tower mustard (Turritis glabra)

Virginia creeper (Parthenocissus quinquefolia)

Virginia mountain mint (Pycnanthemum virginianum)

water smartweed (Persicaria amphibia)

western bracken fern (Pteridium aquilinum var. latiusculum)

western poison ivy (Toxicodendron rydbergii)

western ragweed (Ambrosia psilostachya)

white avens (Geum canadense)

white campion (Silene latifolia ssp. alba)

white clover (Trifolium repens ssp. repens)

white mulberry (Morus alba)

white sage (Artemisia ludoviciana ssp. ludoviciana)

white snakeroot (Ageratina altissima var. altissima)

white spruce (Picea glauca)

white sweet clover (Melilotus albus)

wild bergamot (Monarda fistulosa)

wild grape (Vitis riparia)

wild oat (Avena fatua)

wild parsnip (Pastinaca sativa)

woodbine (Parthenocissus vitacea)

woolly plantain (Plantago patagonica)

yellow foxtail (Setaria pumila ssp. pumila)

yellow goat’s beard (Tragopogon dubius)

yellow sweet clover (Melilotus officinalis)

yellow wood sorrel (Oxalis stricta)


Acer negundo (boxelder)

Acer saccharinum (silver maple)

Achillea millefolium (common yarrow)

Agastache foeniculum (blue giant hyssop)

Ageratina altissima var. altissima (white snakeroot)

Alliaria petiolata (garlic mustard)

Ambrosia artemisiifolia (common ragweed)

Ambrosia psilostachya (western ragweed)

Ambrosia trifida (giant ragweed)

Amorpha canescens (leadplant)

Antennaria neglecta (field pussytoes)

Antennaria parlinii ssp. fallax (downy Parlin’s pussytoes)

Apocynum androsaemifolium (spreading dogbane)

Arctium minus (common burdock)

Arisaema triphyllum (jack-in-the-pulpit)

Artemisia ludoviciana ssp. ludoviciana (white sage)

Asclepias syriaca (common milkweed)

Asparagus officinalis (asparagus)

Athyrium filix-femina var. angustum (northern lady fern)

Avena fatua (wild oat)

Berteroa incana (hoary alyssum)

Betula papyrifera var. papyrifera (paper birch)

Bromus inermis (smooth brome)

Calystegia sepium (hedge bindweed)

Campanula rapunculoides (creeping bellflower)

Campanulastrum americanum (tall bellflower)

Celtis occidentalis (northern hackberry)

Centaurea stoebe ssp. micranthos (spotted knapweed)

Chamaecrista fasciculata var. fasciculata (partridge pea)

Circaea canadensis (broadleaf enchanter’s nightshade)

Cirsium vulgare (bull thistle)

Cornus racemosa (gray dogwood)

Corylus americana (American hazelnut)

Dalea purpurea var. purpurea (purple prairie clover)

Daucus carota ssp. carota (Queen Anne’s lace)

Desmodium canadense (Canadian tick-trefoil)

Drymocallis arguta (tall cinquefoil)

Epilobium coloratum (purpleleaf willowherb)

Equisetum arvense (field horsetail)

Eragrostis spectabilis (purple lovegrass)

Erigeron canadensis (Canadian horseweed)

Erigeron strigosus var. strigosus (prairie fleabane)

Euphorbia corollata (flowering spurge)

Fragaria virginiana (common strawberry)

Fraxinus nigra (black ash)

Fraxinus pennsylvanica (green ash)

Galium aparine (cleavers)

Geum canadense (white avens)

Grindelia squarrosa (curly-cup gumweed)

Hedeoma hispida (rough false pennyroyal)

Helianthus annuus (common sunflower)

Helianthus hirsutus (hairy sunflower)

Helianthus pauciflorus (stiff sunflower)

Helianthus tuberosus (Jerusalem artichoke)

Hemerocallis fulva (orange daylily)

Heterotheca villosa (hairy false goldenaster)

Hordeum jubatum ssp. jubatum (foxtail barley)

Hylodesmum glutinosum (pointed-leaved tick-trefoil)

Juglans nigra (black walnut)

Juniperus virginiana var. virginiana (eastern redcedar)

Koeleria macrantha (June grass)

Lactuca serriola (prickly lettuce)

Laportea canadensis (Canadian woodnettle)

Leonurus cardiaca ssp. cardiaca (common motherwort)

Lepidium densiflorum (prairie peppergrass)

Lespedeza capitata (round-headed bush clover)

Linaria vulgaris (butter and eggs)

Lonicera × bella (Bell’s honeysuckle)

Lonicera morrowii (Morrow’s honeysuckle)

Lotus corniculatus var. corniculatus (bird’s-foot trefoil)

Maianthemum canadense (Canada mayflower)

Maianthemum racemosum var. racemosum (common false Solomon’s seal)

Medicago lupulina (black medick)

Medicago sativa ssp. sativa (alfalfa)

Melilotus albus (white sweet clover)

Melilotus officinalis (yellow sweet clover)

Mollugo verticillata (green carpetweed)

Monarda fistulosa (wild bergamot)

Morus alba (white mulberry)

Nepeta cataria (catnip)

Oenothera biennis (common evening primrose)

Onoclea sensibilis (sensitive fern)

Osmorhiza claytonii (bland sweet cicely)

Oxalis stricta (yellow wood sorrel)

Parthenocissus quinquefolia (Virginia creeper)

Parthenocissus vitacea (woodbine)

Pastinaca sativa (wild parsnip)

Penstemon grandiflorus (large-flowered beardtongue)

Persicaria amphibia (water smartweed)

Persicaria pensylvanica (Pennsylvania smartweed)

Phalaris arundinacea (reed canary grass)

Phleum pratense ssp. pratense (timothy)

Picea glauca (white spruce)

Pilosella aurantiaca (orange hawkweed)

Pinus resinosa (red pine)

Pinus strobus (eastern white pine)

Plantago patagonica (woolly plantain)

Plantago rugelii var. rugelii (black-seeded plantain)

Polygonatum biflorum var. commutatum (smooth Solomon’s seal)

Populus deltoides ssp. molinifera (plains cottonwood)

Populus tremuloides (quaking aspen)

Potentilla norvegica (rough cinquefoil)

Potentilla recta (sulphur cinquefoil)

Prunella vulgaris (common self-heal)

Prunus serotina var. serotina (black cherry)

Pteridium aquilinum var. latiusculum (western bracken fern)

Pycnanthemum virginianum (Virginia mountain mint)

Quercus ellipsoidalis (northern pin oak)

Quercus macrocarpa var. macrocarpa (bur oak)

Quercus rubra (northern red oak)

Ranunculus acris var. acris (tall buttercup)

Ratibida columnifera (long-headed coneflower)

Ratibida pinnata (gray-headed coneflower)

Rhamnus cathartica (common buckthorn)

Rhus glabra (smooth sumac)

Rhus typhina (staghorn sumac)

Ribes missouriense (Missouri gooseberry)

Robinia pseudoacacia (black locust)

Rubus idaeus ssp. strigosus (American red raspberry)

Rubus occidentalis (black raspberry)

Rudbeckia hirta var. pulcherrima (black-eyed Susan)

Rudbeckia laciniata var. laciniata (cut-leaved coneflower)

Rumex crispus (curly dock)

Securigera varia (crown vetch)

Setaria pumila ssp. pumila (yellow foxtail)

Setaria viridis (green foxtail)

Silene latifolia ssp. alba (white campion)

Smilax tamnoides (bristly greenbrier)

Solanum dulcamara (bittersweet nightshade)

Solidago altissima (late goldenrod)

Solidago canadensis (Canada goldenrod)

Sorghastrum nutans (Indiangrass)

Sporobolus cryptandrus (sand dropseed)

Stachys pilosa var. pilosa (hairy hedge nettle)

Stachys tenuifolia (smooth hedge nettle)

Symplocarpus foetidus (skunk cabbage)

Tanacetum vulgare (common tansy)

Teucrium canadense (American germander)

Thalictrum thalictroides (rue anemone)

Tilia americana var. americana (American basswood)

Toxicodendron rydbergii (western poison ivy)

Tragopogon dubius (yellow goat’s beard)

Trifolium arvense (rabbit’s foot clover)

Trifolium campestre ssp. campestre (field clover)

Trifolium hybridum (alsike clover)

Trifolium pratense (red clover)

Trifolium repens ssp. repens (white clover)

Triticum aestivum ssp. aestivum (common wheat)

Turritis glabra (tower mustard)

Typha angustifolia (narrow-leaved cattail)

Ulmus americana (American elm)

Uvularia grandiflora (large-flowered bellwort)

Verbascum thapsus ssp. thapsus (common mullein)

Verbena stricta (hoary vervain)

Vicia villosa ssp. villosa (hairy vetch)

Vitis riparia (wild grape)

Zanthoxylum americanum (northern prickly ash)


alsike clover

American germander

American hazelnut

black cherry

black raspberry

black-eyed susan

bur oak (var. macrocarpa)

butter and eggs

Canadian tick-trefoil


common evening primrose

common sunflower

Common Tansey

common yarrow

field pussytoes

garlic mustard

gray dogwood

gray-headed coneflower

hairy false goldenaster

hoary alyssum


long-headed coneflower

northern pin oak

orange daylily

partridge pea

purple prairie clover

purpleleaf willowherb

Queen Anne’s Lace

rabbit’s foot clover

rough cinquefoil

sulphur cinquefoil

rue anemone

smooth sumac

tall cinquefoil

Virginia mountain mint

white snakeroot

western poison ivy

wild bergamot

wild parsnip

woolly plantain

yellow wood sorrel




Minnesota Biodiversity Atlas Amphibians and Reptiles List







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