alsike clover

(Trifolium hybridum)

               
Conservation Status

IUCN Red List

not yet assessed

alsike clover

NatureServe

SNA - Not applicable

SNA - Not applicable

Minnesota

not listed

Wetland
Indicator
Status

Great Plains

FACU - Facultative upland

Midwest

FACU - Facultative upland

Northcentral & Northeast

FACU - Facultative upland

Nativity

Native to Europe, western Asia, the Caucasus, and Morocco. Introduced and naturalized in North America.

 
Occurrence

 

 
Habitat

Disturbed sites

 
Flowering

May to September

     
Flower Color

Pale pink to pinkish-white, turning dark pink to almost red.

     
Height

1 to 2½

     

Identification

This is an creeping, perennial forb that rises on multiple stems from a taproot.

The stems are light green and hairless or nearly hairless. They tend to fall over with age, usually from rain or wind, but do not root at the nodes.

The leaves are alternate and compound, divided into 3 leaflets. They are on long, hairless leaf stalks. The leaflets are elliptical, hairless, and to ¾ long and wide. They have no markings on the upper surface and are not notched or pointed at the tip. The margins are finely-toothed.

The inflorescence is several globular, head-like clusters borne on hairless stalks rising from the upper leaf axils. The flower heads are ½ to ¾ across. Each head has up to 50 flowers.

The flowers are pea-like, with 5 petals organized into a banner, 2 wings, and a keel formed by two petals fused together at the tip. Each individual flower is borne on a short stalk. The petals are white or pale pink to pinkish-white. They gradually turn darker pink as they mature. Later they turn brown.

The fruit is a seed pod.

 
Similar
Species

Crimson clover (Trifolium incarnatum) stems are densely hairy. The petals are crimson red.

Red clover (Trifolium pratense) stems are hairy. The leaflets have a pale V-shaped marking on the upper surface. The petals are pink or magenta. The individual flowers are stalkless.

White clover (Trifolium repens) is a much smaller plant, 4 to 10 tall. The stems are creeping, not ascending, and they root at the nodes. Flowers and leaves are borne on separate stalks. The leaflets have have a pale, crescent-shaped marking on the upper surface and may be notched at the tip. The flower heads are more white.


Distribution Distribution Map   Sources: 2, 3, 4, 5, 7, 22, 28.

Comments

This is a true species and not a hybrid, as the latin name implies.


Taxonomy

Family:

Fabaceae (pea)

 

Subfamily:

Faboideae (Papilionoideae)

 

Tribe:

Trifolieae

 

Genus:

Trifolium

 

Subgenus:

Trifolium

 

Section:

Vesicastrum

 
Synonyms

Amoria hybrida

Trifolium elegans

Trifolium hybridum ssp. elegans

Trifolium hybridum var. elegans

Trifolium hybridum var. pratense

 
Common
Names

alsike

alsike clover

hybrid clover

Swedish clover


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

       

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  alsike clover    
       

Inflorescence

  alsike clover   alsike clover
       
  alsike clover    
       
       

 

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  Trifolium hybridum
Matt Lavin
 
  Trifolium hybridum  
 
About

Introduced perennial herb, stems ascending, usually much less than 0.5 m tall, leaflets serrate at least distally, terminal leaflet sessile like the lateral leaflets (which is true of all Trifolium species), flowering peduncles about 15-25 mm long, pod 1-few-seeded, inconspicuous and concealed by the calyx, fruiting head retains the faded dry petals (which is true of all Trifolium species), common in mountain big sagebrush steppe where well grazed and roadsides in open montane understory. Similar to Trifolium repens, which usually has whitish petals and flowering heads that arise from axils of prostrate stems.

 
     

 

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  アルサイククローバーの群生 / Colony of Alsike clover (Swedish clover)
nobushiryodang
 
   
 
About

Published on Jun 10, 2013

2031年6月9日。和歌山県橋本市の某所でアルサイククローバーの群生を発見。残念­ながら、花期は終わっていました。別名「タチオランダゲンゲ(立和蘭蓮華)」。英名は­「alsike clover」「Swedish clover」。学名「Trifolium hybridum Linn.」。マメ科シャジクソウ属の多年草。

 
     
  Alsike Clover
purduebeefteam
 
   
 
About

Uploaded on Feb 8, 2012

Alsike Clover

 
     
  Clover Identification - Thistle Ridge Stables http://www.ThistleRidgeStables.com
Laura Kelland-May
 
   
 
About

Uploaded on Aug 6, 2011

Knowing the difference between difference types of clovers could save your horse's life. Learn how to identify white, red and alsike clover.

 
     

 

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