Queen Anne’s lace

(Daucus carota ssp. carota)

               
Conservation Status

IUCN Red List

not yet assessed

Queen Anne’s Lace

NatureServe

NNA - Not applicable

SNA - Not applicable

Minnesota

not listed

Wetland
Indicator
Status

Great Plains

UPL - Obligate upland

Midwest

UPL - Obligate upland

Northcentral & Northeast

UPL - Obligate upland

Weed Status

Invasive

 
Nativity

Native to North Africa, Asia, and Europe. Introduced and naturalized in North America.

 
Occurrence

Common

 
Habitat

Meadows, old fields, roadsides, and disturbed sites. Full sun to partial shade.

 
Flowering

June to September

     
Flower Color

White, often with a single dark purple flower in the center.

     
Height

16 to 60

     

Identification

This is a 16 to 60 tall, erect, biennial forb that rises on a solitary stem from a large, deep, slender, branched taproot. The taproot is woody, not fleshy, and is usually brown. The plant has a carrot scent.

In the first year the plant appears as a rosette of basal leaves and closely resembles the typical garden carrot. In the second year it sends up a single flowering stem.

Basal leaves are on long stalks (petioles). The petiole is broad and flat at the base. The leaf blades are oblong to triangular egg-shaped in outline, up to 8 long, and up to 4 wide. The first leaf is divided into 3 sections (ternate). Subsequent leaves are 2 or 3 times pinnately divided. The ultimate divisions are pinnately lobed. The lobes are linear to lance-shaped, 1 16 to ½ long, and 1 64to 116 wide. The taper to a short, sharp point at the tip. The upper and lower surfaces are hairy. The margins may be toothed, lobed, or neither (entire).

The stem is erect, stout, sparingly branched, finely ridged, round in cross section, and hollow. It is green, rough to the touch, and sparsely to densely covered with stiff, white, spreading to downward pointing hairs. It is not spotted.

Stem leaves are alternate. Lower stem leaves are on short petioles. The petioles are broadened at the base. They surround and extend down (sheath) the stem. The upper leaf surface is hairless. The lower leaf surface is sparsely to moderately hairy, especially along the margins and veins. They are smaller but otherwise similar to basal leaves. The leaves become shorter stalked, smaller, and less divided as they ascend the stem. Upper stem leaves are about 2 long and stalkless or almost stalkless.

The inflorescence is a flat-topped, compound, umbrella-shaped cluster (umbel) at the end of the stem and each branch. It is on a 4 to 21½ long, moderately to densely hairy stalk (peduncle). The umbel is dense, round, and 2 to 5 in diameter. It is subtended by 4 to 15 modified leaves (bracts) that form a loose involucre. The bracts of the involucre are to 1½ long and are once or twice divided into linear segments (pinnatifid). They are green and hairless or sparsely hairy. The umbel has 20 or more branches (rays) arising from the center of the umbel. The rays are 13 16 to 3 long and spreading to ascending. The inner rays are shorter than the outer. At the end of each ray is a secondary umbel (umbellet).

Each umbellet is subtended by 5 to 13 bractlets (involucel). The bractlets of the involucel are green and linear. They have broad, thin, white margins, at least near the base. The umbellet has 5 to 20 individual flowers. The central flower is stalkless, the remaining flowers are on 1 32 to 516 long stalks (raylets).

The flowers are about wide. They have 5 petals and no sepals, or sepals that are reduced to minute triangular teeth. The petals are white, inversely egg-shaped, and notched at the tip into 2 lobes of unequal size. The tip of the petal is flexed inward. The outermost petals of the outermost flowers of the outer umbellets are sometimes enlarged. There is often a single dark purple flower at the center of the central umbel. The flowers are not aromatic.

As the fruit develops the rays and raylets contract producing an upright, egg-shaped fruiting head that resembles a bird’s nest. The fruit is dry, grayish-brown, to 3 16 long, oblong-eliptic to oblong egg-shaped, and flattened laterally. It contains 2 seeds and when ripe splits into 2 one-seeded segments. Each segment (mericarp) has 5 primary ribs and 4 secondary ribs between the primary ribs. The secondary ribs have minutely barbed bristles. Seeds are dispersed by clinging to the fur of passing animals or the clothing of passing hikers.

 
Similar
Species

 


Distribution Distribution Map   Sources: 2, 3, 4, 5, 7, 22, 24, 28.

Comments

 


Taxonomy

Family:

Apiaceae (carrot)

 

Subfamily:

Apioideae

 

Tribe:

Scandiceae

 

Subtribe:

Daucinae

 

Genus:

Daucus

 

Section:

Daucus

 
Synonyms

Carota sativa

Caucalis carota

Caucalis daucus

 
Common
Names

bird’s nest

bird’s-nest

devil’s-plague

Queen Anne’s-lace

Queen Anne’s lace

queen’s-lace

salosi

wild carrot


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Glossary

bract

Modified leaf at the base of a flower stalk or flower cluster.

 

bractlet

A small, often secondary bract within an inflorescence; a bract that is borne on a petiole instead of subtending it; bracteole.

 

involucel

A whorl of bractlets beneath a secondary flower cluster in a compound inflorescence.

 

involucre

A whorl of bracts beneath or surrounding a flower or flower cluster.

 

linear

Long, straight, and narrow, with more or less parallel sides, like a blade of grass.

 

mericarp

The split, usually one-seeded portion of a dry, multi-seeded fruit.

 

peduncle

In angiosperms, the stalk of a single flower or a flower cluster; in club mosses, the stalk of a strobilus or a group of strobili.

 

pinnatifid

Deeply cut, more than half way to the midrib but not to the midrib, into lobes that are spaced out along the midrib; the lobes do not form separate leaflets.

 

ray

In the Asteraceae (aster) family: a strap-shaped flower, or the strap-shaped portion of a flower. In the Apiaceae (carrot) and Euphorbiaceae (spurge) families: a branch of an umbel.

 

raylet

A branch of an umbellet.

 

sheath

The lower part of the leaf that surrounds the stem.

 

ternate

Refers to leaves that are divided into three leaflets or sections.

 

umbel

A flat-topped or convex, umbrella-shaped cluster of flowers or buds arising from more or less a single point.

 

umbellet

A secondary umbel in a compound umbel.

       

Visitor Photos

   
Share your photo of this plant.

Robert Briggs


Queen Anne's Lace pictures taken today in Pine Bend Bluffs SNA.

  Queen Anne’s Lace   Queen Anne’s Lace
       
  Queen Anne’s Lace    

       
       
       

MinnesotaSeasons.com Photos

   

Plant

  Queen Anne’s Lace    
       

Inflorescence

  Queen Anne’s Lace   Queen Anne’s Lace
       
  Queen Anne’s Lace    
       

Leaves

  Queen Anne’s Lace    
       
       

 

Camera

     

Slideshows

   
  Wild Carrot
Wez Smith
 
  Wild Carrot  
 
About

Wild Carrot (Daucus carota).

 
     
  Queen Annes Lace
DianesDigitals
 
  Queen Annes Lace  
 
About

Copyright DianesDigitals

 
     
  Queen Anne's Lace (Daucus carota)
Andree Reno Sanborn
 
  Queen Anne's Lace (Daucus carota)  
     
  Wild Carrot (Daucus carota)
Bill Keim
 
  Wild Carrot (Daucus carota)  
     
  Daucus carota QUEEN ANNE'S LACE
Frank Mayfield
 
  Daucus carota QUEEN ANNE'S LACE  

 

slideshow

     

Visitor Videos

   
Share your video of this plant.

     
     

Other Videos

 
  Wild Carrot - Daucus carota
adamitshelanu
 
   
 
About

Published on Jun 7, 2014

Wild Carrot - Daucus carota

Uncle Steve paid special attention to this wildflower and its unique point f identification while driving in Randolph County, North Carolina: Wild Carrot
Daucus carota L.
Queen Anne's lace

Date: 03 JUNE 2014

[vado-g3 sansa avidemux audacity]

 
     
  Wild carrot Daucus carota time lapse
Neil Bromhall
 
   
 
About

Published on Nov 21, 2013

Wild carrot, Daucus carota subsp carota flowers opening time lapse.

Filmed by Neil Bromhall www.rightplants4me.co.uk

This is a beautiful wildflower. The flowers are white, in many small, simple umbels, making a large, flat-topped compound umbel. In the middle of the umbel is a single red flower Fruits are 2-4mm, flattened, often with hooked bristles.

Bees and insects love this flower.

Music 'Moon Cloud' by Paul Mottram

 
     
  Wild Carrot (Daucus Carota) - 2012-07-02
W3stlander
 
   
 
About

Published on Jul 4, 2012

Daucus carota (common names include wild carrot, (UK) bird's nest, bishop's lace, and (US) Queen Anne's lace) is a flowering plant in the family Apiaceae.

-----------------
De wilde peen (Daucus carota) is een plant uit de schermbloemenfamilie (Umbelliferae of Apiaceae).

 
     
  Daucus carota
wetvideocamera
 
   
 
About

Published on Jun 8, 2014

Wild Carrot , Queen Anne's Lace - a well established introduction fro Eurasia used in plantings as a groundcover but also a quite invasive biennial plant up to 120 cm tall.

 
     
  Plant Comparison Yarrow, Queen Annes Lace and Water Hemlock
krb762
 
   
 
About

Published on Jun 4, 2014

A short comparison of the plants, Yarrow, Oueens Annes Lace and Water Hemlock

 
     

 

Camcorder

Last Updated:

About Us | Privacy Policy | Contact Us | © 2017 MinnesotaSeasons.com. All rights reserved.