Vermillion Highlands Research Recreation and WMA

       
   

Area and County

    Dakota County
    Metro Area
     
 

Driving Directions

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Size

2,838.03 acres

 
 
Maps

Lone Rock Trail Map (U of M)

Vermillion River Complex (MN DNR)

 
Parking

Station Trail
N44 41.801, W93 4.906

 
Hiking Trails

Lone Rock Trail: 12¼ miles

All of the trails are mowed and are wide enough for vehicles. Horses and hikers are asked to stay on the trails to protect the natural vegetation.

 
Hunting

Turkey, pheasant, goose, deer, and trapping. See Vermillion Highlands Research Recreation & WMA Hunting Information (MN DNR) for details.


Ecological Classification Province  

Eastern Broadleaf Forest Province

Ecological Classification
Section  

Minnesota & NE Iowa Morainal

Subsection(s)  

Oak Savanna

Land Type Association(s)

Coates Sand Plain

 
Native Plant Communities1 Pin Oak - Bur Oak Woodland

Ownership Minnesota DNR logo  
 
Links

Minnesota DNR

University of Minnesota


Comments

This site is adjacent to UMore Park. It is jointly managed as a research facility by the University of Minnesota and as a state wildlife management area by the Minnesota DNR.


Visits

4/30/2013

  5/31/2019        

 

 

 

 

       

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Wood Routed Sign

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Entrance

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Parking

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Information Kiosk

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Prairie Pollinator Garden

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Dave Moran Memorial

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Gordan G. Meyer Memorial

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Wetland

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Prairie Restoration

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Unrestored Trail through Restored Prairie

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Lone Rock Trail

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Visitor Observations

   
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MinnesotaSeasons.com Observations

   

Amphibians

American toad (Anaxyrus americanus)

boreal chorus frog (Pseudacris maculata)

American toad


Birds

One tracked bird species has been seen here:

 

Tracked

Bald Eagle (Haliaeetus leucocephalus)

 
 

American Crow (Corvus brachyrhynchos)

American Goldfinch (Carduelis tristis)

American Robin (Turdus migratorius)

American Tree Sparrow (Spizelloides arborea)

American Woodcock (Scolopax minor)

Bald Eagle (Haliaeetus leucocephalus)

Baltimore Oriole (Icterus galbula)

Barn Swallow (Hirundo rustica)

Belted Kingfisher (Megaceryle alcyon)

Black-capped Chickadee (Poecile atricapillus)

Blue-winged Warbler (Vermivora cyanoptera)

Blue Jay (Cyanocitta cristata)

Brown Thrasher (Toxostoma rufum)

Brown-headed Cowbird (Molothrus ater)

Canada Goose (Branta canadensis)

Chipping Sparrow (Spizella passerina)

Clay-colored Sparrow (Spizella pallida)

Common Grackle (Quiscalus quiscula)

Common Yellowthroat (Geothlypis trichas)

Downy Woodpecker (Picoides pubescens)

Eastern Bluebird (Sialia sialis)

Eastern Kingbird (Tyrannus tyrannus)

Eastern Wood-peewee (Contopus virens)

European Starling (Sturnus vulgaris)

Field Sparrow (Spizella pusilla)

Killdeer (Charadrius vociferus)

Mourning Dove (Zenaida macroura)

Northern Cardinal (Cardinalis cardinalis)

Northern Flicker (Colaptes auratus)

Ovenbird (Seiurus aurocapillus)

Pileated Woodpecker (Dryocopus pileatus)

Red-bellied Woodpecker (Melanerpes carolinus)

Red-tailed Hawk (Buteo jamaicensis)

Red-winged Blackbird (Agelaius phoeniceus)

Ring-necked Pheasant (Phasianus colchicus)

Rock Pigeon (Columba livia)

Rose-breasted Grosbeak (Pheucticus ludovicianus)

Sedge Wren (Cistothorus platensis)

Solitary Sandpiper (Tringa solitaria)

Song Sparrow (Melospiza melodia)

Tree Swallow (Tachycineta bicolor)

Turkey Vulture (Cathartes aura)

White-breasted Nuthatch (Sitta carolinensis)

White-throated Sparrow (Zonotrichia albicollis)

Wild Turkey (Meleagris gallopavo)

Yellow-bellied Flycatcher (Empidonax flaviventris)

Yellow-rumped Warbler (Setophaga coronata)

American Goldfinch

American Robin

Baltimore Oriole Nest

Blue Jay

Brown Thrasher

Brown-headed Cowbird

Canada Goose

European Starling

Mourning Dove

Rose-breasted Grosbeak

Song Sparrow

White-breasted Nuthatch

Wild Turkey


Fungi and Lichens

In 2010, 91 different fungi were identified here, most of them to the species level.

Minnesota Biodiversity Atlas Fungus List

 
 

Black Knot (Apiosporina morbosa)

Dryad’s Saddle (Polyporus squamosus)

False Tinder Fungus (Phellinus igniarius)

Oat Crown Rust (Puccinia coronata f. sp. avenae)

Dryad’s Saddle


Insects and Arachnids

boxelder pouchgall mite (Aceria negundi)

common green darner (Anax junius)

convergent lady beetle (Hippodamia convergens)

ebony jewelwing (Calopteryx maculata)

goldenrod bunch gall midge (Rhopalomyia solidaginis)

goldenrod gall fly (Eurosta solidaginis)

monarch (Danaus plexippus)

mourning cloak (Nymphalis antiopa)

orange sulphur (Colias eurytheme)

painted lady (Vanessa cardui)

red admiral (Vanessa atalanta)

common green darner

mourning cloak

painted lady


Mammals

American red squirrel (Tamiasciurus hudsonicus)

plains pocket gopher (Geomys bursarius)

thirteen-lined ground squirrel (Ictidomys tridecemlineatus)

whitetail deer (Odocoileus virginianus)

thirteen-lined ground squirrel


Plants

One plant species with conservation status in Minnesota and one plant species on the watch list is found here:

 

Special concern

rattlesnake master (Eryngium yuccifolium var. yuccifolium)

 

Watch list

honey locust (Gleditsia triacanthos)

 
 

Minnesota Biodiversity Atlas Plant List

 
 

Plants frequently found in:

Pin Oak - Bur Oak Woodland FDs37b

 
 

 

absinth wormwood (Artemisia absinthium)

alfalfa (Medicago sativa ssp. sativa)

alsike clover (Trifolium hybridum)

American basswood (Tilia americana var. americana)

American elm (Ulmus americana)

American hazel (Corylus americana)

Amur maple (Acer ginnala)

annual fleabane (Erigeron annuus)

asparagus (Asparagus officinalis)

Bell’s honeysuckle (Lonicera × bella)

big bluestem (Andropogon gerardii)

bittersweet nightshade (Solanum dulcamara)

black cherry (Prunus serotina var. serotina)

black medick (Medicago lupulina)

black raspberry (Rubus occidentalis)

black-seeded plantain (Plantago rugelii var. rugelii)

bland sweet cicely (Osmorhiza claytonii)

blue vervain (Verbena hastata)

boxelder (Acer negundo var. negundo)

bristly locust (Robinia hispida var. hispida)

bull thistle (Cirsium vulgare)

bur oak (Quercus macrocarpa var. macrocarpa)

Canada thistle (Cirsium arvense)

Canada wildrye (Elymus canadensis)

Canadian woodnettle (Laportea canadensis)

candle anemone (Anemone cylindrica)

catnip (Nepeta cataria)

cleavers (Galium aparine)

common blue violet (Viola sororia)

common buckthorn (Rhamnus cathartica)

common burdock (Arctium minus)

common dandelion (Taraxacum officinale ssp. officinale)

common false Solomon’s seal (Maianthemum racemosum var. racemosum)

common lamb’s-quarters (Chenopodium album)

common lilac (Syringa vulgaris)

common milkweed (Asclepias syriaca)

common motherwort (Leonurus cardiaca ssp. cardiaca)

common mullein (Verbascum thapsus ssp. thapsus)

common yarrow (Achillea millefolium)

compass plant (Silphium laciniatum)

corn (Zea mays)

crown vetch (Securigera varia)

Culver’s root (Veronicastrum virginicum)

cup plant (Silphium perfoliatum var. perfoliatum)

curly dock (Rumex crispus)

dame’s rocket (Hesperis matronalis)

early figwort (Scrophularia lanceolata)

eastern redcedar (Juniperus virginiana var. virginiana)

eastern white pine (Pinus strobus)

false sunflower (Heliopsis helianthoides var. occidentalis)

field horsetail (Equisetum arvense)

field pennycress (Thlaspi arvense)

fringed puccoon (Lithospermum incisum)

giant goldenrod (Solidago gigantea)

golden alexanders (Zizia aurea)

gray-headed coneflower (Ratibida pinnata)

green ash (Fraxinus pennsylvanica)

ground ivy (Glechoma hederacea)

heart-leaved golden alexanders (Zizia aptera)

hedge bindweed (Calystegia sepium)

hoary vervain (Verbena stricta)

honey locust (Gleditsia triacanthos)

jack-in-the-pulpit (Arisaema triphyllum)

Kentucky bluegrass (Poa pratensis ssp. pratensis)

kidney-leaved buttercup (Ranunculus abortivus)

late goldenrod (Solidago altissima)

little bluestem (Schizachyrium scoparium var. scoparium)

Maximilian’s sunflower (Helianthus maximilianii)

Missouri gooseberry (Ribes missouriense)

Morrow’s honeysuckle (Lonicera morrowii)

nannyberry (Viburnum lentago)

narrow-leaved hawk’s-beard (Crepis tectorum)

northern hackberry (Celtis occidentalis)

northern lady fern (Athyrium filix-femina ssp. angustum)

northern pin oak (Quercus ellipsoidalis)

northern prickly ash (Zanthoxylum americanum)

northern red oak (Quercus rubra)

Norway spruce (Picea abies)

orange daylily (Hemerocallis fulva)

orchard grass (Dactylis glomerata ssp. glomerata)

Parlin’s pussytoes (Antennaria parlinii ssp. fallax)

Philadelphia fleabane (Erigeron philadelphicus var. philadelphicus)

plains cottonwood (Populus deltoides ssp. molinifera)

prairie coreopsis (Coreopsis palmata)

prairie rose (Rosa arkansana)

prairie sagewort (Artemisia frigida)

prickly quill sedge (Carex echinodes)

purple prairie clover (Dalea purpurea var. purpurea)

pussy willow (Salix discolor)

quaking aspen (Populus tremuloides)

Queen Anne’s lace (Daucus carota ssp. carota)

rattlesnake master (Eryngium yuccifolium var. yuccifolium)

red clover (Trifolium pratense)

red elderberry (Sambucus racemosa var. racemosa)

red osier dogwood (Cornus sericea ssp. sericea)

red pine (Pinus resinosa)

reed canary grass (Phalaris arundinacea)

rough cocklebur (Xanthium strumarium)

rough-fruited cinquefoil (Potentilla recta)

round-headed bush clover (Lespedeza capitata)

sandbar willow (Salix interior)

Scotch pine (Pinus sylvestris)

shepherd’s purse (Capsella bursa-pastoris)

Siberian elm (Ulmus pumila)

Siberian peashrub (Caragana arborescens)

silver maple (Acer saccharinum)

slender willow (Salix petiolaris)

smooth brome (Bromus inermis)

smooth sumac (Rhus glabra)

stiff goldenrod (Solidago rigida ssp. rigida)

stinging nettle (Urtica dioica ssp. gracilis)

Tartarian honeysuckle (Lonicera tatarica)

timothy (Phleum pratense)

velvet-leaf (Abutilon theophrasti)

Virginia creeper (Parthenocissus quinquefolia)

western poison ivy (Toxicodendron rydbergii)

white clover (Trifolium repens)

white poplar (Populus alba)

white sage (Artemisia ludoviciana ssp. ludoviciana)

white snakeroot (Ageratina altissima var. altissima)

white spruce (Picea glauca)

wild bergamot (Monarda fistulosa)

wild cucumber (Echinocystis lobata)

wild grape (Vitis riparia)

winter cress (Barbarea vulgaris)

woodbine (Parthenocissus vitacea)

yellow birch (Betula alleghaniensis var. alleghaniensis)

yellow wood sorrel (Oxalis stricta)

 

Abutilon theophrasti (velvet-leaf)

Acer ginnala (Amur maple)

Acer negundo var. negundo (boxelder)

Acer saccharinum (silver maple)

Achillea millefolium (common yarrow)

Ageratina altissima var. altissima (white snakeroot)

Andropogon gerardii (big bluestem)

Anemone cylindrica (candle anemone)

Antennaria parlinii ssp. fallax (Parlin’s pussytoes)

Arctium minus (common burdock)

Arisaema triphyllum (Jack-in-the-pulpit)

Artemisia absinthium (absinth wormwood)

Artemisia frigida (prairie sagewort)

Artemisia ludoviciana ssp. ludoviciana (white sage)

Asclepias syriaca (common milkweed)

Asparagus officinalis (asparagus)

Athyrium filix-femina ssp. angustum (northern lady fern)

Barbarea vulgaris (winter cress)

Betula alleghaniensis var. alleghaniensis (yellow birch)

Bromus inermis (smooth brome)

Calystegia sepium (hedge bindweed)

Capsella bursa-pastoris (shepherd’s purse)

Caragana arborescens (Siberian peashrub)

Carex echinodes (prickly quill sedge)

Celtis occidentalis (northern hackberry)

Chenopodium album (common lamb’s-quarters)

Cirsium arvense (Canada thistle)

Cirsium vulgare (bull thistle)

Coreopsis palmata (prairie coreopsis)

Cornus sericea ssp. sericea (red osier dogwood)

Corylus americana (American hazel)

Crepis tectorum (narrow-leaved hawk’s-beard)

Dactylis glomerata ssp. glomerata (orchard grass)

Dalea purpurea var. purpurea (purple prairie clover)

Daucus carota ssp. carota (Queen Anne’s lace)

Echinocystis lobata (wild cucumber)

Elymus canadensis (Canada wildrye)

Equisetum arvense (field horsetail)

Erigeron annuus (annual fleabane)

Erigeron philadelphicus var. philadelphicus (Philadelphia fleabane)

Eryngium yuccifolium var. yuccifolium (rattlesnake master)

Fraxinus pennsylvanica (green ash)

Galium aparine (cleavers)

Glechoma hederacea (ground ivy)

Gleditsia triacanthos (honey locust)

Helianthus maximilianii (Maximilian’s sunflower)

Heliopsis helianthoides var. occidentalis (false sunflower)

Hemerocallis fulva (orange daylily)

Hesperis matronalis (dame’s rocket)

Juniperus virginiana var. virginiana (eastern redcedar)

Laportea canadensis (Canadian woodnettle)

Leonurus cardiaca ssp. cardiaca (common motherwort)

Lespedeza capitata (round-headed bush clover)

Lithospermum incisum (fringed puccoon)

Lonicera × bella (Bell’s honeysuckle)

Lonicera morrowii (Morrow’s honeysuckle)

Lonicera tatarica (Tartarian honeysuckle)

Maianthemum racemosum var. racemosum (common false Solomon’s seal)

Medicago lupulina (black medick)

Medicago sativa ssp. sativa (alfalfa)

Monarda fistulosa (wild bergamot)

Nepeta cataria (catnip)

Osmorhiza claytonii (bland sweet cicely)

Oxalis stricta (yellow wood sorrel)

Parthenocissus quinquefolia (Virginia creeper)

Parthenocissus vitacea (woodbine)

Phalaris arundinacea (reed canary grass)

Phleum pratense (timothy)

Picea abies (Norway spruce)

Picea glauca (white spruce)

Pinus resinosa (red pine)

Pinus strobus (eastern white pine)

Pinus sylvestris (Scotch pine)

Plantago rugelii var. rugelii (black-seeded plantain)

Poa pratensis ssp. pratensis (Kentucky bluegrass)

Populus alba (white poplar)

Populus deltoides ssp. molinifera (plains cottonwood)

Populus tremuloides (quaking aspen)

Potentilla recta (rough-fruited cinquefoil)

Prunus serotina var. serotina (black cherry)

Quercus ellipsoidalis (northern pin oak)

Quercus macrocarpa var. macrocarpa (bur oak)

Quercus rubra (northern red oak)

Ranunculus abortivus (kidney-leaved buttercup)

Ratibida pinnata (gray-headed coneflower)

Rhamnus cathartica (common buckthorn)

Rhus glabra (smooth sumac)

Ribes missouriense (Missouri gooseberry)

Robinia hispida var. hispida (bristly locust)

Rosa arkansana (prairie rose)

Rubus occidentalis (black raspberry)

Rumex crispus (curly dock)

Salix discolor (pussy willow)

Salix interior (sandbar willow)

Salix petiolaris (slender willow)

Sambucus racemosa var. racemosa (red elderberry)

Schizachyrium scoparium var. scoparium (little bluestem)

Scrophularia lanceolata (early figwort)

Securigera varia (crown vetch)

Silphium laciniatum (compass plant)

Silphium perfoliatum var. perfoliatum (cup plant)

Solanum dulcamara (bittersweet nightshade)

Solidago altissima (late goldenrod)

Solidago gigantea (giant goldenrod)

Solidago rigida ssp. rigida (stiff goldenrod)

Syringa vulgaris (common lilac)

Taraxacum officinale ssp. officinale (common dandelion)

Thlaspi arvense (field pennycress)

Tilia americana var. americana (American basswood)

Toxicodendron rydbergii (western poison ivy)

Trifolium hybridum (alsike clover)

Trifolium pratense (red clover)

Trifolium repens (white clover)

Ulmus americana (American elm)

Ulmus pumila (Siberian elm)

Urtica dioica ssp. gracilis (stinging nettle)

Verbascum thapsus ssp. thapsus (common mullein)

Verbena hastata (blue vervain)

Verbena stricta (hoary vervain)

Veronicastrum virginicum (Culver’s root)

Viburnum lentago (nannyberry)

Viola sororia (common blue violet)

Vitis riparia (wild grape)

Xanthium strumarium (rough cocklebur)

Zanthoxylum americanum (northern prickly ash)

Zea mays (corn)

Zizia aptera (heart-leaved golden alexanders)

Zizia aurea (golden alexanders)

alfalfa

alsike clover

American hazel

Bell’s honeysuckle

bittersweet nightshade

black raspberry

Canadian woodnettle

catnip

common blue violet

common milkweed

common mullein

common yarrow

Culver’s root

dame’s rocket

early figwort

fringed puccoon

golden alexanders

heart-leaved golden alexanders

hedge bindweed

Missouri gooseberry

nannyberry

orange daylily

Philadelphia fleabane

prairie rose

purple prairie clover

rattlesnake master

red elderberry

rough-fruited cinquefoil

Tartarian honeysuckle

Virginia waterleaf

wild bergamot

wild grape


 

 

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